ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Formation of a new south-western direction in development of Yerevan city centre: consistency of architectural planning solutions

Vestnik MGSU 7/2013
  • Aloyan Artem Al’bertovich - Yerevan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (EGUAS) Candidate of Architectural Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Theory of Architecture, Restoration and Restructuring of Historical and Architectural Heritage, Fine Arts and History, Yerevan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (EGUAS), 105 Teryana st., Yerevan, 0009, Republic of Armenia.

Pages 7-14

The author discusses the problem of consistency between the existing architectural environment and new architectural planning solutions in the south-western part of the Yerevan city centre.The article is based on the analysis and systematization of spatial planning, architectural, design, historical, and literary sources covering Yerevan and its architecture. Business districts of urban centres are also taken into account.The author analyzes the features of formation and development of the centre of Yerevan and interrelation between planning solutions and concepts at different stages of its master plan development. A detailed analysis of spatial planning solutions applicable to the south-western part of the city center as a territory full of cultural and historical landmarks is provided in the article.This area has the size of dozens of square kilometers, and it is composed of the main urban design dominants, such as the historical nucleus with the ensembles of citywide importance and monuments of the so-called Tamanian period, the Republic square, lake Yerevan, and Paskevich hill.Numerous historical settlements, such as the Urartian fortress, Karmir Blur, Shengavit, Yerevan fortress, old Nork and others are situated here. The area has historical gardens (Dalma, Sardur gardens), beautiful panoramic view sites as the best viewpoints for the visual perception of Ararat mountain, and natural landscapes.The importance of consistency of spatial planning policies of the urban development documentation such as the Master plan of Yerevan is emphasized. The analysis and substantiation of the value of the area is considered. Research-backed proposals are provided in terms of the optimization of architectural planning solutions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.7.7-14

References
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  8. Puchkov M.V. Dekonstruktsiya i rekonstruktsiya urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Deconstruction and Reconstruction of Urbanized Territories]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo. [Academy. Architecture and Construction]. 2009, no. 3, pp. 57—60.
  9. Dobritsyna I.A. Transnatsional’nyy kapitalizm i arkhitektura global’nykh gorodov [Transnational Capitalism and Architecture of Global Cities]. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo Moskvy [Moscow Architecture and Construction]. 2010, vol. 551, no. 3, pp. 11—20.
  10. Safaryan Yu., Aloyan A., Aloyan K. K probleme formirovaniya gradostroitel’noy strategii Armenii na sovremennom etape [On the Problem of Formation of the Present-day Urban Strategy of Armenia]. Sb. nauchnykh trudov EGUAS [Collection of research Works of the Yerevan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering]. Erevan, 2008, vol. II (32), pp. 3—5.
  11. Rogers R., Gumuchdjian P. Cities for a Small Planet. London, Faber and Faber, 1997, 180 p.
  12. Safaryan Yu.A., Gasparyan M.A., Aloyan A.A. The master plan of Yerevan Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Contemporary Problems in Architecture and Construction “Architecture and Urban Construction on the Low-carbon Strategies”. Beijing, China, November 20—24, 2011, pp. 1–30—1-35.

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Environmental and economic evaluation of the town-planning development of the existing urban systems

Vestnik MGSU 10/2013
  • Ryabova Svetlana Sergeevna - Academy of Public Administration of the President of the Republic of Belarus (Academy of Management) Senior Lecturer, Department of Management of Regional Development, Academy of Public Administration of the President of the Republic of Belarus (Academy of Management), 17 Moskovskaya st., Minsk, 220007, Republic of Belarus; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Potapov Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 196-207

Megacities like the most massive manifestation of urban settlements, will keep on growing due to the socio-environmental reasons. And the problems of house, industrial and socio-cultural construction will grow under the conditions of vacant land limit. The approaches to the building development of new territories and previously used ones are significantly different. That requires a modification of methodological approaches and the development of new principles of evaluation. In the current situation of understanding of the biogenic processes significance, new territories can be developed in environmentfriendly way. In respect of the previously built-up or polluted areas, the evaluation of the changes in anthropogenic ecosystem should be made.In general, urbanized landscapes are growing, but the territories suitable for urban development do not grow. That dramatically raises the price for land, particularly for the previously undeveloped land. At the same time, the value of previously used for agricultural purposes land within the city or within industrial zones also increases. For any landscape, used or not, should be regarded as non-renewable.The development of technologically polluted areas require significant economic investments. As a result, the development of optimal methods of the area valuation for further investment and construction is important. As commonly cited, soil and land have no value as such, which should be compared with the income. The market price of one square meter finally gives us the value of undeveloped land, and its location, status, and the possibility of further use is of crucial significance. Investors evaluate real estate not only by the location, but also by material, income and profitability. Systematic investigation of these criteria allows us to see the weaknesses and advantages of the land. The cost of real estate can change quickly in case of changes in its pricing factors. A good example is construction of a highway in the neighborhood: positive for industrial construction, negatively for living. Therefore, such signs should be permanently recorded and evaluated.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.10.196-207

References
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