HYDRAULICS. ENGINEERING HYDROLOGY. HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING

Statistical analysis of determining the filtration heterogeneity of foundation rock mass of hydraulic structures on the example of the boguchanskaya hpp

Vestnik MGSU 1/2016
  • Chernyshev Sergey Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zommer Tat’yana Valentinovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Lecturer, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, head, Laboratory of Hydraulics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Lavrusevich Andrey Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 150-160

In the article the authors carried out a statistical analysis of mass determination of the filtration coefficient, which allows us to construct the most accurate calculation model of seepage field of inhomogeneous bedrock foundation of the dam needed for seepage calculations and to predict seepage regime of hydraulic structures and their grounds. The algorithm can be applied to analyze heterogeneity based on the large set of definitions of the properties of soil, subject to the condition that within the engineering geological element of random fluctuations of the index properties or some of its functions, e.g., logarithm of index properties, obey normal distribution law. In the latter case, all digital values of the index should be recalculated and presented in the form, in which they submit to the law of normal distribution. The authors received effective evaluation of the filtration coefficient on the basis of the law of statistical distribution. Correspondence of each component to a particular genetic element of the array is derived from the premise, adopted prior to the mathematical analysis: we divided the total distribution into separate normal distributions, and normal distribution is only true for a genetically separate engineering-geological element. After finding boundary values of the distributions it is required to determine the cut regions, in which relevant engineering-geological elements are localized, with the help of specially designed algorithm. In order to clarify geological distinction between the various lithological zones, zones of weathered and fractured zones, we use numerical data of filtration sampling. Then we put the numerical values of the index properties of lgq on which segmentation of the array occurs, on a geological cross section, respectively, for each well. After assigning numerical codes to the individual values of the indicator properties you can begin to image the geological section, where we combine the intervals with identical key values in the second position of the code. The boundaries between the drilled wells are held on a Pro forma basis for geological reasons. For example, if the set of values with the largest number lgq, which corresponds to the species with a visually perceptible change when exposed to weathering, has a number 4, the boundaries between the drilled wells will naturally stretch along the roof of the bedrock. If according to the proposed methodology, within the limited element number 4, the interval is flagged with number 3, it can be interpreted as the appearance of the outcrop of other rocks. In this case we need to show the boundary of engineering-geological element with a smaller value of lgq around the 3, than it is inside the engineering-geological element number 4. For each of the obtained groups of values, calculated using known statistical formulas, we calculated the mean value and other statistical estimates that are useful in practice. For example, the geometric mean is an effective in a hydraulic sense evaluation of the specific absorption coefficient of the filter. So the authors proposed a formalized approach to defining the structural elements of the filtration field inhomogeneity of a rock mass of hydraulic structures foundation on the basis of statistical analysis. The article shows how to highlight the engineering-geological elements with the filtration inhomogeneity of rocky soils on the example of the Boguchanskaya HPP on the Angara River.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.1.150-160

References
  1. Chernyshev S.N., Paushkin G.A. Determination du module de deformabilite des roches en place. Symposium International — Reconnaissance des Sols et des Roches par Essais en Place. Paris, Fr., 1983.
  2. Raymer J., Maerz N.H. Effect of Variability on Average Rock-Mass Permeability. 48th US Rock Mechanics. Geomechanics Symposium, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities CampusMinneapolis, United States, 1—4 June 2014, no. 3, pp. 1822—1829.
  3. Orekhov V.G., Zertsalov M.G., Shimel’mits G.I., Fishman Yu.A., Tolstikov V.V. Issledovanie skhemy razrusheniya sistemy «betonnaya plotina — skal’noe osnovanie» [Inveatigation of the Destruction Scheme of the System “Concrete Dam — Rock Foundation”]. Izvestiya Vserossiyskogo nauchno-issledovatel’skogo instituta gidrotekhniki im. B.E. Vedeneeva [News of the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering Named after B.E. Vedeneev]. 1988, vol. 204, pp. 71—76. (In Russian)
  4. Zertsalov M.G., Tolstikov V.V. Uchet uprugoplasticheskoy raboty betonnykh plotin i skal’nykh osnovaniy v raschetakh s ispol’zovaniem MKE [Account for Elastic Plastic Operation of Concrete Dams and Rock Foundations in Calculations Using FEM]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 1988, no. 8, pp. 33—36. (In Russian)
  5. Chernyshev S.N., Dearman W. Rock Fractures. London, Butterwort-Heinemann, 1991, 272 p.
  6. Orekhov B.G., Zertsalov M. Fracture Mechanics of Engineering Structures and Rocks. Rotterdam, 2001.
  7. Mohajerani S., Baghbanan A., Bagherpour R., Hashemolhosseini H. Grout Penetration in Fractured Rock Mass Using a New Developed Explicit Algorithm. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences. 2015, vol. 80, pp. 412—417. DOI: http://www.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrmms.2015.06.013.
  8. Chernyshev S.N. Estimation of the Permeability of the Jointy Rocks in Massif. Symp on Percolation through Fissured Rock, Proc., Sep 18—19 1972. Stuttgart, W Ger.
  9. Chernyshev S.N. Dvizhenie vody po setyam treshchin [Water Motion through the Network of Cracks]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1979, 142 p. (In Russian)
  10. Gaziev E.G., Rechitskiy V.I., Borovykh T.N. Issledovanie fil’tratsionnogo potoka v blochnoy srede primenitel’no k proektirovaniyu sooruzheniy v skal’nykh massivakh [Investigation of Filtration Flow in Block Environment in Design of Structures in Rock Masses]. Trudy Gidroproekta [Works of Hydroproject]. 1980, no. 68, pp. 137—147. (In Russian)
  11. P 54—90. Metodika sostavleniya modeley vodopronitsaemosti skal’nykh massivov v osnovaniyakh gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy [Article 54—90. Methods of Creating Waterproof Models of Rock Masses in Foundations of Hydraulic Structures]. Posobie k SNiP 2.02.02—85 [Manual to Construction Rules SNiP 2.02.02—85]. Saint Petersburg, VNIIG Publ., 1992, 97 p. (In Russian)
  12. Chernyshev S.N. Ekzogennye deformatsii trappov v doline r. Angary [Exogenous Deformations of Traps in the Valley of Angara River]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Geologiya i razvedka [News of Institutions of Higher Education. Geology and Esploration]. 1965, no. 12, pp. 78—85. (In Russian)
  13. Rats M.V., Chernyshev S.N., Sleptsov B.G. Razrabotka kriteriev optimal’noy glubiny vrezki betonnykh plotin v skal’nye osnovaniya. Statisticheskiy analiz vodopronitsaemosti osnovaniya Boguchanskoy GES [Developing the Criteria of Optimal Incision Depth of Concrete Dams into Rock Foundations. Statistical Analysis of Water Permeability of the Boguchanskaya HPP Foundation]. Moscow, PNIIIS Publ., 1975. (In Russian)
  14. Rasskazov L.N., Aniskin N.A. Fil’tratsionnye raschety gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy i osnovaniy [Filtration Calculations of Hydraulic Structures and Foundations]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2000, no. 11, pp. 2—7. (In Russian)
  15. Malakhanov V.V. Classification of States and Criteria for the Operational Reliability of Water-Development Works. Hydrotechnical Construction. 2000, vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 531—537. DOI: http://www.doi.org/10.1023/A:1017564423762.
  16. Zommer V.L. Spetsifika gidravlicheskikh i gidrotekhnicheskikh nauchnykh issle-dovaniy v laboratorii gidromekhaniki i gidravliki [Features of Hydraulic and Hydro-Technological Re-Search Conducted at the Laboratory of Hydromechanics and Hydraulics]. Stroitel’stvo: nauka i obrazovanie [Construction: Science and Education]. 2015, no. 2. Available at: http://www.nso-journal.ru. (In Russian)
  17. Khodzinskaya A.G., Zommer T.V. Gidravlika i gidrologiya transportnykh sooruzheniy. Uchebnoe posobie [Hydraulics and Hydrology of Transport Constructions. Study Guide]. Moscow, 2014, 92 p. (In Russian)
  18. Rasskazov L.N., Aniskin N.A., Zhelankin V.G. Fil’tratsiya v gruntovykh plotinakh v ploskoy i prostranstvennoy postanovke [Filtration in Soil Dams in Flat and 3D Statement]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 1989, no. 11, pp. 26—32. (In Russian)
  19. Il’in N.I., Chernyshev S.N., Dzektser E.S., Zil’berg V.S. Otsenka tochnosti opredeleniya vodopronitsaemosti gornykh porod [Estimating Determination Accuracy of Water Permeability of Rock Formations]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1971, 150 p. (In Russian)
  20. Chapovskiy A.E., Pertsovskiy V.V. Eksperimental’noe issledovanie neodnorodnosti gornykh porod v plane [Experimantal Investigation of Rock Inhomogeneity in Plan]. Razvedka i okhrana nedr [Exploration and Preservation of Mineral Resources]. 1972, no. 1, pp. 45—49. (In Russian)
  21. Samsonov B.G., Zil’bershteyn B.M., Burdakova O.L. Opredelenie gidrogeologicheskikh parametrov pri effektivnoy neodnorodnosti vodonosnykh gorizontov [Determination of Hydrogeological Parameters in Cose of Effective Inhomogeneity of Aquifers]. Gidrologiya i inzhenernaya geologiya. Ekspress-informatsiya VIEMS, MG SSSR [Hydrology and Engineering Geology. Express Information of VIEMS, MG USSR]. 1972, no. 4. (In Russian)
  22. Savich A.I., Rechitskiy V.I., Zamakhaev A.M., Pudov K.O. Kompleksnye issledovaniya deformatsionnykh svoystv massiva doleritov v osnovanii betonnoy plotiny Boguchanskoy GES [Complex Investigations of Deformation Properties of Dolerite Masses in the Foundation of the Concrete Dam of Boguchanskaya HPP]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 12—22. (In Russian)
  23. Aniskin N.A., Tkhan’ To V. Prognoz fil’tratsionnogo rezhima gruntovoy plotiny Yumaguzinskogo gidrouzla i ee osnovaniya [Prediction of Seepage Conditions of the Soil Dam of Yumaguzinskiy Hydroengineering Complex and its Foundation]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2005, no. 6, pp. 19—25. (In Russian)
  24. Rasskazov L.N., Aniskin N.A., Bestuzheva A.S., Sainov M.P., Tolstikov V.V. Sangtudinskiy gidrouzel: napryazhenno-deformirovannoe sostoyanie i fil’tratsiya v osnovanii plotiny i v obkhod gidrouzla [Sangtudinsk Hydroengineering Complex: Stress-Strain State and Filtration in the Dam Foundation and Bypassing the Hydroengineering Complex]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2008, no. 5, pp. 45—58. (In Russian)
  25. Rasskazov L.N., Aniskin N.A. Filtration Calculations for Hydraulic Structures and Foundation Beds. Hydrotechnical Construction. 2000, vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 525—530. DOI: http://www.doi.org/10.1023/A:1017582706924.
  26. Wu J.L., He J. Determination of Volumetric Joint Count Based on 3D Fracture Network and Its Application in Engineering. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vols. 580—583, pp. 907—911. DOI: http://www.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.580-583.907.
  27. Gudmundsson A., Lo Tveit I.F. Sills as Fractured Hydrocarbon Reservoirs: Examples and Models. Geological Society Special Publication. 2014, vol. 374 (1), pp. 251—271. DOI: http://www.doi.org/10.1144/SP374.5.

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Method of determining the filtration heterogeneity of a rock mass of hydraulic structure foundation

Vestnik MGSU 2/2016
  • Chernyshev Sergey Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zommer Tat’yana Valentinovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Lecturer, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, head, Laboratory of Hydraulics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Lavrusevich Andrey Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 116-125

N THE ARTICLE THE AUTHOR’S TECHNIQUE OF ESTIMATING THE FLOW HETEROGENEITY OF A ROCK MASS OF WATERWORKS FOUNDATION IS CONSIDERED. THE METHOD FOR ALLOCATING THE ENGINEERING-GEOLOGICAL ELEMENTS ON THE BASIS OF THE FILTRATION HETEROGENEITY OF ROCKY SOILS IS UPDATED ON THE EXAMPLE OF BOGUCHANSKAYA HPP ON THE ANGARA RIVER. THE AUTHORS INVESTIGATED THE APPLICABILITY OF THE PROPOSED METHODS FOR DETERMINING THE FILTRATION INHOMOGENEITY OF A ROCK FOUNDATION OF HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES IN ORDER TO BETTER HIGHLIGHT THE ENGINEERING-GEOLOGICAL ELEMENTS ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE BOGUCHANY HYDROELECTRIC COMPLEX. WHEN ANALYZING THE FACTUAL MATERIAL BY THE RESULTS OF ABOUT 1000 FILTRATION EXPERIMENTS FROM GEOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS AND IN ORDER TO SEPARATE THE DATA, WE HAVE IDENTIFIED THREE ROCKY SOIL MASSES. THE FIRST MASSIF IS THE RIGHT BANK OF THE FOLDED THICKNESS OF SEDIMENTARY ROCKS THAT SLOPE TOWARDS THE RIVER AND IS SUBJECT TO SIGNIFICANT SUPERGENE CHANGES. THE SECOND MASSIF INCLUDES UNDERFLOW AND LEFT-COAST SEDIMENTARY ROCKS, WHICH ARE LESS ALTERED BY SUPERGENE PROCESSES THAN THE RIGHT COAST FOR A NUMBER OF REASONS. THE THIRD ARRAY CONSISTS OF DOLERITE UNDER THE RIVERBED AND ON THE RIGHT BANK. FOR THESE THREE ARRAYS ACCORDING TO THE RESULTS OF THE FILTRATION EXPERIMENTS, WE HAVE BUILT HISTOGRAMS OF THE DISTRIBUTION OF LGQ AND DIFFERENTIAL CURVES OF DISTRIBUTION OF THE SPECIFIC ABSORPTION FOR DOLERITES IN THE AREA KODINSKY OF THE BOGUCHANSKAYA HPP. THEN IN THE HISTOGRAM WE IDENTIFIED THE CORRESPONDING VALUES OF THE MODAL COMPONENTS OF THE DISTRIBUTION AND FOUND THE STATISTICAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR EACH OF THE SELECTED DISTRIBUTIONS, AS WELL AS THE MEAN VALUE AND THE VARIANCE. FOR FURTHER OPERATIONS, WE COMPUTED THE STANDARD DEVIATION S FOR EACH OF THE DISTRIBUTIONS. THE DEGREE OF FRACTURE IS EVALUATED BY TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE INDICATOR OF PERMEABILITY, THEREFORE, THE MAIN GEOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CRACKS ARE THEIR WIDTH AND LENGTH, AND ONLY AFTER ALL THIS WILL TAKE INTO ACCOUNT THEIR FREQUENCY. THEN WE BEGIN SEARCHING THE LOCATIONS ON A SECTION OF FRACTURE ZONES, WHICH CORRESPOND TO THE COMPONENTS IN THE DISTRIBUTION FORMULA. SO WE DISTINGUISH THE SUMMANDS OF THE SUM ON THE FORMULA DISTRIBUTION: FOR SEDIMENTARY ROCKS OF THE RIVERBED - 3; FOR DOLERITE - 3; FOR A MASSIF OF SEDIMENTARY ROCKS ON THE RIGHT BANK WITH THE MOST COMPLEX STRUCTURE - 6 ZONES WITH DIFFERENT FRACTURE. THE DETERMINATION OF ZONES WITH DIFFERENT FRACTURING IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE DESCRIBED PROCEDURE ALLOWED US TO CONSTRUCT A RESULTING FILTRATION SECTION FOR THE THREE MASSIFS. AS A RESULT, ACCORDING TO THE ABOVE METHOD, BASED ON THE ANALYSIS OF FACTUAL MATERIAL, INCLUDING THE RESULTS OF NUMEROUS FILTRATION EXPERIMENTS, THE AUTHORS CONSTRUCTED THE RESULTING FILTRATION HYDROGEOLOGICAL SECTION. THIS TECHNIQUE IS STATISTICAL AND GENETIC IN NATURE, THEREFORE IT SEEMS MORE EFFECTIVE COMPARED WITH THE METHOD OF REGRESSION ANALYSIS RECOMMENDED IN THE APPENDIX TO SNIP. THUS, THE PROPOSED FORMALIZED METHODOLOGY FOR THE SEPARATION OF ROCK SOILS LOCATED AT THE BASE OF HPP TO INDIVIDUAL ENGINEERING-GEOLOGICAL ELEMENTS ACCORDING TO THE RESULTS OF EXPERIMENTAL MASS FILTRATION TESTING OF DRILLING WELLS HAS ALLOWED US TO ISOLATE THE HETEROGENEOUS FRACTURE PERMEABILITY AND GEOTECHNICAL ELEMENTS IN THE BASIS OF HPP (IN THE CASE OF THE BOGUCHANSKAYA HPP, WE HAVE IDENTIFIED 11 ENGINEERING-GEOLOGICAL ELEMENTS), AND ALLOWED US TO FIND THE BOUNDARIES OF ENGINEERING-GEOLOGICAL ELEMENTS IN GEOLOGICAL CROSS-SECTIONS. IN ADDITION, WE DETERMINED THE EFFECTIVE VALUES OF FILTRATION COEFFICIENT FOR EACH ENGINEERING-GEOLOGICAL ELEMENT INDICATING THE CONFIDENCE INTERVALS FOR THE MEAN VALUE AT THE 95 % CONFIDENCE LEVEL.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.2.116-125

References
  1. Chernyshev S.N., Zommer T.V., Lavrusevich A.A. Opredelenie fil’tratsionnoy neodnorodnosti skal’nykh massivov osnovaniya gidrosooruzheniya metodom staticheskogo analiza na primere Boguchanskoy GES [Statistical Analysis of Determining the Filtration Heterogeneity of Foundation Rock Mass of Hydraulic Structures on the Example of the Boguchanskaya HPP]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2016, no. 1, pp. 150—160. (In Russian)
  2. Rats M.V., Chernyshev S.N., Sleptsov B.G. Razrabotka kriteriev optimal’noy glubiny vrezki betonnykh plotin v skal’nye osnovaniya. Statisticheskiy analiz vodopronitsaemosti osnovaniya Boguchanskoy GES [Developing the Criteria of Optimal Incision Depth of Concrete Dams into Rock Foundations. Statistical Analysis of Water Permeability of the Boguchanskaya HPP Foundation]. Moscow, PNIIIS Publ., 1975. (In Russian)
  3. Chernyshev S.N. Printsipy klassifikatsii gruntovykh massivov dlya stroitel’stva [Principles of Classification of Soil Masses for Construction Purposes]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 9, pp. 41—46. (In Russian)
  4. Chernyshev S.N., Paushkin G.A. Determination du module de deformabilite des roches en place. Symposium International. Reconnaissance des Sols et des Roches par Essais en Place. Paris, France, 1983.
  5. Chernyshev S.N. Estimation of the Permeability of the Jointy Rocks in Massif. Symp on Percolation through Fissured Rock, Proc., Sep 18—19 1972. Stuttgart, W Ger.
  6. P 54—90. Metodika sostavleniya modeley vodopronitsaemosti skal’nykh massivov v osnovaniyakh gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy [Article 54—90. Methods of Creating Waterproof Models of Rock Masses in Foundations of Hydraulic Structures]. Posobie k SNiP 2.02.02—85 [Manual to Construction Rules SNiP 2.02.02—85]. Saint Petersburg, VNIIG Publ., 1992, 107 p. (In Russian)
  7. Gaziev E.G., Rechitskiy V.I., Borovykh T.N. Issledovanie fil’tratsionnogo potoka v blochnoy srede primenitel’no k proektirovaniyu sooruzheniy v skal’nykh massivakh [Investigation of Filtration Flow in Block Environment in Design of Structures in Rock Masses]. Trudy Gidroproekta [Works of Hydroproject]. 1980, no. 68, pp. 137—147. (In Russian)
  8. Rasskazov L.N., Aniskin N.A., Zhelankin V.G. Fil’tratsiya v gruntovykh plotinakh v ploskoy i prostranstvennoy postanovke [Filtration in Soil Dams in Flat and 3D Statement]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 1989, no. 11, pp. 26—32. (In Russian)
  9. Rasskazov L.N., Aniskin N.A. Fil’tratsionnye raschety gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy i osnovaniy [Filtration Calculations of Hydraulic Structures and Foundations]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2000, no. 11, pp. 2—7. (In Russian)
  10. Aniskin N.A., Tkhan’ To V. Prognoz fil’tratsionnogo rezhima gruntovoy plotiny Yumaguzinskogo gidrouzla i ee osnovaniya [Prediction of Seepage Conditions of the Soil Dam of Yumaguzinskiy Hydroengineering Complex and its Foundation]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2005, no. 6, pp. 19—25. (In Russian)
  11. Orekhov B.G., Zertsalov M.G. Fracture Mechanics of Engineering Structures and Rocks. Rotterdam, 2001.
  12. Aniskin N.A., Memarianfard M.E. Effect of Filtration Anisotropy of Soils within the Body of a Dam on Parameters of Filtration Flow and Slope Stability. Power Technology and Engineering. 2012, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 422—426. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10749-012-0288-y.
  13. Khodzinskaya A.G., Zommer T.V. Gidravlika i gidrologiya transportnykh sooruzheniy. Uchebnoe posobie [Hydraulics and Hydrology of Transport Constructions. Study Guide]. Moscow, 2014, 92 p. (In Russian)
  14. Rasskazov L.N., Aniskin N.A., Bestuzheva A.S., Sainov M.P., Tolstikov V.V. Sangtudinskiy gidrouzel: napryazhenno-deformirovannoe sostoyanie i fil’tratsiya v osnovanii plotiny i v obkhod gidrouzla [Sangtudinsk Hydroengineering Complex: Stress-Strain State and Filtration in the Dam Foundation and Bypassing the Hydroengineering Complex]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2008, no. 5, pp. 45—58. (In Russian)
  15. Raymer J., Maerz N.H. Effect of Variability on Average Rock-Mass Permeability. 48th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities CampusMinneapolis, United States, 1—4 June 2014, no. 3, pp. 1822—1829.
  16. Volynchikov A.N., Gaziev E.G. Analiz vertikal’nykh smeshcheniy betonnoy plotiny Boguchanskoy GES v period pervogo zapolneniya vodokhranilishcha [Analysis of Vertical Shifts of a Concrete Dam of Boguchanskaya HPP in the Period of the First Filling of the Reservoir]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2014, no. 8, pp. 13—17. (In Russian)
  17. Gaziev E.G. Skal’nye osnovaniya betonnykh plotin [Rock Foundations of Concrete Dams]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2005, 280 p. (In Russian)
  18. Savich A.I., Rechitskiy V.I., Zamakhaev A.M., Pudov K.O. Kompleksnye issledovaniya deformatsionnykh svoystv massiva doleritov v osnovanii betonnoy plotiny Boguchanskoy GES [Complex Investigations of Deformation Properties of Dolerite Masses in the Foundation of the Concrete Dam of Boguchanskaya HPP]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydrotechnical Construction]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 12—22. (In Russian)
  19. Chernyshev S.N. Ekzogennye deformatsii trappov v doline r. Angary [Exogenous Deformations of Traps in the Valley of Angara River]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Geologiya i razvedka [News of Institutions of Higher Education. Geology and Esploration]. 1965, no. 12, pp. 78—85. (In Russian)
  20. Il’in N.I., Chernyshev S.N., Dzektser E.S., Zil’berg V.S. Otsenka tochnosti opredeleniya vodopronitsaemosti gornykh porod [Estimating Determination Accuracy of Water Permeability of Rock Formations]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1971, 150 p. (In Russian)
  21. Chernyshev S.N. Dvizhenie vody po setyam treshchin [Water Motion through the Network of Cracks]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1979, 142 p. (In Russian)
  22. Chernyshev S.N. Treshchinovatost’ gornykh porod i ee vliyanie na ustoychivost’ otkosov [Jointing of Rock Masses and its Influence on the Stability of Slopes]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1984, 111 p. (In Russian)
  23. Chernyshev S.N., Dearman W. Rock Fractures. London, Butterwort-Heinemann, 1991, 272 p.
  24. Chapovskiy A.E., Pertsovskiy V.V. Eksperimental’noe issledovanie neodnorodnosti gornykh porod v plane [Experimental Investigation of Rock Inhomogeneity in Plan]. Razvedka i okhrana nedr [Exploration and Preservation of Mineral Resources]. 1972, no. 1, pp. 45—49. (In Russian)
  25. Samsonov B.G., Zil’bershteyn B.M., Burdakova O.L. Opredelenie gidrogeologicheskikh parametrov pri effektivnoy neodnorodnosti vodonosnykh gorizontov [Determination of Hydrogeological Parameters in Cae of Effective Inhomogeneity of Aquifers]. Gidrologiya i inzhenernaya geologiya. Ekspress-informatsiya VIEMS, MG SSSR [Hydrology and Engineering Geology. Express Information of VIEMS, MG USSR]. 1972, no. 4. (In Russian)
  26. Wu J.L., He J. Determination of Volumetric Joint Count Based on 3D Fracture Network and Its Application in Engineering. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vols. 580—583, pp. 907—911. DOI: http://www.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.580-583.907.
  27. Gudmundsson A., Lo Tveit I.F. Sills as Fractured Hydrocarbon Reservoirs: Examples and Models. Geological Society Special Publication. 2014, vol. 374 (1), pp. 251—271. DOI: http://www.doi.org/10.1144/SP374.5.
  28. Mohajerani S., Baghbanan A., Bagherpour R., Hashemolhosseini H. Grout Penetration in Fractured Rock Mass Using a New Developed Explicit Algorithm. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences. 2015, vol. 80, pp. 412—417. DOI: http://www.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrmms.2015.06.013.
  29. Zhou X.-P., Gu X.-B., Wang Y.-T. Numerical Simulations of Propagation, Bifurcation and Coalescence of Cracks in Rocks. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences. 2015, vol. 80, pp. 241—254. DOI: http://www.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrmms.2015.09.006.
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THERMOPHYSICAL MODELING IN URBAN

Vestnik MGSU 1/2012
  • Shukurov Ilhomzhon Sadrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) рrofessor, doctor of technical sciences, Professor +7-926-421-68-50, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26, Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Khongorova Irina Vyacheslavovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Assistant to chair ASP, Mytishchinsky branch MGSU, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 50, Olympic prospectus, Mytishchi, Moscow region; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 12 - 16

In urban areas it is impossible to hold credible generalized field observations of climate due to the vastness and diversity of the territories. Therefore, the most acceptable way to resolve problems should be considered as the application of thermophysical modeling.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.1.12 - 16

References
  1. Venikov V.A., Venikov G.V. Teorija podobija i modelirovanija (primenitel'no k zadacham jelektrojenergetiki) [Similarity theory and modeling (applied to the problems of electric power)]. Moscow, 1984, 439 p.
  2. Shukurov I.S. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie vlijanija zhiloj zastrojki na teplovoe sostojanie cheloveka [Mathematical modeling of influence of a housing estate on a thermal condition of the person]. Zhiliwnoe stroitel'stvo [Housing construction], no 1, 2006, Pp. 11—13.
  3. Shukurov I.S. Primenenie fiziologo-geometricheskogo modelirovanija dlja issledovanija mikroklimata zhiloj zastrojki [Application of fiziologo-geometrical modeling for èññëåäîâàíèÿ a housing estate microclimate]. Biomedicinskaja tehnologija i radiojelektronika [Biomedical technology and radio electronics], no 6, 2005, Pp. 70—73.
  4. Shukurov I.S. Vlijanie materialov dejatel'noj poverhnosti na ozdorovlenie okruzhajuwej sredy zhiloj zastrojki [Influence of materials active ïîâåðõíîñòè on improvement of environment of a housing estate]. Gigiena i sanitarija [Hygiene and sanitary], no 1, 2006, Pp. 60—61.

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