ENGINEERING RESEARCH AND EXAMINATION OF BUILDINGS. SPECIAL-PURPOSE CONSTRUCTION

Experience of using automated monitoring systems of the strain state of bearing structures on the olympic objects sochi-2014

Vestnik MGSU 12/2015
  • Shakhraman’yan Andrey Mikhaylovich - Research and Production Association of Modern Diagnostic Systems (NPO SODIS) candidate of technical sciences, Director General, Research and Production Association of Modern Diagnostic Systems (NPO SODIS), innovative center «Skolkovo», 4-2 Lugovaya str., 143026, Moscow, Russian Federation.
  • Kolotovichev Yuriy Aleksandrovich - Research and Production Association of Modern Diagnostic Systems (NPO SODIS) candidate of technical sciences, Deputy chief designer, Research and Production Association of Modern Diagnostic Systems (NPO SODIS), innovative center «Skolkovo», 4-2 Lugovaya str., 143026, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Pages 92-105

Various defects, which occur because of the influence of different environmental factors become the reason for the emergencies of building structures. Monitoring of certain parameters of bearing structures in the process of their erection and beginning of operation will help detecting negative processes which may endanger mechanical safety of buildings. The authors offer the operating results of automated monitoring system of the bearing structures state of the ice arena “Shayba” in the Olympic park in Sochi during the earthquake which happened on December 23th, 2012. The arena was equipped with a dynamic monitoring system, which helped estimating the influence of a seismic occurrence on the building constructions, to make prompt conclusions on absence of damages of the bearing structures, get important data on the dynamic response of the structure.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.92-105

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  12. Rainieri C., Fabbrocino G. Operational Modal Analysis of Civil Engineering Structures. 1st edition. New York, Springer-Verlag Publ., 2014, 322 p. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-0767-0.
  13. Patrikeev A.V. Sistema dinamicheskogo monitoringa inzhenernogo sooruzheniya kak klyuchevoy element ego tekhnicheskoy bezopasnosti [Dynamic Monitoring of Engineering Structures as a Key Element of its Technical Security]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 133—140. (In Russian)
  14. Zavalishin S.I., Shablinskiy G.E., Zubkov D.A., Rumyantsev A.A. Dinamicheskiy monitoring zdaniy i sooruzheniy dlya kontrolya ikh seysmostoykosti [Dynamic Monitoring of Buildings and Structures to Control their Seismic Resistance]. Predotvrashchenie avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Preventing Emergencies of Buildings and Structures]. September 2009. Available at: http://pamag.ru/src/pressa/126.pdf. (In Russian)
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  25. Klimov A.N. Prognoz razvitiya napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya konstruktsiy vysotnogo zdaniya na osnovanii dannykh sistemy monitoringa [Development Forecast of Stress-Strain State of Structures of a High-Rise Building on the Basis of Monitoring Systems]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Constructuin]. 2013, no. 11, pp. 13—16. (In Russian)

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RESEARCH INTO A NEW STRUCTURAL SOLUTION APPLICABLE TO FOUNDATIONS RESTING ON THE SLIDING LAYER

Vestnik MGSU 11/2012
  • Abovskiy Naum Petrovich - Siberian Federal University (SFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Honorary Member Russian Academy of Architectural and Construction Sciences (RAACS), Consulting Professor, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems, +7(391)243-24-98, Siberian Federal University (SFU), 82 Svobodnyy prospekt, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Inzhutov Ivan Semenovich - Siberian Federal University (SFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Member Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (RAEN), Director, Institute of Civil Engineering, +7(391)252-78-11, Siberian Federal University (SFU), 82 Svobodnyy prospekt, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Deordiev Sergey Vladimirovich - Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU) +7 (391) 252-78-64, Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Palagushkin Vladimir Ivanovich - Siberian Federal University (SFU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems +7(391)206-27-55, Siberian Federal University (SFU), 82 Svobodnyy prospekt, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sibgatulin Viktor Gazizovich - Nonprofi t Partnership Ecological Centre for Rational Reclamation of Natural Resources (NP «ETs ROPR») Distinguished Geologist of the Russian Federation, Director, +7(391)226-31-38, Nonprofi t Partnership Ecological Centre for Rational Reclamation of Natural Resources (NP «ETs ROPR»), Offi ce 232, 53 prospekt Mira, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Khudoberdin Ivan Rafailovich - Siberian Federal University (SFU) engineer, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems, Siberian Federal University (SFU), 82 Svobodnyy prospekt, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 32 - 37

The authors provide solutions to the relevant issue of development and construction of
foundations resting on a sliding layer as a method of external seismic protection of buildings and
structures. The authors have developed a system of automated operating control over the external
seismic protection of buildings (structures) that represents an automatic switch of the emergencylevel
seismic load. The authors have filed an application for the registration of their invention. The
proposed solution has everything in place to be widely applied to improve the seismic protection of
buildings and structures, especially those resting on problematic soils.
The authors provide their description of a paradox of foundations: foundations are analyzed
in terms of "upside-down" loads, whereas seismic loads have an opposite direction. The authors
provide their solutions to this problem.
The authors argue that methods of seismic protection incorporated into effective regulations
are limited, and they do not constitute any external seismic protection methods, whereas the
application of seismic isolation inside buildings is unreasonable, as it is limited by the requirement
to install it "above the foundation". Presently, the above methods are being reworked into foundation
platforms resting on a sliding layer. Their efficiency has been proven by a computerized model and
a theoretical analysis.
The authors also provide their argumentation in favour of the conclusion that relevant seismic
protection development trends are to incorporate advanced structural solutions, including methods
of external seismic protection.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.11.32 - 37

References
  1. Abovskiy N.P., Inzhutov I.S., Deordiev S.V., Palagushkin V.I. Neobkhodimost’ sistemnykh issledovaniy po seysmostoykomu stroitel’stvu [A Need for Systemic Research into Seismic Construction]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy. [Seismic Construction. Safety of Structures]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 71—74.
  2. Abovskiy N.P., Inzhutov I.S., Khoroshavin E.A., Deordiev S.V., Palagushkin V.I. O vozmozhnosti vneshnikh seysmozashchitnykh ustroystv [Applicability of External Seismic Protection Devices]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy. [Seismic Construction. Safety of Structures]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 38—42.
  3. N.P. Abovskiy and others. Patents 2206665, 2273697, 38789, 45410, 50553, 53342, 55388, 64650, 69094, 73350, 59650. Russian Federation.
  4. Abovskiy N.P., Marchuk N.I., Maksimova O.M. and others. Konstruktivnaya seysmobezopasnost’ zdaniy i sooruzheniy v slozhnykh gruntovykh usloviyakh [Seismic Safety of Constructions of Buildings and Structures in Problematic Soils]. Krasnoyarsk, SFU Publ., 2009, 186 p.

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