DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Rational usage of structural systems of multi-storey buildings

Vestnik MGSU 11/2013
  • Senin Nikolay Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Director of the Institute of Construction and Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 76-83

The article focuses on the classification of structural systems of multi-storey buildings based on four main (or primary) systems fundamentally different by the type of vertical load-bearing structures. Also a rational application of various structural systems of multi-storey buildings has been proposed as a result of the analysis of earlier performed studies and real-world experience of designing. The usage of combined structural systems that consist of various combinations of primary systems is examined.15 types of structural systems can be detached from the variety of primary and combined systems.The growing number of storeys of multi-storey buildings together with the growth of urban population and increasing availability of housing, as well as limited and cramped urban area, was justified. 10 of the most widely used structural systems were analyzed with a brief analysis of their features to ensure the tridimensional rigidity.The vertical distribution of functions in multifunctional buildings, as well the forecast for the percentage distribution of functions in high-rise buildings were also presented in the article. These guidelines can be used by designers on trial design stage for choosing the most rational structural system of multi-storey buildings of different heights.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.11.76-83

References
  1. Shcherbakova E. Seychas v gorodskikh poseleniyakh prozhivaet 51 % naseleniya mira, a v sel'skikh 49 % [Nowadays 51 % of the world's population live in urban areas and 49 % live in rural settlements]. DemoskopWeekly. 2012, no. 507—508. Available at: http://kapital-rus.ru/index.php/articles/article/610. Date of access: 15.04.2013.
  2. Shcherbakova E. Gorodskoe naselenie Rossii na nachalo 2010 goda — 103,8 mln chelovek, ili 73,1 % ot obshchego chisla rossiyan [Urban population of Russia in the beginning of 2010 is 103,8 million people, or 73,1 % of total number of Russians]. DemoskopWeekly. 2010, no. 407—408. Available at: http:///www.demoskop.ru/weekly/2012/0507. Date of access: 10.04.2013.
  3. Gusev A.B. Dostupnost' zhil'ya v Rossii i za rubezhom [Availability of Housing in Russia and Abroad]. Kapital strany: federal'noe internet-izdanie [Country Capital: Federal Internet Edition]. 2008. Available at: http://www.kapital-rus.ru. Date of access: 08.09.2013.
  4. Maklakova T.G. Vysotnye zdaniya [High-rise Buildings]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2006, 156 p.
  5. Vud E., Holister N. Nachalo epokhi meganeboskrebov [The Beginning of Highskrapers Era]. Vysotnye zdaniya [High-rise Buildings]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 52—57.
  6. Xu Peifu, Fu Xiuyeyi, Wang Cuikun, Xiao Congzhen; editor Xu Peifu. Proektirovanie sovremennykh vysotnykh zdaniy [Design of Modern High-rise Buildings]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2008, 467 p.
  7. Drozdov P., Lishak V. Prostranstvennaya zhestkost' i ustoychivost' mnogoetazhnykh zdaniy razlichnykh konstruktivnykh sistem [Spatial Rigidity and Stability of Multy-storey Buildings of Various Constructive Systems]. Tr. III Mezhdunar. simpoziuma S-41 MSS i Ob"edinennogo komiteta po vysotnym zdaniyam. Publikatsiya ¹ 43 [Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium S-41 MSS and Public Committee for High-rise Buildings. Issue 43]. Moscow, TsNIIEP zhilishcha Publ., 1976, pp. 20—25.
  8. Khan F. The Future of High Rise Structures. Progressive Architecture. 1972, no. 10, pp. 78—91.
  9. Kozak Yu. Konstruktsii vysotnykh zdaniy [The Structures of High-rise Buildings]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1986, 307 p.
  10. Ali M.M., Moon K.S. Structural Developments in Tall Buildings: Current Trends and Future Prospects. Architectural Science Review, 2007, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 205—223.
  11. Peyman A.N. Vysotnye soty. Novaya innovatsionnaya konstruktivnaya sistema dlya vysotnykh zdaniy [High-rise Honeycombs. New Innovative Constructive System for High-rise Buildings]. Vysotnye zdaniya [High-rise Buildings]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 80—85.
  12. Zhang Weibin. Proektirovanie mnogoetazhnykh i vysotnykh zhelezobetonnykh sooruzheniy [Design of Multistoried and High-rise Reinforced Concrete Structures]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, 597 p.

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STEPWISE CALCULATION OF THE TRANSVERSE BENT OF A BUILDING FRAME

Vestnik MGSU 9/2016
  • Shishov Ivan Ivanovich - Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs (VISU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Building Structures, Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs (VISU), 87 Gor’kogo str., Vladimir, 600000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Ryazanov Maksim Aleksandrovich - Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs (VISU) postgraduate student, Department of Building Structures, Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs (VISU), 87 Gor’kogo str., Vladimir, 600000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Maksimenko Marina Olegovna - Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs (VISU) Master student, Department of Building Structures, Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs (VISU), 87 Gor’kogo str., Vladimir, 600000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Vichuzhanina Yuliya Aleksandrovna - Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs (VISU) Master student, Department of Building Structures, Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs (VISU), 87 Gor’kogo str., Vladimir, 600000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 51-61

Deformation of plane core systems consisting of vertical and horizontal cores, which are rigidly or hingedly interconnected in the assembly, is considered in the article. Building frames of industrial and civil buildings, the columns of which undergo eccentrical compression and geometrically nonlinear deformation, have been investigated. There arises a necessity to solve the issues of strength, rigidity and stability. An algorithm and a computer program for solving this issue is proposed. The basic system of the deflection method and its suppositions has also been applied. The solution indicated stable convergence. Dependability between internal stresses of the cross section has been determined with account of the arising deformations and the effect of the linear compressing force that provides the accounting of geometrical nonlinearity. The examples illustrating high accuracy of the dislocation determination for the deformed-compressed core and the crippling load of the core system have been given. Finite-difference method that allows employing the cores the rigidity of which vary within their length limits has been used. The stability of the building under the core increment has also been investigated. An algorithm and a computer program for a plane core system calculation made up of vertical or horizontal cores rigidly or hingedly interconnected in the assembly have been worked out. Auxiliary core offsets and displacements of the system core joints have been taken as the basic unknown variables that allow making calculations with pre-set safety factor, rigidity and stability. The proposed stepwise method of the core system calculation is notable for its simplicity for programming. As the calculations testify, this method provides high accuracy of solutions. The applied method of finite differences may serve as a prerequisite for taking physical non-linearity of reinforced concrete into account.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.9.51-61

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SHAPE GENERATION BY MEANS OF A NEW METHOD OF ORTHOGRAPHIC REPRESENTATION ("PROEKTIVOGRAFIYA": DRAWINGS OF MULTI-COMPONENT POLYHEDRA

Vestnik MGSU 6/2012
  • Andrey Ivashchenko Viktorovich - Metropolitan Academy of Finance and Arts (MAFA) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Metropolitan Academy of Finance and Arts (MAFA), 15 Sharikopodshipnikovskaya St., Moscow, 109088, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kondrat'eva Tat'yana Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Chair, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, +7 (499) 183-24-83, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 155 - 160

The authors analyze the capabilities of a traditional set of shape generation techniques that employ orthographic representation in the generation of polyhedra with account for the advanced approach to the research of new multi-nuclear structures.
In the past, designs based on one nucleus were used in practice. The use of two or more nuclei is considered in the article. In the most common case, the resulting system of planes will constitute multiple orthographic representations.
The characteristics of a binuclear system depend on the mutual positions and relation of dimensions of the nuclei. In addition to regular parameters, complete description of the system need particular supplementary parameters that determine the mutual positions of the nuclei. Increase in the number of nuclei causes increase in the number of descriptive parameters.
The authors provide examples of binuclear systems composed of tetrahedrons, cubes, and dodecahedrons, implemented in the Delphi medium. The results can be exported into any three-dimensional modeling system with a view to their further study and use.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.155 - 160

References
  1. Gamayunov V.N. Proektivografiya [New Method of Orthographic Representation] Moscow, Moscow State Teachers’ Training Institute, 1976.
  2. Gol’tseva R.I. Geometriya mnogogrannykh n-epyurnykh sistem. Sbornik Formoobrazovanie v stroitel’stve i arkhitekture [Geometry of Polyhedral Systems. Collection “Shape Formation in Construction and Architecture”]. Moscow, Moscow Institute of Civil Engineering named after V.V. Kuybyshev, 1986.
  3. Nikulin E.A. Komp’yuternaya geometriya i algoritmy mashinnoy grafiki [Computer Geometry and Computer Graphics Algorithms]. St.Petersburg, BKhV-Peterburg Publ., 2003.
  4. Korn G., Korn T. Spravochnik po matematike [Handbook of Mathematics]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1970.
  5. Vennidzher M. Modeli mnogogrannikov [Models of Polyhedra]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1974.
  6. Ivashchenko A.V. Opisanie paketa programm «Proektivografiya». Sbornik “Dizayn i iskusstvovedenie” [Description of Software Package “Projectivographica”. Collection of Art and Design. Moscow, Moscow State Open Teachers’ Training University, 1995.
  7. Ivashchenko A.V. Modeli predstavleniya elementov sistemy proektivograficheskikh epyur i algoritm ikh opredeleniya. Sbornik nauchno-issledovatel’skikh rabot aspirantov i soiskateley MGOPU «Molodye golosa», vyp. 2. [Models of Elements of the System of Orthographic Drawings and Algorithms of Their Development. “Young Voices” Collection of Research Papers of Graduate Students and External Graduate Students of Moscow State Open Teachers’ Training University]. Moscow, Moscow State Open Teachers’ Training University, vol. 2, 2000.

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