INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

STRATEGY FOR IMPROVEMENT OF SAFETY AND EFFICIENCY OF COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN ANALYSIS OF CIVIL ENGINEERING STRUCTURES ON THE BASIS OF THE SYSTEM APPROACH

Vestnik MGSU 12/2012
  • Zaikin Vladimir Genrikhovich - State Unitary Enterprise «Vladimirgrazhdanproekt» (GUP «Vladimirgrazhdanproekt») postgraduate student, Director of Structural Analysis; +7 (4922) 32-29-68, State Unitary Enterprise «Vladimirgrazhdanproekt» (GUP «Vladimirgrazhdanproekt»), 9 Oktyabr'skiy prospekt, Vladimir, 600025, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Valuyskikh Viktor Petrovich - Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolai Stoletov» (VLSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor; +7 (4922) 47-99-05, Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolai Stoletov» (VLSU), 87, Gor'kogo St., Vladimir, 600000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 268 - 276

The authors highlight three problems of the age of information technologies and proposes the strategy for their resolution in relation to the computer-aided design of civil engineering structures.
The authors express their concerns in respect of globalization of software programmes designated for the analysis of civil engineering structures and employed outside of Russia. The problem of the poor quality of the input data has reached Russia. Lately, the rate of accidents of buildings and structures has been growing not only in Russia. Control over efficiency of design projects is hardly performed. This attitude should be changed. Development and introduction of CAD along with the application the efficient methods of projection of behaviour of building structures are in demand. Computer-aided calculations have the function of a logical nucleus, and they need proper control. The system approach to computer-aided calculations and technologies designated for the projection of accidents is formulated by the authors.
Two tasks of the system approach and fundamentals of the strategy for its implementation are formulated. The study of cases of negative results of computer-aided design of engineering structures was performed and multi-component design patterns were developed. Conclusions concerning the results of researches aimed at regular and wide-scale implementation of the strategy fundamentals are formulated.
Organizational and innovative actions concerning the projected behaviour of civil engineering structures proposed in the strategy are to facilitate:
safety and reliability improvement of buildings and structures;
saving of building materials and resources;
improvement of labour efficiency of designers;
modernization and improvement of accuracy of projected behaviour of buildings and building standards;
closer ties between civil and building engineering researchers and construction companies;
development of competitive environment to boost competition in the market of structural design companies and in the market of developers.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.12.268 - 276

References
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  2. Ispol’zovanie komp’yuterov v proektirovanii zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy (Velikobritaniya) [Using Computers in Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures (United Kingdom)]. Based on articles from Concrete journal, no. 5, 2003, published by VINTI, no. 6, 2003. Kazakhkstan, Almaty, EKSPRESS-INFORM Journal, 2004, no. 3, pp. 24—26.
  3. Zaikin V.G., Valuyskikh V.P. Status, rol’ i znachenie komp’yuternykh raschetov stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy v massovom proektirovanii [Status, Role and Signifi cance of Computer-aided Design of Civil Engineering Structures in Wide-scale Design]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel‘stvo [Industrual and Civil Engineering]. Moscow, 2012, no. 5, pp. 42—44.
  4. Larionov V.V. Dva aspekta mekhanicheskoy bezopasnosti zdaniy i sooruzheniy (publichnaya tekhnicheskaya politika) [Two Aspects of Mechanical Safety of Buildings and Structures (Public Technical Policy)]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrual and Civil Engineering]. Moscow, 2011, no. 6, pp. 11—13.
  5. Valuyskikh V.P., Zaikin V.G. Metodologicheskie osnovy ispol‘zovaniya vychislitel‘nykh kompleksov pri raschete i proektirovanii konstruktsiy [Methodological Fundamentals of Application of Civil Engineering Design Software in Analysis and Design of Structures]. Materials of scientific and practical conference “Itogi stroitel’noy nauki” [Achievements of the Civil Engineering Science]. Vladimir, VlGU Publ., 2010, pp. 124—131.
  6. Zaikin V.G. Sovremennoe sostoyanie komp’yuternykh proektnykh raschetov na osnove metoda konechnykh elementov [Current State of Computer-aided Design on the basis of Method of Finite Elements]. Innovatsii v stroitel’stve i arkhitekture [Innovations in Civil Engineering and Architecture]. Vladimir, VlGU Publ., 2011, pp. 162—166.
  7. Zaikin V.G. O neodnoznachnoy otsenke raschetov stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy [On the Ambiguous Assessment of Analyses of Civil Engineering Structures]. Stroitel’ Kazakhstana [The Builder of Kazakhstan]. 2006, no. 16/17, pp. 4—6.
  8. Zaikin V.G. Pouchitel’noe ekho tragedii v Yasenevo [The Educative Echo of the Yasenevo Tragedy]. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura (Kazakhstan) [Construction and Architecture (Kazakhstan)]. 2004, no. 11(187), p. 6.
  9. Krakovskiy M.B. Svyaz’ programmy «OM SNiP ZhELEZOBETON» s programmnymi kompleksami SCAD i Lira [Relation between «OM SNiP ZhELEZOBETON», SCAD and Lira Software Programmes]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 2007, no. 1, pp. 8—12.
  10. Zaikin V.G. Tekhnologicheskie instruktsii kak osnova sertifi katsii komp’yuternykh programm [Operating Procedures as the Basis for Certification of Software Programmes]. Byulleten’ stroitel’noy tekhniki [Newsletter of Construction Machinery]. 2000, no. 6, p. 55.
  11. Zaikin V.G. O nekotorykh problemakh ispol’zovaniya VK «LIRA» pri proektirovanii metallicheskikh konstruktsiy [On Particular Problems of Employment of LIRA Software in Design of Metal Structures]. Materials of scientific and practical conference “Itogi stroitel’noy nauki” [Achievements of the Civil Engineering Science]. Vladimir, VlGU Publ., 2010, pp. 202—209.
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  13. Kurzanov A.M. O rekomenduemoy Glavgosekspertizoy Rossii kontseptsii dvoynogo rascheta proektnykh resheniy slozhnykh ob”ektov [On Conception of Duplicated Design Solutions of Complex Structures Recommended by the Main Department of the State Appraisal Board]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrual and Civil Engineering]. Moscow, 2005, no. 11, pp. 51—52.
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  16. Zaikin V.G., Valuyskikh V.P. Regulirovanie usiliy v nerazreznykh konstruktsiyakh v sostave kompleksnogo rascheta PK LIRA [Adjustment of Forces within Continuous Structures as Part of the Multi-component Analysis Performed by LIRA Software]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 13—15.
  17. Zaikin V.G., Valuyskikh V.P. Modelirovanie raschetnoy skhemy komp’yuternogo rascheta pri proektirovanii analoga tipovoy konstruktsii [Modeling of Computer-aided Patterns of Analysis in Design of Standard Structures]. Sovremennye voprosy nauki — XXI vek [Present-day Issues of the Science of the 21st Century]. International scientific and practical conference. Collected works, Part 1. Biznes — Nauka — Obshchestvo [Business, Science, Society]. Tambov, 2011, p. 48.
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FAСADE SYSTEMS: DURABILITY, UTILITY AND BEAUTY

Vestnik MGSU 10/2015
  • Zhukov Aleksey Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, Russian Federation, 129337.
  • Bobrova Ekaterina Yur’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU); Higher School of Economics (HSE) director, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU); Higher School of Economics (HSE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; 57-1 Trifonovskaya str., Moscow, 129272, Russian Federation.
  • Karpova Anastasiya Olegovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU); Public stock company "Central Scientific-Research and Experimental-Design Institute of Industrial Buildings and Structures" Master student, Institute of Construction and Architecture; engineer, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU); Public stock company "Central Scientific-Research and Experimental-Design Institute of Industrial Buildings and Structures", 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; 46-2, Dmitrovskoe shosse, Moscow, 127238, Russian Federation.

Pages 201-209

Thermal insulation of facades provides: improving the comfort of residents, reducing energy consumption for heating the building, reducing CO2 emissions by 5 times, reduction of energy intensity of gross product, increasing the durability of building envelopes. The article observes the results of the conference Facades of Russia+ 2015. The prospects for the facades’ market in all of its major business segments: translucent facades, ventilated facades and plaster facades with insulation, fire fronts were discussed at the second congress of the faсade’s market Facades of Russia+ 2015. The speakers focused on the analysis of the faсade market, faсade technologies, fire protection of faсade systems, hinged ventilated facades, faсade heat-insulating composition faсade systems, curtain walls. The congress, organized by the Congress Bureau ODF Events, was attended by the leading experts of the faсade’s market from branch institutes, higher educational institutions, supervisory bodies, heads of factories of facade materials and installation companies. The results of the market investigation justify the irretionality of the forecasts on faсade market decline and critical condition of the branch.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.10.201-209

References
  1. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.Yu. Teploprovodnost’ vysokoporistykh materialov [Thermal Conductivity of Highly Porous Materials]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 108—114. (In Russian)
  2. Zhukov A.D., Orlova A.M., Naumova T.A., Talalina I.Yu., Mayorova A.A. Sistemy izolyatsii stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy [Systems of Insulation for Building Structures]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2015, no. 7, pp. 218—221. (In Russian)
  3. Andrianov R.A., Orlova A.M., Ashirbekova S.B., Aleksandrova O.V. Zashchitno-pokrovnye materialy na osnove fenoloformal’degidnykh oligomerov [Protective-Coating Materials on the Basis of Phenol-Formaldehyde Oligomers]. Konstruktsii iz kompozitsionnykh materialov [Composite Materials Constructions]. 2006, no. 2, pp. 5—13. (In Russian)
  4. Treskova N.V., Pushkin A.S. Sovremennye stenovye materialy i izdeliya [Modern Wall Materials and Products]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction materials, the equipment, technologies of XXI century]. 2013, no. 11 (178), pp. 32—35. (In Russian)
  5. Oreshkin D.V., Semenov V.S. Sovremennye materialy i sistemy v stroitel’stve — perspektivnoe napravlenie obucheniya studentov stroitel’nykh spetsial’nostey [Modern Materials and Systems in the Construction — the Perspective Direction of Teaching the Construction Specialties]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014, no. 7, pp. 92—94. (In Russian)
  6. Zhukov A.D., Chugunkov A.B. Lokal’naya analiticheskaya optimizatsiya tekhnologicheskikh protsessov [Local Analytical Optimization of Technological Processes]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1—2, pp. 273—278. (In Russian)
  7. Zhukov A.D., Bessonov I.V., Sapelin A.N., Naumova N.V., Chkunin A.S. Composite Wall Material. Italian Science Review. February 2014, no. 2 (11), pp. 155—157.
  8. Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.V., Zelenshchikov D.B., Khimich A.O. Thermal Treatment of the Mineral Wool Mat. Advanced Materials Research (Switzerland). 2013, vols. 838—841, pp. 196—200. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.838-841.196.
  9. Bobrov Ju.L. Uj, közetgyapotbol készü lthöszigetelö anyagok a modern épitkezésben Budapesti Müszaki Egyetem (forditásoroszról, áttekintö információ. harmadik, kiadás, a Szovjetunióállami Épitési Bizottsága Tájékoztató Intézete, M. 1981). Budapest, 1984, pp. 45—49.
  10. Lienhard IV J.H., Lienhard V J.H. A Heat Transfer Textbook. 3rd ed. Cambridge, MA, Phlogiston Press, 2003, 749 p.
  11. Bliūdžius R., Samajauskas R. Peculiarities of Determining Thermal Conductivity Coefficient of Low Density Fibrous Materials. Materials Science (Medžiagotyra). 2001, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 280—284.
  12. Gorshkov A.S., Rymkevich P.P., Vatin N.I. Ekonomicheskaya effektivnost’ investitsiy v energosberezhenie [Cost-effectiveness of Investments in Energy Efficiency]. Inzhenernye sistemy. AVOK — Severo-Zapad [Engineering Systems. AVOK — Northwest]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 32—36. (In Russian)
  13. Romanova A.A., Rymkevich P.P., Gorshkov A.S. Metodika rascheta prognoziruemykh srokov okupaemosti energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy po utepleniyu zdaniy [Methods of Calculating the Projected Payback Period of Energy-Saving Measures for Thermal Insulation of Buildings]. Tekhniko-tekhnologicheskie problemy servisa [Technical and Technological Problems of Service]. 2014, no. 4 (30), pp. 68—74. (In Russian)
  14. Nemova D.V., Vatin N.I., Gorshkov A.S. Tekhniko-ekonomicheskoe obosnovanie meropriyatiy po utepleniyu ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy chastnogo zhilogo doma [Feasibility Study of the Measures on Warming Enveloping Structures of a Private House]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2014, no. 8 (23), pp. 93—115. (In Russian)

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RESEARCH INTO A NEW STRUCTURAL SOLUTION APPLICABLE TO FOUNDATIONS RESTING ON THE SLIDING LAYER

Vestnik MGSU 11/2012
  • Abovskiy Naum Petrovich - Siberian Federal University (SFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Honorary Member Russian Academy of Architectural and Construction Sciences (RAACS), Consulting Professor, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems, +7(391)243-24-98, Siberian Federal University (SFU), 82 Svobodnyy prospekt, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Inzhutov Ivan Semenovich - Siberian Federal University (SFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Member Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (RAEN), Director, Institute of Civil Engineering, +7(391)252-78-11, Siberian Federal University (SFU), 82 Svobodnyy prospekt, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Deordiev Sergey Vladimirovich - Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU) +7 (391) 252-78-64, Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Palagushkin Vladimir Ivanovich - Siberian Federal University (SFU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems +7(391)206-27-55, Siberian Federal University (SFU), 82 Svobodnyy prospekt, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sibgatulin Viktor Gazizovich - Nonprofi t Partnership Ecological Centre for Rational Reclamation of Natural Resources (NP «ETs ROPR») Distinguished Geologist of the Russian Federation, Director, +7(391)226-31-38, Nonprofi t Partnership Ecological Centre for Rational Reclamation of Natural Resources (NP «ETs ROPR»), Offi ce 232, 53 prospekt Mira, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Khudoberdin Ivan Rafailovich - Siberian Federal University (SFU) engineer, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems, Siberian Federal University (SFU), 82 Svobodnyy prospekt, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 32 - 37

The authors provide solutions to the relevant issue of development and construction of
foundations resting on a sliding layer as a method of external seismic protection of buildings and
structures. The authors have developed a system of automated operating control over the external
seismic protection of buildings (structures) that represents an automatic switch of the emergencylevel
seismic load. The authors have filed an application for the registration of their invention. The
proposed solution has everything in place to be widely applied to improve the seismic protection of
buildings and structures, especially those resting on problematic soils.
The authors provide their description of a paradox of foundations: foundations are analyzed
in terms of "upside-down" loads, whereas seismic loads have an opposite direction. The authors
provide their solutions to this problem.
The authors argue that methods of seismic protection incorporated into effective regulations
are limited, and they do not constitute any external seismic protection methods, whereas the
application of seismic isolation inside buildings is unreasonable, as it is limited by the requirement
to install it "above the foundation". Presently, the above methods are being reworked into foundation
platforms resting on a sliding layer. Their efficiency has been proven by a computerized model and
a theoretical analysis.
The authors also provide their argumentation in favour of the conclusion that relevant seismic
protection development trends are to incorporate advanced structural solutions, including methods
of external seismic protection.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.11.32 - 37

References
  1. Abovskiy N.P., Inzhutov I.S., Deordiev S.V., Palagushkin V.I. Neobkhodimost’ sistemnykh issledovaniy po seysmostoykomu stroitel’stvu [A Need for Systemic Research into Seismic Construction]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy. [Seismic Construction. Safety of Structures]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 71—74.
  2. Abovskiy N.P., Inzhutov I.S., Khoroshavin E.A., Deordiev S.V., Palagushkin V.I. O vozmozhnosti vneshnikh seysmozashchitnykh ustroystv [Applicability of External Seismic Protection Devices]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy. [Seismic Construction. Safety of Structures]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 38—42.
  3. N.P. Abovskiy and others. Patents 2206665, 2273697, 38789, 45410, 50553, 53342, 55388, 64650, 69094, 73350, 59650. Russian Federation.
  4. Abovskiy N.P., Marchuk N.I., Maksimova O.M. and others. Konstruktivnaya seysmobezopasnost’ zdaniy i sooruzheniy v slozhnykh gruntovykh usloviyakh [Seismic Safety of Constructions of Buildings and Structures in Problematic Soils]. Krasnoyarsk, SFU Publ., 2009, 186 p.

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