DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Prefabricatedclosed type buildings having frames made of veneerwaste products

Vestnik MGSU 7/2013
  • Inzhutov Ivan Semenovich - Siberian Federal University (SibFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems, Director, Civil Engineering Institute, Siberian Federal University (SibFU), 79 pr. Svobodnyy, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Dmitriev Petr Andreevich - Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Structural Units and Controlled Systems; +7 (391) 252-78-11, Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU), .
  • Zhadanov Viktor Ivanovich - Orenburg State University” (OSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Building Structures, Orenburg State University” (OSU), 13 prospekt Pobedy, Orenburg, 460018, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Deordiev Sergey Vladimirovich - Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU) +7 (391) 252-78-64, Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zakharyuta Vasiliy Viktorovich - Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU) postgraduate student, Department of Structural Units and Controlled Systems, Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 40-50

The major territory of Siberia is occupied by underexplored, hardly accessible areas having unstable or frozen soils. Development of these territories is hampered for a number of reasons, including poor weather and soil conditions, lack of infrastructure, roads, networks, and remoteness from industrial enterprises. Traditional building methods are rather expensive. The latter circumstance calls for new types of residential and public buildings, with the main requirement being their transportability (by air and land transport), higher degree of prefabrication (including foundations), light weight of structures, fast assembly, possibility of assembly and installation of large components without the use of heavy machinery, application of local materials, structural reliability, especially in the conditions of unstable soils. Construction operations on permafrost soils are not to alter the soil properties.The proposed structure of low-rise buildings is aimed at the attainment of the followings objectives: assimilation of hardly accessible areas of Siberia, development of low-rise housing, and secondary use of veneer waste products.A prefabricated building of the closed type consists of a foundation plate, as well as walls and coverings arranged in the form of a spatial framework united into a single manifold system. Beam elements of a prefabricated building are to be made of timber-based materials and assembled into a single bolted mountable and dismountable structure by means of a system of shaped metal node elements.Advantages of new low-rise buildings include their higher transportability due to the compactness of individual items and reduction of the overall weight, smaller construction term; increase in the building reliability on weak, unstable and frozen soils; expansion of the area of architectural design; development of a new method of recycling of large-size veneer waste products. The above features can make the new type of low-rise buildings highly competitive.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.7.40-50

References
  1. Abovskiy N.P. Stroitel’stvo v severnykh neftegazonosnykh rayonakh [Construction in Northern Oil and Gas Bearing Regions]. Krasnoyarsk, KrasGASA Publ., 2005, 228 p.
  2. OOO “TorgStroyMarket”. Sposoby utilizatsii otkhodov ot fanery [TorgStroyMarket Open Joint Stock Company. Methods of Recycling of Veneer Waste Products]. Available at: http://www.otdelka-servis.ru/fanera/fanerastat/sposobyothodov/index.html. Date of access: April 05, 2013.
  3. Yakunenko S.M., Vasil’ev A.I., Varik V.A. Avtorskoe svidetel’stvo 1647097 SSSR. Sborno-razbornaya rama [Authorship Certificate 1647097 USSR. Dismountable Frame].
  4. Nadelyaev V.D., Abovskaya S.N., Endzhievskiy L.V., Abovskiy N.P., Sergunicheva E.M., Egikyan N.B. Patent RF ¹ 2215852. Polnosbornoe zdanie ili sooruzhenie zamknutogo tipa, vklyuchayushchee fundament, dlya stroitel’stva na vechnomerzlykh, slabykh, puchinistykh gruntakh i v seysmicheskikh zonakh [RF Patent 2215852 RU. Prefabricated Building or Structure of the Closed Type, Including the Foundation, Designated for Construction on Permafrost, Loose, Heaving Soils and in Seismic Zones].
  5. Chilton J. Space Grid Structures. Plant a tree, Great Britain, 2000.
  6. Zhadanov V.I., Abovskiy N.P., Endzhievskiy L.V., Inzhutov I.S., Savchenkov V.I. Industrial'nye konstruktsii dlya stroitel'stva maloetazhnykh zdaniy i so-oruzeniy [Industial constructions for rerction of low-rise buildings and constructions]. Workbook. IPK GOU OGU, Orenburg, 2009. 416 p.
  7. ZERI Pavillion at EXPO 2000. Available at: http://bambus.rwth-aachen.de/eng/reports/zeri/englisch/referat-eng.html. Date of access: April 05, 2013.
  8. T.M. Obermann, R. Laude. Bamboo Poles for Spatial and Light Structures. Bamboo-Space Research Project - reference number: 166_OB Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Medellin - Technische Universit?t Berlin, Germany.
  9. Inzhutov I.S., Dmitriev P.A., Deordiev S.V., Zakharyuta V.V. Zayavka na izobretenie ¹ 2012154719. Polnosbornoe zdanie zamknutogo tipa [Invention Application 2012154719. Prefabricated Building of the Closed Type].
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  11. Inzhutov I.S., Dmitriev P.A., Deordiev S.V., Zakharyuta V.V. Analiz sushchestvuyushchikh uzlov sopryazheniya prostranstvennykh konstruktsiy i razrabotka sborno-razbornogo uzlovogo elementa [Analysis of Available Space Structure Joints and Design of Demountable Modular Joints]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 61—71.

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ESTIMATION OF ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF APPLICATION OF MODELS FOR FORECASTING THE LAND DEMAND FOR CONSTRUCTION BY MUNICIPALITIES OF PRC

Vestnik MGSU 6/2018 Volume 13
  • Astaf’ev Sergey Aleksandrovich - Baikal State University (BSU) Doctor of Economical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Economics and Investments and Real Estate Managemen, Baikal State University (BSU), 11 Lenin st., Irkutsk, 664003, Russian Federation.
  • Guo Yi - Baikal State University (BSU) Postgraduate, Department of Economics and Investments and Real Estate Management, Baikal State University (BSU), 11 Lenin st., Irkutsk, 664003, Russian Federation.

Pages 678-685

Subject: economic and mathematical methods for forecast of the development of a city conducted for the purpose of more accurate determination of the need for land resources. Development of a city is related to development of construction branch which, in turn, reflects the state of economy. If construction process is conducted, the new enterprises emerge and taxes come to all types of budget from new urban areas, etc. Therefore, forecasting the need for land resources for construction of residential and nonresidential real estate needs to be carried out more qualitatively and carefully, applying various scientific methods. Research objectives: the study of the theoretical and methodological foundations of forecasting the use of land for city’s development and application of the model for forecasting the growth of the city’s territory to increase the economic efficiency of the municipal budget under conditions of the PRC legislation. Materials and methods: correlation-regression analysis, Markov chains, “gray” Markov chains. Results: on the basis of analysis of various economic-mathematical models, whose application is possible when forecasting the needs of cities in construction of buildings, plants and factories, comparison of several common prediction methods is carried out: correlation-regression analysis and “gray” model (GM (1,1)). Upgrade of the Markov chain model is proposed with allowance for uncertainty factors. On the basis of the dynamics of the Zhangqiu land growth, using the proposed “gray” Markov chains, a forecast was made and its statistical, mathematical and economic significance was confirmed, which makes it possible to propose the application of the proposed model to predict the growth of any cities, including the ones in the Russian Federation. Conclusions: practical application of the proposed mathematical method under conditions of uncertainty of long-term forecasts on the example of forecast of city’s needs in land resources will increase the accuracy and economic efficiency of creation of master plans.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.6.678-685

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