ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Reconstruction of the building history of the Demidovs’ estate “Almazovo” situated near Moscow

Vestnik MGSU 3/2014
  • Aksenova Irina Vasil’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Architecture of Civil and Industrial Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 36-49

The currency of the topic covered in the article is not only the necessity of national cultural traditions revival, but also the possibility of applying the restored historical objects in modern life as multifunctional cultural and touristic complexes. At present, this is one of the most prospective tendencies in tourism, entertainment industry and educational programmes. The revival of historical estates and cultural traditions is nowadays insufficiently used but inexhaustible source for economical and cultural development of Russian regions. Attracting investments allow preserving ancient buildings in future. The Demidovs’ estate “Sergievskaya dacha” in Almazovo (belonged to the Demidovs, the Ural owners of mines and metallurgical works) is an object of historic and cultural interest of Federal significance and it is of great scientific, educational and architectural value. To date the published information about the estate is laconic and sometimes contradictive. The results of historic and architectural researches based upon detailed study of literary materials and especially archives are offered in the article. All building stages of the estate are considered. Unique unpublished drafts of demolished and not erected (because of a disease of the owner) buildings and elements of landscape architecture, which form an entity of the whole complex, have been discovered by the author. The scientific importance of researches carried out by the author consists of the possibility (to the great degree of trustworthiness) to reconstruct the building history of the whole estate complex. The volume of the obtained information allows to speak of the possibility of the estate restoration and to work out the project for its new contemporary usage as a museum of the noble family way of life. This will encourage the development of tourism in the region and draw the attraction of investments in order to preserve the estate.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.3.36-49

References
  1. Official website of the Society of Russian Estate Investigation (OIRU). Available at: http://www.oiru.org/members.html. Date of access: 26.09.13.
  2. Oynas D. Usad’ba — proshloe v nastoyashchem [Estate — the Past in the Present]. Natsional’nyy fond «Vozrozhdeniya russkoy usad’by» [National Fond of “Revival of Russian Estate”]. Available at: http://www.fondus.ru/. Date of access: 26.09.13.
  3. Muzey russkoy usadebnoy kul’tury «Usad’ba knyazey Golitsynykh «Vlakhernskoe-Kuz’minki» [Museum of Russian Estate Culture — the Estate of the Knyazhs Galitsins “Vlahernskoe-Kuzminki”]. Available at: «http://mosmuseum.ru/museum-menu-mansionmuseum.html. Date of access: 26.09.13.
  4. Tsalobanova V.A., Stepanova G.G. Usad’ba Mar’ino. Dva nachala [Estate“Mar’ino”. Two Origins]. Saint Petersburg, Oliver Publ., 2011.
  5. Pasport na pamyatnik istorii i kul’tury federal’nogo znacheniya «Usad’ba Almazovo. XIX v.» [Passport of the object of historic and cultural interest of Federal significance the estate “Almazovo”. 19th century]. Ministerstvo kul’tury Moskovskoy oblasti. Glavnoe upravlenie po okhrane pamyatnikov istorii i kul’tury [Ministry of Culture of the Moscow Region. Central Administrative Board for the Preservation of the Objects of Historic and Cultural Significance].
  6. Shchukina E.P. Podmoskovnye usadebnye sady i parki kontsa XVIII veka [Estate Gardens and Parks of the Moscow Region in the End of the 19th Century]. Moscow, Institut naslediya Publ., 2007, pp. 53—57, 245—258.
  7. Mezhdunarodnyy Demidovskiy fond [International Demidovs’ Fond]. Available at: http://www.indf.ru/demidoff.asp?m=4&sm=47&t=171. Date of access: 26.09.13.
  8. Kusov V.S. Zemli Moskovskoy gubernii v XVIII veke: Karty uezdov: Opisanie zemlevladeniy [Lands of Moscow Province in the 17th Century. Maps of Districts. Descriptions of Land Assets]. Moscow, 2004, vol. 1, p. 62.
  9. Shchukina E.P. «Natural’nyy sad» russkoy usad’by v kontse XVIII veka [“Natural garden” of Russian Estate in the End of 18th Century]. Russkoe iskusstvo XVIII veka : Materialy i issledovaniya [Russian Art of the 18th Century. Materials and Researches]. Moscow, 1973, pp. 109—117.
  10. MArkhI. Otchet NIR «Restavratsiya i rekonstruktsiya parkovogo kompleksa Almazovo» (promezh.) [Moscow Architectural Institute. Scientific and research work: Restoration and Reconstruction of the “Almazovo” Park Complex]. Research advisor Ozhegov S.S. State Registration 01.83.0030100. Moscow, All Russian Scientific and Technical Research Center (VNTIT), 1984.
  11. Kosterina-Azaryan A.B. Teatr v zhizni N.N. Demidova [Theatre in the Life of N.N. Demidovs]. Demidovskiy vremennik: Istoricheskiy al’manakh [Demidovs’ Annals. Historic Miscellany]. Ekaterinburg, 1994, vol. 1, pp. 147—162.
  12. Otchet NIR «Razrabotka predlozheniy po organizatsii bazy truda i otdykha Minvuza RSFSR v Almazovo» (promezh.) [Moscow Architectural Institute. Scientific and research work: Working Out the Proposals for the Organization of the Work-rest Resourt “Almazovo” of the Ministry of University Education]. Research advisor Ozhegov S.S. State Registration 01.86.0034289. Moscow, All Russian Scientific and Technical Research Center (VNTIT), 1987.
  13. Yarovoy I.Yu. Novaya zhizn’ podmoskovnogo Almazova [New Life of Almazovo Estate of the Moscow Region]. Arkhitektura SSSR [The Architecture of USSR]. 1987, no. 6, pp. 106—109.
  14. Aksenova I.V. Podmoskovnaya usad’ba Demidovykh Almazovo-Sergievskoe. Istoriya «sela Sergievskogo, Almazovo tozh» [The Demidovs’ Estate Almazovo-Sergievskoe in Moscow Region. The History of “Sergievskoe Village or Almazovo”]. Russkaya usad’ba: sbornik obshchestva izucheniya russkoy usad’by [Russian Estate: the Collection of the Society of Russian Estates Investigation]. Saint Petersburg, Kolo Publ., 2013, no. 18(34), pp. 397—436.

Download

Results 1 - 1 of 1