ENGINEERING RESEARCH AND EXAMINATIONOF BUILDINGS. SPECIAL-PURPOSE CONSTRUCTION

Modern state of Shukhov's translucent structures

Vestnik MGSU 12/2013
  • Koryakov Aleksandr Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Metal Structures, senior research worker, Scientific and Research Laboratory on Investigating the Actual Operation of Building Structures and Constructions, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Evstaf'eva Elizaveta Borisovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Researcher worker, Scientific and Research Laboratory on Investigating the Actual Operation of Building Structures and Constructions, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 84-92

The article focuses on such buildings as Moscow Central Post Office, State Museum of Fine Arts and GUM. All these buildings were constructed by famous Russian engineer Shukhov V.G. His 160th anniversary is celebrated in 2013.The skylight rectangular in the plan is a covering of General hall in Moscow Central Post Office. It has 3 tiers of glazing. The framework of this tier is a frame structure, which is based on the circumference on the cantilever trusses and, in addition, is hanging on the main trusses of the marquise. The bearing construction of the external lantern consists of ordinary, diagonal and bracing riveted trusses.The covering construction of State Museum of Fine Arts is a combined system, which consists of 2 types of metal trusses. The trusses located under the lamp are of polygonal shape and are bearing constructions for the attic floor, lower and middle glazing contours, as well as for lantern trusses. Lantern trusses of triangular shape serve for attachment of the external glazing contour and areas of metal roofing on the ridge, in the support zones and in the valley.Trading house of GUM has arch translucent covering. Bearing constructions of these coverings are roof arches of circular shape with cross shaped tie beams. Roof boarding was set on the booms made of rolled tees for glazing attachment. Lantern trusses have triangular shape and serve for attachment of an external contour glazing and plots metal roofing on the ridge, in the support zones and in the valley.The article presents the results of examinations, which have been performed by different organizations for the last 30 years.All these buildings are monuments of cultural heritage and they need constant supervision. The covering construction of Moscow Central Post Office needs repair and reconstruction.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.12.84-92

References
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