PROBLEMS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDINGS OF GENERAL EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS IN MOSCOW IN THE YEARS OF THE FIRST FIVE-YEAR PLAN

Vestnik MGSU 6/2013
  • Byzova Ol'ga Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Culture Studies; +7 (499) 183-21-29., Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 236-243

The author considers the actions aimed at the liquidation of illiteracy and introduction of universal primary education in the period of industrialization and culture dissemination in the USSR. The author draws attention to the fact that the fast-growing industry was in need of competent specialists and indicates the demand for wide-scale reforms in the education.The author argues that as a result of the implementation of the first five-year plan universal education was introduced in the country, illiteracy was eliminated and wide-scale secondary professional education was made available, highly skilled professionals and researchers were trained, etc. It is noteworthy that industrialization substantially improved the state of affairs in the country and in its capital.The author has studied numerous archived documents to present the evidence of development of a network of schools, higher number of students, organization of construction of school buildings, bigger amount of government funding of schools and other institutions for children in Moscow in the years of the first five-year plan.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.6.236-243

References
  1. Byzova O.M. Poryadok raskhodovaniya gosudarstvennykh posobiy na stroitel'nye nuzhdy dlya realizatsii programmy vseobshchego obucheniya v Rossii v nachale XX v. [Government Allowances for Construction Works within the Framework of Implementation of the General Education Programme in Russia in the Early 20th Century: Expenditure Procedures]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 4, vol. 3, pp. 59—64.
  2. Kuznetsov A.I., Kuznetsov R.A. Kul'tura voprosov: istoriya obrazovaniya v Rossii [Issues of Culture: History of Education in Russia]. Moscow, 2011, pp. 133.
  3. Prokof'ev M.A., editor. Narodnoe obrazovanie v SSSR [Public Education in the USSR]. Moscow, 2008, p. 191.
  4. Massovoe prosveshchenie v SSSR (k itogam pervoy pyatiletki) [Wide-scale Education in the USSR (Results of the First Five-year Plan)]. Part 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1933, p. 6.
  5. Kol'tsov A.V. Kul'turnoe stroitel'stvo v RSFSR v gody pervoy pyatiletki (1928—1932). [Culture Dissemination in the RFSSR in the Years of the First Five-year Plan (1928—1932)]. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960, p. 74.
  6. Byzova O.M. Osobennosti stroitel'stva obshcheobrazovatel'nykh uchrezhdeniy Moskvy v 1920—1930-e gg. [Peculiarities of Construction of Institutions of Secondary Education in Moscow in the 20ies and 30ies]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 6—10.
  7. Narodnoe obrazovanie. G. Moskva (osnovnye pokazateli) [Public Education. City of Moscow (Principal Indicators)]. Moscow, 1934, pp. 11—12.

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