RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

Choosing mineral carrier of nanoscale additives for asphalt concrete

Vestnik MGSU 3/2014
  • Inozemtsev Sergey Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, test engineer, Research and Educational Center on "Nanotechnology", Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7-499-188-04-00; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Korolev Evgeniy Valer'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Adviser, Russian Academy of Architectural and Building Sciences (RAACS), director, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7-499-188-04-00; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 158-167

At present time the operation life of the majority of roads is essentially shorter than required. The reason for it is the increase in traffic intensity and axle loads of automobile transport. The obvious reasons for early wear of roads are the low quality of the components used and low industrial standards while producing asphalt pavement. In this paper the mineral material was selected as a carrier of nanoscale additives for asphalt. The optimal modes for grinding mineral materials were identified, which provide correspondence of their structure parameters with the developed model. The influence of different mineral nanomodifier carriers on the structure formation processes was estimated. It is shown that among a number of mineral materials diatomite has high activity in relation to the bitumen, because it has a highly porous structure. It is also shown that as a result of lighter fractions of bitumen adsorption on the border of phase interface, diatomite and bitumen changes from the free state to the film, and solvate shell of bitumen is saturated with asphaltenes. With the help of IR spectroscopy the authors defined the nature of the diatomite and bitumen interaction and proved that in the process of their interaction there occurs physical adsorption with additional absorption of bitumen components into the pore space of diatomite grains.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.3.158-167

References
  1. Levitin I.E. Analiticheskaya zapiska po teme: Povysheniye effektivnosti stroitel'stva i ekspluatatsii avtomobil'nykh dorog v rossiyskoy Federatsii [Analytical Note on the Topic: Raising the Efficiency of Construction and Operation of Roads in Russian Federation]. Sovmestnaya konferentsiya Obshchestvennogo soveta pri federal'nom dorozhnom agentstve Ministerstva transporta Rossiyskoy Federatsii, Obshchestvennoy palaty Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Joint Conference of the Public Council under the Federal Road Agency of the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation, the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation]. Moscow, 2011.
  2. Quintero Luz S., Sanabria Luis E. Analysis of Colombian Bitumen Modified With a Nanocomposite. Journal of Testing and Evaluation (JTE). 2012, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 1—7. DOI: 10.1520/JTE20120198.
  3. Gotovtcev V.M., Shatunov A.G., Rumyantcev A.N., Sukhov V.D. Nanotekhnologii v proizvodstve asfal'tobetona [Nanotechnologies in Bitumen Concrete Production]. Nauchnye issledovaniya [Scientific Investigations]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 191—195.
  4. Vysotskaya M. Polymer-bitumen Binder with the Addition of Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes. Advanced Materials Research. 2013, vol. 699, pp. 530—534. DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.699.530.
  5. Vysotskaya M., Kuznetsov D., Barabash D. Nano-structured Road Building Materials on the Basis of Organic Binders. Construction Materials. 2013, no. 4, pp. 20—23.
  6. Xiao F., Amirkhanian A., Amirkhanian S. Infl uence of Carbon Nanoparticles on the Rheological Characteristics of Short-Term Aged Asphalt Binders. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 2011, no. 23 (4), pp. 423—431.
  7. Ye Chao, Chen Huaxin. Study on Road Performance of Nano-SiO2 and Nano-TiO2 Modified Asphalt. New Building Materials. 2009, no. 6, pp. 82—84.
  8. Xiao Peng, Li Xue-feng. Research on the Performance and Mechanism of Nanometer ZnO/SBS Modifi ed Asphalt. Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development. 2007, no. 6, pp. 12—16.
  9. Korolev E.V. Problemy i perspektivy nanotekhnologii v stroitel'stve [Problems and Prospects of Nanotechnology in the Construction]. Izvestia KazGASU [Proceedings of Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering]. 2011, no. 2 (16), pp. 200—208.
  10. Inozemtcev S.S., Grishina A.N., Korolev E.V. Model' kompleksnogo nanorazmernogo modifikatora dlya asfal'tobetona [The Model of Complex Nanoscale Modifi er for Bitumen Concrete]. Regional`naya arhitektura i stroitel`stvo [Regional Architecture and Construction]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 15—21.
  11. Bazhenov Yu.M., Gar`kina I.A., Danilov A.M., Korolev E.V. Sistemnyy analiz v stroitel'nom materialovedenii [System Analysis in Construction Materials Science]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2012, 152 p.
  12. Korolev I.V. Model' stroyeniya bitumnoy plenki na mineral'nykh zernakh v asfal'tobetone [Structural Model of Bituminous Film on Mineral Grains in Bitumen Concrete]. Izvestiya vuzov. Stroitel'stvo i arkhitektura [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction and Architecture]. 1981, no. 8, pp. 63—67.
  13. Gorelyshev N.V. Vzaimodeystviye bituma i mineral'nogo poroshka v asfal'tovom betone [The Interaction of Bitumen and Mineral Powder in Asphalt Concrete]. Trudy HADI [Works of Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University]. Kharkiv, 1955, vol. 16, pp. 10—23.
  14. Yadykina V.V. Vzaimosvyaz' donorno-aktseptornykh svoystv poverkhnosti mineral'nykh materialov s ikh reaktsionnoy sposobnost'yu pri formirovanii organo-mineral'nykh kompozitov [Interrelation of Donor-acceptor Properties of the Mineral Materials Surface with their Reactive Capacity in the Process of Organo-mineral Composites Formation]. Izvestiya vuzov. Stroitel'stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2004, no.4, pp. 46—50.
  15. Yadykina V.V. Vliyaniye aktivnykh poverkhnostnykh tsentrov kremnezemsoderzhashchikh mineral'nykh komponentov na vzaimodeystviye s bitumom [The Infl uence of Active Surface Sites of Mineral Components Containing Stones and Soil on the Interaction with Bitumen]. Izvestiya vuzov. Stroitel'stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2003, no. 9, pp. 75—79.
  16. Gorelysheva L.A. Teoreticheskiye aspekty vzaimodeystviya razlichnykh poroshkoobraznykh materialov s organicheskim vyazhushchim [Theoretical Aspects of Various Powder-like Materials Interaction with Organic Binder]. Puti ekonomii material'nykh i energeticheskikh resursov pri remonte i rekonstruktsii avtomobil'nykh dorog: sbornik nauchnykh trudov NPO Rosdornii [Ways of Saving Physical and Energy Resources in the Process of Repair and Reconstruction of Roads: Collection of Scientific Works of Rosdornii]. Moscow, MADI Publ., 1989, vol. 1, pp. 29—35.
  17. Inozemtcev S.S., Pozdyakov M.K., Korolev E.V. Issledovaniye adsorbtsionnosol'vatnogo sloya bituma na poverkhnosti mineral'nogo poroshka [Research of the Absorptionsolvate Layer of Bitumen on the Surface of the Mineral Filler]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 11, pp. 159—167.

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Development of nanomodifiers and research into their influence on the properties of bituminous binders

Vestnik MGSU 10/2013
  • Inozemtsev Sergey Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, test engineer, Research and Educational Center on "Nanotechnology", Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7-499-188-04-00; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Korolev Evgeniy Valer'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Adviser, Russian Academy of Architectural and Building Sciences (RAACS), director, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7-499-188-04-00; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 131-139

Nine types of nanomodifiers designated for asphalt binder are considered in the article. Three mineral material types of are considered, including dolomite powder MP-1, diatomite and activated silica sand. As the second component cotton oil, synthetic rubber and a colloid solution of ferric (III) hydroxide and silica acid are selected. The results of the study disclose the influence of nanomodifiers on needle penetration depth at 0 °C and 25 °C, as well as the softening temperature, brittleness properties and stability after aging. The penetration depth is a criterion of the ability of the bitumen to resist mechanical stress, while brittleness and / or softening are the criteria of its ability to resist temperature. The generalized effectiveness criterion of bitumen modifiers is also taken into account. The generalized effectiveness criterion of nanomodifiers was revealed based on the obtained data. One of the most effective modifiers is diatomite with a colloid solution of ferric hydroxide (III) and silica acid. Dolomite powder with sol and diatomite with synthetic rubber (layer 70 nm) are promising methods of modification, though they require optimization in terms of their technology and formulations.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.10.131-139

References
  1. Vysotskaya M. Polymer-bitumen Binder with the Addition of Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes. Advanced Materials Research. 2013, vol. 699, pp. 530—534.
  2. Vysotskaya M., Kuznetsov D., Barabash D. Nanostructured Road-building Materials Based on Organic Binders. Construction Materials. 2013, no. 4, pp. 20—23.
  3. Quintero Luz S., Sanabria Luis E. Analysis of Colombian Bitumen Modified With a Nanocomposite. Journal of Testing and Evaluation (JTE). December 2012, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 1—7.
  4. Kondrat’ev D.N., Gol’din V.V., Merkelene N.F. Patent no. 2412126, issued by the Russian Federation, MPK C04B24/36. Nanostrukturiruyushchiy modifikator dlya asfal'tobetona [Nanostructured Modifier for Asphaltic Concrete]. 19.11.2009, 5 pp.
  5. Gotovtsev V.M., Shatunov A.G., Rumyantsev A.N., Sukhov V.D. Nanotekhnologii v proizvodstve asfal'tbetona [Nanotechnology in Asphalt Production]. Nauchnye issledovaniya [Scientific research]. 2013, no.1, pp 191–195.
  6. Xiao F., Amirkhanian A., Amirkhanian S. Influence of Carbon Nanoparticles on the Rheological Characteristics of Short-Term Aged Asphalt Binders. J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 2011, 23 (4), pp. 423—431.
  7. Ye Chao, Chen Huaxin. Study on Road Performance of Nano-SiO2 and Nano-TiO2 Modified Asphalt. New Building Materials. 2009, no. 6, pp. 82—84.
  8. Xiao Peng, LI Xue-feng. Research on the Performance and Mechanism of Nanometer ZnO/SBS Modified Asphalt. Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development. 2007, ¹ 6, pp. 12—16.
  9. Korolev E.V., Tarasov R.V., Makarova L.V., Samoshin A.P., Inozemtsev S.S. Obosnovanie vybora sposoba nanomodifitsirovaniya asfal'tobetonnykh smesey [Substantiation of the Choice for the Method of Nanomodification of Asphalt-concrete Mixes]. Vestnik BGTU im. V.G. Shukhova [Proceedings of Belgorod State Technological University named after Shukhov V.G.]. 2012, no. 4, pp. 40—43.
  10. Grishina A.N., Korolev E.V. Effektivnaya nanorazmernaya dobavka, povyshayushchaya ustoychivost' pen dlya penobetonov [Effective Nanoscale Foam Stabilizer Admixture for Foam Concretes. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 10, pp.159—165.
  11. Korolev E.V., Grishina A.N. Sintez i issledovanie nanorazmernoy dobavki dlya povysheniya ustoychivosti pen na sinteticheskikh penoobrazovatelyakh dlya penobetonov [Development and Research into a Nanosize Stabilizing Additive for Foams Based on Synthetic Foamers for Foam Concretes]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013, no. 2, pp. 30—33.
  12. Bazhenov Yu.M., Gar'kina I.A., Danilov A.M., Korolev E.V. Sistemnyy analiz v stroitel'nom materialovedenii : monografiya [System Analysis in the Building Material Science]. Moscow, 2012, MGSU Publ., 432 p.
  13. Bormotov A.N., Proshin I.A., Korolev E.V. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie I mnogokriterial'nyy sintez kompozitsionnykh materialov [Mathematic Modeling and Multi-criterial Synthesis of Composite Materials]. Penza, 2011, PGTA Publ., 352 p.
  14. Borshch I.M., Terletskaya L.S. Mineral'nye poroshki dlya asfal'tobetonnykh materialov [Mineral Powders for Asphalt-concrete Materials]. Dorozhno-stroitel'nye materialy [Road construction materials]. Kharkov, KhADI Publ., 1961, vol. 26, pp. 10—28.
  15. Ryb'eva T.G. K voprosu ob otsenke vliyaniya mineralogicheskogo sostava na svoystva bitumno-mineral'nykh materialov. Sbornik trudov [On the Problem of Assessment of the Influence of the Mineralogical Composition Influence on the Properties of Bitumen-mineral Materials]. Sbornik trudov [Collected works of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. Moscow, MISI Publ., 1960, no. 32, pp. 34—38.
  16. Boskholov K.A., Bituev A.V. Kremnezemsoderzhashchie mineral'nye poroshki dlya asfal'tobetonov [Silica-containing Mineral Powders for Asphaltic Concretes], Vestnik TGASU [Proceedings of Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building]. 2007, no. 3, pp. 210—212.
  17. Aminov Sh.Kh., Strugovets I.B., Khannanova G.T., Babkov V.V., Nedoseko I.V. Ispol'zovanie piritnogo ogarka v kachestve mineral'nogo napolnitelya v asfal'tobetonakh [Using Sulfur Waste as a Mineral Filler for Asphaltic Concretes]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. Moscow, 2007, no. 9, pp. 42—43.
  18. Vysotskaya M.A., Fedorov M.Yu., Yadykina V.V., Kuznetsov D.A., Korotaev A.P. Al'ternativnoe dispersnoe poristoe syr'e dlya dorozhnoy otrasli [Alternative Dispersed Porous Raw Materials for Roadbuilding]. Prostranstvo i vremya — sistema koordinat razvitiya chelovechestva: Sbornik dokladov VIII-y mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy kontserentsii [Space and Time as the Coordinates System of Human Development: Collected reports of the 8-th International Scientific and Practical Conference]. Odessa, 2011, pp. 38—40.
  19. Shlegel' I.F., Shaevich G.Ya., Karabut L.A., Tonkikh V.M., Noskov A.V. Ispol'zovanie legkogo poristogo zapolnitelya v sostave asfal'tobetonov [Adding Light Porous Aggregate to Asphaltic Concretes]. Avtomobil'nye dorogi [Motor Ways]. 2008, no. 6, pp. 115—116.

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TECHNICAL-ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF THE USE OF NANOMODIFIED FILLER FOR ASPHALT-CONCRETE

Vestnik MGSU 4/2018 Volume 13
  • Inozemtsev Sergey Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Junior Researcher, “Nanomaterials and Nanotechnologies” Research and Education Center, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Korolev Evgeniy Valer’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Director of the “Nanomaterials and Nanotechnologies” Research and Education Center, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 536-443

Subject: technical and economic efficiency of the use of nanomodified porous mineral powder in the composition of asphalt-concrete mixture. The system of quality indicators of crushed stone-mastic asphalt-concretes obtained using nanomodified porous filler is presented. A general criterion for the quality of asphaltic concrete and a method for assessing the technical and economic efficiency of the use of nanomodified filler to control the properties of asphalt-concrete have been developed. Using the methods of system analysis, decomposition of the asphalt-concrete quality system was carried out and the basic quality indicators and dependencies for calculation of particular quality criteria were identified. The efficiency of using a filler based on a porous mineral material whose surface is modified with an additive based on iron hydroxide sol and silicic acid is shown. Research objectives: substantiation of effectiveness of the use of nanomodified porous mineral powder in the composition of asphalt-concrete mixture, taking into account the efficiency and cost criteria. Materials and methods: oil road bitumen BND 60/90, gabbro-diabase crushed stone of 5-20 mm fraction, granite crushing and screening products, stabilizing additive Viatop-66 and nanomodified diatomite were used. Samples of crushed stone-mastic asphalt-concrete were tested in accordance with the standard methods, and resistance to varying weather and climatic conditions and also rutting resistance were studied. Results: the proposed criteria allow one to estimate the effectiveness of the use of nanomodified mineral powder in asphalt-concrete, taking into account both the technical characteristics of the asphalt-concrete, obtained by using the powder, and the economic costs necessary to achieve improvement in quality indices. Concrete SMA-20, in which 100 % of the traditional filler is replaced by a powder based on diatomite, modified with iron (III) hydroxide sol and silicic acid, has a 28 % higher technical and economic efficiency compared to traditional crushed stone-mastic asphalt-concrete. This is achieved by significantly improving the quality of the material compared to the necessary ones. Conclusions: the use of the powder based on diatomite, modified with the iron (III) hydroxide sol, and silicic acid as a filler in the composition of asphalt-concrete mixture makes it possible to increase the asphalt-concrete efficiency index by 35 %. The increase in technical and economic efficiency by 28 % justifies application of the modified filler.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.4.536-543

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