ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Architectural and engineering principles and innovations in the construction of glass-facade buildings

Vestnik MGSU 11/2015
  • Plotnikov Aleksandr Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, senior research worker, Professor, Department of Civil and Industrial Buildings Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-15

Though the technologies are dynamically developing and there are a lot of research projects, there is still no general opinion on a glass-facade building among the European scientific community, architects and construction engineers. The increasing requirements to heat-protective qualities of translucent structures make us think of the necessity of a quantum leap both in technologies and in principal approaches to the development of architectural and constructive solutions of translucent shells. Together with economical features, the dynamics of heat-protective indicators’ increase show the tendencies to reaching the possibilities limits of mass glass units. The European construction practice usually solve this problem by developing sealed insulating glass units and by different conceptual solutions of the systems of translucent double facades. In the given article the basic theoretical principles and innovative engineering ideas are formulated dealing with the modern glass-facade building construction. “Green Building” conception is analyzed as a European new building philosophy.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.7-15

References
  1. Maritz Vandenberg. Farnsworth House (Architecture in Detail), Mies van der Rohe. Phaidon Press Inc., 2005, 60 p.
  2. Schossing E., Behnisch S., Fisch N. About Energy and Architecture. Profile — Architecture Magazine. Schueco International KG, 2007, no. 5, pp. 11—13.
  3. Benits-Vil’denburg Yu. Noveyshie tekhnologii teploizolyatsii i ventilyatsii s pomoshch’yu okon i fasadov [New Heat Insulating and Ventilation Technologies with the Help of Windows and Facades]. Okna. Dveri. Vitrazhi [Windows. Doors. Stained Glass]. 2008, Business Issue. Available at: http://okna.ua/library/art-novejshie_tehnologii_teploizoljacii_i_1. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  4. Stratiy P.V., Boriskina I.V., Plotnikov A.A. Klimaticheskaya nagruzka na steklopakety [Climatic Load on Insulating Glass Units]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 2, vol. 2, pp. 262—267. (In Russian)
  5. Plotnikov A.A., Stratiy P.V. Raschet klimaticheskoy nagruzki na steklopaket na primere g. Moskvy [Calculating the Climatic Load on Glass Units on the Example of Moscow]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 9, pp. 190—194. (In Russian)
  6. Stratiy P.V., Plotnikov A.A., Boriskina I.V. Issledovanie progibov stekol paketa pri deystvii atmosfernoy sostavlyayushchey klimaticheskoy nagruzki [Investigation of Glass Unit Deflection in the Case of Atmospheric Impact of the Climatic Load]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 33—36. (In Russian)
  7. Aleksandrov Yu.P., Glikin S.M., Drozdov V.A., Tarasov V.P. Konstruktsii s primeneniem steklopaketov [Structures with Insulating Glass Units]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1978, 193 p.(In Russian)
  8. Vakuumnyy steklopaket: budushchee poka tumanno [Sealed Insulating Glass Unit. The Future is still Cloudy]. Okna. Dveri. Fasady [Windows. Doors. Facades]. 21.04.2013. Available at: http://odf.ru/stat_end.php?id=483. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  9. Rossa M. Innovatsionnoe ispol’zovanie stekla: doklad na 2-m spetsializirovannom kongresse «Okna — fasady — steklo» [Innovative Use of Glass: Report on the 2nd Subject-oriented Congress “Windows — Facades — Glass”]. Moscow, 2007. Available at: http://cwe.ru/archive/detail.php?el=1039&phrase_id=439020. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  10. Tenhunen O., Lintula K., Lchtinen T., Lehtovaara J., Viljanen M., Kesti J., Makelainen P.Double Skin Facades — Structures and Building Physics. Conceptual Reference Database for Building Envelope Research. Available at: http://users.encs.concordia.ca/~raojw/crd/reference/reference001114.html. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  11. Basnet Arjun. Architectural Integration of Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal Collector Systems into Buildings: Master’s Thesis in Sustainable Architecture. Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Architecture and Fine Arts, Trondheim, June 2012, 96 p. Available at: https://www.ntnu.no/wiki/download/attachments/48431699/Master-Basnet.pdf?version=1&modificationDate=1339765553175. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  12. Schittich S., Staib G., Balkow D., Schuler M., Sobek D. Glass Construction Manual. Birkhauser Basel, 1999, 328 p.
  13. Aschehoug Ø., Bell D. BP SOLAR SKIN — A facade concept for a sustainable future. SINTEF Report, May 2003. Available at: http://www.sintef.no/upload/BP%20Solar%20Skin%20-%20Final%20Report.pdf. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  14. RENSON. Reference book, 2nd ed. Waregem, Belgium, 2008. Available at: http://www.rensonuk.net/reference-books-referencebook-2008.html. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  15. Innovations / Energy2: Saving Energy — Generating Energy. Schüco International KG. 35 p. Available at: https://www.alukoenigstahl.com/AKS/UI/AKSImage.aspx?TabID=0&Alias=Stahl&Lang=hr-HR&Domain=hr&ec=1&imageID=53a7a6f9-54ee-4ac7-935d-96855e8a7546. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  16. Boriskina I.V., Plotnikov A.A., Zakharov A.V. Proektirovanie sovremennykh okonnykh sistem grazhdanskikh zdaniy [Design of Modern Window Systems of Civil Buildings]. Kiev, Domashevskaya O.A. Publ., 2005, 312 p. (In Russian)

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Modern state of Shukhov's translucent structures

Vestnik MGSU 12/2013
  • Koryakov Aleksandr Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Metal Structures, senior research worker, Scientific and Research Laboratory on Investigating the Actual Operation of Building Structures and Constructions, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Evstaf'eva Elizaveta Borisovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Researcher worker, Scientific and Research Laboratory on Investigating the Actual Operation of Building Structures and Constructions, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 84-92

The article focuses on such buildings as Moscow Central Post Office, State Museum of Fine Arts and GUM. All these buildings were constructed by famous Russian engineer Shukhov V.G. His 160th anniversary is celebrated in 2013.The skylight rectangular in the plan is a covering of General hall in Moscow Central Post Office. It has 3 tiers of glazing. The framework of this tier is a frame structure, which is based on the circumference on the cantilever trusses and, in addition, is hanging on the main trusses of the marquise. The bearing construction of the external lantern consists of ordinary, diagonal and bracing riveted trusses.The covering construction of State Museum of Fine Arts is a combined system, which consists of 2 types of metal trusses. The trusses located under the lamp are of polygonal shape and are bearing constructions for the attic floor, lower and middle glazing contours, as well as for lantern trusses. Lantern trusses of triangular shape serve for attachment of the external glazing contour and areas of metal roofing on the ridge, in the support zones and in the valley.Trading house of GUM has arch translucent covering. Bearing constructions of these coverings are roof arches of circular shape with cross shaped tie beams. Roof boarding was set on the booms made of rolled tees for glazing attachment. Lantern trusses have triangular shape and serve for attachment of an external contour glazing and plots metal roofing on the ridge, in the support zones and in the valley.The article presents the results of examinations, which have been performed by different organizations for the last 30 years.All these buildings are monuments of cultural heritage and they need constant supervision. The covering construction of Moscow Central Post Office needs repair and reconstruction.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.12.84-92

References
  1. Kovel'man G.M. Tvorchestvo pochetnogo akademika inzhenera V.G. Shukhova [Creative Work of Honorable Member of the Academy, an Engineer V.G. Shukhov]. Moscow, Gosstroyizdat Publ., 1961, 363 p.
  2. Shukhov V.G. Izbrannye trudy. Stroitel'naya mekhanika [Selected Works. Structural Mechanics]. Editor A.Yu. Ishlinskogo. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1977, 193 p.
  3. Otsenochnoe obsledovanie i tekhnicheskoe zaklyuchenie o vozmozhnosti sokhraneniya i ekspluatatsii nesushchikh metallicheskikh konstruktsiy svetovykh pokrytiy liniy GUMa [Evaluative Examination and Technical Estimation on the Possibility of Maintaining and Operation of the Bearing Metallic Structures of GUM Translucent Coverings]. TsNIIPSK Publ. D 227-91, Moscow, 1991.
  4. Mikhalev N.Ya. O sokhranenii unikal'nykh stal'nykh konstruktsiy svetoprozrachnogo pokrytiya Glavpochtamta v gorode Moskve [On Preserving Unique Steel Structures of Translucent Covering of the Moscow Central Post Office]. Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik Povolzh'ya [Scientific and Technical Proceedings of the Volga Region]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 315—318.
  5. Zaklyuchenie o tekhnicheskom sostoyanii metallokonstruktsiy shatrovogo fonarya zdaniya Mospochtamta [Report on the Technical State of the Metal Structures of Tent Lantern of Moscow Central Post Office]. GUP TsNIISK Publ., Moscow, 2001.
  6. Tekhnicheskiy otchet po teme: «Inzhenernoe obsledovanie stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy svetovogo fonarya zdaniya «Moskovskogo pochtamta» po adresu: ul. Myasnitskaya, d. 26a, str. 1» [Technical Report on the Topic: "Engineering Examination of Building Structures of the Skylight of Moscow Central Post Office Located at 26a-1 Myasnitskaya st.]. Pressmark ¹ 281/03. MGSU Publ., 2003.
  7. Obsledovanie metallokonstruktsiy shatrovogo fonarya Moskovskogo pochtamta i vydacha zaklyucheniya o vozmozhnosti ikh dal'neyshey ekspluatatsii [Examination of the Metal Structures of the Tent Lantern of Moscow Central Post Office and Approval of their Further Operation]. D 11-627, ZAO TsNIIPSK Publ., 2007.
  8. Tekhnicheskiy otchet «Naturnoe vizual'noe obsledovanie Glavpochtamta» [Technical Report "On-site Visual Inspection of Moscow Central Post Office"]. D M10-09-34, Kompaniya MAKOM Publ., Moscow, 2010.
  9. Rezul'taty inzhenerno-tekhnicheskogo obsledovaniya stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy pamyatnika arkhitektury zdaniya GMII im. A.S. Pushkina po adresu: ul. Volkhonka, 12. «Metallokonstruktsii krovli» [The Results of Engineering and Technical Examination of the Building Structures of a Monument of Architecture, the Building of Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts Located at 12 Volkhonka st. "Steelwork of Roofing"]. Moscow State Mining University, ZAO «Triada — Kholding» Publ., 2004, vol. 1, book 1.
  10. Arkhitekturno-arkheologicheskie obmery zdaniya Muzeya izobrazitel'nykh iskusstv im. A.S. Pushkina [Architectural and Archeological Surveys of the Building of Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts]. Tsentral'nye nauchno-restavratsionnye masterskie. Arkhitekturno-planirovochnaya masterskaya no. 2 [Central Scientific and Reconstruction Workrooms. Architectural Planning Workroom no. 2]. Vol. 1—4, 2004.
  11. Tekhnicheskiy otchet. Opredelenie tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya nesushchikh i ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy, kategorii tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya i velichin predel'nykh dopolnitel'nykh deformatsiy zdaniy, popadayushchikh v zonu vliyaniya stroitel'stva ob"ekta ¹ 4 «Kompleksnaya rekonstruktsiya, restavratsiya i prisposoblenie domovladeniya 3/5 (g. Moskva, M. Znamenskiy per.) pod Kartinnuyu galereyu iskusstva starykh masterov». Kn. 3. Zdanie po adresu: Moskva, ul. Volkhonka, d. 12, str. 1. D. m 10-11-48 [Technical Report. Determining the Technical State of Bearing and Enclosing Strictures, Categories of Technical State and Critical Redundant Deformation Values that Fall within the Influence of the Construction of Object # 4 'Complex Reconstruction, Restoring and Adjustment of the Housing Estate 3/5 (Moscow, Znamenskiy pereulok) for an Art Gallery of the Old Masters Art". Book 3. Building Located at 12-1, Volkhonka st., Moscow. D. m 10-11-48]. Moscow, Kompaniya MAKOM Publ., 2011.

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