Vestnik MGSU 8/2013
  • Shmelev Gennadiy Dmitrievich - Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Urban Development and Municipal Engineering, Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU), 84, 20-letiya Oktyabrya str., Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 89-96

The author considers the key parameters used to monitor the condition of structures in the course of their long-term use. In the process of analyzing the expediency of employment of the parametric method of prognostication, the author identified the main parameters of structures made of different materials to be monitored for the above purpose. The research team led by the author systematized the key parameters of masonry, reinforced masonry, concrete, reinforced concrete and structural steel. Thus, the key parameters of reinforced concrete structures include displacement of supports, size reduction of the cross-section of a structural element, loading value, concrete strength in compression, tensile strength, cross sectional area of reinforcement, bearing capacity (for all sections), crack opening width (normal and oblique), deflections, and adhesion between concrete and reinforcement.Prognostication requires identification of the limit values of the above-mentioned parameters. Most of them are specified in the effective regulatory documents; some may be found in the reference and research literature. For example, any increase of corrosion in excess of 15% of the cross sectional area will not cause the failure of the structure. It is recommended to use the method of intervals as a most efficient one in the context of limited information. It contemplates development of interval boundaries of the most probable values of changing parameters. A general pattern for the prognostication of the remaining service life of building structures using the key parameters (the parametric method) may be used to identify initial values of these parameters and limits of changes in their values.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.8.89-96

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