ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Planning organization features of blocks of low-rise buildings in the structure of a big city irkutsk

Vestnik MGSU 11/2015
  • Yagol’nik Evgeniya Sergeevna - Irkutsk National Research Technical Univercity (INRTU) postgraduate student, Department of Architectural Design, Irkutsk National Research Technical Univercity (INRTU), 83 Lermontova str., Irkutsk, 664074, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 16-28

Low-rise residential buildings of different types occupy 48 % of residential areas of Irkutsk, which is practically a half of the housing stock of the city. That’s why the researcj of its planning structure and understanding of the features of each type formation in the city structure is quite current. In the process of investigation three main types of low-rise residential buildings were detected: private residential houses with land parcel; apartment houses; town houses. The authors investigated architectural and planning features of forming the areas of low-rise buildings of three types in the structure of a major city Irkutsk. The investigation is carried out with the aim to study the characteristic conditions of planning activity of the existing quarters of low-rise residential buildings, search for qualitative characteristics of the investigated types in the conditions of a big city.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.16-28

References
  1. Shpakov I.V. Praktika maloetazhnoy zastroyki v Kurske v dorevolyutsionnyy, dovoennyy periody i poslevoennoe desyatiletie [Low-rise Construction Practice in Kursk in Pre-revolution and Pre-war Periods and Postwar Decade]. Aktual’nye problemy sovremennogo regionovedeniya : sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (g. Kursk, 1 iyulya 2015 g.) [Current Problems of Contemporary Area Studies : Collection of the Materials of the International Science and Practice Conference (Kursk, June, 1, 2015)]. Kursk, OOO «Investsfera» Publ., 2015, pp. 44—48. (In Russian)
  2. Mikhalev Yu.A. Osnovy gradostroitel’stva i planirovki naselennykh punktov: uchebnoe posobie [Fundamentals of Urban Development and Populated Areas Planning: Manual]. Krasnoyarsk, 2012, 237 p. (In Russian)
  3. Igtisamov R.S. K voprosu o tipizatsii ob”ektov maloetazhnoy zastroyki i napravleniyakh razvitiya stroitel’stva maloetazhnykh zhilykh zdaniy [To the Question of Classification of the Objects of Low-Rise Construction and Development Directions of Low-rise Residential Buildings]. Izvestiya Kazanskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta [Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering News]. 2009, no. 1 (11), pp. 313—317. (In Russian)
  4. Stadnik E.B. Istoricheskie predposylki formirovaniya tipologicheskikh sistem maloetazhnogo zhilishcha v Rossii [Historical Backgrounds of Formation of Typological Systems of Low-Rise Buildings in Russia]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta [Vestnik of Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building]. 2013, no. 3 (40), pp. 47—63. (In Russian)
  5. Korobova O.P. Tendentsii razvitiya maloetazhnoy usadebnoy zastroyki v moskovskoy oblasti [Development Tendencies of Low-rise Manor Construction in Moscow Rehion]. Biosfernaya sovmestimost’: chelovek, region, tekhnologii [Biosphere Compatibility: Human, Region, Technologies]. 2015, no. 1, pp. 106—116. (In Russian)
  6. Babushkina L.V. Formirovanie komfortnykh usloviy prozhivaniya na territoriyakh zhiloy zastroyki sredstvami arkhitekturnogo blagoustroystva (na primere g. Ekaterinburga) [Forming Comfortable Living Conditions on the Territories of Residential Buildings by Means of Architectural Development]. Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov [Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education]. 2011, no. 34. Supplement. Available at: http://archvuz.ru/2011_22/30. (In Russian)
  7. Ogly B.I. Irkutsk: o planirovke i arkhitekture goroda [Irkutsk: on City Planning and Architecture]. Irkutsk, Vostochno-Sibirskoe knizhnoe izdatel’stvo Publ., 1982, 112 p. (In Russian)
  8. Druzhinina I.E. Sotsial’no-prostranstvennaya sreda novykh gorodov irkutskoy oblasti na primere g. Sayanska [Social-Spatial Environment of New Cities of the Irkutsk Region on the Example of Sayansk City]. Vestnik Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Irkutsk State Technical University]. 2014, no. 11 (94), pp. 150—155. (In Russian)
  9. Ananyan I.I., Tkachev Yu.V. Tipologicheskie osobennosti lokal’nykh sotsial’no-territorial’nykh kompleksov rekonstruiruemoy zastroyki [Typological Features of Local Social-Territorial Complexes of Reconstructed Buildings]. Sovremennoe promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Modern Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2010, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 25—31. (In Russian)
  10. SP 31-107—2004. Arkhitekturno-planirovochnye resheniya mnogokvartirnykh zhilykh zdaniy [Requirements SP 31-107—2004. Architectural and Planning Solutions of Multiflat Residential Buildings]. Moscow, 2005. (In Russian)
  11. Chereshnev I.V. Ekologichnye zhilye doma dlya maloetazhnoy vysokoplotnoy zastroyki [Ecological Residential Houses for Low-rise Dense Construction]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2007, no. 11, pp. 14—17. (In Russian)
  12. Asaul A.N., Kazakov Yu.N., Pasyada N.I., Denisova I.V. Teoriya i praktika maloetazhnogo zhilishchnogo stroitel’stva v Rossii [Theory and Practice of Low-rise Residential Construction in Russia]. Saint Petersburg, Gumanistika Publ., 2005, 563 p. (In Russian)
  13. Dekterev S.A., Zherdev V.I. Model’ formirovaniya al’ternativnogo zhilishcha krupnogo goroda [Model of Forming an Alternative Housing of a Big City]. Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov [Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education]. 1994, no. 39. Supplement. Available at: http://archvuz.ru/2012_33/14. (In Russian)
  14. Lisitsian M.V., Pashkovskiy V.L., Petunina Z.V., Pronin E.S., Fedorova N.V., Fedyaeva N.A. Arkhitekturnoe proektirovanie zhilykh zdaniy [Architectural Design of Residential Buildings]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2006, 488 p. (In Russian)
  15. Pisarev M.S. Rol’ maloetazhnogo domostroeniya i problemy ego razvitiya v sovremennoy Rossii [Role of Low-Rise Housing Construction and Problems of its Development in Contemporary Russia]. Vestnik akademii [Proceedings of the Academy]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 132—135. (In Russian)

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METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF CLASSIFICATION OF INVESTMENT MODELS APPLICABLE TO CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS

Vestnik MGSU 3/2012
  • Yaskova Natalya Yurevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Doctor of Economics, Professor, Department of Economics and Management in Construction Industry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Moskvichev Danil Vasilevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) postgraduate student, Department of Economics and Management in Construction Industry 8 (495) 287-49-19, ext. 312, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 187 - 192

The paper covers the identification of basic investment models applicable to construction
projects. They are needed to substantiate the transformation of the investment system, to identify
the numerical values of the investment process, and to solve the problems that prevent the efficiency
improvement of the investment system. As a result of the analysis, the authors have identified
sixteen models that differ in the mode of investment, investment targets, types of investees,
investors, investment sources, investment methods, investment schemes, repayment patterns,
strategic goals, countries of origin, restrictions imposed on investment resources, payback patterns,
investment period, economic system development, financing procedure, type of investment
period alterations.
The multiplicity and variety of investment models prevent us from performing a comprehensive
comparative analysis; therefore, investment models are to be consolidated into classes that
display higher-level systemic features. As a result of comprehensive comparison of existing investment
models those models that are typical for the construction industry have been identified. They
are (1) mid-term dynamic models, and (2) target-oriented models.
Consideration of the two classes of features prevents us from preparing an exhaustive overview
of the investment process. Therefore, as a result of research of the investment system structure
its backbone element was identified. It represents an investment method that is the basic
classifier. Thus, the basic classifier of an investment model is composed of three basic classificatory
features, including the time, the investee, and the investment method. As a result, a credit
investment model, a security investment model, a cooperative investment model, a project investment
model, an economic investment model, a centralized investment model, a share investment
model, and a combined investment model were identified.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.3.187 - 192

References
  1. Yas’kova N.Yu. Razvitie investitsionno-stroitel’nykh protsessov v usloviyakh globalizatsii [Development of Investment and Construction Processes in the Context of Globalization]. Moscow, MAIES, U Nikitskikh vorot, 2009.
  2. Yas’kova N.Yu., edited by. Finansy i kredit v stroitel’stve [Finances and Credit in Construction Industry]. Moscow : Molodaya gvardiya, 2011.
  3. Strategiya sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya strany do 2020 goda [The Strategy of Social and Economiñ Development of the Country Through 2020]. Available at: www.strategy2020.rian.ru. Date of Access: 20.02.2012.
  4. Putin V.V. O nashikh ekonomicheskikh zadachakh [About Our Economic Objectives]. Available at: www.putin2012.ru. Date of access: 13.02.2012.
  5. Weber M. Methodologische Schriften. Fr / M., 1968.
  6. Federal’nyy zakon RF ¹ 39 «Ob investitsionnoy deyatel’nosti v Rossiyskoy Federatsii, osushchestvlyaemoy v forme kapital’nykh vlozheniy» ot 25.02.1999 g [Federal Law ¹ 39 On Investment Activity in the Russian Federation in the Form of Capital Investments], 25.02.1999.

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