SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

Geoecological safety assessment of water bodies within Ufa city

Vestnik MGSU 11/2013
  • Krasnogorskaya Nataliya Nikolaevna - Ufa State Aviation Technical University (UGATU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Industrial Safety and Ecology, Ufa State Aviation Technical University (UGATU), 12 K. Marks str., Ufa, 450000, Republic of Bashkortostan; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Elizar'ev Aleksey Nikolaevich - Ufa State Aviation Technical University (UGATU) Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Industrial Safety and Ecology, Ufa State Aviation Technical University (UGATU), 12 K. Marks str., Ufa, 450000, Republic of Bashkortostan; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Khaertdinova Elina Sagitovna - Ufa State Aviation Technical University (UGATU) ostgraduate student, Department of Industrial Safety and Ecology, Ufa State Aviation Technical University (UGATU), 12 K. Marks str., Ufa, 450000, Republic of Bashkortostan; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 161-166

Prompt growth of urbanized territories has a negative impact on water bodies. Rivers and lakes frequently receive sewage, which has a negative effect on the quality of water, activity of hydrobionts, water vegetation, adjacent territory and coastal zones. In this regard, water bodies affected by human, represent a source of geoecological danger to the population. The authors propose geoecological thread criteria of urban water bodies, namely: A — change in hydrochemistry of water bodies under the influence of anthropogenic factors (uncontrolled runoff, wastewater discharge, unorganized landfills of municipal waste, recreation load); B — thermal pollution of a water body due to the discharge of heated water from power plants; C — break of water body forming element (soil dam) with the subsequent flooding of downstream areas.The city of Ufa is an example of urbanized territory characterized by intensive industrial and transport development, population growth. The natural hydrographic network within Ufa territory is generally about 20 small rivers and 90 water bodies of natural or artificial origin. In order to identify the most vulnerable and dangerous water bodies for the Ufa population, the authors conducted an assessment of their compliance with the proposed criteria of geoecological thread (A, B, C). The authors proposed to merge water bodies of Ufa into the groups according to the degree of geoecological thread: I. А ; II. А+C or B+C ; III. А + B + C . It was established that the greatest geoecological thread for the population of Ufa is constituted by such water bodies as Teploe and Dolgoe.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.11.161-166

References
  1. Rao Y. Hanumantha, Ravindhranath K. Thermal and Heavy Metal Ions Pollution Assessment in Nearby Water Bodies of Vijayawada Thermal Power Station. Asian Journal of Chemistry. 2013, no. 25, ðð. 1547—1554.
  2. Colin S. Reynolds, Stephen C. Maberly, Julie E. Parker, Mitzi M. De Ville. Forty Years of Monitoring Water Quality in Grasmere (English Lake District): Separating the Effects of Enrichment by Treated Sewage and Hydraulic Flushing on Phytoplankton Ecology. Freshwater Biology. 2012, vol. 57, no. 2, ðð. 384—399.
  3. Sachi Nakashima, Yoshihiro Yamada, Kuninao Tada. Characterization of the Water Quality of Dam Lakes on Shikoku Island, Japan. Limnology. 2007, vol. 8, no. 1, ðð. 1—22.
  4. Tahir Ali Akbar, Quazi K. Hassan, Gopal Achari. A Methodology for Clustering Lakes in Alberta on the basis of Water Quality Parameters. Clean — Soil, Air, Water. 2011, vol. 39, no. 10, ðð. 916—924.
  5. McEnroe N.A., Buttle J.M., Marsalek J., Pick F.R., Xenopoulos M.A., Frost P.C. Thermal and Chemical Stratification of Urban Ponds: Are they ‘Completely Mixed Reactors’? Urban Ecosystems. 2013, vol. 16, no. 2, ðð. 327—339.
  6. Zibrov G.V., Umyvakin V.M., Ivanov D.A., Matviets D.A., Minaeva N.A. Kvalimetricheskiy analiz geoekologicheskoy opasnosti territoriy s intensivnoy antropogennoy deyatel'nost'yu [Qualimetric Analysis of Geoecological Danger of Territories with Intensive Anthropogenous Activity]. Vestnik voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: geologiya [Proceedings of Voronezh State University. Geology Series]. 2009, no. 2, pp. 180—186.
  7. Soromotin A.V., Khoteev V.V., Sizov O.S., Piterskikh A.S. Kompleksnoe geoekologicheskoe issledovanie gorodskoy sredy goroda Muravlenko [The Complex Geoecological Studies of the Town Environment in Muravlenko City]. Ekologiya urbanizirovannykh territory [Ecology of Urban Areas]. 2008, no. 2, pp. 34—40.
  8. Ivanov A.V. Sistema geoekologicheskikh opasnostey v krupnykh gorodakh Nizhnego Povolzh'ya [System of Geoecological Dangers in Large Cities of the Lower Volga Region]. Problemy regional'noy ekologii [Regional Environmental Issues]. 2008, no. 4, pp. 189—192.
  9. Zaikanov V.G., Minakova T.B., Patrenkov M.A. Podkhody k geoekologicheskomu kartografirovaniyu urbanizirovannoy territorii [Approaches to Geoecological Mapping of Urban Areas]. Geoekologiya [Geoecology]. 2010, no. 4, pp. 336—350.
  10. Krasnogorskaya N.N., Elizar'ev A.N., Khaertdinova E.S., Mullayanov R.R. Otsenka ekologicheskogo sostoyaniya lenticheskikh vodnykh ob"ektov v predelakh urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Estimation of the Ecological Condition of Lentic Water Objects within Urbanized Territories]. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya: setevoy zhurnal [Modern Problems of Science and Education: Internet Journal]. 2011, no. 6. Available at: http://www.science-education.ru/100-4890. Date of access: 4.06.2013.

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DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRINCIPAL PLAN OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACTIONS FOR KOTLASS PULP AND PAPER PLANT AND ITS ECOLOGICAL FEASIBILITY

Vestnik MGSU 2/2012
  • Frog Boris Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Doctor of Chemistry, Professor, Department of Water Disposal and Protection of Aquatic Resources 8 (495) 935 14 71, 8 (499) 182-99-58, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 6 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Grineva Irina Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) master student, Department of Water Disposal and Protection of Aquatic Resources, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kudrjashova Glafira Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Water Disposal and Protection of Aquatic Resources, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia.
  • Nikiforova Anna Pavlovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) master student, Department of Water Disposal and Protection of Aquatic Resources, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia.

Pages 152 - 160

The subject matter of this paper is the operation of Kotlass pulp and paper plant. The amount payable by the plant for the discharge of pollutants into the basin of the Northern Dvina River represents its substantial performance indicator. The pollutant discharge payment is minimal, if the maximal permissible discharge limit is not exceeded. Otherwise, the payment amount goes up. If the concentration of discharged pollutants may cause degradation of the water body, the amount would be by far bigger, given the cost of the water body recovery. If the quality of discharges is higher than the one declared, or if the quality of the discharges is higher than the quality of the water in the recipient water body, the enterprise is exempt from a fraction or the whole of the tax amount due and payable.
The analysis of the wastewater discharged by this enterprise has proven that the major portion of the pollutant discharge payment represents the amount due and payable for excessive discharges that fall beyond the limits. The diagrams that accompany the paper constitute a clear representation of this statement.
Three streams of wastewaters discharged by Kotlass pulp and paper plant are delivered into surface fishery waters. The composition of each wastewater stream and the per-pollutant payment amount is provided in the tabular form. The top five pollutants that account for 97 % of the payment amount have been identified. The major pollutants include methanol (54 % of the discharge payment) and suspended solids (21 % of the discharge payment).
On the basis of the above, the principal environmental protection plan of actions was developed to assure that the maximal permissible discharge limit is not exceeded by Kotlass pulp and paper plant. The proposed plan is designated to resolve specific process-related issues from the viewpoint of economy and environmental protection. Its implementation will reduce discharges of suspended solids by 50 %, whereas the concentration of methanol in the wastewater will also go down.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.2.152 - 160

References
  1. Frog D.B., Frog B.N., Harlamova M.D. Obespechenie jekologicheskoj bezopasnosti vodozabora Ust'-Ilimskogo lesopromyshlennogo kompleksa [Maintenance of Ecological Safety of the Water Intake Facility of the Ust-Ylim Wood Processing Plant]. Vestnik RUDN, Serija Jekologija i bezopasnost' zhiznedejatel'nosti [Ecology and Safety of the Environment], Issue # 4, 2010.
  2. Panina M.A., Frog D.B., Harlamova M.D. Sovershenstvovanie jekologicheskogo normirovanija v oblasti vodosnabzhenija i vodootvedenija CBK [Improvement of Water Supply and Water Disposal at pulp and paper mills]. Vestnik RUDN, Serija Jekologija i bezopasnost' zhiznedejatel'nosti [Ecology and Safety of the Environment], Issue # 2, 2010.
  3. Frog B.N., Shashkov S.N., Frog D.B. Obespechenie normirovanija organizovannogo sbrosa stochnyh vod Ust'-Ul'inskogo LPK v r. Angara [Regulation of Water Discharge by Ust-Ilim Wood Processing Plant into the Angara River]. Jekologija urbanizirovannyh territorij [Ecology of Urban Lands], Issue # 4, 2010. ¹ 4, pp. 63—70.
  4. Skurlatov Ju.I., Kozlova N.B., Frog B.N. and others. Ocenka vozdejstvija predprijatij LPK na vodnuju jekosistemu bassejna Severnoj Dviny [Evaluation of Impact of Wood Processing Plants the Aquatic Ecosystem of the basin of the Northern Dvina]. Materialy mezhdunarodnogo kongressa «Voda: jekologija i tehnologija» [Works of International Congress Water: Ecology and Technology] (EKVATEK-2000), Moscow, 2000, pp. 123—125.

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