SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

STATE POLICY FUNDAMENTALS IN FORMATION OF A NATIONAL STANDARD OF "GREEN CONSTRUCTION" FOR ASSESSMENT OF ITEMS OF REAL PROPERTY

Vestnik MGSU 12/2012
  • Kolchigin Mikhail Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) assistant lecturer, Department of Construction of Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Benuzh Andrey Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) engineer, Department of Construction of Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 177 - 181

The authors analyze the problem of implementation of principles of "green construction" in the Russian Federation. Despite the availability of the appropriate legislation in the field of environmental safety of construction, there are no legal, social, or economic incentives that may boost development of "green" technologies.
Until recently, fundamentals of the state policy in the field of environmental protection of real estate development have not succeeded in motivating market players to implement advanced green technologies.
However, recently, the government has begun motivating the construction industry towards the use of "green" technologies. The first activity is aimed at improving the legislation and updating the international voluntary certification according to BREAM and LEED standards.
The result is the acceptance of the National Green Building Standard for real estate valuation that will open up new opportunities and prospects to the participants of the construction market. However, at the initial phase of implementation of "Fundamentals of the State Policy in the Field of Environmental Development of the Russian Federation", government authorities should provide their support to proponents of green buildings, including financial inflows.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.12.177 - 181

References
  1. Obrashchenie Moskovskoy gorodskoy dumy ot 21.02.2007 ¹ 5 «O prinyatii mer po prekrashcheniyu nezakonnoy gradostroitel’noy deyatel’nosti na territoriyakh Balashikhinskogo rayona, granichashchikh s natsional’nym parkom «Losinyy ostrov» [Address of Moscow City Duma no. 5 of 21.02.2007 «Actions Banning any Illegal Urban Development Activities in Balashikha District Area Bordering “Losinyy Ostrov” National Park].
  2. Kholopova E.N., Zakharova V.A. Ekologicheskaya ekspertiza: teoriya i praktika pravoprimeneniya [Environmental Review: Theory and Practice of Law Enforcement]. Ekspert kriminalist [Forensic Expert]. 2010, no. 2, pp. 28—32.
  3. Veklenko V.V., Popov I.V. Mesto ugolovnoy otvetstvennosti v sisteme yuridicheskoy otvetstvennosti, vozlagaemoy za ekologicheskie pravonarusheniya [Position of the Criminal Liability in the System of Legal Responsibility Imposed for Environmental Offenses]. Rossiyskiy sledovatel’ [Russian Investigator]. 2007, no. 24, pp. 2—9.
  4. Braun V.K., Polyakov A.N. Ekologicheskaya premiya zastroyshchika [Environmental Bonus for Builders]. Rukovoditel’ stroitel’noy organizatsii [Construction Company Executive]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 14—20.
  5. Telichenko V.I., Potapov A.D., Slesarev M.Yu., Shcherbina E.V. Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost’ stroitel’stva [Environmental Safety of Construction]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2009, 311 p.
  6. Matiyashchuk S.V. Kommentariy k Federal’nomu zakonu ot 23 noyabrya 2009 g. ¹ 261-FZ «Ob energosberezhenii i o povyshenii energeticheskoy effektivnosti i o vnesenii izmeneniy v otdel’nye zakonodatel’nye akty Rossiyskoy Federatsii» (postateynyy) [Commentary on the Federal Law no. 261-FZ of November 23, 2009 “On Energy Saving and Improvement of Energy Efficiency and on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation” (itemized)]. Moscow, Yustitsinform Publ., 2010, 208 p.
  7. Bol’sherotov A.L. Sistemy otsenki ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti stroitel’stva [Systems of Evaluation of Environmentally Safe Construction]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, 216 p.
  8. Donovan F. Our Uncertain Future: Can Good Planning Create Sustainable Communities? University of Illinois, 2009, pp. 3—7.
  9. Paul F. Downtown Ecopolis: Architecture and Cities for a Changing Climate. Springer, New York, 2009, 628 p.

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ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPT OF "GREEN" CONSTRUCTION AS A VEHICLE TO ENSURE THE ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES

Vestnik MGSU 12/2012
  • Benuzh Andrey Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) engineer, Department of Construction of Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kolchigin Mikhail Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) assistant lecturer, Department of Construction of Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 161 - 165

The authors demonstrate that the number of buildings in the world exceeds one billion according to the statistical data; their potential negative impact on the environment can be disastrous; moreover, the main cause of the ever-growing demand for buildings consists in the constant growth of the world population that makes the global environmental situation even more complicated.
As a main conception, the authors focus on the concept of sustainable development. They consider that the core idea of this concept is that the present-day generation should do everything in their power to preserve the natural environment and its resources for the future generations. The authors mention that back in the middle of the 20th century academician V.I. Vernadsky formulated the concept of the noosphere closely linked to the notion of sustainable development.
According to the authors, "green" construction can be considered as a vehicle for sustainable development of territories that accommodate construction sites. The authors define "green" construction as a comprehensive system of knowledge structured on the basis of design and construction standards. "Green" buildings demonstrate their high construction quality along with minimal costs and maximal comfort. Although a "green" technology is a new and not the simplest way of development, it has proven its incredible efficiency.
The major achievement of the authors consists in the classification of principles, approaches and available technologies that can be applied or are applied in the "green" construction to ensure the environmental safety of construction activities. The authors have also selected environmental, economic and social benefits of "green" construction and provided their recommendations concerning the implementation of "green" technologies in Russia.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.12.161 - 165

References
  1. Guarnieri Timothy J. The Real Cost of Sustainable Development. AACE International Transactions, 2008, pp. 1—7.
  2. Telichenko V.I., Potapov A.D., Slesarev M.Yu., Shcherbina E.V. Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost’ stroitel’stva [Environmental Safety of Construction]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2009, 311 p.
  3. Telichenko V.I. Ot ekologicheskogo i «zelenogo» stroitel’stva — k ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti stroitel’stva [From Ecological and “Green” Construction to Environmental Safety of Construction]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering] 2011, no 2, pp. 47—51.
  4. Lockwood C. Building the Green Way. Harvard Business Publishing, 2006, pp. 129—135.
  5. Amanjeet Singh, Matt Syal, Sue C. Grady, Sinem Korkmaz. Effects of Green Buildings on Employee Health and Productivity, Am J Public Health, 2010, pp. 1665—1668.
  6. Ya. Roderick, David McEwan, Craig Wheatley, Carlos Alonso. A Comparative Study of Building Energy Performance. Building simulation, 2010, pp. 1167—1176.
  7. Alexia Nalewaik, Valerie Venters. Costs and Benefi ts of Green Building. AACE International Transactions. 2008, pp. 248—256.

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