UTILIZATION OF MINERAL FIBER WASTE IN THE PRODUCTION OF GYPSUM PRODUCTS

Vestnik MGSU 12/2017 Volume 12
  • Petropavlovskaya Viktoriya Borisovna - Tver State Technical University (TvSTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Building products and constructions Department, Tver State Technical University (TvSTU), 22 Af. Nikitina naberezhnaya, Tver, 170026, Russian Federation.
  • Novichenkova Tat’yana Borisovna - Tver State Technical University (TvSTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Building Products and Constructions Department, Tver State Technical University (TvSTU), 22 Af. Nikitina naberezhnaya, Tver, 170026, Russian Federation.
  • Bur'yanov Aleksandr Fedorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of Technology Binders and Concretes Department, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Solov'ev Vitaliy Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Professor of the Department of Construction of Thermal and Nuclear Power Facilities, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Petropavlovskii Kirill Sergeevich - Tver State Technical University (TvSTU) Post-graduate student, Department of Higher Mathematics, Tver State Technical University (TvSTU), 22 Af. Nikitina naberezhnaya, Tver, 170026, Russian Federation.

Pages 1392-1398

Subject: the effectiveness of using compositions with the use of basalt fibers is proven, but the composition must be selected depending on the binder and additives chosen. Research objectives: we examine the possibility of waste recycling of basalt fiber production during manufacturing of modified gypsum composite material with improved characteristics. Materials and methods: as a raw material, a gypsum binder of Samara production was used. As a reinforcement additive, a disperse waste of basalt fiber production of Tver region was used. Studying characteristics of the gypsum binder and modified mixture, and also comparative analysis of these characteristics by average density, total porosity, strength in compression and flexure of the gypsum composite were carried out using standard techniques. Results: dependence of physical and mechanical properties of the modified gypsum material on the content of the basalt fiber additive is established. It was found that an increase in concentration of the additive requires an increased water content or additional use of plasticizer. Conclusions: modification of gypsum stone with a mineral basalt additive will increase the strength, density and durability of thin-walled gypsum products, and, consequently, the demand for products due to ensuring their high quality in transportation and installation.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.12.1392-1398

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APPLICATION OF PRESTRESSED SHELLS TO STRENGTHEN STRIP FOUNDATIONS

Vestnik MGSU 2/2012
  • Ter-Martirosjan Zaven Grigor'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Distinguished Scholar of the Russian Federation, Head of Department of Soil, Ground Foundation and Foundation Mechanics 8 (499) 261-59-88, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pronozin Jakov Aleksandrovich - Tjumen' State University of Civil Engineering and Architecture Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Head of Department of Building Processes, Ground Foundations and Foundations 8 (3452) 43-49-92, Tjumen' State University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 2 Lunacharskogo St., Tjumen, 625000, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Naumkina Julija Vladimirovna - Tjumen' State University of Civil Engineering and Architecture postgraduate student, Department of Building Structures 8 (3452) 43-49-92, Tjumen' State University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 2 Lunacharskogo St., Tjumen, 625000, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 30 - 34

Effective method of strengthening of foundations of existing buildings by pre-stressed shells is considered in the paper. Advantages of the proposed strengthening method, its production technology and pre-conditions of its analysis are also presented. Presently, strengthening of ground foundations and foundations of buildings and structures is a relevant civil engineering challenge. It is driven by high intensity of restructuring and modernization of buildings and alteration of geological engineering conditions of the areas that are being built up. One of effective methods of strengthening of foundations of existing buildings represents arrangement of pre-stressed concrete shells with conventional steel or metal-free reinforcement. If compared with injection-based technologies, the proposed reinforcement method reduces the cost of construction work by 1.5 times, on average. Therefore, the per-unit cost of shell-based reinforcement of foundations is under 500 Russian roubles per 1 sq. m. of the building floor area. It is noteworthy that no restrictions are imposed on the operation of the building in the course of the above reconstruction, as the secluded backyard is the sole area that accommodates supplementary construction operations.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.2.30 - 34

References
  1. Mangushev R.A. Sovremennye svajnye tehnologii [Contemporary Pile Technologies]. Moscow, ASV, 2007.
  2. Patent 2380483 of the Russian Federation, MPK E 02 D 27/00. Foundation/ Ja.A. Pronozin, R.V. Mel'nikov. ¹ 2008124706/03; 2008, Bulletin # 3.

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THE STRENGTH OF REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAM ELEMENTS UNDER CYCLIC ALTERNATING LOADING AND LOW CYCLE LOAD OF CONSTANT SIGN

Vestnik MGSU 9/2015
  • Semina Yuliya Anatol'evna - Odessa State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture (OGASA) postgraduate student, Department of Strength of Materials, Odessa State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture (OGASA), 4 Didrikhsona Str., Odessa, 65045, Ukraine; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 36-50

The behavior of reinforced concrete elements under some types of cyclic loads is described in the paper. The main aim of the investigations is research of the stress-strain state and strength of the inclined sections of reinforced concrete beam elements in conditions of systemic impact of constructive factors and the factor of external influence. To spotlight the problem of cyclic loadings three series of tests were conducted by the author. Firstly, the analysis of the tests showed that especially cyclic alternating loading reduces the bearing capacity of reinforced concrete beams and their crack resistance by 20 % due to the fatigue of concrete and reinforcement. Thus the change of load sign creates serious changes of stress-strain state of reinforced concrete beam elements. Low cycle loads of constant sign effect the behavior of the constructions not so adversely. Secondly, based on the experimental data mathematical models of elements’ strength were obtained. These models allow evaluating the impact of each factor on the output parameter not only separately, but also in interaction with each other. Furthermore, the material spotlighted by the author describes stress-strain state of the investigated elements, cracking mechanism, changes of deflection values, the influence of mode cyclic loading during the tests. Since the data on the subject are useful and important to building practice, the ultimate aim of the tests will be working out for improvement of nonlinear calculation models of span reinforced concrete constructions taking into account the impact of these loads, and also there will be the development of engineering calculation techniques of their strength, crack resistance and deformability.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.9.36-50

References
  1. Babich E.M. Vliyanie dlitel'nykh i malotsiklovykh nagruzok na mekhanicheskie svoystva betonov i rabotu zhelezobetonnykh elementov [Influence of Long-Term and Low-Cycle Loads on the Mechanical Properties of Concrete and on the Work of Reinforced Concrete Elements]. Rovno, 1995, 386 p. (In Ukrainian)
  2. Albu E.I., Kitsak A.K., Semina Yu.A., Gaydarzhi A.P., Grebenyuk A.V., Sashin V.O., Karpyuk V.M. Metodika eksperimental'nykh issledovaniy napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya priopornykh uchastkov zhelezobetonnykh balok pri malotsiklovom nagruzhenii [Technique of Experimental Studies of Stress-Strain State of Reinforced Concrete Beams under Low-Cycle Loading in the Supporting Areas]. Stroitel'stvo — kak faktor formirovaniya komfortnoy sredy zhiznedeyatel'nosti: sbornik materialov V Respublikanskoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii (28 noyabrya 2013 g.) [Construction as a Factor of Comfortable Living Environment Formation: Collection of the Materials of the 5th Republican Scientific and Technical Conference]. Bendery, 2014. Рр. 3—10. (In Russian)
  3. Zalesov A.S., Klimov Yu.A. Prochnost' zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy pri deystvii poperechnykh sil [The Strength of Reinforced Concrete Structures under the Action of Shear Forces]. Kiev, Budіvel'nik Publ., 1989, 104 p. (In Russian)
  4. Korneychuk A.I., Masyuk G.Kh. Eksperimental'nye issledovaniya nesushchey sposobnosti naklonnykh secheniy izgibaemykh zhelezobetonnykh elementov pri deystvii malotsiklovykh znakoperemennykh nagruzok [Experimental Study of the Bearing Capacity of Inclined Cross Sections of Bending Reinforced Concrete Elements under the Action of Low-Cycle Alternating Loads]. Resursoekonomnye materialy, konstruktsii zdaniya i sooruzheniya : sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Resource Saving Materials, Buildings Constructions and Structures: Collection of Scientific Papers]. Rovno, 2008, no. 16, part 2, pp. 217—222. (In Ukrainian)
  5. Dorofeev V.S., Karpyuk V.M., Yaroshevich N.M. Prochnost' i treshchinostoykost' izgibaemykh zhelezobetonnykh elementov [Strength and Crack Resistance of Bending Reinforced Concrete Elements]. Vestnik OGASA [Bulletin of the Odessa State Academy of Building and Architecture]. 2008, no. 28, pp. 149—158. (In Russian)
  6. Karpyuk V.M. Raschetnye modeli silovogo soprotivleniya progonnykh zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy v obshchem sluchae napryazhennogo sostoyaniya [Calculation Models of Power Resistance of Girder Reinforced Concrete Constructions in General Case of Stress State]. Odessa, OGASA Publ., 2014, 352 p. (In Ukrainian)
  7. Gomon P.S. Rabota zhelezobetonnykh balok tavrovogo secheniya pri deystvii povtornogo nagruzheniya [Work of T-section Reinforced Concrete Beams under Repeated Loading]. Novye materialy, oborudovanie i tekhnologii v promyshlennosti : materialy Mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii molodykh uchenykh [New Materials, Equipment and Technologies in the Industry: Proceedings of the International Conference of Young Scientists]. Mogilev, 2009, p. 90. (In Ukrainian)
  8. Zarechanskiy O.O. Issledovanie szhato-izognutykh elementov pri povtornom deystvii poperechnoy sily vysokikh urovney [Research of Compressed-Bent Elements by Repeated Transverse Force of High Levels]. Resursoekonomnye materialy, konstruktsii zdaniya i sooruzheniya : sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Resource Saving Materials, Buildings Constructions and Structures: Collection of Scientific Papers]. Rovno, 2005, no. 13, pp. 129—135. (In Ukrainian)
  9. Zinchuk N.S. Eksperimental'nye issledovaniya napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya zhelezobetonnykh izgibaemykh elementov pri odnokratnom i malotsiklovom nagruzheniyakh v usloviyakh povyshennykh temperatur [Experimental Study of Stress-Strain State of Reinforced Concrete Bent Elements under the Single and Low-Cycle Loading at Elevated Temperatures]. Resursoekonomnye materialy, konstruktsii zdaniya i sooruzheniya : sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Resource Saving Materials, Buildings Constructions and Structures: Collection of Scientific Papers]. Rovno, 2004, no. 11, pp. 164—166. (In Ukrainian)
  10. Karavan V.V., Masyuk G.Kh. Rezul'taty eksperimental'nykh issledovaniy treshchinostoykosti i deformativnosti izgibaemykh zhelezobetonnykh elementov pri vozdeystvii malotsiklovykh znakoperemennykh nagruzok [The Experimental Results of Crack Resistance and Deformability Bending Reinforced Concrete Elements When Exposed to Low-Cycle Alternating Loads]. Stalezhelezobetonnye konstruktsii. Issledovanie, proektirovanie, stroitel'stvo, ekspluatatsiya : sbornik nauchnykh statey [Composite Structures. Research, Design, Construction, Operation: Collection of Scientific Papers]. Krivoy Rog, 2002, no. 5, pp. 168—172. (In Ukrainian)
  11. Grigorchuk A.B., Masyuk G.Kh. Prochnost' i deformativnost' zhelezobetonnykh elementov, kotorye podvergayutsya vozdeystviyu znakoperemennogo nagruzheniya [Strength and Deformability of Reinforced Concrete Elements That are Exposed to Action of Alternating Loading]. Sbornik materialov konferentsii Ch. 1. Stroitel'stvo [Collection of Conference Materials. Part 1 Building]. L'vov, 2001, pp. 29—34. (In Ukrainian)
  12. Karpenko N.I., Karpenko S.N. O postroenii bolee sovershennoy modeli deformirovaniya zhelezobetona s treshchinami pri ploskom napryazhennom sostoyanii [On Construction of a More Perfect Model of Deformation of Cracked Reinforced Concrete under Plane Stress State]. Beton i zhelezobeton — puti razvitiya : materialy ІІ Vserossiyskoy Mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii po betonu i zhelezobetonu (05.09—09.09.2002) [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete — Ways of Development: Materials of the 2nd All-Russian International Conference on Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. Moscow, 2005, pp. 431—444. (In Russian)
  13. Zalesov A.S., Mukhamediev T.A., Chistyakov E.A. Raschet prochnosti zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy pri razlichnykh silovykh vozdeystviyakh po novym normativnym dokumentam [Calculation of the Strength of Concrete Structures under Different Force Actions on New Regulations]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 2002, no. 3, pp. 10—13. (In Russian)
  14. Babich E.M., Gomon P.S., Filipchuk S.V. Rabota i raschet nesushchey sposobnosti izgibaemykh zhelezobetonnykh elementov tavrovogo profilya pri vozdeystvii povtornykh nagruzok [Work and Calculation of the Bearing Capacity of Bending T-Sections Reinforced Concrete Elements under the Influence of Repeated Loads]. Rovno, NUVGP Publ., 2012, 108 p. (In Ukrainian)
  15. Masyuk G.Kh., Korneychuk A.I. Napryazhenno-deformirovannoe sostoyanie naklonnykh secheniy izgibaemykh zhelezobetonnykh elementov, kotorye podvergayutsya vozdeystviyu malotsiklovykh znakoperemennykh nagruzok [Stress-strain State of Incline Sections of Bending Concrete Elements That are Exposed to the Action of Low-Cycle Alternating Loads]. Resursoekonomnye materialy, konstruktsii zdaniya i sooruzheniya : sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Resource Saving Materials, Buildings Constructions and Structures: Collection of Scientific Papers]. Rovno, NUVGP Publ., 2008, no. 17, pp. 204—211. (In Ukrainian)
  16. Mel'nik S.V., Borisyuk O.P., Kononchuk O.P., Petrishin V.M. Issledovanie raboty usilennykh zhelezobetonnykh balok pri deystvii malotsiklovykh nagruzheniy [Research of Reinforced Concrete Beams Work under the Action of Low-Cycle Loading]. Resursoekonomnye materialy, konstruktsii zdaniya i sooruzheniya : sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Resource Saving Materials, Buildings Constructions and Structures: Collection of Scientific Papers]. Rovno, 2008, no. 17, pp. 404—410. (In Ukrainian)
  17. Koval'chik Ya.I., Koval' P.M. Issledovanie treshchinostoykosti predvaritel'no napryazhennykh zhelezobetonnykh balok pri vozdeystvii malotsiklovykh nagruzheniy [Investigation of Crack Resistance of Prestressed Concrete Beams under the Influence of Low-Cycle Loading]. Nauchno-prikladnye aspekty avtomobil'noy i transportno-dorozhnoy otrasley : Nauchnye zametki [Scientific and Practical Aspects of the Automobile and Transport Industries: Scientific Notes]. Lutsk, 2014, no. 45, pp. 282—287. (In Ukrainian)
  18. Dovbenko V.S. Issledovanie raboty zhelezobetonnykh balok, usilennykh polimernoy kompozitsiey pri vozdeystvii malotsiklovykh nagruzok [Research of Reinforced Concrete Beams Work Reinforced with Polymer Composition When Exposed to Low-Cycle Loads]. Resursoekonomnye materialy, konstruktsii zdaniya i sooruzheniya : sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Resource Saving Materials, Buildings Constructions and Structures: Collection of Scientific Papers]. Rovno, 2011, no. 22, pp. 787—794. (In Ukrainian)
  19. Babich V.E. Osobennosti raboty nerazreznykh zhelezobetonnykh balok pri povtornykh nagruzkakh [Features of Continuous Reinforced Concrete Beams Work under the Repeated Loads]. Stroitel'nye konstruktsii : sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Building Structures: Collection of Scientific Works]. Kiev, 2003, no. 58, pp. 8—13. (In Ukrainian)
  20. Drobyshinets S.Ya., Babich E.M. Rabota stalefibrobetonnykh i stalefibrozhelezobetonnykh balok pri odnokratnom i povtornom nagruzheniyakh [Work of Fiber Concrete and Fiber Reinforced Concrete Beams under the Action of Single and Repeated Loadings]. Stalezhelezobetonnye konstruktsii. Issledovanie, proektirovanie, stroitel'stvo, ekspluatatsiya : sbornik nauchnykh statey [Composite Structures. Research, Design, Construction, Operation: Collection of Scientific Papers]. Krivoy Rog, 2004, no. 6, pp. 65—71. (In Ukrainian)
  21. Valovoy M.A. Prochnost', deformativnost' i treshchinostoykost' zhelezobetonnykh balok pri vozdeystvii povtornykh nagruzok [The Strength, Crack Resistance and Deformability of Concrete Beams under the Influence of Repeated Loads]. Stalezhelezobetonnye konstruktsii. Issledovanie, proektirovanie, stroitel'stvo, ekspluatatsiya : sbornik nauchnykh statey [Composite Structures. Research, Design, Construction, Operation: Collection of Scientific Papers]. Krivoy Rog, 2008, no. 8, pp. 45—48. (In Ukrainian)

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IDENTIFICATION OF MUTUAL INFLUENCE OF BENDING AND TORSIONAL STRAINS OF THE REINFORCED CONCRETE SPACE GRID FLOOR AS PART OF THE MONITORING OF ITS ERECTION

Vestnik MGSU 7/2012
  • Plotnikov Alexey Nikolaevich - Chuvash State University named after I.N. Ulyanov (ChuvSU) Associate Professor of Building Structures, +7 (8352) 62 45 96, Chuvash State University named after I.N. Ulyanov (ChuvSU), 15 Moskovskiy Prospekt, Cheboksary, 428015, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 82 - 89

The author presents the results of measurements of total deformations of the space-grid floor in relation to the torsional strain of beams and the rigidity of beams in bending and torsion while monitoring the erection of the floor of a building.
Any space grid system is utterly sensitive to changes in relations between the rigidity of elements. No experimental data covering space grid floors or any method of analysis of their stress-strain state are available.
The author performed the assessment of interrelations between the rigidity of some beams in the two directions by means of a full-scale loading test (monitoring) of the monolithic space grid floor, beam size 8.0 × 9.2 m. The purpose of the assessment was to confirm the bearing capacity and the design patterns based on deflections and stresses of elements to select the operational reinforcement value. Monolithic concrete was used to perform the load test.
As a result, the width of concrete ribs was found uneven. In the design of reinforced concrete space rib floors it is advisable to develop detailed models of structures through the employment of the finite element method due to the significant sensitivity of the system to distribution and redistribution of stresses.
Large spans of monolithic space rib floors require the monitoring of the stress-strain state and computer simulations to adjust the design pattern on the basis of the monitoring results.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.7.82 - 89

References
  1. Cao M., Ren Q., Qiao P. Nondestructive Assessment of Reinforced Concrete Structures Based on Fractal Damage Characteristic Factor», Journal of Engineering Mechanics, vol. 132, no. 9, pp. 924—931.
  2. Plotnikov A.N. Raspredelenie i pereraspredelenie usiliy v opertykh po konturu zhelezobetonnykh setchato-rebristykh sostavnykh perekrytiyakh [Distribution and Redistribution of Forces in Reinforced Concrete Space Grid Layered Floors Supported on Four Sides]. Proceedings of the All-Russian Conference of Young Scientists «Building Structures — 2000». State University of Civil Engineering, 2000.
  3. Plotnikov A.N. Izmenenie napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya zhelezobetonnoy perekrestno-rebristoy sistemy v protsesse ee vklyucheniya v sostav sloistogo perekrytiya vysotoy 2,1 m [The Change of the Stress-strain State of the Reinforced Concrete Space Rib System in the Course of Its Incorporation into the Layered Floor, Height 2.1 m]. Industrial and Civil Engineering in the Modern World. Collections of research projects of the Institute of Construction and Architecture. Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, 2011.
  4. Plotnikov A.N. Modelirovanie metodom konechnykh elementov (MKE) zhelezobetona pri kruchenii s izgibom [Simulation of Reinforced Concrete in the event of Torsion with Bending by the Method of Finite Elements (FEM)]. International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering. Vol. 6, no. 1 and 2, 2010. Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, pp.177-178. Available at: URL:http://www.mgsu.ru/images/stories/ nash_universitet/ Vestnik/IJCCSE _v6_i12_2010.pdf/ Date of Access: 22.11.2011.
  5. Aivazov R.L., Plotnikov A.N. Modelirovanie napryazhennogo sostoyaniya perekrestnykh elementov s razlichnym sootnosheniem zhestkostey na izgib metodom konechnykh elementov [Simulation of the Stress State of Cross Elements with Different Ratios of Bending Rigidity by the Finite Element Method]. New in Architecture, and Reconstruction of Structures: Proceedings of the Sixth All-Russian Conference NASKR - 2005. Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, 2005.
  6. Plotnikov A.N., Ezhov A.V., Sabanov A.I. Obsledovanie zhelezobetonnykh perekrytiy, obrazovannykh perekrestnymi rebrami s tsel’yu otsenki ikh napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya [Examination of Reinforced Floors Formed by Cross Ribs in order to Assess Their Stress-Strain State]. Prevention of Accidents of Buildings and Structures — 2011. Moscow. 2011. Available at: http://pamag.ru/pressa/deformat-status/ Date of Access: 21/11/2011.
  7. Bailey C.G., Toh W.S., Chan B.M., Simplified and Advanced Analysis of Membrane Action of Concrete Slabs. ACI JOURNAL, vol. 105, no. 1, 2008, pp. 30—40.
  8. SP 52-101—2003. Betonnye i zhelezobetonnye konstruktsii bez predvaritel’nogo napryazheniya armatury [Building Rules 52-101—2003. Concrete and Reinforced Concrete Structures without Prestressing of Reinforcement]. Moscow, 2004.
  9. Tekhnicheskiy kodeks ustanovivsheysya praktiki [Technical Code of Practice]. EN 1992-1-1:2004 Eurocode 2: Design of concrete structures — Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings. Ministry of Architecture and Construction of Belarus. Minsk, 2010.
  10. JSCE Guideline for Concrete no. 15. Standard Specifications for Concrete Structures — 2007. JSCE Concrete Committee. Design Publ., Japan, 2010.
  11. Aivazov R.L., Plotnikov A.N. Zhestkost’ zhelezobetonnykh perekrestnykh sistem na kruchenie i vliyanie ee izmeneniya na obshchee NDS [Rigidity of Reinforced Concrete Cross-Systems in Torsion and Its Effect on the Overall Change in the Stress-Strain State]. New in Architecture, and Reconstruction of Structures. Proceedings of the Sixth All-Russian Conference NASKR - 2007. Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, 2009.
  12. Plotnikov A.N., Ezhov A.V., Sabanov A.I. Pereraspredelenie usiliy v perekrestno-rebristom zhelezobetonnom perekrytii pri ekspluatatsii [Redistribution of Forces within Reinforced Concrete Space Rib Floors in the Course of Operation]. Industrial and Civil Engineering in the Modern World. Collections of research projects of the Institute of Construction and Architecture. Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, 2011.

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COMPUTER-AIDED ANALYSIS OF THE REINFORCEMENT OF A LOGGIA SLAB THAT HAS A BRICK BARRIER

Vestnik MGSU 8/2012
  • Zaikin Vladimir Genrikhovich - State Unitary Enterprise Vladimirgrazhdanproekt - Principal Institute of Structural Design postgraduate student, Director, Department of Analysis of Building Structures 8 (4922) 32-62-32, 8 (4922) 32-27-54, State Unitary Enterprise Vladimirgrazhdanproekt - Principal Institute of Structural Design, Vladimir, 9 Oktyabrskiy prospekt, 600025, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 221 - 225

In the paper, the author demonstrates the possibility to take account of effective stiffness of the
barrier in the analysis of the reinforcement of a loggia slab based on the condition of deflection. No
enhanced reinforcement is needed, unlike in the event of a manual analysis.
The method of computer-aided analysis proposed by the author may be applicable to the
analysis of monolithic mushroom structures, particularly, to those sections that are located below the
walls. The amount of reinforcing steel saved through the application of the proposed methodology
may exceed 50 %, if the boundary deflection values are taken into account.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.8.221 - 225

References
  1. SNiP 2.01.07—85*. Nagruzki i vozdeystviya [Construction Norms and Rules 2.01.07—85*. Loads and Actions]. Gosstroy SSSR [USSR State Committee for Construction]. Moscow, GUP TsPP [State Unitary Enterprise Centre for Design Products in the Construction Industry]. 2000, 44 p.
  2. SNiP II-22—81*. Kamennye i armokamennye konstruktsii [Construction Norms and Rules II-22—81*. Masonry and Reinforced Masonry Structures]. Gosstroy Rossii [State Committee for Construction of Russia]. Moscow, FGUP TsPP [Federal State Unitary Enterprise Centre for Design Products in the Construction Industry], 2004, 41 p.
  3. SP 52-101—2003. Betonnye i zhelezobetonnye konstruktsii bez predvaritel’nogo napryazheniya armatury [Construction Rules 52-101—2003. Concrete and Reinforced Concrete Structures without Prestressing of the Reinforcement]. NIIZhB Gosstroya Rossii [Scientific and Research Institute of Concrete and Reinforced Concrete of the State Committee for Construction of Russia]. Moscow, FGUP TsPP [Federal State Unitary Enterprise Centre for Design Products in the Construction Industry]. 2004, 53 p.
  4. Posobie po proektirovaniyu betonnykh i zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy iz tyazhelogo betona bez predvaritel’nogo napryazheniya armatury (k SP 52-101—2003) [Manual on Design of Concrete and Reinforced Concrete Structures Made of Heavy Concrete without Prestressing of the Reinforcement (Based on Construction Rules 52-101-2003)]. Moscow, TsNIIPromzdaniy [Central Scientific and Research Institute of Industrial Buildings], Moscow, 2005, 214 p.
  5. SNiP 3.03.01—87. Nesushchie i ograzhdayushchie konstruktsii [Construction Norms and Rules 3.03.01—87. Bearing and Walling Structures]. Gosstroy SSSR [USSR State Committee for Construction]. Moscow, 1988, 191 p.

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ESTIMATES OF PRESTRESS LOSSES AND FORCES SCATTER IN REINFORCEMENT OF SPAN REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES

Vestnik MGSU 6/2018 Volume 13
  • Ahaieva Olha - Odessa State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture (OSACEA) , Odessa State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture (OSACEA), 4 Didrikhsona st., Odessa, 65029, Ukraine.
  • Karpiuk Vasyl - Odessa State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture (OSACEA) , Odessa State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture (OSACEA), 4 Didrikhsona st., Odessa, 65029, Ukraine.

Pages 686-696

Subject: the article is devoted to investigation of prestress losses and force distribution in the reinforcement of span reinforced concrete structures. As the long-term studies have shown, these quantities are very unstable, which should be taken into account in structures design. However, the existing normative documents take into account the possible deviations of losses and forces in prestressed reinforcement from their design values in a fairly general form. Since each of the types of losses, according to the formulas, depends on one or several random factors, they should be considered from a probabilistic point of view. Research objectives: determine the scattering of different losses and acting forces in the prestressed reinforcement to identify the factors affecting its value. Materials and methods: in this work, we used the normative technique of prestress losses calculation and characteristics of the variability of physical and mechanical properties of concrete and reinforcement, obtained from the previous studies. The distribution laws of investigated parameters were assumed to be normal (the Gaussian law). To calculate the coefficients of variation, the method of statistical testing (the Monte-Carlo method) and the linearization method (the Taylor series expansion) implemented in MATLAB software package were applied. Results: in the process of numerical experiment, the values of prestress losses and forces scatter in the reinforcement were obtained for all prestressing methods stipulated by the current design codes. It was established that both values depend significantly on the method of reinforcement tensioning, its type and class, and also on the diameter of wire. Moreover, many concomitant factors affect the variability of the above-mentioned characteristics such as the plant-manufacturer, stability of technological process, qualification of the service staff, etc. Conclusions: the obtained data is recommended to be used to determine the accurate values of strength, deformability and crack resistance of span reinforced concrete structures as well as in probabilistic calculations related to the assessment of their reliability by various limit states. In particular, the described technique was applied in calculating the reliability of bent prestressed elements from the viewpoint of strength of oblique sections.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.6.686-696

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Reinforcement impact on the stress-deformation state of concrete faced rockfill dam

Vestnik MGSU 3/2019 Volume 14
  • Sainov Mikhail P. - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of Department of Hydraulics and Hydraulic Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Shigarov Andrei Y. - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) student, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Iasafova Sofia A. - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) student, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 347-355

ABSTRACT Introduction. The article considers results of research of reinforced-concrete face stress-deformation state depending on availability of the reinforcement. At some ultra-high reinforced-concrete faced rockfill dams (CFRD) the transversal (horizontal) cracks were developed in the seepage-control element. It is supposed that the cause of the crack formation is high values of tensile stresses. In this connection, opinions are expressed about the necessity of strengthening the face reinforcement. However, in accordance with the experience gained, in real dams the reinforcement, as a rule, is arranged in one row with reinforcement percentage 0.35 to 0.5 %. The urgent issue of CFRD studies is assessment of impact of the concrete face strengthened reinforcement on enhancement of its reliability. Materials and methods. The studies were conducted for different variants of rock fill deformation properties on the example of 100 m high rockfill dam. The reinforced concrete face was adopted to be wide (1 m thick). The reinforcement was adopted to be two-row one, with reinforcement percentage of 1.5 %. The study was conducted using the finite element method. The reinforcement was simulated using bar finite elements. Results. To reveal the role of reinforcement, analyses of the stress-deformation state were conducted for two cases. In one case it was assumed that reinforcement is absent and in the other case consideration was made for the face with steel reinforcement. Stresses in concrete and steel reinforcement were analysed. Stresses acting along the upstream slope were considered. Conclusions. It was revealed that due to the reinforcement of steel-bar reinforced concrete face it was impossible to provide decrease of tensile stresses in the face concrete down to the permissible level. Reinforcement may play a significant role in the face stress-deformation state only at the moment of forming transversal cracks in the face concrete, but such a case is inadmissible.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2019.3.347-355

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