RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

THE CONSTRUCTION OF A COMPOSITION BASED ON MAGNESIA BINDER WITH PEAT

Vestnik MGSU 6/2017 Volume 12
  • Lebedeva Natalia Shamilievna - Ivanovo Fire Rescue Academy of State Firefighting Service of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (IFRA SFS EMERCOM OF RUSSIA) Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of the Natural Sciences Department, Ivanovo Fire Rescue Academy of State Firefighting Service of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (IFRA SFS EMERCOM OF RUSSIA), 33 Stroiteley prospect, 153040, Ivanovo, Russian Federation.
  • Nedayvodin Evgeniy Gennadievich - Ivanovo Fire Rescue Academy of State Firefighting Service of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (IFRA SFS EMERCOM OF RUSSIA) Postgraduate Institute of Development, Ivanovo Fire Rescue Academy of State Firefighting Service of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (IFRA SFS EMERCOM OF RUSSIA), 33 Stroiteley prospect, 153040, Ivanovo, Russian Federation.

Pages 642-646

Obtained building material based on magnesia binder with different content of peat (0 to 90 %), on a specially developed technique. As a binder used PMK 87, for mixing mixtures used aqueous solution of magnesium chloride and peat from the Ivanovo region. It were determined such physical and physico-mechanical properties of the investigated material as the compressive strength and the density. The strength characteristics of silicate bricks, ceramic bricks and the investigated material based on magnesia binder and peat was analyzed and compared. It is established that the samples of construction material with content of peat not exceeding 40 wt.% can be attributed to the materials of structural purpose by its compressive strength. Samples of the material with content of the peat 40% have a density 943,75 kg/m3, that provides good heat and sound insulation properties. It is revealed that the solution of the raw material mixture of magnesia binder, peat, the solution of bischofite is optimized to place, and the material gets at least 85% of its strength during 30 days.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.6.642-646

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Studying the removal of the pollutants from wetlands

Vestnik MGSU 4/2015
  • Tel’minov Il’ya Valentinovich - Northen (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (NArFU named after M.V. Lomonosov) Assistant Lecturer, Department of Engineering Geology, Bases and Foundations, Northen (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (NArFU named after M.V. Lomonosov), 22 naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation; +7 (8182) 21-89-23; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Nevzorov Aleksandr Leonidovich - Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (SAFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head, Department of Engineering Geology, Bases and Foundations, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (SAFU), 17 Severnaya Dvina Emb., Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 115-125

Wetlands, considered as the territories unfit for agriculture and building, in the recent past served as the places for the industrial and municipal waste accommodation. That’s why the problems, connected with the studies of pollution and recovery duration of bogs, are rather current nowadays. The aim of this research is studying carrying out of pollutants from the polluted marsh massif. The object of the research is the Konnick bog, where the discharge of waste water from the hydrolysis plant and dumping of ash and sawmilling waste started in the fifties. The emission of waste water from the city’s treatment facilities also took place there. The Konnick bog is situated in the Arkhangelsk region. The network of stations for the ground and surface water monitoring was organized on the territory of the bog in 2004. The monitoring showed that the ground water composition has the excess of ammonium salt, phosphates, petroleum products, lignin substances, phenols, etc. Since 2004 there is a gradual decrease in concentration of the majority of pollutant, which is connected with the end of dumping of waste and discharge of waste water from the hydrolysis. In our opinion the decrease in the polluting substances concentration in marsh waters (self-cleaning) happens due to dilution of ground waters. The process of the pollutants removal from the peat was investigated with the help of a specially constructed device. The researches offered an equation, which describes the relation between the relative concentration of pollutants and the ground water flow. The analysis of the results of the peat ablution showed that in order to reduce the concentration of most pollutants the water should be filtered through the peat (at least 1 liter per 1 gram of dry peat). Using the received equation the settlement curves of pollutant concentration reduction in a bog were obtained. The curves obtained according to laboratory researches correlate rather well with the data obtained during the monitoring.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.115-125

References
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  5. Larionov N.S., Bogolitsyn K.G., Kuznetsova I.A. Kompleksnaya otsenka vliyaniya svalki tverdykh bytovykh otkhodov g. Arkhangel’ska na komponenty prirodnoy sredy [Complex Assessment of the Influence of Municipal Solid Waste Dump in Arkhangelsk on Environment Components]. Rossiyskiy khimicheskiy zhurnal [Russian Chemical Journal]. 2011, vol. LV, no. 1, pp. 93—100. (In Russian)
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  7. Volkova I.I., Baykov K.S., Syso A.I. Bolota Kuznetskogo Alatau kak estestvennye fil’try prirodnykh vod [Kuznetsk Alatau Bogs as Natural Filters of Natural Waters]. Sibirskiy ekologicheskiy zhurnal [Siberian Journal of Ecology]. 2010, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 379—388. (In Russian)
  8. Bavor J., Waters M. Pollutant Transformation Performance аnd Model Development in African Wetland Systems : Large Catchment Extrapolation. Wastewater Treatment, Plant Dynamics and Management in Constructed and Natural Wetlands. Springer, 2008, pp. 319—327. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8235-1_28.
  9. Bruland G.L., Richardson C.J. An Assessment of the Phosphorus Retention Capacity of Wetlands in the Painter Creek Watershed, Minnesota, USA. Water, Air and Soil Pollution. 2006, vol. 171, no. 1—4, pp. 169—184. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11270-005-9032-7.
  10. Kangsepp P., Koiv M., Kriipsalu M., Mander U. Leachate Treatment in Newly Built Peat Filters: A Pilot-Scale Study. Wastewater Treatment, Plant Dynamics and Management in Constructed and Natural Wetlands. Springer, 2008, pp. 89—98. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8235-1_8.
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  12. Semenova N.M., Vorob’ev S.N., Kolesnichenko L.G., Ruzanova A.I. Geoekologicheskaya otsenka sistemy Belykh ozer na territorii Vasyuganskogo landshaftnogo zakaznika (Tyumenskaya oblast’) [Geoecological Assessment of White Lakes System on the Territory of the Vasyugansky Landscape Wildlife Area (Tyumen Region)]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Tomsk State University Journal]. 2012, no. 365, pp. 194—200. (In Russian)
  13. Voistinova E.S., Kharanzhevskaya Yu.A. Regional’naya kharakteristika khimicheskogo sostava bolotnykh vod v Tomskoy oblasti [Regional Characteristics of a Chemical Composition of Marsh Waters of the Tomsk Region]. Izvestiya Samarskogo nauchnogo tsentra Rossiyskoy akademii nauk [Proceeding of the Samara Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. 2014, vol. 16, no. 1 (4), pp. 942—946. (In Russian)
  14. Denisenkov V.P. Osnovy bolotovedeniya [Fundamentals of Bog Science]. Saint Petersburg, SPbGU Publ., 2000, 224 p. (In Russian)
  15. Cohen J.G., Kost M.A. Natural Community Abstract for Bog. Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Lansing, MI, 2008, 21 p.
  16. Dobrovol’skaya T.G., Golovchenko A.V., Zvyagintsev D.G., Inisheva L.I., Kurakov A.V., Smagin A.V., Zenova G.M., Lysak L.V., Semenova T.A., Stepanov A.L., Glushakova A.M., Pochatkova T.N., Kukharenko O.S., Kachalkin A.V., Yakushev A.V., Pozdnyakov L.A., Bogdanova O.Yu. Funktsionirovanie mikrobnykh kompleksov verkhovykh torfyanikov — analiz prichin medlennoy destruktsii torfa [Functioning of Microbic Complexes of High Moorlands — the Analysis of the Reasons of Slow Destruction of Peat]. Moscow, Tovarishchestvo nauchnykh izdaniy KMK Publ., 2013, 128 p. (In Russian)
  17. Grum-Grzhimaylo O.A., Bilanenko E.N. Mikroskopicheskie griby kak komponent ekosistemy verkhovykh bolot [Microscopic Mushrooms as a Component of an Ecosystem of Highmoor Bogs]. Mikologiya i fitopatologiya [Mycology and Phytopathology]. 2010, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 485—496. (In Russian)
  18. Dyukarev E.A., Golovatskaya E.A. Osobennosti temperaturnogo rezhima torfyanoy zalezhi oligotrofnogo bolota v yuzhnoy tayge Zapadnoy Sibiri [Features of Temperature Condition of a Peat Deposit of an Oligotrophic Bog in the Southern Taiga of Western Siberia]. Geografiya i prirodnye resursy [Geography and Natural Resources]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 65—71. (In Russian)
  19. González Garraza G., Mataloni G., Iturraspe R., Lombardo R., Camargo S., Quiroga M.V. The Limnological Character of Bog Pools in Relation to Meteorological and Hydrological Features. Mires and Peat. 2012, vol. 10, art. 7. Available at: http://www.mires-and-peat.net/pages/volumes/map10/map1007.php. Date of access: 21.02.2015.
  20. Tel’minov I.V., Klemushina L.A., Nevzorov A.L., Ayzenshtadt A.M. Patent 106748 RF, MPK G01N 15/00. Fil’tratsionno-adsorbtsionnyy pribor. № 2011111845/28; zayavl. 29.03.2011; opubl. 20.07.2011. Byul. № 20 [Russian Patent 106748, MPK G01N 15/00. Filtration and Adsorption Device. No. 2011111845/28; appl. 29.03.2011; publ. 20.07.2011. Bulletin no. 20]. Applicant and Patent holder FGAOU VPO ”SAFU“ [Northern (Arctic) Federal University]. P. 113. (In Russian)
  21. Kramarenko V.V., Emel’yanova T.Ya. Kharakteristika fizicheskikh svoystv verkhovykh torfov Tomskoy oblasti [Characteristic of Physical Properties of Highmoor Peat of the Tomsk Region]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Tomsk State University Journal]. 2009, no. 322, pp. 265—269. (In Russian)
  22. Ise T., Dunn A.L., Wofsy S.C., Moorcroft P.R. High Sensitivity of Peat Decomposition to Climate Change Through Water-Table Feedback. Nature Geoscience. 2008, no. 1, pp. 763—766. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo331.

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Experimental evaluation of drainage filters sealing in peat soils

Vestnik MGSU 2/2014
  • Nevzorov Aleksandr Leonidovich - Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (SAFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head, Department of Engineering Geology, Bases and Foundations, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (SAFU), 17 Severnaya Dvina Emb., Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zaborskaya Ol'ga Mikhaylovna - Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (SAFU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Structural Mechanics and Strength of Materials, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (SAFU), 17 Severnaya Dvina Emb., Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Nikitin Andrey Viktorovich - Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (SAFU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Enginee, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (SAFU), 17 Severnaya Dvina Emb., Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 84-90

The article deals with research results of the sealing of pores in drainage filters by organic particles. Permeability tests were carried out with the constant gradient 1.5. The water flow through the sample of soil was top-down.The tests were carried out with 2 types of samples: the first part of samples had layers (from up to down) 300 mm peat and 2 layers of geotextile, the second part consisted of 250 mm peat, 200 mm fine sand and 2 layers of geotextile. Well decomposed peatsamples were used. Peat had the following characteristics: density is 1,05...1,06 g/cm3, specific density — 1,53...1,56 g/cm3, void ratio — 12,0...12,5. The duration of each test was 15 days. During testing the hydraulic conductivity of samples was decreased by 1.3...1.9.After completing the tests the hydraulic conductivity of sand and geotextile were measured. The content of organic matter in geotextile and fine sand was determined as well. Dry mass of organic matter in the first layer of geotextile in the first type of samples were 1,0…1,3 g per 75 cm2. The organic matter in the second layer of geotextile in the first type of samples and in the first layer of geotextile in the second type wasn’t exposed. Fine sands protected the drainage geotextile as a result of sealing of pore space of sands by organic matter.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.2.84-90

References
  1. Emel'yanova T.Ya., Kramarenko V.V. Obosnovanie metodiki izucheniya deformatsionnykh svoystv torfa s uchetom izmeneniya stepeni ego razlozheniya [Substantiation of the Study Method of Deformation Properties of Peat Taking into Account the Changes in its Decomposition Degree]. Izvestiya Tomskogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta [Proceedings of Tomsk Polytechnic University]. 2004, no. 5, pp. 54—57.
  2. Kramarenko V.V., Emel'yanova T.Ya. Kharakteristika fizicheskikh svoystv verkhovykh torfov Tomskoy oblasti [Description of the Physical Properties of High-moor Peat in Tomsk Region]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Proceedings of Tomsk State University]. 2009, no. 322, pp. 265—272.
  3. Ivanov K.Å. Vodoobmen v bolotnykh landshaftakh [Water Cycle in Moor Landscapes]. Leningrad, Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 1975, 280 p.
  4. Drozd P.À. Sel'skokhozyaystvennye dorogi na bolotakh [Agricultural Roads on Moors]. Minsk, Uradzhay Publ., 1966, 167 p.
  5. Nevzorov À.L., Nikitin À.V., Zarychevnych À.V. Gorod na bolote: monografiya [A City on the Bog: Monograph]. Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov. Arkhangelsk, NArFU Publ., 2012, 157 p.
  6. Dimukhametov M.Sh., Dimukhametov D.M. Fiziko-mekhanicheskie svoystva zatorfovannykh gruntov Kamskoy doliny g. Permi i ikh izmenenie v rezul'tate deystviya prigruzki [Physical and Mechanical Properties of Peat of Kama Valley in Perm City and their Changes as a Result of Pressure Action]. Vestnik Permskogo universiteta [Proceedings of Perm State University]. 2009, no. 11, pp. 94—107.
  7. Bugay N.G., Krivonog A.I., Krivonog V.V., Fridrikhson V.L. Voloknisto-poristye materialy iz polimernykh volokon v meliorativnom i gidrotekhnicheskom stroitel'stve i pri ochistke vody [Fibrous-porous Materials of Polymer Fibers in Soil Reclamation and Hydraulic Engineering Construction and Water Treatment]. Prikladnaya gidromekhanika [Applied Hydromechanics]. 2007, vol. 9, no. 2—3, pp. 37—51.
  8. Chernyaev E.V. Srok sluzhby geotekstil'nykh materialov [Lifetime of Geotextile Materials]. Put' i putevoe khozyaystvo [Road and Track Facilities]. 2010, no. 7, pp. 37—39.
  9. Tkach V.V. Drenazhnyy fil'tr iz netkanogo polotna [Drainage from Nonwoven Materials]. Gidrotekhnika i melioratsiya [Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation]. 1983, no.10, pp. 76—77.
  10. Bugay N.G., Tkach V.V., Fridrikhson V.L. Podbor tkanykh i netkanykh ZFM pri ispol'zovanii ikh v trubchatykh drenazhakh s fil'truyushchey obsypkoy [Selection of Woven and Nonwoven Materials Applied in Tubular Drainage with Permeable Package]. Gidrotekhnika i melioratsiya [Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation]. 1983, no. 6, pp. 52—53.

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PRODUCTION ECOLOGICALLY OF SAFE BUILD MATERIALS ON BASIS OF PEAT AND GYPSUM

Vestnik MGSU 1/2012
  • Guyumdzhjan Perch Pogosovich - Ivanovo Institute of State Fire Fighting Service of Emergency Control Ministry of Russia Doctor of Technical Sciences, Ivanovo Institute of State Fire Fighting Service of Emergency Control Ministry of Russia, .
  • Vetrenko Tatjana Grigorjevna - Ivanovo State Architecturally-building University Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of Department of Hydraulics, Water supply and Sanitation +7-(4932)-32-85-40; fax: +7-(4932)-30-00-74, Ivanovo State Architecturally-building University, 20, 8-th March, Ivanovo, 153037, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Vitalova Nina Mihajlovna - Ivanovo State Architecturally-building University Senior teacher of Department of Building Constructions +7-(4932)-38-01-48, Ivanovo State Architecturally-building University, 20, 8-th March, Ivanovo, 153037, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 94 - 99

The study on the creation of composite materials based on peat use-cation gypsum binder with improved thermal characteristics which en-rectifying to apply it during the construction of various buildings.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.1.94 - 99

References
  1. Belkin N.M., Vinogradov G.V., Leonov A.I. Izmerenie vyazkosti i fiziko-mehanicheskih harakteristik materialov. Moscow, Nauka, 1968.
  2. Suvorov V.M. Teploizolyatsionnye materialy na osnove torfa. Tezisy sb. Fiziko-himiya torfa i sapropeley. Materialy XII Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tehnicheskoy konferentsii. Tver', 1984.
  3. Hudoverdyan V.M. Metody proektirovaniya sostava torfobetona. Erevan., Izd-vo Arm. SSR, 1950.
  4. Spravochnik po stroitel'nym materialam dlya zavodskih i prostroechnyh laboratoriy Moscow, Gosstrojizdat, 1961.
  5. Romanenkov I.G., Zigel'-Korn V.N. Ognestoykost' stroitel'nyh konstruktsiy i effektivnyh materialov. Moscow, Strojizdat, 1984.
  6. Afanas'ev A.E., Churaev N.V. Optimizacija processov sushki i strukturoobrazovanija v tehnologii torfjanogo proizvodstva. Moscow, Nedra, 1992.

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ARTIFICIAL TOPSOILS MADE FROM KIMBERLITE TAILINGS

Vestnik MGSU 1/2012
  • Telminov Ilja Valentinovich - Northen (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (NArFU) Lecturer, Department of Geotechnics +7-(8182)-21-89-23, Northen (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (NArFU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Nevzorov Аleksandr Leonidovich - Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (NArFU) - D.E., professor, Department of Geotechnics +7-(8182)-21-89-23, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (NArFU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zaruchevnyh Irina Jurjevna - Northen (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (NArFU) Ph.D., Associate professor, Department of Geotechnics +7-(8182)-21-89-23, Northen (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (NArFU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Korzova Мarija Aleksandrovna - Northen (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (NArFU) undergraduate Department of Geotechnics, Northen (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (NArFU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 128 - 132

It is suggested that kimberlite tailings from the diamond deposit named M.V. Lomonosov should be used for producing the artificial topsoils. The laboratory experiments indicated that the optimal composition for growing the grass is next: kimberlite tailings 80 %, peat 10 %, dehydrated sludge 10 %. This substance is useful as cover layer on municipal and industrial landfills, quarries etc.
The research was done within federal program "Academic and teaching staff of innovative Russia" according to the state contract № 16.740.11.0436 dated 3 October 2010.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.1.128 - 132

References
  1. Sostojanie i ohrana okruzhajuwej sredy [State and protection of the environment]. Pravitel'stvo Arhangel'skoj oblasti [Government of the Arkhangelsk region]. URL: http://www.dvinaland.ru/power/departments /comeco/envir (14.10.2011).
  2. Obekty razmeshhenija othodov na territorii oblasti [Landfills on the territory of the Arkhangelsk region]. Gosudarstvennoe kazennoe uchrezhdenie Arhangel'skoj oblasti «Centr prirodopol'zovanija i ohrany okruzhajuwej sredy» [State official institution of the Arkhangelsk region "Centre of natural resources and environment control"]. URL: http://eco29.ru/Pages/arhangelskaya_oblast.html (the date of addressing 14.10.2011).
  3. Kovtun M.N. Melkozernistye betony s ispol'zovaniem othodov almazoobogawenija [Concretes with the usage of kimberlite tailings]. Belgorod, 2007, 22 p.
  4. Korshunov A.A. Geojekologicheskoe obosnovanie skladirovanija i ispol'zovanija othodov obogawenija kimberlitovyh rud (na primere mestorozhdenija almazov im. M.V. Lomonosova) [Geoecological reasons for storage and usage of kimberlite tailings from diamond deposit named after M.V. Lomonosov]. Arkhangelsk, 2010, 22 p.
  5. Perspektivy razrabotki mestorozhdenij almazov Arhangel'skoj oblasti [Prospects for diamond deposits development of the Arkhangelsk region], G.V. Minchenko [and others]. Razvitie mineral'nosyr'evoj bazy Arhangel'skoj oblasti: problemy, perspektivy, zadachi: sb. nauchn. tr. mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. Vyp. ¹ 3 [Mineral resource base development of the Arkhangelsk region: problems and prospects: Proceedings of international conference, no 3], Arkhangelsk, ASTU publishing centre, 2006, Pp. 252—263.
  6. Almazy, bazal'ty i torf Arhangel'skoj oblasti [Diamonds, basalts and peat of the Arkhangelsk region]. Vserossijskaja obshhestvennaja organizacija «Russkoe geograficheskoe obwestvo» [All-Russia public organization «Russian geographical society»] URL: http://www.rgo.ru/2011/02/bolota-i-torf/ (14.10.2011).
  7. Nevzorov A.L., Korshunov A.A. Results of geotechnical monitoring for the erection and operation of the tailing dam at the diamond deposit named after M.V. Lomonosov, Proc. of the 15th European conf. on soil mechanics and geotechnical eng. part 2, Athens, Greece, 12-14 Sept., 2011, Pp. 1177—1184.

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