SAFETY OF STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS. ENVIROMENTAL CHALLENGES IN BUILDING AND STRUCTURES. GEOECOLOGY

DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRINCIPAL PLAN OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACTIONS FOR KOTLASS PULP AND PAPER PLANT AND ITS ECOLOGICAL FEASIBILITY

Vestnik MGSU 2/2012
  • Frog Boris Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Doctor of Chemistry, Professor, Department of Water Disposal and Protection of Aquatic Resources 8 (495) 935 14 71, 8 (499) 182-99-58, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 6 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Grineva Irina Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) master student, Department of Water Disposal and Protection of Aquatic Resources, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kudrjashova Glafira Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Water Disposal and Protection of Aquatic Resources, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia.
  • Nikiforova Anna Pavlovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) master student, Department of Water Disposal and Protection of Aquatic Resources, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia.

Pages 152 - 160

The subject matter of this paper is the operation of Kotlass pulp and paper plant. The amount payable by the plant for the discharge of pollutants into the basin of the Northern Dvina River represents its substantial performance indicator. The pollutant discharge payment is minimal, if the maximal permissible discharge limit is not exceeded. Otherwise, the payment amount goes up. If the concentration of discharged pollutants may cause degradation of the water body, the amount would be by far bigger, given the cost of the water body recovery. If the quality of discharges is higher than the one declared, or if the quality of the discharges is higher than the quality of the water in the recipient water body, the enterprise is exempt from a fraction or the whole of the tax amount due and payable.
The analysis of the wastewater discharged by this enterprise has proven that the major portion of the pollutant discharge payment represents the amount due and payable for excessive discharges that fall beyond the limits. The diagrams that accompany the paper constitute a clear representation of this statement.
Three streams of wastewaters discharged by Kotlass pulp and paper plant are delivered into surface fishery waters. The composition of each wastewater stream and the per-pollutant payment amount is provided in the tabular form. The top five pollutants that account for 97 % of the payment amount have been identified. The major pollutants include methanol (54 % of the discharge payment) and suspended solids (21 % of the discharge payment).
On the basis of the above, the principal environmental protection plan of actions was developed to assure that the maximal permissible discharge limit is not exceeded by Kotlass pulp and paper plant. The proposed plan is designated to resolve specific process-related issues from the viewpoint of economy and environmental protection. Its implementation will reduce discharges of suspended solids by 50 %, whereas the concentration of methanol in the wastewater will also go down.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.2.152 - 160

References
  1. Frog D.B., Frog B.N., Harlamova M.D. Obespechenie jekologicheskoj bezopasnosti vodozabora Ust'-Ilimskogo lesopromyshlennogo kompleksa [Maintenance of Ecological Safety of the Water Intake Facility of the Ust-Ylim Wood Processing Plant]. Vestnik RUDN, Serija Jekologija i bezopasnost' zhiznedejatel'nosti [Ecology and Safety of the Environment], Issue # 4, 2010.
  2. Panina M.A., Frog D.B., Harlamova M.D. Sovershenstvovanie jekologicheskogo normirovanija v oblasti vodosnabzhenija i vodootvedenija CBK [Improvement of Water Supply and Water Disposal at pulp and paper mills]. Vestnik RUDN, Serija Jekologija i bezopasnost' zhiznedejatel'nosti [Ecology and Safety of the Environment], Issue # 2, 2010.
  3. Frog B.N., Shashkov S.N., Frog D.B. Obespechenie normirovanija organizovannogo sbrosa stochnyh vod Ust'-Ul'inskogo LPK v r. Angara [Regulation of Water Discharge by Ust-Ilim Wood Processing Plant into the Angara River]. Jekologija urbanizirovannyh territorij [Ecology of Urban Lands], Issue # 4, 2010. ¹ 4, pp. 63—70.
  4. Skurlatov Ju.I., Kozlova N.B., Frog B.N. and others. Ocenka vozdejstvija predprijatij LPK na vodnuju jekosistemu bassejna Severnoj Dviny [Evaluation of Impact of Wood Processing Plants the Aquatic Ecosystem of the basin of the Northern Dvina]. Materialy mezhdunarodnogo kongressa «Voda: jekologija i tehnologija» [Works of International Congress Water: Ecology and Technology] (EKVATEK-2000), Moscow, 2000, pp. 123—125.

Download

Results 1 - 1 of 1