ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

DESIGN OF ENVELOPE STRUCTURES OF BUILDINGS WITH ACCOUNT FOR AND SUBJECT TO THE CONDITIONS OF ACOUSTIC PROTECTION

Vestnik MGSU 12/2012
  • Giyasov Botir Iminzhonovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Architectural and Construction Design, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 287-49-14; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Antonov Aleksandr Ivanovich - Tambov State Technical University (TSTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Architecture and Construction of Buildings; +7 (4752) 63-03-82, +7 (4752)63-04-39, Tambov State Technical University (TSTU), Building E, 112 Michurinskaya St., Tambov, 392032, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Matveeva Irina Vladimirovna - Tambov State Technical University (TGTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Urban and Road Construction, Tambov State Technical University (TGTU), 112 E Michurinskaya street, Tambov, 392032, Russian Federation; +7 (4752) 63-09-20, 63-03-72; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 16 - 21

<br />
The totality of all environmental influences, including domestic and industrial noise, must be taken into account in the design of building structures. Building envelopes that have appropriate acoustic protection properties are to be used in the practice of the acoustic protection (soundproofing, etc.). According to the principles of structural design, design of soundproof buildings can be broken down into the two groups: design with account for the security conditions (eg., windows, doors, walls, floors), and design of noise-proof structures (eg., partitions, suspended ceilings).<br />
<br />
Multi-optional design of building structures or buildings that meet the terms of acoustic protection requires a modern approach to the process of their development. Any progress in this area is associated with computer-aided design supported by multiple analysis options. Automation allows adjustments in order to comply with the variety of the input data or objective functions to provide for optimal cycling options. In this regard, the authors describe the algorithms and principles of design of building envelopes on the condition of and subject to the acoustic protection. The proposed solution represents a software package capable of performing a multivariate analysis of options of acoustic protection at each stage of building design. Practical application of the software package used to solve practical problems in the design of building envelopes has demonstrated its higher efficiency that the one of traditional design methods.<br />

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.12.16 - 21

References
  1. Gorin V.A., Klimenko V.V., Shnurnikova E.P. Izolyatsiya udarnogo shuma mezhdu etazhnymi perekrytiyami s parketnymi polami [Insulation of Impact Noise between Floors of Buildings, if the Floors Are Covered with Parquet]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academy. Architecture and Construction]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 200—203.
  2. Kochkin A.A. Zvukoizolyatsiya sloistykh vibrodempfi rovannykh elementov svetoprozrachnykh ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy [Sound-proofi ng of Laminated Vibration-suppression Elements of Translucent Envelope Structures]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 40—41.
  3. Kochkin A.A. Legkie zvukoizoliruyushchie ograzhdayushchie konstruktsii iz elementov s vibrodempfiruyushchimi sloyami [Lightweight Sound-insulating Building Envelopes Made of Elements That Contain Vibration-suppression Layers]. Izvestiya Yugo-zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Proceedings of the Southwestern State University], no. 5, part 2, pp. 152—156.
  4. Boganik A.G. Effektivnye konstruktsii dlya dopolnitel’noy zvukoizolyatsii pomeshcheniy [Efficient Structures for Additional Sound Insulation of Premises]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2004, no. 10, pp. 18—19.
  5. Kochkin A.A., Shashkova L.E. O povyshenii zvukoizolyatsii ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy [Improvement of Envelope Insulation]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academy. Architecture and Construction]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 198—199.
  6. Kochkin A.A. O proektirovanii zvukoizolyatsii legkikh ograzhdeniy s promezhutochnym dempfiruyushchim sloem [Design of Sound Insulation of Lightweight Envelopes with an Intermediate Damping Layer]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academy. Architecture and Construction]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 191—193.
  7. Startseva O.V., Ovsyannikov S.N. Issledovanie zvukoizolyatsii odnosloynykh i dvukhsloynykh peregorodok [Research of Single and Double-layer Partitions]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Construction of Residential Housing]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 43—46.
  8. Grebnev P.A., Monich D.V. Issledovanie zvukoizoliruyushchikh svoystv mnogosloynykh ograzhdeniy s zhestkim zapolnitelem [Study of Insulating Properties of Multilayer Envelopes with a Hard Filler]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Construction of Residential Housing]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 50—51.
  9. Ledenev V.I. Statisticheskie energeticheskie metody rascheta shumovykh poley pri proektirovanii proizvodstvennykh zdaniy [Statistical Methods of Calculation of Noise Fields in the Design of Industrial Buildings]. Tambov, Tambov State Technical University Publ., 2000, 156 p.
  10. Ledenev V.I., Voronkov A.Yu., Zhdanov A.E. Metod otsenki shumovogo rezhima kvartir [Method of Assessment of Noise Patterns of Flats]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Construction of Residential Housing]. 2004, no. 11, pp. 15—17.

Download

Automated account of soil cylindrical anisotropy in the formation of design diagrams of tunnel linings

Vestnik MGSU 8/2015
  • Nesterov Ivan Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Structural Mechanics, Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT), 9 Obraztsova str., Moscow, 127994, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Gurkova Margarita Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Structural Mechanics, Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT), 9 Obraztsova str., Moscow, 127994, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Smirnova Ol’ga Vladimirovna - Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Structural Mechanics, Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT), 9 Obraztsova str., Moscow, 127994, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Naumov Vladimir Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Structural Mechanics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Naumova Tat’yana Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Associate Professor, Department of Structural Mechanics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 109-117

One of the most popular modern methods of tunnel linings’ calculation with account for their interaction with the soil is finite element method. Because of the constant increase of computation capacities at the present time the tasks of algorithm development dominate, which account for the lining operation - soil for complicated geological conditions. The given work presents the computational algorithm of account of the distribution nonuniformity of the physical characteristics of ground medium over the surface of finishing at intersection of the interface of geological layers by the tunnel axis. The algorithm uses mathematical models of the finite elements method and it is adapted for the realization in the system of stress analysis of tunnel linings developed by the authors. The authors enumerate the disadvantages of different calculations and try to overcome them. For this aim the beam model of the system “lining - soil” is suggested.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.8.109-117

References
  1. Zienkiewicz O.C., Cheung Y.K. The Finite Element Method in Continuum and Structural Mechanics. McGraw Hill, 1967, 272 pp.
  2. Mondrus V.L., Smirnov V.A. Primenenie KE-modelirovaniya dlya resheniya zadachi rasprostraneniya kolebaniy ot dvizheniya poezdov metropolitena [Application of Finite Element Modeling for Solving for Vibrations Propagation Task Caused by Underground Trains]. Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik Povolzh’ya [Scientific and Technical Volga region Bulletin]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 206—208. (In Russian)
  3. Smirnov V.A. Issledovanie napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya opticheskogo stola [Investigation of Stress-Strain State of Beam Table]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2014, no. 11-1, pp. 72—75. (In Russian)
  4. Stupishin L.Yu., Trushin S.I. Stroitel’naya mekhanika ploskikh sterzhnevykh system [Structural Mechanics of Flat Bar Systems]. Moscow, INFRA-M Publ., 2014, 278 p. (In Russian)
  5. Trushin S.I. Metod konechnykh elementov. Teoriya i zadachi [Finite Element Method. Theory and Problems]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2008, 256 p. (In Russian)
  6. Lee K.M., Rowe R.K. Finite Element Modeling of the Three-Dimensional Ground Deformations Due to Tunneling in Soft Cohesive Soils. Computers and Geotechnics. 1990, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 87—109. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0266-352X(90)90001-C.
  7. Franzius J.N., Potts D.M. Influence of Mesh Geometry on Three-Dimensional Finite-Element Analysis of Tunnel Excavation. International Journal of Geomechanics. 2005, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 256—266. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1532-3641(2005)5:3(256).
  8. Eberhardt E. Finite Element Modeling of Three-Dimension Stress Rotation Ahead of an Advancing Tunnel Face. Int. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences. 2001, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 499—518.
  9. Kubyshkin A.A. Raschet sbornykh zhelezobetonnykh kol’tsevykh obdelok s perevyazkoy shvov [Calculation of Precast Concrete Ring Lining to Re-Viscous Seams]. Stroitel’stvo i ekspluatatsiya transportnykh sooruzheniy v rayonakh razvitiya opasnykh geologicheskikh protsessov : tezisy dokladov [Construction and Operation of Transport Facilities in the Areas of Hazardous Geological Processes]. Moscow, MGUPS, 2003, pp. 16—22. (In Russian)
  10. Zakharov E.M., Vasil’ev V.M. Problemy proektirovaniya, stroitel’stva i ekspluatatsii kanalizatsionnykh tonnel’nykh kollektorov v Sank-Peterburge [Problems of Design, Construction and Operation of Sewage Tunnel Collectors in Saint Petersburg]. Tonneli i metropoliteny [Tunnels and Subways]. 2003, no. 6, pp. 10—11. (In Russian)
  11. Bulychev N.S., Fotieva N.N., Rozenvasser G.V., Shamrin Yu.E. Raschet sbornykh obdelok kollektornykh tonneley s uchetom kontaktnogo vzaimodeystviya s gruntovym massivom [Calculation of Precast Linings of Sewer Tunnels Taking into Account Contact Interaction with Soil Body]. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov [Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering]. 1988, no. 5, pp. 33—39. (In Russian)
  12. Paramonov V.N. Metod konechnykh elementov pri reshenii nelineynykh zadach geotekhniki [Finite Element Method for Solving Nonlinear Problems in Geotechnical Engineering]. Saint Petersburg, GK “Georekonstruktsiya” Publ., 2012, 176 p. (In Russian)
  13. Garber V.A., Kashko A.A., Panfilov D.V. Prostranstvennoe modelirovanie pri stroitel’stve transportnykh tonneley [Spatial modeling in the construction of transport tunnels]. Tonneli i metropoliteny [Tunnels and Subways]. 2004, no. 5, pp. 27—31. (In Russian)
  14. Shein Aung Tun, Nesterov I.V. Modelirovanie raboty ploskikh plastinchatykh sistem s ispol’zovaniem tablichnogo protsessora Excel [Simulation of Flat Plate Systems Using the Spreadsheet Excel]. Inzhenernye sooruzheniya na transporte : sbornik trudov MIITa [Engineering Structures in Transport. Proceedings of Moscow State University of Railway Engineering]. No. 4. Moscow, 2012, pp. 32—36. (In Russian)
  15. Shein Aung Tun. Raschet modeli vertikal’nykh podzemnykh vyrabotok [Calculation Model of Vertical Underground Workings]. Mir transporta [World of Transport and Transportation]. 2012, no. 2, pp. 88—91. (In Russian)
  16. Shein Aung Tun. Formirovanie diskretnykh modeley podzemnykh sooruzheniy slozhnoy konfiguratsii [Formation of Discrete Models of Underground Structures with Complex Configuration]. Transportnoe stroitel’stvo [Transport Construction]. 2012, no. 9, pp. 25—27. (In Russian)
  17. Deev P.V. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie vzaimodeystviya obdelok parallel’nykh tonneley proizvol’nogo poperechnogo secheniya s massivom grunta [Mathematical simulation of the Interaction of Parallel Tunnels’ Lining with Arbitrary Cross-Section with Soil Body]. Izvestiya tul’skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Estestvennye nauki [Bulletin of Tula State University. Natural Sciences]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 291—301. (In Russian)
  18. Deev P.V., Fotieva N.N. Opredelenie napryazhennogo sostoyaniya obdelok parallel’nykh tonneley melkogo zalozheniya, sooruzhaemykh pod zastroennoy territoriey [Determining the Stress State of Subsurface Parallel Tunnels Lining, Constructed under Built-Up Areas]. Izvestiya Tul’skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Nauki o zemle [Bulletin of Tula State University. Geosciences]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 257—262. (In Russian)
  19. Gadzhuntsev M.I. Priblizhennyy raschet podzemnogo sooruzheniya krugovogo ochertaniya pri uchete faktora polzuchesti zasypki [An Approximate Calculation of a Circular Underground Structure with Account for Filling Creep Factor]. The manuscript deposited in All-Russian Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (VINITI), no. 1782-V 98, 1998, 5 p. (In Russian)
  20. Msayuki Matsuura, Setsuo Takaku, Yasushi Nagshima, Yoichi Moriya. Compact Shield Tunneling Method. Underground Space Use: Analysis of the Past and Lessons for the Future — Erdem & Solak (eds). London, Taylor & Francis Group, 2005, pp. 779—784.
  21. Qassun S. Mohammed Shafiqu, Mohd R. Taha, Zamri H.C. Finite Element Analysis of Tunnels Using Elastoplastic-Viscoplastic Bounding Surface Model. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2008, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 178—188.
  22. Bernaud D. Tunnels profonds dans les milieux viscoplastique: approches expérimentale et numérique. Thése. École National des Ponts et Chaussées, France. 1991. Available at: https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00529719/. Date of access: 15.05.2015.
  23. Surjadinata J., Hull T.S., Carter J.P., Poulos H.G. Combined Finite- and Boundary-Element Analysis of the Effects of Tunneling on Single Piles. International Journal of Geomechanics. 2006, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 374—377. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1532-3641(2006)6:5(374).

Download

Comprehensive analysis of the aerated concrete technology

Vestnik MGSU 7/2013
  • Zhukov Aleksey Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Chugunkov Aleksandr Viktorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Director, Department of Examination of Buildings, postgraduate student, Department of Technology of Finishing and Insulation Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Khimich Anastasiya Olegovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, Institute of Construction and Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Eremenko Nikita Andreevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, Institute of Economics, Management and Information Systems in Construction and Real Estate, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kopylov Nikita Andreevic - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, Institute of Economics, Management and Information Systems in Construction and Real Estate, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 167-175

The software package developed by Department of Technology of Finishing and Insulation Materials of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering is designated to improve the performance efficiency of experiments that consist in planning, implementation, and processing of findings of research projects, including solutions for their optimization. The software package assists researchers in planning and analyzing experimental findings that are influenced by versatile factors, especially if their number is different. The number of factors of impact may be set at 15, 30, 45, and 60. This software was tested in the context of the aerated concrete technology. The first stage of the research consists in the preparation for an experiment with account for all factors characterizing the manufacturing process. The software assesses the relevance of the above factors and ranks them on the basis of their significance. As a result, three groups of factors are identified: factors of major significance (Group A), factors of secondary significance (Group B) and other factors.The software package was applied in the context of the aerated concrete technology to determine the most important parameters of its production. As a result of the experiment, the group of most significant factors (group A) included foaming agent efficiency, foaming agent consumption rate, and mould filling degree, while less important factors (Group B) included modifier consumption rate, mixture temperature, exposure time and water consumption rate.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.7.167-175

References
  1. Dolotova R.G., Vereshchagin V.I., Smirenska V.N. Opredelenie sostavov yacheistykh betonov razlichnoy plotnosti pri ispol’zovanii polevoshpatovo-kvartsevykh peskov metodom matematicheskogo planirovaniya [Using Method of Mathematical Planning to Identify Compositions of Cellular Concretes Having Different Density Values and Containing Feldspar Sands]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012, no. 12, pp. 16—19.
  2. Zhukov A.D., Chugunkov A.V. Lokal’naya analiticheskaya optimizatsiya tekhnologicheskikh protsessov [Local Analytical Optimization of Manufacturing Processes]. Vestnik MGSU Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 273—279.
  3. Zhukov A.D., Chugunkov A.V., Gudkov P.K. Sistema fasadnoy izolyatsii na osnove betonov yacheistoy struktury [Fa?ade Insulation System Based on Cellular Structure Concretes]. Utility Model Patent no. 121834 of 06.07.2012, 6 p.
  4. Zhukov A.D., Chugunkov A.V., Rudnitskaya V.A. Zakonomernosti formirovaniya struktury materiala v usloviyakh variotropii davleniy [Regularities of Material Structure Formation under Variotropic Pressure Conditions]. Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU. 2012, no. 3. Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru. Date of access: 05.02.2013.
  5. Loskutov A.B., Gossen Ya.Ya., Gorbacheva O.Yu. Sovershenstvovanie tekhnologii proizvodstva silikatnykh blokov na ZAO «Kombinat stroitel’nykh materialov» [Improvement of Production Technology of Silicate Blocks by “Kombinat stroitel›nykh materialov” closed Joint Stock Company]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013, no. 5, pp. 52—54.
  6. Sakharov G.P., Strebitskiy V.P., Voronin V.A. Novaya effektivnaya tekhnologiya neavtoklavnogo porobetona [New Effective Technology for Non-autoclaved Cellular Concrete]. Stroitel’nye materialy, obrudovanie i tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Equipment and Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2002, no. 6, pp. 28—29.
  7. Perekhozhentsev A.G. Modelirovanie temperaturno-vlazhnostnykh protsessov v poristykh stroitel’nykh materialakh [Modeling of Temperature and Moisture Processes in Porous Construction Materials]. Part 6. Energeticheskiy potentsial vlazhnosti kapillyarno-poristykh materialov [Energy Potential of the Moisture Content of Capillary-porous Materials]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013, no. 5, pp. 90—91.
  8. Shmelev S.E. Puti vybora optimal’nogo nabora energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy [Choice of the Optimal Set of Power-saving Actions]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 7—9.
  9. Verarbeitungsanleitung. Xella-Daemmsysteme GmbH, 2007, 47 p.
  10. Ytong Multipor Mineraldaemmplatte. Xella-Daemmsysteme GmbH, 2012, 24 p.
  11. Waermedamm-Verbundsystem. Xella GmbH, 2009, 53 p.

Download

Results 1 - 3 of 3