ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

PECULIARITIES OF CONSTRUCTION OF INSTITUTIONS OF SECONDARY EDUCATION IN MOSCOW IN THE 1920IES AND 1930IES

Vestnik MGSU 6/2012
  • Byzova Ol'ga Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Culture Studies; +7 (499) 183-21-29., Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 6 - 10

Actions aimed at the generality of elementary education in the course of the period days of the industrialization and cultural revolution in the USSR is under discussion in the proposed paper. On the basis of the archived documents, organization of construction of school buildings in Moscow in the 20ies and 30ies of the 20th century is analyzed.
It is noteworthy that industrialization in the periods of the first, second and third five-year plans reshaped the country and Moscow as its capital. Former suburbs turned into large industrial areas that had giant factories and housing built around them to accommodate workers. Thus, the population of Moscow grew in numbers.
The need for competent staff facilitated construction of new schools. Peculiarities of school construction in Moscow within the first five-year plan are considered in article on the basis of a school building in Likhobory in 1932. The school building design, work progress, assembly and interior, deadlines and problems of construction are specified. It is noteworthy that, despite any difficulties, 19 new school buildings were completed in Moscow in the years of the first five-year plan. Classes were organized according to the principle of two shifts to implement the general education programme in 1932.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.6 - 10

References
  1. Boguslavskiy M.V. Reformy rossiyskogo obrazovaniya XIX—XX vv. kak global’nyy proekt [Reforms of the Russian Education in XIX-XX Centuries as a Global Project]. Voprosy obrazovaniya [Issues of Education]. 2006, no. 3, pp. 17—18.
  2. Kuznetsov A.I., Kuznetsov R.A. Kul’tura voprosov: istoriya obrazovaniya v Rossii [Culture Matters: History of Education in Russia]. Moscow, 2011, pp.133—135.
  3. M.A. Prokof’ev, editor. Narodnoe obrazovanie v SSSR [General Education in the USSR]. Moscow, 2008, pp.191—196.
  4. Kiseleva T.G. Narodnoe obrazovanie i prosveshchenie v Rossii: real’nost’ i mify [General Education and Enlightenment in Russia: Reality and Myths]. Moscow, 2002, pp. 110—114.
  5. Andreevskiy G. V. Povsednevnaya zhizn’ Moskvy v Stalinskuyu epokhu. 1920—1930-e gody [Everyday Life of Moscow in the Stalin Era. 1920-1930s]. Moscow, 2010, pp. 116—120.
  6. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.528, op.1, d.1530. p. 21.
  7. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.528, op.1, d.1530, p. 26.
  8. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.528, op.1, d.7, p. 3.
  9. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow].F.528, op.1, d.7, p. 4.
  10. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.528, op.1, d.59, p. 4.

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CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDINGS OF GENERAL EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS IN MOSCOW IN THE YEARS OF THE FIRST FIVE-YEAR PLAN

Vestnik MGSU 6/2013
  • Byzova Ol'ga Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Culture Studies; +7 (499) 183-21-29., Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 236-243

The author considers the actions aimed at the liquidation of illiteracy and introduction of universal primary education in the period of industrialization and culture dissemination in the USSR. The author draws attention to the fact that the fast-growing industry was in need of competent specialists and indicates the demand for wide-scale reforms in the education.The author argues that as a result of the implementation of the first five-year plan universal education was introduced in the country, illiteracy was eliminated and wide-scale secondary professional education was made available, highly skilled professionals and researchers were trained, etc. It is noteworthy that industrialization substantially improved the state of affairs in the country and in its capital.The author has studied numerous archived documents to present the evidence of development of a network of schools, higher number of students, organization of construction of school buildings, bigger amount of government funding of schools and other institutions for children in Moscow in the years of the first five-year plan.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.6.236-243

References
  1. Byzova O.M. Poryadok raskhodovaniya gosudarstvennykh posobiy na stroitel'nye nuzhdy dlya realizatsii programmy vseobshchego obucheniya v Rossii v nachale XX v. [Government Allowances for Construction Works within the Framework of Implementation of the General Education Programme in Russia in the Early 20th Century: Expenditure Procedures]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 4, vol. 3, pp. 59—64.
  2. Kuznetsov A.I., Kuznetsov R.A. Kul'tura voprosov: istoriya obrazovaniya v Rossii [Issues of Culture: History of Education in Russia]. Moscow, 2011, pp. 133.
  3. Prokof'ev M.A., editor. Narodnoe obrazovanie v SSSR [Public Education in the USSR]. Moscow, 2008, p. 191.
  4. Massovoe prosveshchenie v SSSR (k itogam pervoy pyatiletki) [Wide-scale Education in the USSR (Results of the First Five-year Plan)]. Part 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1933, p. 6.
  5. Kol'tsov A.V. Kul'turnoe stroitel'stvo v RSFSR v gody pervoy pyatiletki (1928—1932). [Culture Dissemination in the RFSSR in the Years of the First Five-year Plan (1928—1932)]. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960, p. 74.
  6. Byzova O.M. Osobennosti stroitel'stva obshcheobrazovatel'nykh uchrezhdeniy Moskvy v 1920—1930-e gg. [Peculiarities of Construction of Institutions of Secondary Education in Moscow in the 20ies and 30ies]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 6—10.
  7. Narodnoe obrazovanie. G. Moskva (osnovnye pokazateli) [Public Education. City of Moscow (Principal Indicators)]. Moscow, 1934, pp. 11—12.

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