SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

Geoecological safety assessment of water bodies within Ufa city

Vestnik MGSU 11/2013
  • Krasnogorskaya Nataliya Nikolaevna - Ufa State Aviation Technical University (UGATU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Industrial Safety and Ecology, Ufa State Aviation Technical University (UGATU), 12 K. Marks str., Ufa, 450000, Republic of Bashkortostan; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Elizar'ev Aleksey Nikolaevich - Ufa State Aviation Technical University (UGATU) Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Industrial Safety and Ecology, Ufa State Aviation Technical University (UGATU), 12 K. Marks str., Ufa, 450000, Republic of Bashkortostan; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Khaertdinova Elina Sagitovna - Ufa State Aviation Technical University (UGATU) ostgraduate student, Department of Industrial Safety and Ecology, Ufa State Aviation Technical University (UGATU), 12 K. Marks str., Ufa, 450000, Republic of Bashkortostan; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 161-166

Prompt growth of urbanized territories has a negative impact on water bodies. Rivers and lakes frequently receive sewage, which has a negative effect on the quality of water, activity of hydrobionts, water vegetation, adjacent territory and coastal zones. In this regard, water bodies affected by human, represent a source of geoecological danger to the population. The authors propose geoecological thread criteria of urban water bodies, namely: A — change in hydrochemistry of water bodies under the influence of anthropogenic factors (uncontrolled runoff, wastewater discharge, unorganized landfills of municipal waste, recreation load); B — thermal pollution of a water body due to the discharge of heated water from power plants; C — break of water body forming element (soil dam) with the subsequent flooding of downstream areas.The city of Ufa is an example of urbanized territory characterized by intensive industrial and transport development, population growth. The natural hydrographic network within Ufa territory is generally about 20 small rivers and 90 water bodies of natural or artificial origin. In order to identify the most vulnerable and dangerous water bodies for the Ufa population, the authors conducted an assessment of their compliance with the proposed criteria of geoecological thread (A, B, C). The authors proposed to merge water bodies of Ufa into the groups according to the degree of geoecological thread: I. А ; II. А+C or B+C ; III. А + B + C . It was established that the greatest geoecological thread for the population of Ufa is constituted by such water bodies as Teploe and Dolgoe.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.11.161-166

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