SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

Trophic chain and sea environment self-cleaning factors

Vestnik MGSU 5/2014
  • Pogorel'tsev Yuriy Romanovich - Sochi State University (SSU) postgraduate student, Department of Real Estate Inspection and Management, Sochi State University (SSU), 26 a Sovetskaya Str., Sochi, 354000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shevtsov Viktor Sergeevich - Sochi State University (SSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head, Department of Real Estate Inspection and Management, Sochi State University (SSU), 26 a Sovetskaya Str., Sochi, 354000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 119-126

This article considers the main aspects of the process of self-purification in the marine environment. It describes mechanics of biogenic elements of the marine environment in the process of production and destruction of autochthonous and allochthonous organic matter. This article discusses organics and flows of energy, which migrate to the trophic chain of the marine environment in the process of self-purification. And it shows the individual elements of the process of self-purification in the marine environment and the factors influencing it. In the article it is noted that self-cleaning of water environment happens due to the cycling of matter in the pond. It is emphasized that tension, focus and self-purification completeness are regulated by biotic turnover and energy turnover, which is determined by the type of limnological type of reservoir, geographical features (climate conditions), geophysical and anthropogenic impacts. The article notes that the more diverse system of organisms is, the fuller the compounds’ decay is. This property of organisms to complement each other is called buffering of the system. Complex system of organisms cope better with organic and bacterial contamination, but is less responsive to insertion nutrients; biotic cycle in complex systems is more intense. Bacterial community plays the major role in the process of self-purification of biological marine environments. They are the major element of the coastal zone ecosystems. This article shows that during the growth of bacterial populations most of the energy supplied to the aquatic ecosystems with auto- and allochthonous organic matter is processed. The bacteria prepare the conditions for the development of other organisms of water biocenosis. Concentration of the organic substrate regulates the growth rate of bacteria. Bacterial self-cleaning depends on the total number of microorganisms or their separate groups, locally contained in the marine environment.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.5.119-126

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