HYDRAULICS. ENGINEERING HYDROLOGY. HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING

METHODOLOGY OF IDENTIFICATION OF THE DRAINAGE NORM FOR AREASEXPOSED TO FLOODING

Vestnik MGSU 8/2013
  • Voronov Yuriy Viktorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Water Discharge and Water Ecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shirkova Tat'yana Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Water Discharge and Water Ecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 131-136

The authors argue that drainage norms depending on the functional use of territories must be considered as the first step in the design of flood protection systems. Further, calculation of the drainage norm should be performed based on the extent of the flooding vulnerability of areas. Any designer should identify the parameters of hazards that may cause harmful effects, including the groundwater level, the moisture content of soil, contamination of the groundwater and soil, and the change of soil properties by soaking and draining in order to characterize the hazard of flooding processes in urban and industrial areas. The classification of factors affecting the vulnerability of urban and industrial areas is based on the four features, or indicators of vulnerability, including urban, geotechnical, environmental, and operational indicators. An assessment of harmful effects of flooding should be made following the identification of the flooding hazard degree and the vulnerability of the area to flooding. The research findings contain the threshold of the geological safety and the acceptable depth of the groundwater. Any design of engineering protection actions should take account of the drainage norm within the boundaries based on the acceptable groundwater level in terms of the geological safety threshold.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.8.131-136

References
  1. Kuranov N.P., Kuranov P.N. Normativnye trebovaniya k sistemam inzhenernoy zashchity ot podtopleniya [Regulatory Requirements Applicable to Systems of Engineering Protection from Flooding]. Vodosnabzhenie i sanitarnaya tehnika [Water supply and sanitery equipment]. 2009, no.1, pp. 59—65.
  2. PACE official site. Available at: http://www.pacewater.com. Date of access: 28.05.2013.
  3. NDS official site. Available at: http://www.ndspro.com. Date of access: 28.05.2013.
  4. ADS official site. Available at: http://www.americandrainagesystems.com. Date of access: 28.05.2013.
  5. Drainage Systems Dublin official site. Available at: http://www.drainagesystems.ie. Date of access: 28.05.2013.
  6. Metodika otsenki veroyatnostnogo ushcherba ot vrednogo vozdeystviya vod i otsenki effektivnosti osushchestvleniya preventivnykh vodokhozyaystvennykh meropriyatiy [Methodology of Evaluation of Probable Damages Caused by the Harmful Influence of Water and Evaluation of Efficiency of Preventive Water Management Activities]. Ìoscow, VIEMS Publ., 2005.
  7. Kuranov N.P. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po otsenke urovney bezopasnosti, riska i ushcherba ot podtopleniy gradopromyshlennykh territoriy [Methodological Recommendations on Evaluation of Safety, Risk and Damage Levels in Respect of Flooding of Urban and Industrial Territories]. Moscow, ZAO “DAR/VODGEO” Publ., 2010, 58 p.
  8. Dzektser E.S., Pyrchenko V.A. Tekhnologiya obespecheniya ustoychivogo razvitiya urbanizirovannykh territoriy v usloviyakh vozdeystviya prirodnykh opasnostey [Technology for Sustainable Development of Urbanized Territories Exposed to Natural Hazards]. Moscow, ZAO “DAR/VODGEO” Publ., 2004, 166 p.
  9. Kuz'min V.V., Timofeeva E.A., Chunosov D.V. Otsenka riska negativnykh vozdeystviy pri podtoplenii urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Evaluation of the Risk of Negative Impacts of the Flooding Exposure in Respect of Urbanized Territories]. Vodosnabzhenie i sanitarnaya tekhnika [Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering]. Moscow, VST Publ., 2008, no. 6, pp. 44—49.
  10. Osipov V.I., Shoygu S.K., editors. Prirodnye opasnosti Rossii. Tom 3. Ekzogennye geologicheskie opasnosti [Natural Hazards in Russia. Volume 3. Exogenous Geological Dangers]. Ìoscow, KRUK Publ., 2003.
  11. Ragozin A.L., editor. Prirodnye opasnosti Rossii. Tom 6. Otsenka i upravlenie prirodnymi riskami [Natural Hazards in Russia. Volume 6. Evaluation and Management of Natural Risks]. Ìoscow, KRUK Publ., 2003.

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Engineering-geological or geoecological processes and phenomena; their development in the present-day environment

Vestnik MGSU 9/2012
  • Potapov Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Potapov Ivan Aleksandrovich - Scientific and Research Institute of Emergency Healthcare named after N.V. Sklifosovskiy engineer, Scientific and Research Institute of Emergency Healthcare named after N.V. Sklifosovskiy, ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 191 - 196

The authors consider theoretical issues of the present-day interpretation and applicability of
the terms and concepts of the engineering geology and geoecology. The authors propose a new
approach to the formulation of definitions of the founding concepts of major categories of the engineering
geodynamics as the constituent part of the engineering geology. At the current stage of
development of the geoecology, the processes and phenomena typical for the geological environment
considered from the viewpoint of civil engineering are regarded as geoecological rather than
engineering and geological.
Examples of incorrect interpretation of these concepts of engineering geology replace the
study of the processes and phenomena of the engineering geology by the study of exogenous
processes in the upper zone of the earth crust. Negative processes underway in the geological environment
that are considered within the framework of the engineering geology should be assessed
as geoecological. The assessment of the present-day use of the term "geoecological processes and
phenomena" is based on the principle of indecomposability and unity of the geosphere. This fact
serves as the basis for the modern interpretation of concepts of engineering geology or geoecology
that relate to the geological environment and its use as the setting of construction works.
The authors demonstrate that the pollution of the atmospheric air or its transparency affect
structures. It causes changes in the hydrogeological conditions that may cause a flood or reduction
of the level of underground waters that influence the behaviour of bases of constructions.
Anthropogenic impacts that cause the temperature and chemical pollution of the subterranean hydrosphere
can lead to the dissolution of rocks, trigger karst processes, boost the speed of underground
waters, and, thus, trigger the mechanical suffosion in the sands. The concept of geoecological
processes and phenomena as the basic categories needs the assessment of the geological
environment when exposed to the anthropogenic impact.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.191 - 196

References
  1. Kamenskiy G.N., Korchebokov N.A., Razin K.I. Dvizhenie podzemnykh vod v neodnorodnykh plastakh [Motion of Subterranean Waters inside Heterogeneous Strata]. Moscow, Soedinennoe nauchno-tekhnicheskoe izd-vo publ., 1935.
  2. Anan’ev V.P., Potapov A.D. Inzhenernaya geologiya [Engineering Geology]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola publ., 2009.
  3. Norint S.A. Bol’shoy tolkovyy slovar’ russkogo yazyka [Big Explanatory Dictionary of the Russian Language]. St.Petersburg, 1998.
  4. Mirkin B.M. Terminy i opredeleniya po okhrane okruzhayushchey sredy, prirodopol’zovaniyu i ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti [Terms and Defi nitions Relating to Environmental Protection, Use of Natural Resources and Environmental Safety]. St.Petersburg, SPbGU Publ., 2001.
  5. Savchenko V.N., Smagin V.P. Nachala sovremennogo estestvoznaniya [Basics of Contemporary Natural Science]. Rostov-on-Don, Tezaurus Publ., 2006.
  6. Slovar’ terminov chrezvychaynykh situatsiy [Dictionary of Emergency Terms]. Moscow, Ministry of Emergencies Management Publ., 2010.
  7. Potapov A.D. Ekologiya [Ecology] Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 2005.
  8. Korolev V.A. Ochistka gruntov ot zagryazneniy [Decontamination of Soil]. Moscow, MAIK Nauka/Interperiodika Publ., 2001.
  9. Potapov I.A., Shimenkova A.A., Potapov A.D. Zavisimost’ suffozionnoy ustoychivosti peschanykh gruntov razlichnogo genezisa ot tipa fil’trata [Dependence of Suffosion Stability of Sandy Soils of Various Geneses on the Type of Filtrate]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 5, pp. 79—86.

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