ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF URBAN PLANNING

Vestnik MGSU 8/2012
  • Mezentsev Sergey Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor, Department of Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 26 - 33

The author considers one of the most relevant theoretical problems of urban planning - philosophical
and scientifi c methodology of research. The tasks of research involve the analysis and
identifi cation of the essence of systematic, synergistic, socio-humanistic, ecological and cybernetic
approaches and their general academic signifi cance, particularly, in the fi eld of urban planning.
The systematic approach. The unity of the technological system, the strategy of the system
behavior, and the design consistency, etc. - these are the core constituents of new methods of
technical thinking. If resolution of minor technological problems and development of small systems
lead to differentiation of knowledge and to growing specialization of research, development of major
systems leads to integration and synthesis of knowledge. This integration may be illustrated by the
urban planning which incorporates design development, implementation, testing and operation of
multi-component systems.
The synergеtic approach. The synergеtic approach is employed to study the urban environment
and culture as well as their development. It encompasses the phenomena which are considered
by the systematic approach as unimportant or minor facts, namely, random connections,
volatile relationships, brevity of their existence, spontaneity, etc. These phenomena are based on
the fact that the urban community is heterogeneous; it is composed of multiple separate individuals
and social groups.
The socio-humanistic approach. Modern scientifi c theories are not not only to contribute to
the analysis of the current situation, but also to contribute to the process of formation of the technical
activity on the basis of the principle of humanism. Contemporary engineers fi nd a connection
between technical components and processes with non-technical ones, including human factors,
organizational structures, socio-cultural processes, etc.
The ecological approach. Further development of technologies, namely, construction-related
technologies, should be based on the understanding of their nature as self-suffi cient values and follow
the laws of the social ecology to improve the environment and to avoid numerous anthropogenic
and environmental disasters. Therefore, before any urban planning project is implemented, each
environmental consequence is to be considered in relation to man and society.
The cybernetic approach. Any contemporary activity in the fi eld of technology, including urban
planning, should be based on the management principles developed within the framework of sociology,
including social foresight, social prediction, social planning and social technologies.
In contrast to many other sciences, which succeed in the sphere of methodology of research,
urban planning does not always meet up-to-date requirements. The author believes that there is a
need of adherence to the above methods in urban planning. The author argues that the result of
their application at the stage of urban design will substantially reduce any negative effects at the
stage of construction and operation of technical facilities.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.8.26 - 33

References
  1. Bertalanfi L. fon. Obshchaya teoriya sistem — kriticheskiy obzor [General Theory of Systems: Critical Review]. Issledovaniya po obshchey teorii sistem [Research of the General Theory of Systems]. Collected translations. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1969, pp. 23—82.
  2. Blauberg I.V., Yudin E.G. Stanovlenie i sushchnost’ sistemnogo podkhoda [Formation and Essence of the Systems Approach]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1973, 270 p.
  3. Liseev I.K., Sadovskiy V.N., editors. Sistemnyy podkhod v sovremennoy nauke [The Systems Approach to Modern Science]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 2004, 560 p.
  4. Khaken G. Sinergetika: Ierarkhii neustoychivostey v samoorganizuyushchikhsya sistemakh i ustroystvakh. [Synergetics: Instability Hierarchies of Self-Organizing Systems and Devices]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1985, 423 p.
  5. Veber M. Izbrannoe. Obraz obshchestva [Selected Works. The Image of the Society]. Moscow, Yurist Publ., 1994, 704 p.
  6. Veber M. Issledovaniya po metodologii nauki [Studies of the Methodology of Science]. Moscow, INION AN SSSR Publ., 1980, 202 p.
  7. Kommoner B. Zamykayushchiysya krug: priroda, chelovek, tekhnologiya. [The Closed Circle: Nature, Man and Technology]. Leningrad, Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 1974, 272 p.
  8. Viner N. Kibernetika, ili upravlenie i svyaz’ v zhivotnom i mashine [Cybernetics or Control and Communication in the Animal and in the Machine]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1983, 433 p.
  9. Lenk Kh. Razmyshleniya o sovremennoy tekhnike [Refl ections on Modern Technology]. Moscow, Aspekt Publ., 1996, p. 55—56.
  10. Gusakov A.A. Sistemotekhnika stroitel’stva [Systems Engineering of Construction]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1993, 368 p.
  11. Glazychev V.L. Gorodskaya sreda. Tekhnologiya razvitiya: nastol’naya kniga [The Urban Environment. Technology of Development: a Handbook]. Moscow, Lad’ya Publ., 1995. p. 20.
  12. Rozin V.M. Gorodskaya kul’tura, chelovek, okruzhayushchaya sreda (Filosofskometodologicheskie problemy gradostroitel’nogo proektirovaniya) [Urban Culture, Man, Environment (Philosophical and Methodological Problems of Urban Design)] Voprosy filosofi i [Issues of Philosophy]. 1980, no. 1, pp. 53—62.
  13. Pochegina L.F. Mezhdunarodnaya khartiya po arkhitekturnomu obrazovaniyu i gumanizatsiya arkhitektury [International Charter for Architectural Education and Humanization of Architecture]. International Conference. Integration, Partnership and Innovations in Civil Engineering Sciences and Education. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2011, vol. 2, pp. 750—751.
  14. Fromm E. Imet’ ili byt’? [To Have or to Be?]. Moscow, AST Publ., 2000, 448 p.
  15. Skvortsova L.M. Sotsial’noe prostranstvo goroda: ekologicheskie proekty budushchego [The Social Space of the City: Ecological Projects of the Future]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 414—418.
  16. Fokina Z.T. Tendentsiya urbanizatsii i izuchenie ekologii goroda [Trend for Urbanization and Study of the Urban Ecology]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 2, vol. 2, pp. 253—259.
  17. Gusakov A.A. Sistemotekhnika [Systems Engineering]. Moscow, Novoe Tysyacheletie Publ., 2002, p. 22.
  18. Voronin V.A. Dekompozitsiya metodologicheskikh osnov proektnogo upravleniya v stroitel’stve [Decomposition of Methodological Principles of Project Management in Construction]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 530—534.
  19. Slavgorodskaya A.N. Upravlenie tipovymi proektami pri realizatsii gorodskikh stroitel’nykh programm v Moskve [Management of Model Projects for Urban Construction Programs in Moscow]. Conference. Integration, Partnership and Innovations in Civil Engineering Sciences and Education. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2011, vol. 1, pp. 740—741.
  20. Toshchenko Zh.T. Sotsiologiya. Obshchiy kurs. [Sociology. General Course]. Moscow, Prometey: Yurayt-M Publ., 2001, 511 p.

Download

METHODOLOGY AND CONCEPTUAL MODELING OF FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT OF INDUSTRIAL PARKS

Vestnik MGSU 9/2017 Volume 12
  • Grebenshchikov Vladimir Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Economic Sciences, Vice-Rector, Associate Professor of the Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 1053-1060

Subject: the article considers the problems of managerial and organizational-economic relations reflecting the conceptual modeling of the interrelationships of the main participants in development activities in the implementation of investment and construction projects of industrial parks, and describes organizational forms and methods of managing the total cost of ownership of industrial real estate, based on a functional approach and functional modeling of the industrial development structure. Research objectives: elaboration of conceptual models of the functional structure of industrial development of industrial parks using methodological approaches based on the principles of functional-system modeling of development structures. Materials and methods: a set of systemic interrelated methodological approaches based on the use of functional modeling theory, economic-mathematical, technical-economic, logical analysis, as well as reliability and risk theories, simulation and functional statistical modeling, expert assessments, situational analysis and forecasting was used. Results: the article demonstrates the results of theoretical research of the author in the field of methodological modeling of industrial development systems for the construction of industrial parks based on the use of a functional-system approach. The final theoretical functional model is presented, when the object of research is considered in the form of functions or goal settings of the action, which is based on selection and structuring of subsystems consisting of function-stages, function-tasks, objects of reproduction, as well as different levels and situations of management, and also options for state-private partnership. The concept of «industrial development of industrial parks» was also refined. Conclusions: the performed research value was determined from the standpoint of elaboration of the theory and methodology in the field of industrial development with a focus on construction of large, complex and unique objects, as well as on scientific and practical evolution of the processes of state-private partnership in the management of industrial construction of industrial parks.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.9.1053-1060

Download

THEORETICAL PROVISIONS OF FORMATION OF METHODOLOGY FOR CREATION OF COMPLEX SYSTEM OF CONSTRUCTION WASTE TREATMENT

Vestnik MGSU 1/2017 Volume 12
  • Tskhovrebov Eduard Stanislavovich - Research Institute “Center for Environmental Industrial Policy” (Research Institute “CEIP”) Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, Deputy Director, Research Institute “Center for Environmental Industrial Policy” (Research Institute “CEIP”), 42 Olimpiyskiy pr., Mytishchi, Moscow Region, Russian Federation, 141006.
  • Velichko Evgeniy Georgievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 83-93

Resource saving, ecological safety, rational use of natural resources and environmental protection are currently the priority tasks in terms of implementation of the course towards a sustainable development of the Russian state. Transformation of waste into secondary raw materials for the manufacture of environmentally friendly construction products and other products makes it possible to resolve two problems at once: preserve valuable resources and reduce the environmental load. The article presents theoretical provisions and background for methodology of forming a model of complex system of construction waste treatment in terms of modern tasks for creation of new economically efficient, resource-saving, ecologically safe and waste-free technologies and processes in the industry, as well as the requirements of regulatory acts in the sphere of environmental safety, hazardous waste management, environmental protection and rational use of natural resources. The final target indicator of scientific research in this sphere is the minimization of waste amounts dispatched to burial facilities due to creation of optimal, reasonable from the technical-and-economic point of view, chain of complexes for treatment thereof, preliminary preparation for further recycling, including sorting, dismantling, cleaning, and disposal. Comprehensive assessment and subsequent reasonable selection of optimal scientific methods of research of factors, indicators and restrictions that form the constituent elements of methodology of creation of the economic and managerial model of the complex system of waste treatment, will be continued.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.1.83-93

Download

APPLICATION ASPECTS OF METHODOLOGY OF CREATION OF THE UNIFIED BUILDING WASTE TREATMENT SYSTEM

Vestnik MGSU 2/2017 Volume 12
  • Tskhovrebov Eduard Stanislavovich - Research Institute “Center for Environmental Industrial Policy” (Research Institute “CEIP”) Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, Deputy Director, Research Institute “Center for Environmental Industrial Policy” (Research Institute “CEIP”), 42 Olimpiyskiy pr., Mytishchi, Moscow Region, Russian Federation, 141006.
  • Velichko Evgeniy Georgievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 201-2013

Methodology of research of economic efficiency of management and control of hazardous waste treatment includes determination and formulation of fundamental algorithms, guidelines and restrictions as the basic constituents. These make it possible to perform the research more consistently, in an unbiased manner, in the context of the set goals and objectives. The priority for formation of the model of the unified building waste treatment system is the determination of restrictions dictated by the legislative framework in the sphere of environmental protection, public health, waste treatment, radiation, fire and technical security, traffic and cargo transportation safety rules, urban planning, as well as by technological and economic conditions, territorial, natural and climatic features, industrial and production capacities, potential risks. The article considers various aspects of methodology of creation of economical model of the unified building waste treatment system generated with regard to the requirements of regulatory legal acts in the sphere of hazardous waste treatment, environmental safety, rational use of natural resources and environmental protection in terms of sustainable innovative development of the Russian economy at the present stage. Approaches to the unified building waste treatment system creation methodology proposed by the authors is an attempt to find scientifically based organizational and managerial ways of solution of urgent and crucial tasks of ecological security, energy and resource saving, conservation, recycling of waste into secondary products; the sustainable innovative development of the Russian state is impossible without the aforesaid solution.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.2.201-213

Download

Methodological basis for formation of virtual organizational structure of a company within building complex

Vestnik MGSU 10/2013
  • Bol'shakov Sergey Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Assistant, Department of Information Systems, Technologies and Automation in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26, Yaroslavskoyeshosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 258-265

The article describes the formation and implementation of virtual organizational structures for construction companies. We consider the components of virtual enterprises, the process of their integration and organization of system connections. Particular attention is paid to the method of forming the qualitative and quantitative elements of virtual structures.The introduction of virtual building production systems implies increased automation and the use of modern equipment in the offices of project participants and on construction sites, where the majority of technological operations is performed. Creating a virtual organizational structure requires a detailed study of all aspects of the future enterprise, no matter how long it will be functioning and what goals were set. Having determined the participants and the basic scheme of the virtual organizational structure, it is necessary put question of hardware and software.Obvious is the fact that the construction industry in our country is in need of highquality optimization and automation of the technological process components. Any innovation requires high-quality information base for successful implementation and operation in the given industry.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.10.258-265

References
  1. Volkov A.A. Informatsionnoe obespechenie v ramkakh kontseptsii intellektual'nogo zhilishcha [Information Support under the Concept of Smart Homes]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel'stvo [House Construction]. 2001, no. 8, pp. 4—5.
  2. Volkov A.A Gomeostat stroitel'nykh ob"ektov. Chast' 3. Gomeostaticheskoe upravlenie [Homeostat of Construction Projects. Part 3. Homeostatic Management]. Stroitel'nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Building Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21st century]. 2003, no. 2, pp. 34—35.
  3. Volkov A.A., Yarulin R.N. Avtomatizatsiya proektirovaniya proizvodstva remontnykh rabot zdaniy i inzhenernoy infrastruktury [Computer-Aided Design of Repairs of Buildings and the Engineering Infrastructure]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 9, pp. 234—240.
  4. Chelyshkov P., Volkov A., Sedov A. Application of Computer Simulation to Ensure Comprehensive Security of Buildings. Applied Mechanics and Materials (Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland). 2013, vol. 409—410, pp. 1620—1623.
  5. Volkov A.A. Building Intelligence Quotient: Mathematical Description. Applied Mechanics and Materials (Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland). 2013, vol. 409—410, pp. 392—395.
  6. Volkov A.A. Udalennyy dostup k proektnoy dokumentatsii na osnove sovremennykh telekommunikatsionnykh tekhnologiy [Remote Access to Project Documents on the Basis of Advanced Telecommunications Technologies]. Stroitel'nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Building Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21st century]. 2000, no 4, p. 23.
  7. Volkov A.A., Lebedev V.M. Modelirovanie sistemokvantov stroitel'nykh protsessov i ob"ektov [Modeling of System Quanta of Construction Processes and Projects]. Vestnik BGTU im. V.G. Shukhova [Proceedings of Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G.Shukhov]. 2008, no. 2, pp. 86—87.
  8. Volkov A.A. Virtual'nyy informatsionnyy ofis stroitel'noy organizatsii [Virtual Information Office of a Building Company]. Stroitel'nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Building Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21st century]. 2002, no. 2, pp. 28—29.
  9. Volkov A.A., Vaynshteyn M.S., Vagapov R.F. Raschety konstruktsiy zdaniy na progressiruyushchee obrushenie v usloviyakh chrezvychaynykh situatsiy. Obshchie osnovaniya i optimizatsiya proekta [Design Calculations for the Progressive Collapse of Buildings in Emergency Situations. Common Grounds and Project Optimization]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 1, pp. 388—392.
  10. Losev K.Yu., Losev Yu.G., Volkov A.A. Razvitie modeley predmetnoy oblasti stroitel'noy sistemy v protsesse razrabotki informatsionnoy podderzhki proektirovaniya [Building System Subject Area Development During the Process of Design-cals-system Work out]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1, vol. 1, pp. 352—357.

Download

METHODOLOGY AND SOFTWARE DESIGNATED FOR THE CALCULATION OF VALUES OF CHEZY DISCHARGE COEFFICIENT C AND RELATIVE ROUGHNESS COEFFICIENT n WITHIN THE FRAMWEWORK OF RESEARCH OF FREE-FLOW PIPELINES

Vestnik MGSU 3/2012
  • Orlov Vladimir Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Water Supply and Waste Water Treatment, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zotkin Sergey Petrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Informatics and Applied Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Orlov Evgeniy Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Scienc- es, Associate Professor, Department of Water Supply, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Khurgin Roman Efimovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Senior Lecturer, Department of Water Supply, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Maleeva Anna Vladimirovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) master student, Department of Water Supply, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 205 - 210

The article represents a brief overview of the software programme designated for computer-aided calculation of values of the Chezy discharge coefficient. Recommendations are also provided to users of the proposed software. The proposed methodology is designated for the automated processing of the experimental data obtained in the course of the research of free water flows passing through the hydraulic test rig. The methodology is also designated for the identification of the mathematical relation describing the alteration of hydraulic exponents and for the construction of graphs to illustrate the relations describing the free flow inside pipelines, if made of different types of materials that display varied roughness values.
The proposed methodology represents a set of successive stages to be implemented.
Stage 1. Identification of pressure loss, if the pipeline length is equal to h, and the hydraulic friction coefficient is equal to λ.
Stage 2. Calculation of the average flow strength.
Stage 3. Calculation of hydraulic friction coefficient λ.
Stage 4. Calculation of average filling value h/dave in the beginning and in the end of the experimental section of the water flow; calculation of hydraulic radius Rave.
Stage 5. Calculation of С, Chezy discharge coefficient.
The following steps are to be performed to calculate coefficient of roughness n:
Selection of optimal relation С=f(R) from the multiplicity of proposed relations;
Solving the two equations in relation to n.
The proposed software employs the half-interval method to identify the value of n.
The software is also capable of generating graphs (curves) to describe the relations in question.
The proposed methodology and the software designated for the calculation of Chezy and roughness coefficients makes it possible for users to identify the hydraulic properties of pipelines made of advanced materials or having advanced coatings. The availability of the above information is to optimize the selection of the pipeline repair material on the basis of the assessment of hydraulic compatibility between the sections of the pipeline in operation and those being repaired.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.3.205 - 210

References
  1. Khramenkov S.V., Orlov V.A., Khar’kin V.A. Optimizatsiya vosstanovleniya vodootvodyashchikh setey [Optimization of Repair of Water Disposal Networks]. Moscow, Stroyizdat, 2002, 159 p.
  2. Orlov V.A., Khar’kin V.A. Strategiya i metody vosstanovleniya podzemnykh truboprovodov [Strategy and Methods of Repair of Underground Pipelines]. Stroyizdat, 2001, 95 p.

Download

Results 1 - 6 of 6