SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

Geo-enviromental monitoring system of the oil storages on petrol stations

Vestnik MGSU 3/2014
  • Shimenkova Anastasiya Anatol'evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Potapov Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 212-219

In large cities, fuel consumption is growing rapidly, and therefore the number of filling stations. And they are a source of anthropogenic impact on the environment and represent current scientific and practical task, because recently no research was conducted into the optimization of monitoring systems in the construction of gas station storage tanks, and no activity on replacing the obsolete design with new storage tanks. In this regard, much attention should be paid to the creation of geo-environmental systems integrated assessment of the environment, as well as modeling and forecasting various negative situations. In the modern world, the creation of such systems is possible with the help of modern computer tools such as geographic information systems.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.3.212-219

References
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  2. Lampert F. Vybrosy parov benzina i reshenie etoy problemy v stranakh Evropeyskogo Soyuza [Gasoline Vapor Emissions and Solution of this Problem in the Countries of the EU]. Sbornik dokladov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konfe-rentsii «Ekologicheskaya i pozharnaya bezopasnost' sovremennykh AZS» [Collection of the International Scientific-Practical Conference "Environmental and Fire Safety of Modern Gas Stations"]. Moscow, 1998, ðð. 35—39.
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  4. Belyaev A. Yu., Kashperyuk P.I. Issledovaniya zagryazneniya poverkhnostnogo stoka s territorii AZS (na primere mnogofunktsional'nykh avtozapravochnykh kompleksov «BP» v g. Moskve) [Investigation of Pollution of Surface Runoff Caused by a Filling Station (on the Example of Multifunctional Filling Stations «BP», Moscow)] Sbornik Akademicheskie chteniya N.A. Tsitovicha [Collection of Academic Readings N.A. Tsitovich]. Moscow, 2003, pp.190—194.
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  13. Chernyavskaya T.A. Mesto geoinformatsionnoy sistemy v informatsionnom prostranstve neftegazodobyvayushchey kompanii [Place of GIS in the Information Space of an Oil and Gas Company]. Zhurnal «ArcReview» [Journal "ArcReview"]. 2011, no. 1(56). Available at: http://www.dataplus.ru. Date of access: 01.02.14.
  14. Alekseev V.V., Kurakina N.I., Orlova N.V., Geoinformatsionnaya sistema monitoringa vodnykh ob"ektov i normirovaniya ekologicheskoy nagruzki [The Geoinformational System of Water Objects Monitoring and the Normalization of the Ecological Load]. Zhurnal «ArcReview» [Journal "ArcReview"]. 2006, no. 1(36). Available at: http://www.dataplus.ru. Date of access: 01.02.14
  15. Alekseev V.V., Kurakina N.I., Zheltov E.V. Sistema modelirovaniya rasprostraneniya zagryaznyayushchikh veshchestv i otsenki ekologicheskoy situatsii na baze GIS [System of Simulating the Spread of Pollutants and Estimation of the Ecological Situation on the Basis of GIS]. Informatsionnye tekhnologii modelirovaniya i upravleniya [Information Technologies of Modeling and Control]. Voronezh, 2005, no. 5(23), pp. 765—769.

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Constantly operating geoinformation system for geoenvironment as a tool for pre-project investigations in city infrastructure development (on the example of moscow)

Vestnik MGSU 2/2016
  • Osipov Viktor Ivanovich - Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IEG RAS) Doctor of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, academician, scientific supervisor, Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IEG RAS), 13-2 Ulanskiy pereulok, Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation, P.O.B. 145; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Mironov Oleg Konstantinovich - Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IEG RAS) Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, head, Laboratory of Geoinformatics and Computer Mapping, Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IEG RAS), 13-2 Ulanskiy pereulok, Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation, P.O.B. 145; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Belyaev Valeriy L’vovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Building Design and Urban Development, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye Shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 159-172

The concept of a geoinformation system for urban geoenvironment is concerned. Geological data is necessary for the sustainable development of city infrastructure. The municipal departments should use geological and environmental information for perspective planning, selecting the location for important infrastructure objects, solving ecologycal problems, and in decision making. The concept includes a preliminary list of system’s users, their informational needs, main functionalities, methodical approaches to the system design and development. Geological data must contain source documents from geological archives “as is” and geodata based on its interpretation for various tasks. These data must be checked carefully and updated with new engineering-geological investigations. Geoinformation system must integrate various geological, engineering-geological, hydrogeological, and environmental data. Sophisticated procedures must be provided to check complicated logical dependences in the system database and to analyze contradictions between source documents. 3D modeling is an adequate language for presenting geological data, therefore, the considered system must include 3D models of various scales. In the suggested concept 3D modeling is considered as a tool for investigations, not only for presentations. The end users should have possibilities to get results of their queries in various formats: tables, geological and thematic maps, geological cross-sections, 2D and 3D grids as source data for mathematical modeling, etc. In conclusion, the paper briefly describes IEG RAS activities in GIS technologies for geological cartography and 3D modeling.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.2.159-172

References
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  17. Mironov O.K., Pikulik E.A., Fesel’ K.I. O ponyatii trekhmernoy geologicheskoy karty [On the Concept of a 3-Dimensional Geological Map]. Geodeziya i kartografiya [Geodesy and cartography]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 36—41. (In Russian)
  18. Osipov V.I., Kutepov V.M., Anisimova N.G., Kozhevnikova I.A., Kozlyakova I.V. Rayonirovanie geologicheskoy sredy goroda Moskvy dlya tseley stroitel’stva ob”ektov s zaglublennymi osnovaniyami [Zoning of Moscow Geonvironment for Building of Objects with Deep Fundaments]. Geoekologiya, inzhenernaya geologiya, gidrogeologiya, geokriologiya [Environmental Geoscience: Engineering Geology, Hydrogeology, Geocryology]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 227—237. (In Russian)
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  24. Pozdnyakova I.A., Galitskaya I.V., Mironov O.K., Kostikova I.A., Dorozhko A.L., Batrak G.I., Matveeva L.A., Fesel’ K.I. Vyyavlenie gidrogeologicheskikh okon na osnove krupnomasshtabnogo kartirovaniya geologicheskogo stroeniya i gidrogeologicheskikh usloviy territorii g. Moskvy [Detection of Hydrogeological Windows Based on Large-Scale Geological and Hydrogeological Mapping of Moscow]. Geoekologiya, inzhenernaya geologiya, gidrogeologiya, geokriologiya [Environmental Geoscience: Engineering Geology, Hydrogeology, Geocryology]. 2015, no. 4, pp. 352—364. (In Russian)
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GEOMECHANICAL MONITORING OF UNDERGROUND CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS

Vestnik MGSU 11/2012
  • Potapov Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Manko Artur Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 227 - 235

The authors argue that optimization of monitoring systems is a complicated task, as multiple
factors need to be taken account of at one and the same time. The authors consider a monitoring
system as a system of "supervision" that incorporates a set of tools, as well as registration,
archiving, classification, and analysis of inspection results, inclusive of their comparison with the
projected data, development and implementation of engineering solutions.
The basic goal of any geomechanical monitoring project consists in development of a methodology
of rational arrangement of items of monitoring equipment that employ GIS technologies. The
objective of this research is to apply advanced numerical methods in combination with geographic
information systems with a view to the optimization of a system of monitoring applicable to subterranean
structures. Should the proven methodological and scientific validity of the research findings
be in place, long-term geomechanical projections of the structural behaviour will be feasible. The
proposed methodology may be introduced as a standard method of structural behaviour monitoring
in the course of construction and operation of structures for engineering solutions to be made in the
real-time mode. The principal goal of a monitoring system is the identification of the rock nature,
processes initiated in the medium, their development pattern, and the identification of technical and
economic factors of impact onto the engineering solutions to be made at each stage of engineering
surveys, design, construction and operation of major subterranean structures.
The analysis of calculations made for various loading scenarios have proven that any further
research should take account of a lateral load that is equal to doubled vertical loads.
The research was performed at a subterranean structure composed of two parallel chamber pits.
The analysis of GIS modeling methods has proven that development of GIS projects requires
the employment of statistical methods of the multidimensional analysis. Employment of multidimensional
analysis methods makes it possible to examine the geological features that demonstrate a
high degree of complexity. Terrain modeling requires the employment of models of formal characterization
and differentiation. Identification of positions of geological strata and tectonic dislocations
may be reduced to interpolation and extrapolation.
The model of a subterranean structure is implemented in the GIS and databases, and it incorporates
the data banks entitled "Rock", "Massif", "Structure and Massif", as well as the data banks.
that contain surveying, geological and supplementary information. The GIS also comprises a topographic
site plan, a geologic description of a massif (stratifi cation, lamination, as well as a complete
assessment of each major massif crack).
The subterranean structure of a radioactive waste storage site was the subject of a 3D numerical
experiment. Its results were entered into the GIS project database. Positions and lengths
of extensometers were optimized on the basis of the simulation performed in furtherance of the
methodology developed by the authors. Positions of extensometers were registered in the GIS as
reference points.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.11.227 - 235

References
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