SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

Methodological approaches to development and identification of the best available technologies on through the example use of ferrous slags

Vestnik MGSU 10/2013
  • Pugin Konstantin Georgievich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Automobiles and Production Machines, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Vaysman Yakov Iosifovich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Scientific Supervisor, Department of Environmental Protection, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 183-195

Metallurgy is an industry which causes great environmental stress. Ferrous waste used as the raw material in the building industry can lead to environmental pollution with heavy metals. The author offers a methodology of comparing different technologies of using the potential of waste in order to minimize the adverse influence of technology on the environment. The methodology is based on choosing the best available technologies accepted in the European Union.The methodological approaches to the development of new technologies of ferrous slag usage and identification of the existing ones were based on the concept of a complex ecosystem-based approach. The approach allows to estimate the required degree of acceptable environmental risks in the course of the implementation of a technology throughout the whole life cycle of waste: at the stage of its formation, generation of the desired product in the process of technological conversion by capturing the resource potential of waste, the use of the desired product by the consumer, and the expiry of the life cycle of a product (material) generated by the consumer from the desired product.The use of a complex ecosystem-based approach in the process of developing new technologies of slag usage and identifying the existing ones helps to judge if a technology allows achieving the following targets:technical feasibility of a technology in production quantities, on condition of achieving the degree of capturing the slag potential that complies with low-waste and wastefree categories of technological processes;the acceptable level of environmental security throughout the whole life cycle of theslag;generation of marketable end products of the pre-set quality, which exceeds thequality of other competing products;maximal prevention of the environmental damage by reducing the environmental stress on the environment and the population;availability of the technology in terms of finance and economy;social issues (new jobs, higher payments to budgets of all levels, improvement of the environmental and social image of a company, prevention of public protests as a result of favorable decisions for the protection of the environment).The proposed algorithm allows choosing the technology producing minimal environmental damage in order to maximize the economic attractiveness and technical feasibility.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.10.183-195

References
  1. Leont'ev L.I. Net dal'neyshemu nakopleniyu tekhnogennykh otkhodov metallurgii [Say No to the Further Accumulation of Ferrous Waste]. Ekologiya i promyshlennost' Rossii [Ecology and Production Sector of Russia]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 2—3
  2. Grafkina M.V. Algoritm vybora optimal'nogo varianta razmeshcheniya promyshlennykh ob"ektov po geoekologicheskim kriteriyam [Algorithm for the Choice of the Optimal Option of Locating Industrial Facilities Based on Geological Criteria]. Estestvennye i tekhnicheskie nauki [Natural and Engineering Sciences]. 2008, no. 2, pp. 290—294.
  3. Grafkina M.V., Potapov A.D. Otsenka ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti stroitel'nykh sistem kak prirodno-tekhnogennykh kompleksov (teoreticheskie osnovy) [Estimating Ecological Security of Construction Systems as Natural and Anthopogenic Complexes]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 1, pp. 23—28.
  4. Pugin K.G., Vaisman Y.I. Methodological Approaches to Development of Ecologically Safe Usage Technologies of Ferrous Industry Solid Waste Resource Potential. World Applied Sciences Journal, 2013, vol. 22, Special Issue on Techniques and Technologies, pp. 28—33.
  5. Koroleva E.B., Zhigiley O.N., Kryazhev A.M., Sergienko O.I., Sokornova T.V. Nailuchshie dostupnye tekhnologii: opyt i perspektivy [The Best Available Technologies: Experience and Prospects]. Saint Petersburg, 2011, 123 p.
  6. Davis B., Birch G. Spatial Distribution of Bulk Atmospheric Deposition of Heavy Metals in Metropolitan Sydney, Australia. Water Air Soil Pollution, 2011, no. 214, pp. 147—162.
  7. Gunawardena J., Egodawatta P., Ayoko G., Goonetilleke A. Role of Traffic in Atmospheric Accumulation of Heavy Metals and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Atmospheric Environment. 2012, no. 54, pp. 502—510.
  8. Herngren L., Goonetilleke A., Ayoko G.A. Understanding Heavy Metal and Suspended Solids Relationships in Urban Stormwater Using Simulated Rainfall. Journal of Environmental Management. 2005, no. 76, pp. 149—158.
  9. Herngren L., Goonetilleke A., Ayoko, G.A. Analysis of Heavy Metals in Road-deposited Sediments. Analytica Chimica Acta. 2006, no. 571(2), pp. 270—278.
  10. Huston R., Chan Y.C., Gardner T., Shaw G., Chapman H. Characterisation of Atmospheric Deposition as a Source of Contaminants in Urban Rainwater Tanks. Water research. 2009, no. 43, 1630—1640.
  11. Pugin K.G., Volkov G.N., Mal'tsev A.V. Issledovanie vozmozhnosti pererabotki metallurgicheskikh shlakov v Permskom krae putem proizvodstva trotuarnoy plitki [Research into Possibility of Recycling of ferrous slags in the Perm Territory through Production of Paving Slab]. Fundamental'nye issledovaniya [Fundamental Researches]. 2013, no. 1—2, pp. 419—421.
  12. Pugin K.G. Voprosy ekologii ispol'zovaniya tverdykh otkhodov chernoy metallurgii v stroitel'nykh materialakh [The problems of the Ecology of Using Ferrous Hard Waste in Construction Materials]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012, no. 8, pp. 54—56.

Download

Results 1 - 1 of 1