ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

DESIGN OF ENVELOPE STRUCTURES OF BUILDINGS WITH ACCOUNT FOR AND SUBJECT TO THE CONDITIONS OF ACOUSTIC PROTECTION

Vestnik MGSU 12/2012
  • Giyasov Botir Iminzhonovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Architectural and Construction Design, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 287-49-14; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Antonov Aleksandr Ivanovich - Tambov State Technical University (TSTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Architecture and Construction of Buildings; +7 (4752) 63-03-82, +7 (4752)63-04-39, Tambov State Technical University (TSTU), Building E, 112 Michurinskaya St., Tambov, 392032, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Matveeva Irina Vladimirovna - Tambov State Technical University (TGTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Urban and Road Construction, Tambov State Technical University (TGTU), 112 E Michurinskaya street, Tambov, 392032, Russian Federation; +7 (4752) 63-09-20, 63-03-72; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 16 - 21

<br />
The totality of all environmental influences, including domestic and industrial noise, must be taken into account in the design of building structures. Building envelopes that have appropriate acoustic protection properties are to be used in the practice of the acoustic protection (soundproofing, etc.). According to the principles of structural design, design of soundproof buildings can be broken down into the two groups: design with account for the security conditions (eg., windows, doors, walls, floors), and design of noise-proof structures (eg., partitions, suspended ceilings).<br />
<br />
Multi-optional design of building structures or buildings that meet the terms of acoustic protection requires a modern approach to the process of their development. Any progress in this area is associated with computer-aided design supported by multiple analysis options. Automation allows adjustments in order to comply with the variety of the input data or objective functions to provide for optimal cycling options. In this regard, the authors describe the algorithms and principles of design of building envelopes on the condition of and subject to the acoustic protection. The proposed solution represents a software package capable of performing a multivariate analysis of options of acoustic protection at each stage of building design. Practical application of the software package used to solve practical problems in the design of building envelopes has demonstrated its higher efficiency that the one of traditional design methods.<br />

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.12.16 - 21

References
  1. Gorin V.A., Klimenko V.V., Shnurnikova E.P. Izolyatsiya udarnogo shuma mezhdu etazhnymi perekrytiyami s parketnymi polami [Insulation of Impact Noise between Floors of Buildings, if the Floors Are Covered with Parquet]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academy. Architecture and Construction]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 200—203.
  2. Kochkin A.A. Zvukoizolyatsiya sloistykh vibrodempfi rovannykh elementov svetoprozrachnykh ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy [Sound-proofi ng of Laminated Vibration-suppression Elements of Translucent Envelope Structures]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 40—41.
  3. Kochkin A.A. Legkie zvukoizoliruyushchie ograzhdayushchie konstruktsii iz elementov s vibrodempfiruyushchimi sloyami [Lightweight Sound-insulating Building Envelopes Made of Elements That Contain Vibration-suppression Layers]. Izvestiya Yugo-zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Proceedings of the Southwestern State University], no. 5, part 2, pp. 152—156.
  4. Boganik A.G. Effektivnye konstruktsii dlya dopolnitel’noy zvukoizolyatsii pomeshcheniy [Efficient Structures for Additional Sound Insulation of Premises]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2004, no. 10, pp. 18—19.
  5. Kochkin A.A., Shashkova L.E. O povyshenii zvukoizolyatsii ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy [Improvement of Envelope Insulation]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academy. Architecture and Construction]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 198—199.
  6. Kochkin A.A. O proektirovanii zvukoizolyatsii legkikh ograzhdeniy s promezhutochnym dempfiruyushchim sloem [Design of Sound Insulation of Lightweight Envelopes with an Intermediate Damping Layer]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academy. Architecture and Construction]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 191—193.
  7. Startseva O.V., Ovsyannikov S.N. Issledovanie zvukoizolyatsii odnosloynykh i dvukhsloynykh peregorodok [Research of Single and Double-layer Partitions]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Construction of Residential Housing]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 43—46.
  8. Grebnev P.A., Monich D.V. Issledovanie zvukoizoliruyushchikh svoystv mnogosloynykh ograzhdeniy s zhestkim zapolnitelem [Study of Insulating Properties of Multilayer Envelopes with a Hard Filler]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Construction of Residential Housing]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 50—51.
  9. Ledenev V.I. Statisticheskie energeticheskie metody rascheta shumovykh poley pri proektirovanii proizvodstvennykh zdaniy [Statistical Methods of Calculation of Noise Fields in the Design of Industrial Buildings]. Tambov, Tambov State Technical University Publ., 2000, 156 p.
  10. Ledenev V.I., Voronkov A.Yu., Zhdanov A.E. Metod otsenki shumovogo rezhima kvartir [Method of Assessment of Noise Patterns of Flats]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Construction of Residential Housing]. 2004, no. 11, pp. 15—17.

Download

Architectural and engineering principles and innovations in the construction of glass-facade buildings

Vestnik MGSU 11/2015
  • Plotnikov Aleksandr Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, senior research worker, Professor, Department of Civil and Industrial Buildings Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-15

Though the technologies are dynamically developing and there are a lot of research projects, there is still no general opinion on a glass-facade building among the European scientific community, architects and construction engineers. The increasing requirements to heat-protective qualities of translucent structures make us think of the necessity of a quantum leap both in technologies and in principal approaches to the development of architectural and constructive solutions of translucent shells. Together with economical features, the dynamics of heat-protective indicators’ increase show the tendencies to reaching the possibilities limits of mass glass units. The European construction practice usually solve this problem by developing sealed insulating glass units and by different conceptual solutions of the systems of translucent double facades. In the given article the basic theoretical principles and innovative engineering ideas are formulated dealing with the modern glass-facade building construction. “Green Building” conception is analyzed as a European new building philosophy.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.7-15

References
  1. Maritz Vandenberg. Farnsworth House (Architecture in Detail), Mies van der Rohe. Phaidon Press Inc., 2005, 60 p.
  2. Schossing E., Behnisch S., Fisch N. About Energy and Architecture. Profile — Architecture Magazine. Schueco International KG, 2007, no. 5, pp. 11—13.
  3. Benits-Vil’denburg Yu. Noveyshie tekhnologii teploizolyatsii i ventilyatsii s pomoshch’yu okon i fasadov [New Heat Insulating and Ventilation Technologies with the Help of Windows and Facades]. Okna. Dveri. Vitrazhi [Windows. Doors. Stained Glass]. 2008, Business Issue. Available at: http://okna.ua/library/art-novejshie_tehnologii_teploizoljacii_i_1. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  4. Stratiy P.V., Boriskina I.V., Plotnikov A.A. Klimaticheskaya nagruzka na steklopakety [Climatic Load on Insulating Glass Units]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 2, vol. 2, pp. 262—267. (In Russian)
  5. Plotnikov A.A., Stratiy P.V. Raschet klimaticheskoy nagruzki na steklopaket na primere g. Moskvy [Calculating the Climatic Load on Glass Units on the Example of Moscow]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 9, pp. 190—194. (In Russian)
  6. Stratiy P.V., Plotnikov A.A., Boriskina I.V. Issledovanie progibov stekol paketa pri deystvii atmosfernoy sostavlyayushchey klimaticheskoy nagruzki [Investigation of Glass Unit Deflection in the Case of Atmospheric Impact of the Climatic Load]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 33—36. (In Russian)
  7. Aleksandrov Yu.P., Glikin S.M., Drozdov V.A., Tarasov V.P. Konstruktsii s primeneniem steklopaketov [Structures with Insulating Glass Units]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1978, 193 p.(In Russian)
  8. Vakuumnyy steklopaket: budushchee poka tumanno [Sealed Insulating Glass Unit. The Future is still Cloudy]. Okna. Dveri. Fasady [Windows. Doors. Facades]. 21.04.2013. Available at: http://odf.ru/stat_end.php?id=483. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  9. Rossa M. Innovatsionnoe ispol’zovanie stekla: doklad na 2-m spetsializirovannom kongresse «Okna — fasady — steklo» [Innovative Use of Glass: Report on the 2nd Subject-oriented Congress “Windows — Facades — Glass”]. Moscow, 2007. Available at: http://cwe.ru/archive/detail.php?el=1039&phrase_id=439020. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  10. Tenhunen O., Lintula K., Lchtinen T., Lehtovaara J., Viljanen M., Kesti J., Makelainen P.Double Skin Facades — Structures and Building Physics. Conceptual Reference Database for Building Envelope Research. Available at: http://users.encs.concordia.ca/~raojw/crd/reference/reference001114.html. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  11. Basnet Arjun. Architectural Integration of Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal Collector Systems into Buildings: Master’s Thesis in Sustainable Architecture. Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Architecture and Fine Arts, Trondheim, June 2012, 96 p. Available at: https://www.ntnu.no/wiki/download/attachments/48431699/Master-Basnet.pdf?version=1&modificationDate=1339765553175. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  12. Schittich S., Staib G., Balkow D., Schuler M., Sobek D. Glass Construction Manual. Birkhauser Basel, 1999, 328 p.
  13. Aschehoug Ø., Bell D. BP SOLAR SKIN — A facade concept for a sustainable future. SINTEF Report, May 2003. Available at: http://www.sintef.no/upload/BP%20Solar%20Skin%20-%20Final%20Report.pdf. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  14. RENSON. Reference book, 2nd ed. Waregem, Belgium, 2008. Available at: http://www.rensonuk.net/reference-books-referencebook-2008.html. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  15. Innovations / Energy2: Saving Energy — Generating Energy. Schüco International KG. 35 p. Available at: https://www.alukoenigstahl.com/AKS/UI/AKSImage.aspx?TabID=0&Alias=Stahl&Lang=hr-HR&Domain=hr&ec=1&imageID=53a7a6f9-54ee-4ac7-935d-96855e8a7546. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  16. Boriskina I.V., Plotnikov A.A., Zakharov A.V. Proektirovanie sovremennykh okonnykh sistem grazhdanskikh zdaniy [Design of Modern Window Systems of Civil Buildings]. Kiev, Domashevskaya O.A. Publ., 2005, 312 p. (In Russian)

Download

SUBSTANTIATION OF DESIGN MEASURES TO INCREASE ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF EXTERIOR WALLS

Vestnik MGSU 11/2017 Volume 12
  • Musorina Tat'yana Aleksandrovna - Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) postgraduate student, Hydraulics and Strength Department, Civil Engineering Institute, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), 29 Politechnicheskaya str., St. Petersburg, 195251, Russian Federation.
  • Gamayunova Ol'ga Sergeevna - Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) senior lecturer, Department of Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures, Civil Engineering Institute, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), 29 Politechnicheskaya str., St. Petersburg, 195251, Russian Federation.
  • Petrichenko Mikhail Romanovich - Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Hydraulics and Strength Department, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), 29 Politechnicheskaya str., St. Petersburg, 195251, Russian Federation.

Pages 1269-1277

Subject: multi-layer building envelope is the subject of the paper. Recently, in the context of energy conservation policies, the heat engineering requirements for enveloping structures of buildings and structures have significantly increased. At the same time, their moisture condition has a significant impact on the operational properties of materials of structures and on microclimate of rooms constrained by these structures. Research objectives: emphasize importance of the task of predicting the temperature and moisture condition of the walling at the stage of design and construction of building envelopes. In this paper, the temperature distributions in layered walls are analyzed. Materials and methods: to achieve the objectives, computational and experimental studies are conducted. By alternating (rearranging) layers and preserving the thermal resistance of the wall on the whole, we find the optimal alternation of layers that minimizes deviation of the maximum wall temperature from the average temperature. Results: for the optimal location of layers in the wall’s structure, the moisture penetration into the wall is minimal or absent altogether. This is possible if the heat-insulating layer is mounted on the outer surface of the structure. Conclusions: the obtained results of computational and experimental studies allow us to verify appropriateness of accounting for alternation of layers in multilayer structures. These calculations proved that the higher the average temperature level, the more energy-efficient the structure will be.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.11.1269-1277

Download

Control of thermal resistance of building envelopes according to heat comfort in a premise

Vestnik MGSU 2/2016
  • Perekhozhentsev Anatoliy Georgievich - Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE) Doctor of technical sciences, Honorary Figure of Russian Higher Education, member, the Union of Architects of Russia, Professor, chair, Department of the Architecture of Buildings and Structures, Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE), 1 Akademicheskaya str., 400074, Volgograd, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 173-185

Setting standards of thermal resistance of building envelopes is a current task related with energy saving and energy efficiency of building envelopes. The problem of choosing the factor determining the standard thermal resistance also stays current even after updating of the Construction Norms. The author consider the concept of norming the thermal resistance of building envelope, in which the temperature of the inner surface of a building envelope providing comfortable temperature conditions in premises. The main task of an architect, who is designing an energy efficient building envelope is providing comfortable conditions in premises both in cold and warm periods of the year. The temperature of the inner surface of building envelopes should be included into the construction norms as the main criterion providing comfortable air temperature in premises.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.2.173-185

References
  1. Gagarin V.G. O nedostatochnoy obosnovannosti povyshennykh trebovaniy k teplozashchite naruzhnykh sten zdaniy [On the Lack up Inadequate Rationale of the Raised Requirements to the Thermal Protection of the Outside Walls of the Buildings]. Problemy stroitel’noy teplofiziki sistem mikroklimata i energosberezheniya v zdaniyakh : sbornik dokladov 3-y nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (23—25 aprelya 1998 g.) [Problems of Construction Thermal Physics of Microclimate Systems and Energy Saving in Buildings : Collection of Reports of the 3rd Science and Practice Conference (April 23—25, 1998)]. Moscow, GASNTI Publ., 1998, pp. 69—94. (In Russian)
  2. Brodach M.M. VIIKKI — novyy vzglyad na energosberezhenie [VIIKKI — New View on Energy Saving]. AVOK : Ventilyatsiya, otoplenie, konditsionirovanie vozdukha, teplosnabzhenie i stroitel’naya teplofizika [AVOK : Ventilation, Heating, Air Conditioning, Heat Supply and Construction Thermal Physics]. 2002, no. 6, pp. 14—20. (In Russian)
  3. Prokhorov V.I. Oblik energosberezheniya. Aktual’nye problemy stroitel’noy teplofiziki [The Concept of Energy Saving. Current Problems of Construction Thermal Physics]. Akademicheskie chteniya : sbornik dokladov 7-y nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (18—20 aprelya 2002 g.) [Academic Readings : Collection of the Reports of the 7th Science and Practice Conference (April 18—20, 2002)]. Moscow, 2002, pp. 73—93. (In Russian)
  4. Uvarov A.V., Stavtsev D.A., Kuznetsov D.I. Problemy ekonomii tepla v sisteme ZhKKh [Problems of Heat Saving in Housing and Utilities Infrastructure]. Stroitel’naya fizika v XXI veke : materialy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Construction Physics in the 21st Century : Materials of Science and Technical Conference]. Moscow, NIISF RAASN Publ., 2006, pp. 212—216. (In Russian)
  5. Gorshkov A.S., Livchak V.I. Istoriya, evolyutsiya i razvitie normativnykh trebovaniy k ograzhdayushchim konstruktsiyam [History, Evolution and Development of the Requirements to Building Envelopes]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2015, no. 3 (30), pp. 7—37. (In Russian)
  6. Energeticheskaya strategiya Rossii na period do 2020 goda [Energy Strategy of Russia for the Period up to 2020]. Moscow, GUIES ; Energiya Publ., 2003, 135 p. (In Russian)
  7. Banhidi L. Teplovoy mikroklimat pomeshcheniy : raschet komfortnykh parametrov po teplooshchushcheniyam cheloveka [Thermal Microclimate of Premises. Calculus of the Comfort Parameters of Human Thermal Feelings]. Translated from English. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1981, 248 p. (In Russian)
  8. Fanger P.O. Thermal Comfort. McGrowHill, 1970, 244 p.
  9. SanPiN 2.1.2.2645-10. Sanitarno-epidemiologicheskie trebovaniya k usloviyam prozhivaniya v zhilykh zdaniyakh i pomeshcheniyakh. Sanitarno-epidemiologicheskie pravila i normativy [Sanitary Rules and Regulations SanPiN 2.1.2.2645-10. Sanitary Epidemiologic Requirements to the Living Conditions in Residential Buildings and Premises. Sanitary Epidemiologic Rules and Norms]. (In Russian)
  10. Andrskevicius R., Bielinskis F. Investigation of Temperature Variations in Heated Rooms. Pap. of 4th conf. of VGTU. 2000, pp. 215—222.
  11. Keller B., Magyari E. A Simple Calculation Method of General Validity for the Design-Parameters of a Room/Building, Minimizing Its Energy and Power Demand for Heating and Cooling in a Given Climate. Zurich, 1998, 57 p.
  12. Samarin O.D. Teplofizika. Energosberezhenie. Energoeffektivnost’ [Thermal Physics. Energy Saving. Energy Efficuency]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009, 292 p. (Biblioteka nauchnykh proektov i razrabotok MGSU) [Library of Scientific Projects and Developments of MGSU]. (In Russian)
  13. Perekhozhentsev A.G. Metodika rascheta raspredeleniya temperatury v mnogosloynykh ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiyakh zdaniy s uchetom vliyaniya infil’tratsii kholodnogo vozdukha [Methods of Calculating Temperature Distributions in Multilayered Enveloping Structures of Buildings with Account for the Influence of Cold Air Infiltration]. Teoreticheskie osnovy teplosnabzheniya i ventilyatsii : materialy 2-oy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Theoretical Foundations of Heat Supply and Ventilation : Materials of the 2nd International Science and Technical Conference]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2007. (In Russian)
  14. Jaraminieme E., Juodis E. The Discrepancy between Design Heat Demand and Actual Heat Consumption Due To Air Infiltration. Pap. of Conf. of VGTU. 2008, vol. II, pp. 804—809.
  15. Zhukov A.N. Vliyanie klimaticheskikh osobennostey Volgogradskoy oblasti na temperaturnyy rezhim sovmeshchennykh pokrytiy zdaniy [Influence of the Climatic Features of Volgograd Region on the Temperature Regime of Combined Building Shells]. Tekhnicheskie nauki — ot teorii k praktike : materialy XII Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (30 iyulya 2012 g.) [Technical Sciences — from Theory to Practice : Materials of the 12th International Science and Practical Conference (July 30, 2012)]. Novosibirsk, 2012, pp. 67—70. (In Russian)
  16. Fokin K.F. Stroitel’naya teplotekhnika ograzhdayushchikh chastey zdaniy [Construction Heat Engineering of Building Envelopes]. 5th edition, revised. Moscow, AVOK-Press Publ., 2006, 250 p. (Tekhnicheskaya biblioteka NP «AVOK») [Technical Library of “AVOK”] (In Russian)
  17. Ramanauskas R. Efficient Use of Rotary Heat Exchangers. Pap. of REHVA’S General Assembly. 2004, pp. 360—366.
  18. GOST 30494—96. Zdaniya zhilye i obshchestvennye. Parametry mikroklimata v pomeshcheniyakh [Russian State Standard GOST 30494—96. Residential and Public Buildings. Microclimatic Parameters in Premises]. Moscow, MNTKS Publ., 1996, 23 p. (In Russian)
  19. Blazi V. Spravochnik proektirovshchika. Stroitel’naya fizika [Reference Book of a Designer. Structural Physics]. Translated from German. Moscow, Tekhnosfera Publ., 2005, 535 p. (Mir stroitel’stva) [The World of Construction] (In Russian)
  20. Petras D., Matej P. The Optimization of the Heat Pump Operation in Low-Temperature Heating Systems. Pap. of REHVA’S General Assembly. 2004, pp. 346—351.
  21. Belyaev N.V., Fursov V.V. O raznoobrazii prichin obrazovaniya povrezhdeniy nesushchikh ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy [On the Diversity of the Reasons of Damages of Bearing Enveloping Structures]. Vestnik SibADI [SibADI Journal]. 2013, no. 5 (33), pp. 45—51. (In Russian)
  22. Energetika i energosberezhenie: polozhenie na segodnyashniy den’ i puti dal’neyshego razvitiya [Energy Industry and Energy Saving: the Present-Day State and Ways of Future Development]. Energoeffektivnost’: opyt, problemy, resheniya [Energy Efficiency: Experience, Problems, Solutions]. 2007, no. 1—2, pp. 79—94. (In Russian)

Download

Results 1 - 4 of 4