ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

PRINCIPLES OF AVAILABLE ENVIRONMENT IN THE CONCEPT OF TOURISTIC CITIES DEVELOPMENT

Vestnik MGSU 9/2015
  • Tesler Kirill Igorevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Building Design and Urban Development, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Starikov Aleksandr Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Senior Lecturer, Department of Building Design and Urban Development, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Kuznetsov Aleksandr Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Master student, Department of Building Design and Urban Development, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 7-15

The authors consider the problems related to available environment formation in the strategy of touristic cities development. One of the means of social and psychological rehabilitation of the disabled is tourism. It should be noted, that touristic cities mostly represent a complicated space structure with a lot of streets and concourses, with touristic objects distributed all over the city. Visiting and transportation in such an environment may cause difficulties. The aim is to form a touristic universal environment. A universal environment is aimed at widening the frames of a design target group and supposes an organization of comfortable city visit, availability of services, simple and recognizable navigation system for all the social groups. The suggested principles may become a guidance not only to the designers. The given material may also be useful for specialists in territorial marketing and touristic management and help to raise a regional economic efficiency.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.9.7-15

References
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  7. Tesler K.I., Korobeynikova A.A. Printsipy sozdaniya obshchedostupnoy sredy v bol’shikh gorodakh na primere g. Moskvy [Principles of Creating Publicly Available Environment in Big Cities on the Example of Moscow]. Sbornik dokladov konferentsii po itogam nauchno-issledovatel’skikh rabot studentov [Collection of Articles of the Conference on the Results of Scientific and Research Works of the Students]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2011/2012, pp. 71—74. (In Russian)
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  14. Leader-Elliott L. Cultural Tourism. Flinders University. Available at: http://ehlt.flinders.edu.au/culturaltourism/faq/index.php. Date of access: 02.07.2015.
  15. Stepanov V.K., Starikov A.S. Predposylki formirovaniya arkhitekturnoy sredy dlya sportsmenov invalidov [Prerequisites of Architectural Environment Formation for Disabled Sportsmen]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 4, pp. 214—218. (In Russian)
  16. Kay J. Welcome to Venice, the Theme Park. Times Online. Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2006/jun/04/italy.robinmckie. Date of access: 02.07.2015.
  17. Gordin V.E., Sushchinskaya M., Yatskevich M. Teoreticheskie i prakticheskie podkhody k razvitiyu turizma [Theoretical and Practical Approaches to Touristic Development]. Kul’turnyy turizm: konvergentsiya kul’tury i turizma na poroge XXI veka [Cultural Tourism: Convergence of Culture and Tourism on the Edge of the 21st Century]. Saint Petersburg, SPbGUEF Publ., 2001, 124 p. (In Russian)
  18. Ashworth G.J. Conservation of the Built Environment in the Netherlands. The Construction of Built Heritage: a North European Perspective on Policies, Practices and Outcomes. London, Ashgate, 2001, 282 p.
  19. Kuznetsova E. Malyy biznes v «industrii vpechatleniy» [Small Business in the “Industry of Impressions”]. Astok. Delovaya nedelya [Educational Touristic Portal / Astok. Business Week]. February 2008, no. 6 (521). Available at: http://tourlib.net/statti_tourism/kuznecova2.htm. Date of access: 02.07.2015. (In Russian)
  20. Ulrike Rau. Barrierefrei Bauen Für Die Zukunft. Auflage: Dritte Auflage. Deutschland, Beuth Verlag, 368 p.

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Features of public transport availability organization for big cities (on the example of “New Moscow”)

Vestnik MGSU 6/2015
  • Privezentseva Svetlana Vyacheslavovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) assistant lecturer, Department of Building Design and Urban Development, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tesler Kirill Igorevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Building Design and Urban Development, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 115-123

In 2012 the boundaries of Moscow extended in the direction of Kaluga region. The change in territory boundaries resulted in increasing the area of the city, after that the total population increased. It is supposed, that the majority of the agglomerated population will use the care-giving institutions of the “New Moscow”, that’s why its territory requires the transport system adapted for all the population groups. Special attention should be paid to creation of the constant barrier-free transport system reconstructing the existing junctions and creating new ones answering the modern demands on availability for citizens with limited mobility.The article reviews the development of the transport system on the territory of “New Moscow” basing on the data of Federal State Statistics Service. The suggestions on the barrier-free environment development, multipurpose road junctions are given with account for the number of citizens with disabilities. Only in “New Moscow” there are about1,2 mln of them. The variety of means of transport requires new approaches to organization of transfers from one transport to another. The solution will be in hubs, which will be both available for common and disabled people.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.6.115-123

References
  1. O sovmestnykh predlozheniyakh Pravitel’stva Moskvy i Pravitel’stva Moskovskoy oblasti po izmeneniyu granits stolitsy Rossiyskoy Federatsii — goroda Moskvy [On the Contemporary Proposals of the Moscow Region Government on Changing the Boundaries of the Capital of the Russian Federation — Moscow city]. Ofitsial’nyy portal Mera i Pravitel’stva Moskvy. 11 iyulya 2011 goda [Official Portal of Moscow Major and Government. July 11, 2011]. Available at: http://www.mos.ru/press-center/press_releases/index.php?id_4=19417/. Date of access: 15.03.2015. (In Russian)
  2. O vnesenii izmeneniy v Zakon goroda Moskvy ot 5 iyulya 1995 goda № 13-47 «O territorial’nom delenii goroda Moskvy». Zakon g. Moskvy ot 09.09.1998 № 20 [On Amendments to the Legislation of Moscow from July 5, 1995 no. 13-47 “On Administrative Division of Moscow”. Law of the City of Moscow from 09.09.1998 no. 20]. BestPravo.ru. Informatsionnyy pravovoy portal [Bestpravo.ru. Informational Legislative Portal]. Available at: http://www.bestpravo.ru/moskva/eh-instrukcii/t8n.htm. Date of access: 15.03.2015. (In Russian)
  3. Moldavskiy S., Zabalueva T.R. Tipologiya transportno-peresadochnykh uzlov [Typology of Transport-Transfer Hubs]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 30—32. (In Russian)
  4. Obshchaya chislennost’ invalidov po gruppam invalidnosti (na 1 yanvarya goda) [Total Number of Disabled with Account for Disability Group (for the 1st of January)]. Federal’naya sluzhba gosudarstvennoy statistiki [Federal State Statistics Service]. Available at: http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/population/disabilities/#1.1/. Date of access: 15.03.2015. (In Russian)
  5. Tesler K.I. Razvitie adaptirovannykh dlya malomobil’nykh grupp naseleniya marshrutov obshchestvennogo transporta v istoricheskoy chasti g. Moskvy [Development of Public Transport Routes Adapted for Citizens with Limited Mobility in Historic Area of Moscow]. Internet-vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya: Politematicheskaya [Internet Proceedings of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Polythematic series]. 2014, no. 4 (35), article 23. Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/attachments/23TeslerK.pdf. Date of access: 15.03.2015. (In Russian)
  6. Semenova S.A., Shreyber A.A., Kompleksnaya otsenka gorodskoy sredy s uchetom potrebnostey malomobil’nykh grupp naseleniya i invalidov [Complex Evaluation of City Environment with Account for the Needs of Citizens with Limited Mobility and Disabled]. Arkhitektura i gradostroitel’stvo [Architecture and Urban Development]. 2011, no. 7, pp. 26—33. (In Russian)
  7. Tesler K.I., Korobeynikova A.A. Printsipy sozdaniya obshchedostupnoy sredy v bol’shikh gorodakh na primere g. Moskvy [Principles of Creating the Generally Accessible Environment in Big Cities on the Example of Moscow]. Sbornik dokladov konferentsii po itogam nauchno-issledovatel’skikh rabot studentov [Collection of Conference Reports on Scientific Research Works of Students]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2011/2012, pp. 71—74. (In Russian)
  8. Vlasov D.N., Danilina N.V. Sovremennoe sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya sistemy «perekhvatyvayushchikh» parkovok v Moskovskoy aglomeratsii [Present State and Development Prospects of the Intercepting Parking System in Moscow Agglomeration]. Gradostroitel’stvo [City and Town Planning]. 2014, no. 4 (32), pp. 36—39. (In Russian)
  9. Vlasov D.N. Struktura sistemy transportno-peresadochnykh uzlov aglomeratsii [The Structure of Transport-Transfer Hubs System of an Agglomeration]. Gradostroitel’stvo [City and Town Planning]. 2013, no. 2 (24), pp. 84—88. (In Russian)
  10. Danilina N.V. Osobennosti formirovaniya sistemy perekhvatyvayushchikh parkovok v aglomeratsiyakh [Features of Intercepting Parking System Formation in Agglomerations]. Internet-vestnik VolgGASU [Internet Proceedings of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 2. Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/?source=4&articleno=1643/. Date of access: 15.03.2015. (In Russian)
  11. Alekseev Yu.V., Trofimova T.E. Kompleksnoe razvitie pyatietazhnoy zastroyki 1950-60-kh godov. Organizatsionno-metodicheskie aspekty [Complex Development of 5-Storeyed Buildings of the 1950-60s. Organizational and Methodological Aspects]. Arkhitektura, stroitel’stvo, dizayn [Architecture, Construction, Design]. 2005, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 7—9. (In Russian)
  12. Rodionovskaya I.S., Zhelnakova L.V. Znachimost’ ozeleneniya zhiloy sredy dlya sotsial’no opekaemykh lyudey [Importance of Living Environment Planting for Socially Cared People]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014, no. 4, p. 44. (In Russian)
  13. Balakina A.E., Nanasova S.M., Sarvut T.O. Dostizheniya budushchikh inzhenerov-arkhitektorov [Achievements of the Future Engineers-Architects]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XX veka [Construction Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 20th Century]. 2007, no. 7, pp. 88—89. (In Russian)
  14. O poryadke vydachi meditsinskogo zaklyucheniya na detey-invalidov v vozraste do 16 let. Prikaz Minzdrava RF № 117-1 ot 4 iyulya 1991 goda [On Medical Assessment Procedure for Disabled Children under 16. Order of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation no. 117-1 from July 4, 1991]. BestPravo.ru. Informatsionnyy pravovoy portal [Bestpravo.ru. Informational Legislative Portal]. Available at: http://www.bestpravo.ru/federalnoje/gn-dokumenty/l5k.htm. Date of access: 15.03.2015. (In Russian)
  15. Rotenberg V.S., Arshavskiy V.V. Poiskovaya aktivnost’ i adaptatsiya [Search Activity and Adaptation]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1984, 184 p. (In Russian)
  16. Brokgauz, F.A. Efron I.A., publishers. Arsen’ev K.K., Pertushevskiy F.F., editors. Entsiklopedicheskiy slovar’ : v 86 tomakh [Encyclopedic Dictionary : in 86 volumes]. Saint Petersburg, Tipografiya aktsionernogo obshchestva Brokgauz-Efron Publ., 1894, vol. 11A (22), Evreinovy — Zhilon, pp. 772—832. (In Russian)
  17. Saltykov I.P. Sozdanie komfortnoy sredy obitaniya v pomeshcheniyakh zhilykh zdaniy s uchetom arkhitekturnykh, inzhenernykh i ekologicheskikh aspektov [Creation of a Comfortable Environment in Premises of Residential Buildings with Account for Architectural, Engineering and Ecological Aspects]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 8, pp. 189—196. (In Russian)
  18. Shcherbina E.V., Vlasov D.N. Razvitie sistemy transportno-peresadochnykh uzlov Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Development of the Transport-Transfer System of the Russian Federation]. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo Rossii [Architecture and Construction in Russia]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 2—7. (In Russian)
  19. Loeschcke G., Marx L., Pourat D. Barrierefreies Bauen. Band 1. Berlin, Wien, Zurich, BeuthV erlag GmbH, 2011, 296 p.
  20. Stepanov V.K., Starikov A.S. Predposylki formirovaniya arkhitekturnoy sredy dlya sportsmenov invalidov [Prerequisites of Architectural Environment Formation for Sportsmen and Disabled]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 4, pp. 214—218. (In Russian)

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Universal human habitat. Basic principles

Vestnik MGSU 9/2012
  • Stepanov Vyacheslav Konstantinovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Architectural Sciences, Professor, Professor of Department of Design of Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Starikov Aleksandr Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Design of Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 39 - 43

Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities were adopted
in 1993 by the United Nations. They have been valid since then. The number of disabled and
elderly people is ever growing due to injuries, accidents, environmental problems, deterioration of
health, population aging and demographic disorders.
The term "universal habitat" reads as "universal design" worldwide. The concept of "universal
design" was developed by Ronald Mace, American architect, in the 80ies of the twentieth century.
The idea was picked up in Japan and several European countries, especially in product design and
architecture.
Universal design is a logical development of principles of the barrier-free environment. Universal
design emerged in the late 20th century. The universal design is friendly in respect of all people
without restriction. The article describes basic principles of universal design, including its equitable
use, flexibility in use, simplicity and intuitive nature, perceptivity, low physical effort, size and space.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.39 - 43

References
  1. Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities. Adopted by General Assembly Resolution 48/96 at United Nations General Assembly on December 20, 1993.
  2. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Adopted by General Assembly Resolution 217 A (III), UN General Assembly on December 10, 1948.
  3. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Adopted by General Assembly Resolution 2200 A (XXI) UN General Assembly on December 16, 1966.
  4. The Convention on the Rights of the Child. Adopted by General Assembly Resolution 44/25, United Nations General Assembly on November 20, 1989.
  5. The World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons. Adopted by General Assembly Resolution 37/52 United Nations General Assembly on December 3, 1982.
  6. Interview of Gregory Lekarev (Director, Department in charge of Disabled Persons, Ministry of Healthcare and Social Development). Novaya Gazeta [New Newspaper], December 3, 2010.
  7. Safronov K.E. Bezbar’ernaya gorodskaya sreda [Barrier-free Urban Environment]. Omsk, 2010.
  8. Stepanov V.K., Starikov A.S. Predposylki formirovaniya arkhitekturnoy sredy dlya sportsmenov invalidov [Prerequisites for Formation of the Architectural Environment for Disabled Athletes]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 4, pp. 87—91.
  9. Stepanov V.K., Tesler K.I. Raschet kommunikatsionnykh parametrov obshchestvenno-torgovykh tsentrov s uchetom uchastiya v dvizhenii pokupateley-invalidov [Calculation of Communicative Parameters of Public Trade Centres with Account for Disabled Customers]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 4, pp. 92—96.
  10. Kalmet Kh.Yu. Zhilaya sreda dlya invalida [Human Habitat for Disabled Persons]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1990.
  11. Wolfgang F.E. Preiser, Korydon H. Smith. Universal Design Handbook. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 2011.
  12. Carstens Diane Y. Site Planning and Design for the Elderly. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc. New York, 1985.
  13. Houglund J. David. Housing for the Elderly. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc. New York, 1985.
  14. Stepanov V.K. Spetsializirovannye uchebno-lechebnye tsentry [Specialized Training and Treatment Centres]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1987.
  15. Stepanov V.K., Shchetinina N.N., Tyuricheva M.N., edited by Stepanov V.K. Arkhitekturnaya sreda obitaniya invalidov i prestarelykh [Architectural Habitat for Disabled and Elderly Persons]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1989.
  16. Conell B.R., Jones M.L., Mace R.L., Mueller J.L., Mullick A., Ostroff E., Sanford J. The Principles of Universal Design. Centre for Universal Design, North Carolina State University, 1997.

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