TECHNOLOGY OF CONSTRUCTION PROCEDURES. MECHANISMS AND EQUIPMENT

AUTOMATED DYNAMIC LOAD CONTROL BY ELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS OF A BUCKET-CHAIN EXCAVATOR IN THE COURSE OF SCOOPING

Vestnik MGSU 7/2012
  • Khayrullin Rustam Zinnatullovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, senior scientific worker, Professor, Department of Higher Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 125 - 129

Methods and algorithms of control of the tension of lifting and towing ropes of bucket-chain excavators are proposed in the article. They are based on the non-linear dependence of the current path length and intensity of excavation efforts. Three automatic control modes, including scooping, correction signals and automatic overload protection, are implemented. Two independent control loops in charge of tension of lifting and towing ropes are developed.
The proposed automated control system may be integrated both into new bucket-chain excavators and into those excavators that are already in operation. The new system does not require any substantial alterations in electric drive control systems in charge of lifting and towing, if integrated into excavators in operation.
The author has performed the non-linearity analysis; he has also designed, developed and implemented the models that are capable of taking an adequate account of the system peculiarities identified in the course of the project implementation. The system parameters are adjustable to specific conditions of the excavator operation, including the hardness of the rock extracted by the excavator, etc.
The automatic overload control system attached to the electric drives in control of lifting and towing ensures maximal responsiveness of the system based on the commutation-related limitations imposed by power-driven elements, maximal over-control values and variability of the transition process.
Prevention of any rope slacks in the course of scooping of any hard rock is assured by the loop of regulation of minimal tension of lifting cables.
The service life of lifting and towing ropes goes up by eight to ten weeks, if the system proposed by the author is implemented.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.7.125 - 129

References
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