SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

PARTICULAR PROBLEMSOF RADIATION CONTROL IN THE COURSE OF CONSTRUCTIONOPERATIONS

Vestnik MGSU 8/2013
  • Kulieva Gul'nara Aleksandrovna - Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN) Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Forensic Ecology, Faculty of Ecology, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN), 8/5 Podolskoe Shosse, Moscow, 113093, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Glebov Viktor Vasil`evich - Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN) Candidate of Psychological Sciences, doctoral student, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Human Ecology, Faculty of Ecology, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN), 8/5 Podolskoe Shosse, Moscow, 113093, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 104-110

The authors consider several problems of radiation control in the process of construction operations. The authors describe sampling of radon, a radioactive gas which can be often found in the environment, and therefore, it may be the reason for cancer diseases. Residential houses represent the main source of ionizing radiation, given the fact that the time spent at home accounts for about 60% of the overall radiation exposure. Safe radon content values for residential and office buildings are provided in the article. Maximal acceptable doses of radiation, emitted by natural sources, in respect of office personnel (below 5 mSv per year) and residents (below 1 mSv per year) are identified. Maximal acceptable doses are regulated by the Russian Standard of Radiation Safety.Difficulties accompanying radiation control in the course of construction operations are described in the article. Field measurements of radon emissions from the soil surface have been taken in Russia for over 10 years; no other country has taken any measurements of this kind.The highest efficiency of radon protection is achieved at the stage of design of buildings. If regulatory requirements are honoured at the design stage, radiation protection turns a lot cheaper than elimination of high concentrations of radon inside existing buildings.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.8.104-110

References
  1. Utkin V.I. Gazovoe dykhanie zemli [Gas-filled Breath of the Earth]. Sorosovskiy obrazovatel'nyy zhurnal [Soros’ Educational Journal]. 1997, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 57—64.
  2. Tsapalov A.A., Kuvshinnikov S.I. Zavisimost' ob"emnoy aktivnosti radona v pomeshcheniyakh ot raznosti vnutrenney i naruzhnoy temperatur vozdukha [Dependence of On-premises Radon Volume Activity on Difference between the Inside and the Outside Air Temperature]. Apparatura i novosti radiatsionnykh izmereniy (ANRI) [Equipment and News of Radiation Metering]. 2008, no.2, pp. 37—43.
  3. Radiatsiya: dozy, effekty, risk [Radiation: Doses, Effects, Risk.] Moscow, Mir Publ., 1998.
  4. Krewski D. Residential Radon and Risk of Lung Cancer: a Combined Analysis of 7 North American Case-Control Studies. Epidemiology. 2005, no. 16, pp. 137—145.
  5. Tsapalov A.A. Otsenka srednegodovogo urovnya EROA radona v pomeshcheniyakh na osnove rezul'tatov kratkosrochnykh izmereniy radiometrom «Al'faAERO» [Assessment of Average Indoor Annual Level of Radon Based on Results of Short-term Measurements Taken by AlfaAERO Radiometer]. Apparatura i novosti radiatsionnykh izmereniy (ANRI) [Equipment and News of Radiation Metering]. 2008, no.3, pp. 49—58.
  6. Gulabyants L.A. Printsip postroeniya novykh norm proektirovaniya protivoradonovoy zashchity zdaniy [Principle of Development of New Standards of Design of Radon Protection of Buildings]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel'stvo [Academy. Architecture and Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 5, NIISF RAASN Publ., pp. 461—467.
  7. Nazirov R.A., Peresypkin E.V., Tarasov I.V., Vereshchagin V.I. Snizhenie estestvennoy radioaktivnosti tsementnykh betonov [Reduction of Natural Radioactivity of Cement Concretes]. Izvestiya vuzov. Stroitel'stvo. [New of Institutions of Higher Education. Construction.] Novosibirsk, NGASU Publ., 2007, no.7, pp. 45—49.
  8. Radiatsionnyy kontrol' [Radiation Control]. Available at: http://glossary.ibrae.ac.ru/index. Date of access: 17.05.13.
  9. Vlasov A.D., Murin B.P. Edinitsy fizicheskikh velichin v nauke i tekhnike [Units of Values of Physics in Science and Technology]. Moscow, EAI Publ., 1990, pp. 63—64.
  10. William C. Graustein Karl K. Turekian. Radon Fluxes from Soils to the Atmosphere Measured by 210Pb–226Ra Disequilibrium in Soils. Geophysical Research Letters. May 1990, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 841—844.
  11. Parovik R.I. Model' nestatsionarnoy diffuzii - advektsii radona v sisteme grunt — atmosfera [Model of Non-stationary Diffusion - Advection of Radon in the Soil – Atmosphere System]. Vestnik KRAUNTs. Fiziko-matematicheskie nauki [KRAUNTs Proceedings of Kamchatka Regional Association Centre for Education and Research. Physical and Mathematical Sciences.] 2010, no. 1, pp. 39—45.
  12. A Citizen's Guide to Radon: The Guide to Protecting Yourself and Your Family From Radon. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2009. Available at: http://www.epa.gov/radon/pdfs/citizensguide.pdf. Date of access: 17.05.2013.
  13. Consumer's Guide to Radon Reduction. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2010. Available at: http://www.epa.gov/radon/pdfs/consguid.pdf. Date of access: 17.05.2013.
  14. Miles J., Howarth, C.B. 2000. Validation Scheme for Laboratories Making Measurements of Radon in Dwellings. NRPB-M1140 National Radiological Protection Board, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire.
  15. Synnott, H., Fenton D. 2005. An Evaluation of Radon Mapping Techniques in Europe. Project deliverable for the European Radon Research and Industry Collaboration Concerted Action project. Contract no: FIRI-CT-2001-20412 of the European Commission’s 6th Framework Programme. Available at: www.rpii.ie/reports. Date of access: 17.05.2013.

Download

Results 1 - 1 of 1