RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

A simple method to definethe heat conductivity of a limited plate

Vestnik MGSU 2/2014
  • Evdokimov Andrey Sergeevich - “T-NANO” LLC Chief Executive Officer, “T-NANO” LLC, 9 bld 3 Dolgorukovskaya str., Moscow, 127006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kozintsev Viktor Mikhaylovich - Institute for Problems in Mechanics RAS (IPMekh RAN) Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, senior research worker, Institute for Problems in Mechanics RAS (IPMekh RAN), 101-1 Prospekt Vernadskogo, Moscow, 119526, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Mel'nik Oleg Eduardovich - Lomonosov Moscow State University (MGU) Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Correspondent Member of the RAS, Head of the laboratory, Institute of Mechanics, Lomonosov Moscow State University (MGU), 1 Michurinskiy prospekt, 119192, Moscow, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Popov Aleksandr Leonidovich - Institute for Problems in Mechanics RAS (IPMekh RAN) Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor, leading research worker, Institute for Problems in Mechanics RAS (IPMekh RAN), 101-1 Prospekt Vernadskogo, Moscow, 119526, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Stoyanov Sergey Viktorovich - “T-Services” CJSC Development director, “T-Services” CJSC, 113/1 Leninskiy Prospekt, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Chelyubeev Dmitriy Anatol'evich - Institute for Problems in Mechanics RAS (IPMekh RAN) junior research worker, Institute for Problems in Mechanics RAS (IPMekh RAN), 101-1 Prospekt Vernadskogo, Moscow, 119526, Russian Federatio; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 114-124

To the present moment there are a lot of ways to define heat conductivity and thermal diffusivity of solid bodies. The schemes of determining heat conductivity, which use transient methods, usually include a heater and a cooler. The sample is placed in between them. The temperature and temperature differential is determined using several thermocouples.The authors present a method of determining the thermal characteristics of a sample in the form of a rectangular plate, allowing to apply only one thermocouple, which leads to a simple analytical expression for thermal diffusivity. The described method provides high-precision determination of thermal diffusivity of the body of small size and with the accuracy sufficient for practice — conductivity coefficient. The method uses a simple mathematical model and minimal hardware resources compared to other methods. The exception is the heat-insulating materials. The determination of their thermal conductivity using this method can lead to poor accuracy.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.2.114-124

References
  1. Tikhonov A.N., Samarskiy A.A. Uravneniya matematicheskoy fiziki [Equations of Mathematical Physics]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1972, 735 p.
  2. Lykov A.V., editor. Metody opredeleniya teploprovodnosti i temperaturoprovodnosti [Methods of Determining Thermal Conductivity and Diffusivity]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1973, 336 p.
  3. Izmereniya v promyshlennosti: Spravochnik [Measurements in Manufacturing Industry: Reference Book]. Moscow, Metallurgiya Publ., 1990, vol. 2, 384 p.
  4. Vishu Shah. Handbook of Plastics Testing and Failure Analysis. Hoboken, Wiley, 2007, 648 p.
  5. Patent of the Russian Federation RU2075068 C1, SU445892 A1, RU2456582, RU2024013 C1, SU1822958 A1, RU2179718.
  6. Lam T.T., Yeung W.K. Inverse Determination of Thermal Conductivity for One-Dimensional Problems. Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer. 1995, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 335—344. DOI: 10.2514/3.665.
  7. Lin J.H., Cheng T.F. Numerical Estimation of Thermal Conductivity from Boundary Temperature Measurements. Numer. Heat Transfer Part A.32., 1997, pp. 187—203.
  8. Fizicheskie velichiny. Spravochnik [Physical Quantities. Reference Book]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1991, 1232 p.
  9. Prudnikov A.P., Brychkov Yu.A., Marichev O.I. Integraly i ryady. Elementarnye funktsii [Integrals and Series. Elementary functions]. Moscow, Fizmatlit Publ., 2002, 632 p.
  10. Rivkin S.L., Aleksandrov A.A. Teplofizicheskie svoystva vody i vodyanogo para [Thermal Properties of Water and Water Steam]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1980, 424 p.

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Comparative study of the energy efficiency of available and newly developed materials and structures based on the finite-element resolution of 2d and 3d problems of heat conductivity

Vestnik MGSU 3/2013
  • Belostotskiy Aleksandr Mikhaylovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shcherbina Sergey Viktorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) engineer, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 212-219

The authors performed a comparative analysis of the energy efficiency of existing and newly developed enclosure structures of buildings. Density and heat transfer rate integrals alongside certain lines are selected as energy efficiency parameters. Finite element modeling verified by ANSYS Mechanical code is chosen as the research tool.Quasi-two-dimensional and three-dimensional options of the problem were resolved by the authors. The three-dimensional problem was resolved for a typical corner room free from embrasures.The key findings of the study are as follows:1. The two-dimensional finite element model of the wall and the three-dimensional finite element model of the corner room are produced and verified. Existing and newly developed materials and wall designs are taken into consideration in respect of the stationary heat transfer problem.2. 10.5 % reduction of the heat transfer rate was identified using the two-dimensional model, if the hat is transferred through the wall having a new design.3. The pattern of heat transfer rates is preserved in respect of the threedimensional problem of new wall designs and materials; however, particular “spikes” appear in the joints.4. A rise in the overall energy efficiency of newly developed materials and wall designs is discovered in respect of the three-dimensional problem (7.7 % along the horizontal axis and 1.5 % along the vertical axis).

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.3.212-219

References
  1. Dmitriev A.N. Energosberegayushchie ograzhdayushchie konstruktsii grazhdanskikh zdaniy s effektivnymi uteplitelyami [Energy Saving Enclosure Structures of Civil Buildings Having Efficient Heat Insulation]. Moscow, 1999.
  2. Khutornoy A.N. Teplofizicheskoe obosnovanie novykh neodnorodnykh naruzhnykh sten zdaniy i prognozirovanie ikh teplozashchitnykh svoystv [Thermalphysic Feasibility Study of New Heterogeneous External Walls of Buildings and Projection of Their Heat-shielding Properties]. Tumen, 2009.
  3. Kaufman B.N. Teploprovodnost’ stroitel’nykh materialov [Heat Conductivity of Construction Materials]. Moscow, Iz-vo litera-tury po stroitel’stvu i arkhitekture publ., 1955, 159 p.
  4. Lykov A.V. Teoriya teploprovodnosti [Theory of Heat Conductivity]. Moscow, Vyssh. shk. publ., 1967, 599 p.
  5. Rumyantsev A.V. Metod konechnykh elementov v zadachakh teploprovodnosti [Method of Finite Elements Applicable to Problems of Heat Conductivity]. Kaliningrad, 2010, 95 p.
  6. Zenkevich O., Chang I. Metod konechnykh elementov v teorii sooruzheniy i v mekhanike sploshnykh sred [Method of Finite Elements in Theory of Structures and Mechanics of Continuous Media]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1974.
  7. Belostotskiy A.M., Dubinskiy S.I., Aul A.A., Nagibovich A.I., Afanas’eva I.N., Kozyrev O.A., Pavlov A.S. Verifikatsionnyy otchet po programmnomu kompleksu ANSYS Mechanical [Verification Report on ANSYS Mechanical Software]. Ìoscow, MGSU Publ., 2009, 4 vol.
  8. Structural Analysis Guide, Documentation for ANSYS, Release 12.1, 2010.
  9. Thermal Analysis Guide, Documentation for ANSYS, Release 12.1, 2010.
  10. SNiP 23-02—2003. Teplovaya zashchita zdaniy [Construction Norms and Rules 23-02—2003. Thermal Protection of Buildings].

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THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE OF THE SORPTION ISOTHERM AND MOISTURE CONDUCTIVITY COEFFICIENT ON THE MOISTURE TRANSFER IN THE WALL OF AERATED CONCRETE

Vestnik MGSU 6/2018 Volume 13
  • Zhukov Aleksandr Viktorovich - Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building (TSUAB) , Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building (TSUAB), 2 Solyanaya plaza, Tomsk, 634003, Russian Federation.
  • Tsvetkov Nikolay Aleksandrovich - Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building (TSUAB) , Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building (TSUAB), 2 Solyanaya plaza, Tomsk, 634003, Russian Federation.
  • Khutornoy Andrei Nikolaevich - Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building (TSUAB) , Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building (TSUAB), 2 Solyanaya plaza, Tomsk, 634003, Russian Federation.
  • Tolstykh Aleksandr Vital’evich - Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building (TSUAB) , Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building (TSUAB), 2 Solyanaya plaza, Tomsk, 634003, Russian Federation.

Pages 729-739

Subject: calculation of heat and moisture regimes of enclosing structures made of aerated concrete taking into account the transfer of liquid moisture, which is determined by the values of moisture transfer coefficients. The results of calculations of the thermal and moisture characteristics of walls made of aerated concrete, carried out with the use of generally accepted regulatory methods, require confirmation since a physically unacceptable result can be obtained. Research objectives: the goal of the study was to determine the effect of temperature dependence of the sorption isotherm and the moisture conductivity coefficient on the moisture transfer in the enclosing structures of aerated concrete. Materials and methods: numerical modeling of nonstationary heat and moisture transport processes in a flat homogeneous wall made of aerated concrete D400 for climatic conditions of Tomsk city was performed. The proposed model reflects the movement of moisture due to the gradient of partial pressure of water vapor for the entire range of values of relative humidity in air or moisture content in the material, and for large values of relative humidity - due to a gradient of moisture content. In the calculations, we took into account the dependence of sorption moisture not only on the relative humidity of air but also on its temperature. To determine the coefficient of moisture conductivity, we used an approximation formula constructed on the basis of known experimental data. Interpolation formulas are presented that reflect the change in temperature and humidity of the outside air in accordance with the data of the normative literature. Results: when carrying out special test calculations, it was established that moisture transfer through the inner surface of the wall is practically insensitive to the temperature dependence of the sorption isotherm and coefficient of moisture conductivity. The moisture flow through the outer surface is also not sensitive to the temperature dependencies of these parameters. However, the dependence calculated with allowance for the temperature in the sorption isotherm differs significantly from the dependence without taking temperature into account, and in addition, the position of a maximum of the average overall humidity is displaced from November to December. From the above analysis it follows that taking into account the temperature dependence of the coefficient of moisture conductivity does not lead to a significant change in the characteristics of moisture transfer, both at the stage of removal of construction-generated moisture and in the process of further operation. The temperature dependence of the sorption isotherm only affects the moisture content of the outer surface, but the discrepancy does not exceed 1 % in absolute value. Conclusions: the use of the sorption isotherm and the coefficient of moisture conductivity without taking into account their dependence on temperature is permissible for calculating the heat and moisture regime in homogeneous structures made of aerated concrete under conditions of sorption moistening or drying.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.6.729-739

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