ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION PROCESSES

Optimization of design-related procedures of the customer authorities

Vestnik MGSU 9/2012
  • Golovin Sergey Viktorovich - Institute for Executives and Specialists of Value Engineering (ANO DPO ISI) consultant, Institute for Executives and Specialists of Value Engineering (ANO DPO ISI), Building 1, 95 Prospekt Mira, Moscow, 129085, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 203 - 208

Currently, the scope of construction works remains highly dependent on public investments. In
turn, investment resources do not always contemplate specific results within pre-set deadlines and
pursuant to the pre-set parameters. The activities of public services in charge of investment projects hat involve construction operations, are composed of several interrelated processes that are as
complex as the processes that are typical for business enterprises, even if the minimal number of
production-related functions is taken into consideration.
The author drives attention to the relevance of optimization of the work performed by the state
customer, since the number of assignments to be performed cannot be covered by the existing organizational
and economic means. The state customer can improve its performance if its organizations
adopt the experience of the top market companies. The best practices to be assimilated include the
benchmarking process, as well as the processes of reengineering and redesign. These technologies
are widely known abroad, although they are not adequately represented in the Russian practice.
They are not applied by the agencies responsible for master plans and investment plans. At the
same time, these procedures may bring specific and measurable positive results. Therefore, there
is a strong potential for further scientific research to be performed in this field.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.203 - 208

References
  1. Anufriev S.S. Regulirovanie sistem regional’nogo gosudarstvennogo zakaza: vozmozhnosti korruptsionnogo protivodeystviya [Regulation of Systems of Regional State Orders: Resistance to Corruption]. Regional’naya ekonomika: teoriya i praktika [Regional Economy: Theory and Practice]. 2010, no. 37(172), pp. 34—38.
  2. Kankhva V.S. Formirovanie mekhanizma obespecheniya i povysheniya ekonomicheskoy ustoychivosti [Formation of the Mechanism Designated for the Assurance and Improvement of the Economic Stability]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 161—167.
  3. Lukinova L.I. K voprosu ob otsenke konkurentosposobnosti predpriyatiya [Assessment of the Competitive Strength of an Enterprise]. Aktual’nye voprosy ekonomiki, prava, psikhologii, pedagogiki i sotsiologii v global’nom mire [Relevant Issues of Economy, Law, Psychology, Pedagogics and Sociology in the Global World]. Collection of scientific articles contributed to the International Scientific and Practical Conference. Volgograd, 28-29 February, 2012. Volgogradskoe nauchnoe izdatel’stvo publ., 2012, pp. 130—134.
  4. Ekonomika perekhodnogo perioda. Ocherki ekonomicheskoy politiki postkommunisticheskoy Rossii. Ekonomicheski rost 2000—2007. [Economy of the Transition Period. Essays about the Economic Policy of the Post-Communist Russia. The Economic Advance of 2000—2007.] Moscow, Delo ANKh Publ., 2008.
  5. Yas’kova N.Yu., Karasik D.M. Programmno-tselevye metody razvitiya stroitel’stva. Sovremennyy format gorodskikh tselevykh programm [Programme-oriented Methods of Construction Development. Contemporary Format of Target-Oriented Urban Development Programs]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 182—187.
  6. Yas’kova N.Yu., Silka D.N. Upravlenie investitsionno-stroitel’noy deyatel’nost’yu v tsiklicheskoy dinamike [Management of Investment and Construction Activities in Its Cyclical Motion]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2011.
  7. Rostovtseva Yu.V. Prognozirovanie i planirovanie kak funktsional’nye elementy sistemy upravleniya [Projecting and Planning as Functional Elements of the Management System]. Vestnik Gosudarstvennogo universiteta upravleniya [Proceedings of the State University of Management]. 2009, no. 12, pp. 185—189.
  8. Fukolova Yu., Shelukhin I., Belov A. Benchmarking: vse luchshee — sebe [Benchmarking: Getting All the Best]. Sekret fi rmy [Corporate Secret]. 2002, no. 1, pp. 25—28.
  9. Kharrington D., Esseling K., Nimvegen X. Optimizatsiya biznes-protsessov. Dokumentirovanie, analiz, upravlenie, optimizatsiya. [Optimization of Business Processes: Documentation, Analysis, Management, Optimization]. St.Petersburg, 2002.
  10. Shirokova G.V., Nodel”man V.A. Opyt vnedreniya protsessnogo podkhoda pri podgotovke k sertifikatsii po standartu ISO 9000 (na primere kompanii «RASTRO») [Practical Implementation of the Process-based Approach in the Course of Preparation for the Certification pursuant to the ISO 9000 Standard (Exemplifi ed by RASTRO Company]. Vestnik S.-Peterb. un-ta. Ser. Menedzhment. [Proceedings of St.Petersburg University. Management Series]. 2002, no.. 2, pp. 18—22.

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Publication of the engineering documentation that accompanies the state order placement procedure

Vestnik MGSU 9/2012
  • Polovtsev Igor Nikolaevich - St.Petersburg State University (SPGU) Deputy Head, Capital Construction Department, St.Petersburg State University (SPGU), 7/9 Universitetskaya na berezhnaya, St.Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 221 - 226

The author analyzes the scope of technical documents required to be published in the course
of the placement of state and municipal construction-related orders. The conclusion made by the
author is that the publication of the package of technical documentation facilitates competition in
the construction industry. Moreover, the publication of technical documents contributes to higher
responsibility of both design engineers in terms of the quality of design works and the customers in
terms of their acceptance and assessment of completed projects.
The issue of arrangement of placement of construction orders (namely, the contractor selection
procedure) needs further elaboration. It must be considered in the course of further development
of the Federal legislation regulating the procedure of placement of state orders.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.221 - 226

References
  1. Grazhdanskiy kodeks Rossiyskoy Federatsii. Chast’ vtoraya. Federal’nyy Zakon ot 26 yanvarya 1996 g. ¹ 14-FZ. [Civil Code of the Russian Federation. Part 2. Federal Law of January 26, 1996 no. 14-FZ]. Sobr. zakonodatel’stva Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Legislation Bulletin of the Russian Federation]. 1996, no. 5, p. 410.
  2. O razmeshchenii zakazov na postavki tovarov, vypolnenie rabot, okazanie uslug dlya gosudarstvennykh i munitsipal’nykh nuzhd. Federal’nyy Zakon ot 21 iyulya 2005 g. ¹ 94-FZ. [About the Placement of Orders for the Supply of Commodities, Performance of Works, Provision of Services as Requested by the Government and Municipal Authorities. Federal Law of July 21, 1995, no. 94-FZ]. Rossiyskaya gazeta [Russian Newspaper]. 28 July, 2005.
  3. Afanas’ev D.V. Problemy razmeshcheniya munitsipal’nogo zakaza v forme auktsiona [Problems That Accompany the Placement of Municipal Orders through the Announcement of Contests]. Aktual’nye problemy gumanitarnykh i estestvennykh nauk [Relevant Problems of Humanities and Natural Sciences]. 2010, no. 8, pp. 101—102.
  4. Asaul A.N., Koshecheev V.A. Gosudarstvennoe predprinimatel’stvo v stroitel’stve (gosudarstvennyy stroitel’nyy zakaz) [State Entrepreneurship in the Construction Industry (State Construction Order)]. Sovremennye naukoemkie tekhnologii [Modern Science-intensive Technologies]. 2010, no. 2, p. 140.
  5. Glazov N.M. Osobennosti provedeniya gosudarstvennykh zakupok na podryadnye raboty v stroitel’stve [Peculiarities of Governmental Procurement of Contractual Works in the Construction Industry]. Obshchestvo. Sreda. Razvitie (Terra Humana) [Society. Environment. Development (Terra Humana)]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 19—23.
  6. Oparin S.G., Sulima V.V. Razvitie konkursov na pravo zaklyucheniya gosudarstvennogo kontrakta na stroitel’stvo ob”ektov transportnoy infrastruktury [Development of Contests for the Right to Make State Contracts for Construction of Transportation Structures]. Nauchno-tekhnicheskie vedomosti Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta [Scientific and Technical Bulletin of St.Petersburg State University of Technology]. 2011, no. 125, pp. 55—62.
  7. Dautiya T.V. Analiz pravovogo statusa chlenov samoreguliruemoy organizatsii v sfere stroitel’stva v ramkakh provodimoy reformy perekhoda ot litsenzirovaniya k samoregulirovaniyu po zakonodatel’stvu Rossii [Analysis of the Legal Status of Self-regulated Organizations in the Construction Industry within the Framework of the Reform and Transition from Licensing to Self-regulation as Part of the Legislation of the Russian Federation]. Collected papers of International Scientific and Practical Conference “Modern Tends in Theoretical and Practical Research’2012”. Odessa, 2012, no. 1, vol. 22. pp. 18—27.
  8. Silka D.N. O merakh regulirovaniya gosudarstvennogo zakaza v stroitel’stve [About Actions Aimed at the Regulation of State Orders in the Construction Industry]. Regional’naya ekonomika: teoriya i praktika [Regional Economy: Theory and Practice]. 2011, no. 28, pp. 17—21.
  9. Vetvitskiy I.G. Goszakaz kak odin iz osnovnykh mekhanizmov rynochnoy ekonomiki [State Order as One of Basic Mechanisms of the Market Economy]. Sotsial’no-ekonomicheskie yavleniya i protsessy [Social and Economic Phenomena and Processes]. 2010, no. 6, pp. 52—55.
  10. Polozhenie o sostave razdelov proektnoy dokumentatsii i trebovaniyakh k ikh soderzhaniyu. utv. postanovleniem Pravitel’stva Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 16 fevr. 2008 g. ¹ 87 [Provision on the Composition of Sections of Design Documentation and Requirements Applicable to Their Content. Approved by the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of 16 February 2008, no. 87]. Rossiyskaya gazeta [Russian Newspaper]. 27 February, 2008.
  11. Pis’mo zamestitelya ministra kul’tury RF K.G. Cherepennikova ot 11 yanvarya 2012 goda ¹ 3-01-39/10-KCh. [Letter issued by the Minister of Culture of the Russian Federation, Mr. K.G. Cherepennikov, on 11 January, 2012, no. 3-01-39/10-KCh]. Web-site of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation. Available at: http://www.mkrf.ru/documentations/letter/detail.php?ID=213102. Date of access: 28.06.12.
  12. Polovtsev I.N. On the Scope of Documentation to be Published for Performance of Order Placement Procedures in the Field of Construction in the Russian Federation. Collected papers of International Scientific and Practical Conference “Modern Tends in Theoretical and Practical Research’2012”. Odessa, 2012, No. 1, vol. 22. pp. 3—6.
  13. Polovtsev I.N. Normativno-pravovoy kharakter restavratsionnykh norm i pravil [Normative and Legislative Nature of Restoration Norms and Regulations]. Pravovaya nauka [Legal Science]. 2012, no. 1(4), pp. 22—23.
  14. Pis’mo Federal’noy antimonopol’noy sluzhby ot 23 iyulya 2010 g. ¹ IA/23610 [Letter issued by the Federal Antimonopoly Service Department in charge of Jewish Autonomous Region of 23 July 2010, no. IA/23610]. Extracted from Consultant Plus database available at: http://eao.fas.gov.ru/sites/eao.f.isfb.ru/files/analytic/2012/01/27/tekst_pisma_no_ia23610_ot_23.07.2010g..pdf. Date of access: 28.06.12.

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ANALYSIS OF REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO THE PRICING SYSTEM IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

Vestnik MGSU 10/2012
  • Lyapin Anton Valer'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Director, Institute of Engineering Expertise, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Lyapin Valeriy Yur'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Hydraulics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 254 - 259

Formation of the pricing system and underlying investment and construction activities were analyzed by the authors in their research. It is noteworthy that the pricing system has a common basis with other human systems, as it incorporates such constituents as process, people, software, etc. Correct interaction between these elements ensures conformity between the anticipated and the practical performance of the system. The basis for the effective operation of the existing system and reduction of potential risks consists in early identification and analysis of requirements set by the user. Absent of implementation of an effective requirement management process, the pattern of the system development will look chaotic and unpredictable. In the process of the data analysis, the data set is converted into a set of the user requirements describing the anticipated behavior of the system in the course of its interaction with the operating environment.
The requirements of users comprise an important constituent of the system design. They affect the entire development process from the beginning to the very end. In accordance with the principles of the system engineering, the authors have identified the key pricing system parameters; their implementation assures the appropriate functionality with a view to the formation of the contract price at various stages of the life-cycle of the investment project. Analysis of the above requirements makes it possible to convert them into a technical vision of the desired product that can demonstrate the required functionality.
The methodology proposed by the authors contemplates decomposition of the levels of requirements; therefore, the authors employ a three-level model that describes the expected functionality of the system. The model includes an organizational level (basic processes, participants, information flows), a methodological level (method of calculating the cost of design, construction and operation, regulatory and methodological documents) and a technology level (information systems and technologies). A three-level functional decomposition of the system is used to simplify the comparison of the elements of the system architecture and the user acceptance.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.10.254 - 259

References
  1. Gryunshtam V.A. Kontseptsiya smetnogo tsenoobrazovaniya v stroitel’stve [The Concept of Estimate-based Pricing in the Construction Industry]. TsiSN 6s-2009 Publ., pp. 1—41.
  2. ISO/MEC 15288:2002 Systems Engineering. Process Life Cycle. Switzerland, International Organization for Standardization, 2002, 72 p.
  3. ISO/IEC 15288:2002, Systems Engineering — System Life Cycle Processes. Switzerland, International Organization for Standardization, 2002, 72 p.
  4. Hull E., Jackson K., Dick J. Requirements Engineering. 2005, Springer, 229 p.
  5. Metodika opredeleniya stoimosti stroitel’noy produktsii na territorii Rossiyskoy Federatsii (MDS 81-35. 2004). [Method of Determining the Cost of Construction Products in the Russian Federation (MDS 81-35. 2004)].
  6. Ardzinov V.D. Tsenoobrazovanie i sostavlenie smet v stroitel’stve [Pricing and Cost Estimation in the Construction Industry]. St.Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2006, 234 p.
  7. Stepanov I.S. Ekonomika stroitel’stva [Construction Economics]. Moscow, Yurayt-izdat Publ., 2007, 620 p.
  8. Ginzburg A.V., Mazur I.I., Shapiro V.D. Investitsionno-stroitel’nyy inzhiniring: spravochnik dlya professionalov [Investment and Construction Engineering. Handbook for Professionals]. Moscow, Ekonomika Publ., 2007, 1216 p.
  9. Dikman L.G., Dikman D.L. Organizatsiya stroitel’stva v SShA [Construction Organization in the USA]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2004, 376 p.
  10. Liberman I.A. Upravlenie zatratami v stroitel’nom komplekse [Cost Management in the Construction Industry]. Moscow, Mart Publ., 2005, 304 p.

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ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPT OF "GREEN" CONSTRUCTION AS A VEHICLE TO ENSURE THE ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES

Vestnik MGSU 12/2012
  • Benuzh Andrey Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) engineer, Department of Construction of Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kolchigin Mikhail Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) assistant lecturer, Department of Construction of Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 161 - 165

The authors demonstrate that the number of buildings in the world exceeds one billion according to the statistical data; their potential negative impact on the environment can be disastrous; moreover, the main cause of the ever-growing demand for buildings consists in the constant growth of the world population that makes the global environmental situation even more complicated.
As a main conception, the authors focus on the concept of sustainable development. They consider that the core idea of this concept is that the present-day generation should do everything in their power to preserve the natural environment and its resources for the future generations. The authors mention that back in the middle of the 20th century academician V.I. Vernadsky formulated the concept of the noosphere closely linked to the notion of sustainable development.
According to the authors, "green" construction can be considered as a vehicle for sustainable development of territories that accommodate construction sites. The authors define "green" construction as a comprehensive system of knowledge structured on the basis of design and construction standards. "Green" buildings demonstrate their high construction quality along with minimal costs and maximal comfort. Although a "green" technology is a new and not the simplest way of development, it has proven its incredible efficiency.
The major achievement of the authors consists in the classification of principles, approaches and available technologies that can be applied or are applied in the "green" construction to ensure the environmental safety of construction activities. The authors have also selected environmental, economic and social benefits of "green" construction and provided their recommendations concerning the implementation of "green" technologies in Russia.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.12.161 - 165

References
  1. Guarnieri Timothy J. The Real Cost of Sustainable Development. AACE International Transactions, 2008, pp. 1—7.
  2. Telichenko V.I., Potapov A.D., Slesarev M.Yu., Shcherbina E.V. Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost’ stroitel’stva [Environmental Safety of Construction]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2009, 311 p.
  3. Telichenko V.I. Ot ekologicheskogo i «zelenogo» stroitel’stva — k ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti stroitel’stva [From Ecological and “Green” Construction to Environmental Safety of Construction]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering] 2011, no 2, pp. 47—51.
  4. Lockwood C. Building the Green Way. Harvard Business Publishing, 2006, pp. 129—135.
  5. Amanjeet Singh, Matt Syal, Sue C. Grady, Sinem Korkmaz. Effects of Green Buildings on Employee Health and Productivity, Am J Public Health, 2010, pp. 1665—1668.
  6. Ya. Roderick, David McEwan, Craig Wheatley, Carlos Alonso. A Comparative Study of Building Energy Performance. Building simulation, 2010, pp. 1167—1176.
  7. Alexia Nalewaik, Valerie Venters. Costs and Benefi ts of Green Building. AACE International Transactions. 2008, pp. 248—256.

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Search of inner factors and reserves of construction developmentwith account for the state contribution

Vestnik MGSU 5/2015
  • Silka Dmitriy Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Economical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Economy and Management in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Urazova Kseniya Vadimovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Economy and Management in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 111-121

The search for inner factors of the development and their control are invariant in the current conditions for fastening the processes of overcoming the crisis. In order to solve the contemporary problems quality changes are necessary. Today in the basis of such changes advancing the state participation in regulating the economy in general and advancing the state order in particular are considered. Though the possibilities of construction development are rather great, it has always been impossible to achieve the essential results without state support.The authors considered the experience and problems of using sovereign state funds in construction in the modern conditions. The ways to efficiently apply the reserves as system solution of national economy problems are investigated - support of construction sphere allows facing the challenges of macroeconomy crisis. The authors offer the means of quality change of state order content not only in solving general branch questions, but also the questions of system character of control development of intangible assets.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.5.111-121

References
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  2. Ng S.T., Fan R.Y.C., Wong J.M.W., Chan A.P.C., Chiang Y.H., Lam P.T.I., Kumaraswamy M. Coping with Structural Change in Construction: Experiences Gained from Advanced Economies. Construction Management and Economics. 2009, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 165—180. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01446190802699040.
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  4. Glaz’ev S.M. O strategii ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Rossii [On the Strategy of Economical Development of Russia]. Voprosy ekonomiki [Problems of Economy]. 2007, no. 5, pp. 30—51. (In Russian)
  5. Mokhamed El-Erian. Fondy natsional’nogo blagosostoyaniya v novykh normal’nykh usloviyakh [Funds of National Wealth in New Usual Conditions]. Finansy i razvitie [Finance in Development]. 2010, no. 6, pp. 44—47. Available at: https://www.imf.org/external/russian/pubs/ft/fandd/2010/06/pdf/elerian.pdf. Date of access: 25.01.2014.
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  8. FNB otkryvaetsya dlya goskompaniy [NWF is Opening for State Companies]. Ekspert [Expert]. No. 7 (933). Available at: http://expert.ru/expert/2015/07/fnb-otkryivaetsya-dlya-goskompanij. Date of access: 09.02.2015. (In Russian)
  9. Fomchenkov T. Minfin ne isklyuchil ispol’zovaniya dopolnitel’nykh sredstv iz FNB [Ministry of Finance Does Not Rule Out the Use of Additional Means from NWF]. Rossiyskaya gazeta [Russian Newspaper]. 13.09.2014. Available at: http://www.rg.ru/2014/09/13/sredstva-site-anons.html. Date of access: 09.02.2015. (In Russian)
  10. Kruzhkova S.V. Kompensatsionnyy fond samoreguliruemykh organizatsiy: pravovye osnovy formirovaniya i rasporyazheniya sredstvami [Indemnification Fund of Self-regulating Organizations: Legislative Foundations for Formation and Distribution of Means]. Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava [Journal of Russian Law]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 109—116. (In Russian)
  11. Polievktova S.O. Povyshenie effektivnosti upravleniya sredstvami Rezervnogo fonda i Fonda natsional’nogo blagosostoyaniya [Raising the Regulation Efficiency of Emergency Fund and National Wealth Fund Means]. Molodoy uchenyy [Young Scientist]. 2014, no. 8.2, pp. 47—48. (In Russian)
  12. Silka D.N. Printsipy gosudarstvennogo upravleniya tsiklami delovoy aktivnosti v stroitel'stve [Principles of State Management of Business Cycles in Construction]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2012. (In Russian)
  13. Gurova T., Kalyanina L., Obukhova E., Ogorodnikov E., Polunin Yu., Yakovenko D. Pora dostavat’ dzhokera [It’s Time to Use Best Bower]. Ekspert [Expert]. 2014, no. 39: Expert online. Available at: http://expert.ru/expert/2014/39/pora-dostavat-dzhokera. Date of access: 01.10.2014. (In Russian)
  14. Didkovkaya O.V., Gorelova S.S., Tarasenko O.S. Otsenka effektivnosti upravleniya nedvizhimost’yu sotsial’noy sfery [Estimating the Efficiency of Real Estate Management in Social Sphere]. Ekonomicheskie aspekty upravleniya stroitel’nym kompleksom v sovremennykh usloviyakh : materialy II Mezhdunarodnoy (ochnoy) nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (28—29 maya 2014 g.) [Economical Aspects of Construction Complex Management in the Current Conditions : Materials of the 2nd International (Live) Science and Practice Conference (May 28—29, 2014)]. Samara, 2014, pp. 157—162. Available at: http://www.samgasu.ru/Ouruniversity/News/DnnArticleView_News_Root/tabid/439/ArticleID/2351/smid/767/reftab/1133/Default.aspx. Date of access: 01.10.2014. (In Russian)
  15. Solov’eva S.V. Denezhno-kreditnaya politika Rossii na sovremennom etape [Monetary Policy in Russia on the Present Stage]. Voprosy ekonomicheskikh nauk [Issues of Economical Sciences]. 2009, no. 3, pp. 96—98. (In Russian)
  16. Balutsa S.V. Neobkhodimost’ gosudarstvennogo regulirovaniya ekonomiki [Necessity of State Regulation of the Economy]. Klyuchevye problemy sovremennoy nauki — 2009 : materialy 5-y Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticjeskoy konferentsii [Key Problems of Contemporary Science — 2009 : Materials of the 5th International Science and Practice Conference]. Available at: http://www.rusnauka.com/12_KPSN_2009/Economics/44839.doc.htm. Date of access: 01.10.2014. (In Russian)
  17. Silka D.N. Ekonomicheskie interesy kak pobuditel'nye motivy predprinimatel'skoy deyatel'nosti [Economical Interests as Incentives of Business Activity]. Privolzhskiy nauchnyy zhurnal [Privolzhsky Scientific Journal]. 2013, no. 4, pp. 158—161 (In Russian)
  18. Yas’kova N.Yu., editor. Finansy i kredit v stroitel’stve : uchebnik dlya vuzov [Finance and Credit in Construction : Textbook for Universities]. Moscow, Molodaya gvardiya Publ., 2011, 589 p. (In Russian)
  19. Shokhina E. Ot goskontrolya k samoregulirovaniyu [From State Control to Self-Regulation]. Ekspert [Expert]. 2015, no. 5. Available at: http://expert.ru/2015/01/29/ot-goskontroly-k-samoregulirovaniyu/. Date of access: 09.02.2015. (In Russian)
  20. Voronina M.M. Ob osobennostyakh reorganizatsii chlenov SRO i formirovaniya kompensatsionnykh fondov SRO [On the Features of SRO Members Reorganization and Formation of Indemnification Funds of SRO]. Auditor [Auditor]. 2013, no. 10. Available at: http://gaap.ru/articles/Ob_osobennostyakh_reorganizatsii_chlenov_SRO_i_formirovaniya_kompensatsionnykh_fondov_SRO. Date of access: 01.10.2014. (In Russian)
  21. Yakovenko D. Podderzhali bumagoy [Supported by Paper]. Ekspert [Expert]. 2015, no. 8 (934), pp. 34—37. (In Russian)
  22. Lenihan A.T. Sovereign Wealth Funds and the Acquisition of Power. New Political Economy. 2014, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 227—257. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13563467.2013.779650.

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Improving the efficiency of urban planning activity as a result of implementing working plans of build-up areas

Vestnik MGSU 2/2016
  • Zhukhovitskiy Grigoriy Mikhaylovich - LLC Company Credo-Dialogue full member, International Transport Academy, Honorary Road Builder of CIS, chairman, Department of Information Technologies in the Construction and Territorial Management of the Federal Intersectoral Board of All-Russian Public Organization “Business Russia”, Chairman of the Management Board, LLC Company Credo-Dialogue, 71-8 Izmaylovskoe shosse, Moscow, 105187, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Karpov Aleksandr Aleksandrovich - LLC Company Credo-Dialogue Development Director, development manager of the software CREDO of engineering-geological aim, LLC Company Credo-Dialogue, 71-8 Izmaylovskoe shosse, Moscow, 105187, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 186-193

In the process of state structure transformation in the Russian Federation in 1990-2010s the legal base was greatly changed. In the process of these changes the issues of topographic plans of the territories indented for building and inter-settlement territories were almost withdrawn from legal and normative-technical regulation. As a result the legal status of city geological services and the accumulated materials the same as the whole activity on topographic plans’ maintenance is now out of the unified legal and normative framework. At the same time old technologies of creating and updating topographic plans is now beneath criticism in terms of effectiveness and quality of the obtained results. The authors consider the problem of creating, updating and use of topographic plans of urban settlements. Brief historical background of the topic is given, the existing information technologies and suggestions on the changes in the regulatory framework of urban development activity are described.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.2.186-193

References
  1. Vasil’ev I.V., Korobov A.V., Pobedinskiy G.G., Pridankin A.B. Topografo-geodezicheskoe i kartograficheskoe obespechenie Rossiyskoy Federatsii. Sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya otrasli geodezii i kartografii [Topographic-Geodesic and Cartographic Support of the Russian Federation. State and Development Prospects of the Geodetic Branch and Cartography]. Geodeziya i kartografiya [Geodesy and Cartography]. 2014, no. 12, pp. 2—11. (In Russian)
  2. Kontseptsiya razvitiya otrasli geodezii i kartografii do 2020 g. Utverzhdena Rasporyazheniem Pravitel’stva Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 17.12.2010 g. № 2378-r [The Concept of Geodesy and Cartography Development up to 2020. Approved by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation from 17.12.2010 g. № 2378-r]. (In Russian)
  3. Brovko E.A. Gosudarstvennyy topograficheskiy monitoring: sovremennoe reshenie problemy aktualizatsii prostranstvennykh dannykh [State Topographic Monitoring: Modern Solution to the Problem of Updating Spatial Data]. Geodeziya i kartografiya [Geodesy and Cartography]. 2012, no. 2, pp. 38—46. (In Russian)
  4. Lamert D.A., Portnov A.M. Sovremennye zadachi gosudarstvennogo geodezicheskogo nadzora v strukture territorial’nykh organov Rosreestra [Contemporary Tasks of State Geodesic Control in the Structure of Territorial Bodies of Federal Service for State Registration, Cadastre and Cartography]. Interekspo Geo-Sibir’ : sbornik statey po materialam Mezhdunarodnogo nauchnogo kongressa [Interexpo Geo-Siberia : Collection of the Articles of the International Scientific Congress]. Novosibirsk, 2011, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 11—16. (In Russian)
  5. Obidenko V.I., Nefedov S.N. Avtomatizatsiya deyatel’nosti territorial’nykh organov gosudarstvennogo geodezicheskogo nadzora. Na puti k postroeniyu informatsionnogo obshchestva [Automation of Territorial Bodies’ Activity of the State Geodesic Control. On the Way to Building Information Society]. Geodeziya i kartografiya [Geodesy and Cartography]. 2009, no. 9, pp. 51—57. (In Russian)
  6. Novoselov D.B., Zvyagintsev E.A. Sozdanie i vedenie tsifrovogo dezhurnogo plana territoriy promyshlennykh predpriyatiy [Creation and Maintenance of Digital Working Plan of Industrial Enterprises’ Territories]. Interekspo Geo-Sibir’ : sbornik statey po materialam Mezhdunarodnogo nauchnogo kongressa [Interexpo Geo-Siberia : Collection of the Articles of the International Scientific Congress]. Novosibirsk, 2012, vol. 1, no. 1—2, pp. 37—41. (In Russian)
  7. Kolobov R.V. Novye tekhnologii vedeniya dezhurnogo plana goroda [New Technologies of Keeping Working City Plan]. Stroykompleks Srednego Urala [Stroykomplex of Middle Ural]. 2010, no. 12 (December). (In Russian)
  8. Silyakova L.V. Tekhnologiya vedeniya tsifrovogo topograficheskogo plana Nizhnego Novgoroda [Technology of Keeping Digital Topographic Plan of Nizhny Novgorod]. Avtomatizirovannye tekhnologii izyskaniy i proektirovaniya [Automated Technologies of Research and Design]. 2011, no. 4 (43), pp. 65—68. (In Russian)
  9. Kontseptsiya sozdaniya i vedeniya topografo-geodezicheskogo monitoringa territoriy poseleniy [Concept of Creating and Maintaining Topographic-Geodesic Monitoring of the Territories of Settlements]. Geoprofi [Geoprofi]. 2013, no. 2, pp. 10—14. (In Russian)

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MODELING OF CONSTRUCTION PROCESSES FOR A SPECIFIC OBJECT BASED ON ENVIRONMENTAL PARAMETERS

Vestnik MGSU 7/2017 Volume 12
  • Abramyan Susanna Grantovna - Institute of Architecture and Civil Engineering of Volgograd State Technical University (IACE VSTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Construction Technology, Institute of Architecture and Civil Engineering of Volgograd State Technical University (IACE VSTU), 1 Akademicheskaya str., Volgograd, 400074, Russian Federation.
  • Burlachenko Oleg Vasil’evich - Institute of Architecture and Construction of Volgograd State Technical University, (IoAaC of VSTU) Doctor of Technical Science, Professor, Chair of the Department of Construction Production Technology, Institute of Architecture and Construction of Volgograd State Technical University, (IoAaC of VSTU), 1 Akademicheskaya str., Volgograd, Russian Federation, 400074.
  • Oganesyan Oganes Valer'evich - Institute of Architecture and Civil Engineering of Volgograd State Technical University (IACE VSTU) student, Faculty of Construction and Housing and Communal Services, Institute of Architecture and Civil Engineering of Volgograd State Technical University (IACE VSTU), 1 Akademicheskaya str., Volgograd, 400074, Russian Federation.

Pages 797-803

This paper suggests that building information modeling is predominantly aimed at deriving certain economic benefits. The construction schedule is prepared without considering the proper balance in the environment. Due to their complex and diverse nature, construction operations cannot be ideally modeled in terms of environmental sustainability. Still, a reduction of some hazardous impacts is manageable. This paper primarily focuses on the methodology that can be used to calculate the volume of polluting substances emitted during machinery operation. It highlights that during construction of large residential and environmental complexes, when several objects and linear facilities of tens or hundreds kilometers are being built simultaneously, it is especially dangerous to use a fleet of machines and mechanisms. The originality of this paper is underpinned by the conceptually new approach to the environmental basis of the construction processes during building construction. Hazardous emissions are suggested to be calculated using the generally known methodology for determining the maximum amount of technical resources required per shift. Given a known machinery brand, engine capacity and the number of operating shifts of a machine or mechanism, the maximum emission volume can be derived. By comparing the calculation results with the maximum allowable concentrations, the final conclusion can be made regarding the conformity of the construction schedule with the applicable environmental standards.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.7.797-803

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ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CAPABILITIES FOR INCREASING ORGANIZATIONAL-TECHNOLOGICAL RELIABILITY OF CONSTRUCTION

Vestnik MGSU 1/2018 Volume 13
  • Ginzburg Alexander Vital`evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of Information Systems, Technologies and Automation in Construction Department, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Ryzhkova Anastasiya Igorevna - All Russia Public Organization “Delovaya Rossiya” Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Analyst, All Russia Public Organization “Delovaya Rossiya”, 7 Delegatskaya st., Moscow, 127473, Russian Federation.

Pages 7-13

The technology of artificial intelligence is actively being mastered in the world but there is not much talk about the capabilities of artificial intelligence in construction industry and this issue requires additional elaboration. As a rule, the decision to invest in a particular construction project is made on the basis of an assessment of the organizational and technological reliability of the construction process. Artificial intelligence can be a convenient quality tool for identifying, analyzing and subsequent control of the “pure” risks of the construction project, which not only will significantly reduce the financial and time expenditures for the investor’s decision-making process but also improve the organizational-technological reliability of the construction process as a whole. Subject: the algorithm of creation of artificial intelligence in the field of identification and analysis of potential risk events is presented, which will facilitate the creation of an independent analytical system for different stages of construction production: from the sketch to the working documentation and conduction of works directly on the construction site. Research objectives: the study of the possibility, methods and planning of the algorithm of works for creation of artificial intelligence technology in order to improve the organizational-technological reliability of the construction process. Materials and methods: the developments in the field of improving the organizational and technological reliability of construction were studied through the analysis and control of potential “pure” risks of the construction project, and the work was also carried out to integrate the technology of artificial intelligence into the area being studied. Results: An algorithm for creating artificial intelligence in the field of identification of potential “pure” risks of construction projects was presented. Conclusions: the obtained results are useful for working out practical steps for mastering the technology of artificial intelligence in order to improve the organizational and technological reliability of the construction process.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.1.7-13

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RATIONALE FOR THE PARADIGM OF DEVELOPMENT OF GEOTECHNOLOGY AND MINING EQUIPMENT THAT PROVIDE FOR MINING AND CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES IN THE ARCTIC

Vestnik MGSU 2/2018 Volume 13
  • Vartanov Aleksandr Zarairovich - Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Deputy Director, Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), 4 Kryukovsky pereulok, Moscow, 111020, Russian Federation.
  • Galchenko Yuriy Pavlovich - Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS) Mining Engineer, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Leading researcher, Department of Mining and ecology, Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), 4 Kryukovsky pereulok, Moscow, 111020, Russian Federation.
  • Kalabin Gennadiy Valerianovich - Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Leading Researcher, Department of Mining and Ecology, Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), 4 Kryukovsky pereulok, Moscow, 111020, Russian Federation.
  • Petrov Ivan Vasilyevich - Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS) Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Leading Researcher; Professor of Development of Underground Space Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) in Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), 4 Kryukovsky pereulok, Moscow, 111020, Russian Federation.
  • Fedash Anatoliy Vladimirovich - Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Scientific and Technological and Information and Analytical Support of Research and Innovative Activity; Professor of Development of Underground Space Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) in Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), 4 Kryukovsky pereulok, Moscow, 111020, Russian Federation.

Pages 240-248

Subject: a large-scale program for development of the Arctic territories requires construction of civil and industrial facilities, the use of a wide range of spatial resources, including the subsoil resources. Construction and mining activities are characterized by significant threats due to the risks of consequences of technogenic impact on the biota of the Arctic, given the considerable vulnerability of machinery and equipment to low temperatures, which requires the use of special construction geotechnologies and personnel with appropriate competencies. At the same time, severe climatic conditions require the use of high-performance equipment to minimize the participation of workers in the production process. Research objectives: for effective implementation of construction and mining activities in the Arctic territories, it is necessary, through consolidation of the efforts of academic science and industries and under conditions of import substitution, to provide for formation of a new branch of heavy machinery industry and supporting industries that take into account the specificity of the cryolithozone, and provide for creation of new geotechnologies that allow us to radically change the nature and intensity of technogenic destruction of biomes of the Arctic zone of Russia. Materials and methods: our research is based on normative and legislative documents regulating the development of the Arctic, as well as on the ideology of creating “green” high-performance geotechnologies. This ideology is based on the ideas of homeostatic transformation (realization) in the technosphere of the principles of the functioning of biological systems and the use of temperature resource of their abiota for preservation of vulnerable and unproductive biological communities of the Arctic zone. Results: the conducted series of studies allowed us to formulate the techno-ecological and methodological approaches to justification of parameters of high-performance geotechnologies, machines and equipment that provide for construction activities and mining operations in the Arctic.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.240-248

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ESTIMATION OF ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF APPLICATION OF MODELS FOR FORECASTING THE LAND DEMAND FOR CONSTRUCTION BY MUNICIPALITIES OF PRC

Vestnik MGSU 6/2018 Volume 13
  • Astaf’ev Sergey Aleksandrovich - Baikal State University (BSU) Doctor of Economical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Economics and Investments and Real Estate Managemen, Baikal State University (BSU), 11 Lenin st., Irkutsk, 664003, Russian Federation.
  • Guo Yi - Baikal State University (BSU) Postgraduate, Department of Economics and Investments and Real Estate Management, Baikal State University (BSU), 11 Lenin st., Irkutsk, 664003, Russian Federation.

Pages 678-685

Subject: economic and mathematical methods for forecast of the development of a city conducted for the purpose of more accurate determination of the need for land resources. Development of a city is related to development of construction branch which, in turn, reflects the state of economy. If construction process is conducted, the new enterprises emerge and taxes come to all types of budget from new urban areas, etc. Therefore, forecasting the need for land resources for construction of residential and nonresidential real estate needs to be carried out more qualitatively and carefully, applying various scientific methods. Research objectives: the study of the theoretical and methodological foundations of forecasting the use of land for city’s development and application of the model for forecasting the growth of the city’s territory to increase the economic efficiency of the municipal budget under conditions of the PRC legislation. Materials and methods: correlation-regression analysis, Markov chains, “gray” Markov chains. Results: on the basis of analysis of various economic-mathematical models, whose application is possible when forecasting the needs of cities in construction of buildings, plants and factories, comparison of several common prediction methods is carried out: correlation-regression analysis and “gray” model (GM (1,1)). Upgrade of the Markov chain model is proposed with allowance for uncertainty factors. On the basis of the dynamics of the Zhangqiu land growth, using the proposed “gray” Markov chains, a forecast was made and its statistical, mathematical and economic significance was confirmed, which makes it possible to propose the application of the proposed model to predict the growth of any cities, including the ones in the Russian Federation. Conclusions: practical application of the proposed mathematical method under conditions of uncertainty of long-term forecasts on the example of forecast of city’s needs in land resources will increase the accuracy and economic efficiency of creation of master plans.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.6.678-685

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ANTIKARST AND ANTISUFFOSION PROTECTION IN RUSSIA: HISTORY AND PRESENT SITUATION

Vestnik MGSU 4/2018 Volume 13
  • Khomenko Victor Petrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Senior Researcher, Professor, Department of Engineering Surveys and Geoecology; ORCID 0000-0001-9198-4401, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 482-489

Subject: karst and suffosion are related to exogenous geological processes, the development of which is caused by destruction of rocks by groundwater. These are the processes dangerous for construction, and the main problem in studying these processes lies in their inaccessibility for direct visual observation. Research objectives: achievement of mutual understanding between prospectors and designers when solving the problems arising from construction-related development of territories where a negative impact of karst and (or) suffosion on buildings and structures is expected. Materials and methods: the method of historical analysis of efficiency of engineering solutions. Results: Russia has a long and rich experience in the application of antikarst and antisuffosion protective measures, which is analyzed in the present article from historical positions. In the author’s opinion, successful implementation of these measures is possible only with the close cooperation of prospectors-geologists and geotechnical designers. Systematized representation of the evolution of methods and techniques that ensure accident-free operation of objects of various types of construction in the presence of karst and (or) suffosion hazard is given. Conclusions: currently, our country has a rich and well-proven arsenal of means of protecting buildings and structures from karst and suffosion, including constructive, geotechnical and other measures.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.4.482-489

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