PROBLEMS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Creative technologies of the initial stages of architectural education

Vestnik MGSU 1/2014
  • Semeshkina Tat'yana Vladimirovna - International Slav Institute (MSI) Vice-dean, Department of Design, International Slav Institute (MSI), 9 – 25 Godovikov St, Moscow. 129085, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tkachev Valentin Nikitovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Architecture, Professor, Department of Design of Buildings and Town Planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 209-215

On the basis of the scheme of mental map the methodological sequence of educational technologies on the initial stages of high school training on architectural discipline is considered. Dichotomy of architectural activity is specified: both design and implementation process supervising.Professional consciousness of an architect is a subject of development, analysis and selection of design options and an object of creative skills accumulation, both orthodox, which includes mastering of technical disciplines and compositional−art skills, and transcendental, supervised by psychological mechanisms, in particular, associative thinking.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.1.209-215

References
  1. N?llke M. Kreativit?tstechniken. Lizenzausgabe des Rudolf Haufe Verlags, Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Freiburg, 2003, 140 s.
  2. Grishin S.F. Da, ya vsegda byl optimistom [Yes, I've Always Been an Optimist]. Vestnik «Zodchiy 21 vek» [Bulletin "Architect 21st Century"]. 2007, vol. 2 (24), p. 98.
  3. Al'tshuler G.S. Tvorchestvo kak tochnaya nauka [Art as Exact Science]. Moscow, Sovetskoe Radio Publ., 1979, 175 p.
  4. Krinskiy V.F., Lamtsov I.V., Turkus M.A. Elementy arkhitekturno-prostranstvennoy kompozitsii [Elements of Architectural and Spatial Composition]. Moscow, 1934, 232 p.
  5. Stepanov A.V., editor. Ob"emno-prostranstvennaya kompozitsiya [Volumetric and Spatial Composition]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1993, 255 p.
  6. Sarkisov S.K. Osnovy arkhitekturnoy evristiki [Fundamentals of Architectural Heuristics]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2004, 352 p.
  7. Ponomarev Ya.A. Psikhologicheskiy mekhanizm tvorchestva [The Psychological Mechanism of Creativity]. Chelovek v sisteme nauk [Human in the System of Sciences]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1989, 504 p.
  8. Ganzen V.A. Sistemnye opisaniya v psikhologii [System Descriptions in Psychology]. Leningrad, LenGU Publ., 1984, 176 p.
  9. Tkachev V.N., Semeshkina T.V. Assotsiatsii v arkhitekture i dizayne [Associations in Architecture and Design]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2011, 224 p.
  10. Hesselgren S. Man's Perseption on Man-made Environment. An Architectural Theory. London, 1975, 213 p.

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Point rating system as the training monitoring basis of the athletes of the national pickedwrestling team of MGSU

Vestnik MGSU 2/2014
  • Barkov Aleksandr Yur'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Physical Culture and Sports, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 225-239

The article presents the point rating system for the students-athletes of the Department of Sport Development in Wrestling, which used various indicators of the wrestlers all-around training. The training is divided into a number of modules: speed qualities and endurance; speed-strength quality and flexibility; technical training; functional training; agility and coordination; theoretical training; personal characteristics, moral, strongwilled preparation and self-preparation.Each module corresponds to a certain number of points: from 0 to 20,from 0 to 15,from 0 to 10,from 0 to 5.Using the proposed point rating system evaluation for the students-athletes in wrestling, the training level of the athletes in each of the modules is determined. The range of point values, corresponding to the maximum form are 90—100 points ("excellent").Evaluation of the "good" range is 70—89 points, "satisfactory" — 50—69 points, disappointing — from 0 to 49 points.The authors offer the comparative analysis of the dynamics of high-speed performance and endurance, speed-strength qualities, functional training, agility and coordination, theoretical training and personal qualities of the academic team in wrestling during the summer and training camp of 2013.The objective information, obtained from the routine tests of physical, psychological and functional status of an athlete, the major indicators of his physical fitness, gives the opportunity to effectively manage the training process improvement of the athletes, ensures the steady increase of sportsmanship.The research results of the functional training and the physical qualities of studentsathletes during the preparatory stage of the training help to make the necessary adjustments in time and to bring the wrestlers to the top form till the main student competition.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.2.225-239

References
  1. Brouha L., Graybiel A., Heath C.W. The Step Test: A Simple Method of Measuring Physical Fitness for Hard Muscular Work in Adult Men. Rev. Canada, Biol., 1943, vol. 2, pp. 86—92.
  2. Ellestad M.H. Stress Testing. Principles and Practice. Philadelphia, 1979. 273 p.
  3. Kuptsov A.P., Mindishvili B.G., Gruznykh G.M., Podlivaev B.A. Bor'ba vol'naya: primernaya programma [Freestyle Wrestling: Tentative Program]. Sovetskiy sport [Soviet Sport]. Moscow, 2005, pp. 96—124, 36—47.
  4. Piloyan R.A., Sukhanov A.D. Mnogoletnyaya podgotovka sportsmenov — edinobortsev. Uchebnoe ðosobie [Long-term Training of Combat Athletes. Teaching Guide]. Malakhovka, MGAFK Publ., 1999, pp. 51—54.
  5. Podlivaev B.A., Gruznykh G.M. Greko-rimskaya bor'ba: primernaya programma sportivnoy podgotovki dlya detsko-yunosheskikh sportivnykh shkol, spetsializirovannykh detsko-yunosheskikh shkol olimpiyskogo rezerva [Greco-Roman Wrestling: Tentative Program of Athletic Training for Children's and Youth Sports Schools of Olympic Reserve]. Sovetsky sport [Soviet Sport]. Moscow, 2004, pp. 112—120.
  6. Kashevko V.A. Analiz strukturi zmagal'noi diyal'nosti i metodologiya sistemi navchannya tekhniko-taktichnikh diy u vil'niy borot'bi [Analysis of the System of Activities and Methodology of Technical and Tactical Actions in Freestyle Wrestling]. Molodaya sportivnaya nauka Ukraini [Young Sports Science of Ukraine]. 2008, no. 1, pp.150—154.
  7. Novikov A.A., Oleynik V.G., Kargin N.N., Patratiy R.S. Modelirovanie v sportivnoy bor'be [Simulation in Wrestling]. Sportivnaya bor'ba: Sbornik statey [Wrestling; Collection of Articles]. Moscow, FiS Publ., 1984, pp. 62—65.
  8. Yukhno Yu.A., Chochariy Z.Yu., Krutov V.V. Nadezhnost' vypolneniya tekhnicheskikh deystviy i uroven' razvitiya silovykh kachestv v sportivnoy bor'be [Reliability of Technical Actions Performance and the Level of Strength Qualities Development in Wrestling]. Materialy mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii «Fizichna kul'tura, sport ta zdorov'ya natsii» [Materials of the International Scientific and Practical Conference “Physical Training, Sport and Health of the Nation]. Vinnytsia, 1994, pp. 460—462.
  9. Litvinov V.A., Tkachenko Yu.A., Kuznetsova V.I. Ispol'zovanie ball'no-reytingovoy sistemy v uchebnom protsesse po fizicheskomu vospitaniyu v vuze [The Use of Point Rating System in the Physical Educational Process in Institutions of Higher Education]. Sbornik materialov nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii MGSU 21-22 iyunya [Collection of Materials of the Scientific Conference of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, 21-22 June]. Moscow, 2012, vol. 5, pp. 24—28.
  10. Barkov A.Yu., Shchelkunov I.I. Razrabotka ball'no-reytingovoy sistemy otsenki fizicheskoy i spetsial'noy podgotovki studentov — sportsmenov KSS po vol'noy bor'be [The Use of Point Rating System in Estimating Physical and Special Training of the Students of the Department of Physical Development in Wrestling]. Sbornik materialov nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii MGSU 20-21 iyunya [Collection of Materials of the Scientific Conference of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, 21-22 June]. Moscow, 2013, vol. 6, pp. 151—156.
  11. Barkov A.Yu. Analiz podgotovlennosti sportsmenov sbornoy komandy MGSU po vol'noy bor'be s ispol'zovaniem BRS [Training Analysis of the Athletes of the Picked Wrestling Team of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering using Point Rating System]. Sbornik materialov nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii MGSU 20-21 iyunya [Collection of Materials of the Scientific Conference of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, 21-22 June]. Moscow, 2013, vol. 6, pp. 124—145.

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Organization of the independent work of students while studying engineering graphics

Vestnik MGSU 1/2015
  • Tel’noy Viktor Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Military Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Rychkova Anzhelika Vital’evna - Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE) Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Automated Systems for Information Processing and Management, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), 36 Stremyanny pereulok, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 120-128

The article reveals the possibility of creating and implementing teaching conditions for the rational organization of the independent work of first-year students in state of adaptation to the study of the course of engineering drawing. Theoretical and methodological aspects of students’ independent work are presented: types and forms of organization and control, training and methodological support of their independent work. The authors used such an approach to independent work organization: teacher-led classes during the main types of training activities (lectures, practical and laboratory work); form of organization of training (extracurricular), and also self study using innovative teaching methods promotes creative activities of students and the development of competencies of a future skilled construction industry professional. The role of modern information and communication technologies in independent work of students was specified. According to the degree of coverage of students, taking into account individual characteristics and different levels of preparedness, the following forms of independent work organization were detached: individual, differentiated and front.In the process of engineering graphics studying it is recommended to use the following basic forms of independent work: ongoing work with the lecture material; selection and study of literature and electronic sources of information on the problems of the discipline; preparation for the main classroom training; performing calculation and graphic works; work in student scientific societies and carrying out research work; participation in scientific conferences, seminars and other. Emphasis on the formation of students’ skills in working with different types of educational and scientific literature, the ability to analyze, organize information in electronical library systems, open educational resources.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.1.120-128

References
  1. Bukharova G.D. Organizatsiya samostoyatel’noy raboty pri obuchenii bakalavrov [Organization of Independent Work in the Process of Bachelors Training]. Sovremennye tekhnologii professional’nogo obrazovaniya: problemy i perspektivy : materialy nauchno-metodicheskoy konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem [Modern Technologies for Vocational Education: Problems and Prospects: Proceedings of Scientific-Methodical Conference with International Participation]. Ekaterinburg, UGLTU Publ., 2014, pp. 153—157. Available at: http://elar.usfeu.ru/handle/123456789/3081. Date of access: 31.10.2014. (In Russian)
  2. Tel’noy V.I. Novye podkhody k izucheniyu distsipliny «Inzhenernaya grafika» s ispol’zovaniem sovremennykh informatsionnykh tekhnologiy [New Approaches to the Study of Engineering Graphics Using Advanced Information Technologies]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 8, pp. 168—176. (In Russian)
  3. Levina L.M. Innovative Aspects of the Students’ Independent Work in the Context of the Bologna Process and the Modernization of Higher Education. Bulletin of the Nizhny Novgorod University named after N.I. Lobachevsky. 2010, no. 6, pp. 17—22.
  4. Egorova I.P. Organizatsiya samostoyatel’noy raboty studentov mladshikh kursov [Organization of Independent Work of Undergraduate Students]. Innovatsii v obrazovanii [Innovations in Education]. 2013, no. 2, pp. 32—46. (In Russian)
  5. Bobienko O.M. Organizatsiya samostoyatel’noy raboty studentov v usloviyakh vvedeniya federal’nykh gosudarstvennykh obrazovatel’nykh standartov novogo pokoleniya [Organization of the Independent Work of Students in Terms of Implementation of the Federal State Educational Standards for a New Generation]. Vestnik TISBI [Proceedings of TISBI University of Management]. 2011, no. 3. Available at: http://old.tisbi.org/science/vestnik/2011/issue3/Bobienko.pdf. Date of access: 29.04.2013. (In Russian)
  6. Vorotilkina I.M. Samostoyatel’nost’ studentov v uchebnom protsesse [Independence of Students in the Learning Process]. Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii [Higher Education in Russia]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 92—97. (In Russian)
  7. Efremova O.N. Opyt organizatsii samostoyatel’noy raboty studentov [Experience in the Organization of Independent Work of Students]. Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii [Higher Education in Russia]. 2013, no. 8—9, pp. 160—162. (In Russian)
  8. Shcherbakova E.V. Osobennosti organizatsii samostoyatel’noy raboty studentov po pedagogicheskim distsiplinam [Features of Independent Work Organization of the Students in Pedagogical Disciplines]. Aktual’nye voprosy sovremennoy psikhologii: materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii (Chelyabinsk, mart 2011 g.) [Current problems of modern psychology: proceedings of the International Scientific Conference (Chelyabinsk, March, 2011)]. Chelyabinsk, Dva komsomol’tsa Publ., 2011, pp. 139—141. Available at: http://www.moluch.ru/conf/psy/archive/30/84/. Date of access: 29.10.2014. (In Russian)
  9. Asanaliev M.K., Sozcu Z., Sozcu O.F. Management Technology of Students’ Independent Work. European Researcher. 2012, no. 9—2 (29), pp. 1436—1443.
  10. Miller L., Olson J. Putting the Computer in Its Place: A Study of Teaching with Technology. Journal of Curriculum Studies. 1994, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 121—141. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0022027940260201.
  11. Belyaev A.V. Vneauditornaya rabota studentov: traditsii i innovatsii [Extracurricular Work of Students: Traditions and Innovations]. Alma Mater. 2013, no. 10, pp. 40—44. (In Russian)
  12. Politsinskaja E.V. Organization of Independent Work of the Students Using Individual Educational Plans. World Applied Sciences Journal. 2013, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 871—874. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5829/idosi.wasj.2013.25.06.13356.
  13. Aleksandrov I.V., Strokina V.R., Afanas’eva A.M., Tuchkov S.V. Opyt organizatsii problemno-orientirovannoy vneauditornoy deyatel’nosti studentov [Experience in Organizing Problem-Oriented Extracurricular Activities of Students]. Innovatsii v obrazovanii [Innovations in Education]. 2013, no. 4, pp. 120—127. (In Russian)
  14. Kovalenko A.A., Koroteev V.I., Novozhilov A.E., Ryzhkov V.M. «Samostoyatel’naya rabota studenta» i elektronnoe obuchenie [“Independent Work of Students” and E-Learning]. Alma Mater. 2013, no. 7, pp. 108—112. (In Russian)
  15. Buldygina S.V. Samostoyatel’naya rabota uchashchikhsya v kontekste issle-dovatel’skoy i proektnoy deyatel’nosti [Independent Work of Students in the Context of Research and Design Activity]. Pedagogika [Pedagogy]. 2012, no. 9, pp. 122—124. (In Russian)
  16. Tel’noy V.I. Ispol’zovanie didakticheskikh printsipov pri izuchenii gosudarstvennykh standartov eskd i spds v kurse inzhenernoy grafiki [Using Didactic Principles in the Study of State Standards for the Unified System of Design Documentation and the System of Design Documentation for Civil Engineering in the Course of Engineering Graphics]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 255—262.
  17. Tel’noy V.I., Rychkova A.V., Kutkina N.A. O primenenii sovremennykh informatsionnykh tekhnologiy pri provedenii zanyatiy po komp’yuternoy grafike [On the Application of Modern Information Technologies for Conducting Classes in Computer Graphics]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov VIII Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Collection of Scientific Works of the 8th International Scientific and Practical Conference]. Moscow, MGU Publ., 2013, vol. 2, pp. 285—291. (In Russian)
  18. Rychkova A.V. Sovershenstvovanie metodiki prepodavaniya distsipliny «Inzhenernaya i komp’yuternaya grafika» [Improvement of Teaching Technique of the Discipline “Engineering and Computer Graphics”]. Sovershenstvovanie podgotovki IT-spetsialistov po napravleniyu «Prikladnaya informatika» dlya innovatsionnoy ekonomiki : sbornik nauchnykh trudov VIII Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Improvement of Preparation of IT-Experts in the Specialty “Applied Informatics” for the Innovation Economy: Collection of Scientific Works of the 8th International Scientific and Practical Conference]. Moscow, MESI Publ., 2012, pp. 140—144. (In Russian)
  19. Asanaliev M.K., Zhamenkeev E.K., Zhumagalieva Zh.Zh. Educational Technique of Students’ Independent Cognitive Work Results Measurement in the Course of RMSI Learning. European Researcher. 2013, vol. 49, no. 5—2, pp. 1372—1378.
  20. Zakhodzhaya T.M. Independent Work of Students in Terms of the Educational Process in the System of Credit and Test Units. Successes of Modern Science. 2008, no. 7, pp. 112—113.
  21. Tel’noy V.I. Osobennosti lektsiy kak vida uchebnoy raboty po graficheskim distsiplinam so studentami zaochnoy formy obucheniya [Lectures Features as a Type of Training in Graphic Disciplines with Extra-Mural Students]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 12, pp. 171—179. (In Russian)
  22. Berkovich V.N. Samostoyatel’naya rabota zaochnikov v usloviyakh informatizatsii uchebnogo protsessa [Independent Work of Extra-Mural Students in the Conditions of Educational Process Informational Support]. Informatika i obrazovanie [Informatics and Education]. 2007, no. 6, pp. 30—33. (In Russian)

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Some new approaches to generating the redox reactions equations

Vestnik MGSU 3/2015
  • Elfimov Valeriy Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering (MAMI) Candidate of Chemical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of General and Analytical Chemistry, Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering (MAMI), 38 Bol’shaya Semenovskaya str., Moscow, 107023, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Myasoedov Evgeniy Mikhaylovich - Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering (MAMI); Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Chemical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of General and Analytical Chemistry, Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering (MAMI); Professor, Department of General Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering (MAMI); Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 38 Bol’shaya Semenovskaya str., Moscow, 107023, Russian Federation; 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Stepina Irina Vasil’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of General Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 108-118

The paper presents a critical analysis of the major deficiencies in the presentation of the topic “redox reaction” in a modern high school chemistry course. The authors propose new methodological approaches to teaching of this subject. When generating the redox equations by electron-ion balance it is preferable to take the change in the oxidation as the basis, but not the balance of ion charge. The circuit of any redox reaction, if it takes place in a solution and can assume the formation of more than one strong electrolyte with different ions combinations, the products cannot be specified in molecular form. The equations of redox reactions, in which there are two reducing agent (or two oxidizer), which represent different substances, or as a result of which two products of oxidation or reduction are formed, are incorrect, as they reflect the parallel reactions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.3.108-118

References
  1. Glinka N.L. Obshchaya khimiya : uchebnoe posobie [General Chemistry: Textbook]. Moscow, KNORUS Publ., 2014, 752 p. (In Russian)
  2. Korovin N.V. Obshchaya khimiya : uchebnik [General Chemistry: Textbook]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 2010, 560 p. (In Russian)
  3. Sidorov V.I., Platonova E.E., Nikiforova T.P. Obshchaya khimiya : uchebnik [General Chemistry: Textbook]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2012, 312 p. (In Russian)
  4. Rosin I.V., Tomina L.D. Obshchaya i neorganicheskaya khimiya. Sovremennyy kurs : uchebnoe posobie dlya bakalavrov i spetsialistov [General and Inorganic Chemistry. Modern Course. Textbook for Bachelors and Specialists]. Moscow, Yurayt Publ., 2012, 1338 p. (In Russian)
  5. Belyaev N.N., Tikhonova E.G. Eshche raz ob opredelenii koeffitsientov v uravneniyakh okislitel’no-vosstanovitel’nykh reaktsiy [Once Again on the Determination of the Coefficients in the Equations of Redox Reactions]. Khimiya v shkole [Chemistry at School]. 2005, no. 3, pp. 41—45. (In Russian)
  6. Molyavko M.A. Rekomendatsii pri sostavlenii slozhnykh okislitel’no-vosstanovitel’nykh reaktsiy [Recommendations for the preparation of complex redox reactions]. Integratsiya nauki i vysshego obrazovaniya v oblasti organicheskoy i bioorganicheskoy khimii i mekhaniki mnogofaznykh sistem : materialy II Vserossiyskoy nauchnoy Internet-konferentsii (g. Ufa, 15—30 dekabrya 2003 g.) [Integration of Science and Higher Education in the Field of Organic and Bioorganic Chemistry and Mechanics of Multiphase Systems : Materials of the 2nd All-Russian Scientific Internet Conference (Ufa, December 15—30, 2003]. Ufa, Reactiv Publ., 2003, pp. 156—157. (In Russian)
  7. Kochkarov Zh.A., Cherkesov B.Kh. Protonno-ionnyy metod sostavleniya uravneniy okislitel’no-vosstanovitel’nykh reaktsiy [Proton-Ion Method of Generating the Equations of Redox Reactions]. Khimiya: metodika prepodavaniya [Chemistry: Teaching Methods]. 2005, no. 7, pp. 48—50. (In Russian)
  8. Cherkesov B.Kh., Kochkarov Zh.A., Khochuev I.Yu. Metod nulevogo zaryada sostavleniya uravneniy okislitel’no-vosstanovitel’nykh reaktsiy [Method of Zero Charge in Generating the Equations of Redox Reactions]. Khimiya: metodika prepodavaniya [Chemistry: Teaching Methods]. 2005, no. 6, pp. 46—50. (In Russian)
  9. Tret’yakova I.A. Kategoriya «sopryazhenie» kak metodologicheskaya osnova dlya ponimaniya sushchnosti okislitel’no-vosstanovitel’nykh reaktsiy [The category of «pairing» as a methodological basis for understanding of redox reactions]. Fundamental’nye issledovaniya [Basic Research]. 2014, no. 6—6, pp. 1290—1294. (In Russian)
  10. Boldyrev V.S., Pisarevskiy A.A. Ob osobennostyakh sostavleniya okislitel’no-vosstanovitel’nykh uravneniy [On Peculiarities of Generating Redox Equations]. Aktual’nye problemy khimicheskogo i ekologicheskogo obrazovaniya : sbornik nauchnykh trudov 60 Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii khimikov s Mezhdunarodnym uchastiem (g. Sankt-Peterburg, 18—20 aprelya 2013 g.). [Current Problems of Chemical and Environmental Education : Collection of Scientific Works of the 60th All-Russian Science and Practice Conference of Chemists with International Participation (Saint Petersburg, April 18—20, 2013]. Saint Petersburg, 2013, pp. 321—324. (In Russian)
  11. Tautova E.N., Khamitova A.S., Tursunbaeva A.K. Innovatsionnaya metodika izucheniya okislitel’no-vosstanovitel’nykh reaktsiy [The Innovative Technique of Studying Redox Reactions]. Universitet Eңbekteri — Trudy Universiteta [The University Eңbekteri. Proceedings of the University]. 2011, no. 2 (43), pp. 11—13. (In Russian)
  12. Maslennikova L.V. K metodike izucheniya okislitel’no-vosstanovitel’nykh reaktsiy [On the Methods of Studying Redox Reactions]. Khimiya v shkole [Chemistry at school]. 2013, no. 9, pp. 29—32. (In Russian)
  13. Gareev I.N., Grigor’eva O.S. Vybor optimal’nogo metoda sostavleniya okislitel’no-vosstanovitel’nykh reaktsiy pri izuchenii kursa «Obshchaya khimiya» [Choosing the optimal method of redox reactions preparation in the study course “General Chemistry”]. Problemy i perspektivy razvitiya obrazovaniya: materialy Mezhdunarodnoy zaochnoy nauchnoy konferentsii (g. Perm’, aprel’ 2011 g.) [Problems and Prospects of Education Development: Proceedings of the International Scientific Video Conference (Perm, April 2011)]. Vol. 2. Perm, Merkuriy Publ., 2011, pp. 58—60. (In Russian)
  14. Lebesheva S.P. Okislitel’no-vosstanovitel’nye reaktsii [Redox Reactions]. Khimiya [Chemistry]. 2006, no. 14. Available at: http://him.1september.ru/article.php?ID=200601408. Date of access: 15.02.2015. (In Russian)
  15. Gorelova I.I. Ispol’zovanie «metoda podstanovki» pri sostavlenii okislitel’no-vosstanovitel’nykh reaktsiy (OVR) s uchastiem organicheskikh veshchestv [Using the “Substitution Method” in the Preparation of Redox Reactions with Organic Substances]. Voprosy gumanitarnykh nauk [Questions of Humanities]. 2010, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 169—172. (In Russian)
  16. Maksimova L.N., Pozhidaeva S.A. Okislitel’no-vosstanovitel’nye reaktsii s uchastiem organicheskikh soedineniy [Redox Reactions Involving Organic Compounds]. Pedagogicheskie chteniya po obshchey i neorganicheskoy khimii : materialy XI regional’noy nauchno-metodicheskoy konferentsii (g. Novocherkassk, 18—19 maya 2006 g.) : posvyashchayutsya 100-letiyu YuRGTU (NPU) i kafedre obshchey neorganicheskoy khimii YuRGTU (NPU) [Pedagogical Readings in General and Inorganic Chemistry: Materials of the 11th Regional Research and Methodology Conference (Novocherkassk, May 18—19, 2006) : Devoted to 100 Anniversary of Yurgtu (NPU) and the Department of General Inorganic Chemistry of YuRGTU (NPU)]. Novocherkassk, YuRGTU (NPU) Publ., 2006, pp. 91—93. (In Russian)
  17. Kuznetsova L.V., Pashkova L.I., Vlasenko K.K. Osobennosti okislitel’no-vosstanovitel’nykh reaktsiy organicheskikh soedineniy [Features of Redox Reactions of Organic Compounds]. Khimiya v shkole [Chemistry at School]. 2012, no. 9, pp. 26—30. (In Russian)
  18. Babkina S.S., Elfimov V.I., Myasoedov E.M. Povyshenie kachestva prepodavaniya obshcheobrazovatel’nykh khimicheskikh distsiplin v vysshey shkole s primeneniem komp’yuternykh tekhnologiy [Improving the Quality of Teaching Secondary Chemical Disciplines in Higher School With the Use of Computer Technologies]. Razvitie nauki i obrazovaniya. Problemy prepodavaniya v vysshey shkole : materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-metodicheskoy konferentsii : v 2-kh tomakh [The Development of Science and Education. Problems of Teaching in Higher School. Proceedings of the International Research and Methodology Conference : in 2 Volumes]. Moscow, MGOU Publ., 2011, vol. 2, pp. 220—225. (In Russian)
  19. Elfimov V.I., Myasoedov E.M. Okislitel’no-vosstanovitel’nye reaktsii. Nekotorye neodnoznachnye zadaniya i metody ikh resheniya [Redox Reactions. Some Ambiguous Tasks and Methods of their Solution]. Poisk effektivnykh resheniy v protsesse sozdaniya i realizatsii nauchnykh razrabotok v ekonomike, upravlenii proektami, prave, istorii, kul’turologii, yazykoznanii, prirodopol’zovanii, rastenievodstve, biologii, zoologii, khimii, politologii, psikhologii, meditsine, filologii, filosofii, sotsiologii, matematike, tekhnike, fizike, informatike, gradostroitel’stve : sbornik nauchnykh statey po itogam Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (g. Sankt-Peterburg, 30—31 iyulya 2014 g.) [The Search for Effective Solutions in the Process of Creating and Implementing Scientific Developments in the Economy, Project Management, Law, History, Cultural Studies, Linguistics, Nature Management, Plant Science, Biology, Zoology, Chemistry, Political Science, Psychology, Medicine, Philology, Philosophy, Sociology, Mathematics, Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Urban Planning : Collection of Scientific Articles of International Science and Practice Conference (St. Petersburg, July 30—31, 2014)]. Saint Petersburg, Kul’tInformPress Publ., 2014, pp. 45—49. (In Russian)
  20. Kuz’menko N.E., Eremin V.V., Popkov V.A. Nachala khimii. Sovremennyy kurs dlya postupayushchikh v VUZy [Origins of Chemistry. Current Course for Entrants to Higher Institutions]. Moscow, Ekzamen Publ., 2013, 384 p. (In Russian)
  21. Shimanovich I.L. Obshchaya i neorganicheskaya khimiya : metodicheskie ukazaniya, programma, elementy teorii, voprosy dlya samoproverki i kontrol’nye zadaniya dlya studentov-zaochnikov khimiko-tekhnologicheskikh spetsial’nostey vuzov [General and Inorganic Chemistry: Guidelines, Program, Elements of the Theory, Questions for Self-Control and Tasks for Part-Time Students of Chemical and Technological Specialties]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 2009, 128 p. (In Russian)
  22. Akhmetov N.S. Obshchaya i neorganicheskaya khimiya [General and Inorganic Chemistry]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 2006, 744 p. (In Russian)

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Academic visibility for urban planning and the webometric future

Vestnik MGSU 3/2015
  • Sanchez Thomas W. - Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) Ph.D., Professor, Urban Affairs and Planning Program, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), 140 Otey Street, NW, Blacksburg, VA 24060, United States; 540-231-5425; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 119-137

The author focuses on the analysis problems of the main metrics of scientific productivity for the faculty in the USA universities specializing in the investigations and teaching in the field of urban planning. The increasing role of the Internet is highlighted in the process of communicating the ideas of planning scientists to the professionals and public, extending the reach of academic communications and possibilities of estimating the quality of the investigations and impact. Using case study the methods of applying webometrics for citation analysis in the Internet are investigated. The analysis focused on the main criteria: productivity, visibility, reputation, and impact. The article proposes an expanded approach for estimating general scientific popularity and impact of academics in the Internet, which includes publication analysis in frames of “gray literature”, teaching and outreach activity, which may also be a significant part of the scientific activity. The author stated the importance of academic visibility estimation both for promotion, improving competitiveness of a faculty member on the labor market in the sphere of educational services, and for urban planning schools’ development in general, raising their reputation, prestige and impact, getting the opportunities for financed researches, consolidating the positions on the global educational and science market.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.3.119-137

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INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN THE HEALTH SAVING PROGRAMME

Vestnik MGSU 1/2013
  • Bumarskova Natal'ya Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Physical Training and Sports, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Lazareva Elena Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Associate Professor, Department of Physical Train- ing and Sports, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 234-238

The main objective of couches employed with MGSU Department of Physical Training and Sports consists in the improvement of the quality of physical training of specialists. Attainment of this objective requires new incentives, advanced knowledge sharing and dissemination technologies.Development and implementation of the software programme responsible for the monitoring of the psychophysical health of students and available 24 hours a day is one of the challenges of Department of Physical Training and Sports. One of the most important tasks to be solved by lecturers of higher education institutions is to teach students to assess their health. This task may also involve development of a software programme to serve as a uniform source of information needed for effective interaction between coaches (lecturers) and students.The software is being developed by Department of Physical Training and Sports in collaboration of Department of Mathematics and Informatics. When the software is in operation, the coaches will be able to monitor the physical condition of students. The software programme will also analyze the health data within the entire period of training of each student at an institution of higher education. All data will be automatically processed. The software programme will be a good self-check diary available at any time. All data entered into the database will be strictly confidential. Each registered student will have a personal page protected by the password and the login name; however, access to the general database will be available to lecturers and coaches who will be responsible for adjustments to personal health improvement and physical training programmes.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.234-238

References
  1. Emel'yanova I.N. Pedagogicheskie vozmozhnosti ispol'zovaniya situatsii vybora v uchebno-vospitatel'nom protsesse [Implementation of the Choice Method in the Process of Education and Instruction]. Ekaterinburg, 1994, 20 p.
  2. Akhutina T.V. Zdorov'esberegayushchie tekhnologii obucheniya [Health Saving Technologies in Education]. Yaroslavskiy pedagogicheskiy vestnik [Yaroslavskiy News Bulletin of Educational Science]. 2002, no. 4, pp. 107—110.
  3. Kryzhanovskaya L.G. Zdorov'esberegayushchee obrazovatel'noe prostranstvo kak faktor opimizatsii lichnostnogo razvitiya studentov kolledzha [Health Saving Educational Space as the Factor of Optimization of Personal Development of College Students]. Orenburg, 2006, 48 p.
  4. Lazareva E.A. Formirovanie ustanovok kul'tury zdorov'ya u studentov posredstvom zdorov'ezberegayushchikh tekhnologiy [Formation of Student Health Culture Guidelines Using Health Saving Technologies]. Sovershenstvovanie sistemy fizicheskogo vospitaniya v vuze [Improvement of Physical Training Methodologies at Institutions of Higher Education]. Scientific and practical conference, MGSU. 2012, no. 5, p. 19.
  5. Shurkova N.E. Pedagogicheskaya tekhnologiya [Pedagogical Technology]. Moscow, Pedagogicheskoe obshchestvo Rossii Publ., 2002, 224 p.
  6. Bal'sevich V.K. Intellektual'nyy vektor fi zicheskoy kul'tury cheloveka [Intelligent Vector of Physical Training]. Teoriya i praktika fi z. kul'tury [Theory and Practice of Physical Training]. 1991, no. 7, pp. 37—41.
  7. Dmitrieva E.V. Novye tendentsii razvitiya vysshego obrazovaniya [New Trends in Development of Higher Education]. Obrazovatel'nye paradigmy rossiyskoy deystvitel'nosti [Educational Paradigms of the Russian Reality]. Orenburg, OVZRKU Publ., 2000, pp. 43—50.
  8. Drizhika A.G. K probleme optimizatsii sorevnovatel'noy deyatel'nosti putem podstroyki ee ritmo-tempovoy struktury pod individual'nyy neyrodinamicheskiy ritm [On the Problem of Optimization of Competitive Activities through Adjustment of the Structure of Its Rhythm and Tempo to the Individual Dynamic Rhythm]. Teoriya i praktika fi z. kul'tury [Theory and Practice of Physical Training]. 1992, no. 1, pp. 10—11.
  9. Filatov F.R. Psikhologicheskiy analiz sotsial'nykh predstavleniy o zdorov'e [Psychological Analysis of Social Ideas of Health]. Rostov-on-Don, 2001, 42 p.
  10. Bespal'ko V.P. Obrazovanie i obuchenie s uchastiem komp'yuterov (pedagogika tret'ego tysyacheletiya) [Computer-aided Education and Training (Pedagogy of the Third Millennium)]. Voronezh, MODEK, 2002, 250 p.

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PERSONALITY CENTERED APPROACH IN THE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF PHYSICAL TRAINING

Vestnik MGSU 1/2013
  • Krylova Liliya Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Pedagogical Sci- ences, Associate Professor, Professor, Department of Physical Training and Sports, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Nikishkin Vasiliy Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) , Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 239-243

The authors argue that professional psycho-physical training of MGSU students is to be based on a personality oriented approach due to varied levels of health, physical fitness and medical groups of students. A personality centered approach in physical training contemplates individual health improvement programmes, innovative technologies, consideration of comprehensive health monitoring data and implementation of individual training sessions developed for MGSU students with a view to their higher motivation in terms of their motion activity.Each MGSU student is to take physical training tests. They serve as the basis for individualized recommendations that encompass individual health improvement programmes and physical condition improvement plans. Coaches are to provide their advice at each stage of the process of testing and improvement of the physical health of students.The authors argue that the personality oriented approach generates a double benefit: besides its health-related bonuses, students get more involved in practicing physical training exercises and sports.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.239-243

References
  1. Krylova L.M. Individual'nyy podkhod v zanyatiyakh studentov SMG [Individual Approach to the Physical Training of Students of Special Medical Groups]. Sovershenstvovanie sistemy fizicheskogo vospitaniya v vuze [Improvement of the System of Physical Training at Institutions of Higher Education]. Collected works of the scientific and practical conference. MGSU, 2012, no. 5, pp. 291.
  2. Nikishkin V.A., Garnik V.S. Inovatsionnye aspekty fizicheskoy trenirovki v vuze [Innovative Aspects of Physical Training at Institutions of Higher Education]. Sovershenstvovanie sistemy fizicheskogo vospitaniya v vuze [Improvement of the System of Physical Training at Institutions of Higher Education]. Collected works of the scientific and practical conference. MGSU, 2012, no. 5, pp. 30.
  3. Nikishkin V.A., Krylova L.M., Pshenichnikov A.N., Kramskoy S.I. Fizicheskaya kul'tura v stroitel'nykh vuzakh [Physical Training at Higher Education Institutions of Civil Engineering]. Moscow, 2010, pp. 502—503.
  4. Rylova N.T. Organizatsionno-pedagogicheskie usloviya sozdaniya zdorov'esberegayushchey sredy obrazovatel'nykh uchrezhdeniy [Organizational and Pedagogical Prerequisites of the Health Improvement Environment at Educational Institutions]. Kemerovo, 2007, p. 12.
  5. Abaskalova N.P. Teoriya i praktika formirovaniya ZOZh uchashchikhsya i studentov v sisteme «shkola — vuz» [Theory and Practice of Healthy Lifestyles of Schoolchildren and Students within the Framework of Secondary and Higher Education]. Barnaul, 2000, 48 p.
  6. Nayn A.A. Problema zdorov'ya uchastnikov obrazovatel'nogo protsessa [Problem of Health of Contributors of the Educational Process]. Pedagogika [Pedagogy]. 2002, no. 6, pp. 53—57.
  7. Vermeer A. Izmenenie podkhodov k okazaniyu podderzhki lyudyam s osobennostyami razvitiya [Customized Approaches to Support of Challenged Individuals]. Vestnik pedagogicheskikh innovatsiy [Bulletin of Pedagogical Innovations]. 2006, no. 1(5), pp. 33—37.
  8. Korzhova M.E. Zdorov'esberegayushchaya tekhnologiya osushchestvleniya obrazovatel'nogo protsessa v uchrezhdeniyakh srednego professional'nogo obrazovaniya [Health Saving Technology in the Educational Process at Institutions of Secondary Professional Education]. Chelyabinsk, 2007, 23 p.
  9. Kobyakov Yu.P. Model' zdorov'ya cheloveka kak strukturnaya osnova teorii zdorov'ya [Human Health Model as the Structural Basis for the Theory of Health]. Teoriya i praktika fiz. kul'tury [Theory and Practice of Physical Training]. 2006, no. 1, pp. 23—25.
  10. Putaev E.Z. Zdorov'esberegayushchie tekhnologii v obrazovatel'no-vospitatel'nom protsesse [Health Saving Technologies in the Process of Education and Instruction]. Stavropol, Servisshkola Publ., 2001, 400 p.
  11. Krylova L.M. Innovatsionnye tekhnologii v obrazovatel'nom protsesse [Innovative Technologies in the Educational Process]. Sovershenstvovanie sistemy fizicheskogo vospitaniya v vuze [Improvement of the System of Physical Training at Institutions of Higher Education]. Collected works of the scientific and practical conference. MGSU, 2012, no. 5, pp. 12.
  12. Serikov V.V. Lichnostnyy podkhod v obuchenii: ot kontseptsii k tekhnologiyam [Personality Centered Approach in Education: from the Concept to Technologies]. Problemy obnovleniya soderzhaniya obshchestvennogo razvitiya [Problems of Update of the Essence of Social Development]. Collected works, Rostov-on-Don, 1992, pp. 25—32.
  13. Sharkevich I.V. Teoretiko-sistemnyy podkhod k otsenke urovnya sostoyaniya zdorov'ya. Model' zdorov'ya [Theoretical and Systemic Approach to Assessment of Health. Health Model.] Valeologiya cheloveka: problemy teorii [Human Health Science: Problems of Theory]. 2000, no. 1, pp. 2—4.

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Competence-based approach to automated design in civil engineering

Vestnik MGSU 3/2013
  • Knyazeva Natal’ya Viktorovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Volkov Andrey Anatol’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Rector, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 929-52-29; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 249-254

The authors argue that today the labor market in the construction industry requires a new breed of experts, new dynamic and flexible professionals capable of enhancing the efficiency of enterprises. Obviously, the education system is unable to cover the gap between supply and demand for the new-style professionals.A professional standard is a multifunctional regulatory document setting the scope of responsibilities of employees and requirements applicable to their competences, or professional standards.The competence-based approach is an adaptive model based on the content of education that is not solely related to training in a particular area of knowledge. This approach serves as the basis for the technical requirements applicable to professional standards.The system of competences developed for the educational standard in “InformationTechnology” includes the following positions:1. General professional competences,2. Skill profile competences,3. Competences in basic technologies,4. Outgoing (work-related) competences,5. Supplementary competences.The education system in the Russian Federation is the leading social institution responsible for the update and transfer of knowledge to new generations, personal training and development of the national economy. Interaction between education and business sectors is to be aimed at development of professional standards.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.3.249-254

References
  1. Kruglyy stol: «Professional’nyy standart kak osnova povysheniya kachestva stroitel’stva» [Roundtable Discussion: “Professional Standard as the Basis for the Improved Quality of Construction Operations]. Tekhnicheskoe regulirovanie. Stroitel’stvo, proektirovanie i izyskaniya [Technical Regulations. Construction, Design and Research]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 9—13.
  2. Sukhomlin V.A. Professional’nye standarty i obrazovanie. Perpendikulyarnyy vzglyad [Professional Standards and Education. A Different Viewpoint]. 2012. Available at: www.za-nauku.ru. Date of access: 15.09.12.
  3. Obsuzhdenie Kontseptsii profobrazovaniya i formirovaniya plana profstandartov pod egidoy AP KIT [Discussion of the Concept of Professional Education and Generation of the Plan for Professional Standards under the Auspices of Association of Enterprises Specializing in Computer and Information Technologies]. Available at: http://www.apkit.ru. Date of access: 21.09.12.
  4. Professional’nyy standart «Arkhitekturno-stroitel’noe proektirovanie» Proekt. Natsional'noe ob»edinenie proektirovshchikov [Professional Standard for “Architectural and Structural Design”. Draft. National Association of Designers.] Moscow, 2011.
  5. Knyazeva N.V. Model’ upravleniya transferom professional’nykh znaniy v sistemakh avtomatizirovannogo proektirovaniya v stroitel’stve [Model for the Management of Transfer of Professional Knowledge in Systems of Computer-aided Design in Civil Engineering]. Izvestiya KGASU [News of Kazan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 2 (20), pp. 298—304
  6. Volkov A.A. Ekonomicheskiy analiz tekhnicheskikh i tekhnologicheskikh innovatsiy v stroitel’stve [Economic Analysis of Technical and Technological Innovations in Civil Engineering]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Machinery and Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2005, no. 12, pp. 54.

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Use of didactic principle in the study of state standards eskd and spds aware of engineering graphics

Vestnik MGSU 3/2013
  • Tel’noy Victor Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Military Sciences, Associated Professor, Associate Professor of Descriptive Geometry and Engineering Graphics; 8499183-24-83., Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26, Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 255-262

Didactic principles: scientific, systematic and consistency, clarity, communication theory and practice, consciousness and activity of students, the strength of learning, accessibility, individual approach to learning in a collective work, raising a training used in the teaching of different disciplines and are independent of the subject of study. But their application to any particular discipline is different, reflecting the specifics of a particular discipline Review and assess the characteristics of traditional didactic principles: the study of state standards ESKD and ASAP in the course of engineering graphics to enhance learning and cognitive activity of students to study the concept of the normative documents used in the development and design of working drawings of details and architectural drawings.The proposed approaches to the application of information technologies in the use of didactic principles can significantly improve the efficiency of the students to study the state standards, develop their ability to link theory with practice, form design skills of graphic culture, bring attention and care to increase the interest of the whole to learn and do it more accessible.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.3.255-262

References
  1. Polezhaev Ju.O., Tel’noy V.I. Metodika izucheniya distsipliny «Nachertatelnaya geometriya» [The method of studying the discipline «Descriptive Geometry»]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2007, no 1, pp. 82—83.
  2. Golub B. À. Osnovy obwej didaktiki [Fundamentals of general didactics]. Available at: http://www.gumer.info/bibliotek_Buks/Pedagog/golub/01.php. Accessed: Nov 17, 2012.
  3. Didakticheskie principy i ih realizacija v pedagogicheskoj praktike [Didactic principles and their implementation in teaching practice]. Available at: http://www.didakticheskie-principy-i-ix…v… . Accessed: Nov 17, 2012.
  4. Mihajlenko O.I. Principy obuchenija [Principles of teaching. Methods and tools for learning]. Available at: http://www.kpip.kbsu.ru. Accessed: Nov 17, 2012.
  5. Principy i pravila obuchenija [Principles and rules of training]. Available at: http://www.printsipy-i-pravila-obucheniya. Accessed: Nov 17, 2012.
  6. Principy obuchenija kak kategorii didaktiki, otrazhajuwie ee normativnuju funkciju [Principles of learning as a category of didactics, reflecting its regulatory function]. Available at: http://www.chepfa.ru/school2/files/eduprinciples.doc. Accessed: Nov 17, 2012.
  7. Tel’noy V.I., Tsareva M.V. Ispol’zovanie informatsionnykh tekhnologiy pri prepodavanii komp’yuternoy grafiki [Use of information Technologies in Teaching Computer Graphics]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 161—165.
  8. Kondrat’eva T.M., Borisova A.Ju., Znamenskaja E.P., Mitina T.V., Tepljakov A.A., Petrova L.A., Polezhaev Ju.O. Inzhenernaja grafika. Praktikum dlja studentov 1-go kursa vseh napravlenij podgotovki [Engineering Graphics. Workshop for students of 1-st year of training areas]. Moscow, MSUCE, 2012. 40 p.
  9. Tel’noy V.I. Primenenie novyh informacionnyh tehnologij pri izuchenii discipliny «Inzhenernaja grafika» [The use of new information technologies in the study of the subject «Engineering Graphics»]. Integration, partnership and innovation in construction science and education: scientific publication. Moscow, MSUCE, 2012, pp. 786—791.
  10. Tel’noy V.I., Ivashchenko A.V. Avtomatizatsiya protsessa kontrolya znaniy studentov po inzhenernoy grafike pri distantsionnom obuchenii [Computer-Assisted Control of Academic Performance in Engineering Graphics within the Framework of Distance Learning Programmes]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 136—141.

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CREATIVE PSYCHOLOGY IN ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN

Vestnik MGSU 5/2013
  • Tkachev Valentin Nikitovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Architecture, Professor, Department of Design of Buildings and Town Planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 239-248

The author analyzes creative processes underway in architecture, particularly, at the stage of design. The author considers the psychology of choice of a source of artistic images, their transformation in the course of design, development of an architectural concept based on comparison of options, and use of metaphors.The role of such psychological features of a creative personality as associative thinking, imagination, ability to get inspired and critical assessment is demonstrated and analyzed in the article. General issues of transformation of the habitat of cities, psychological aspects of a conflict between old and new buildings are considered.The present-day design practice is a less creative process that the practice of the past, as the employment of information technologies accelerates drafting of documents and limits the involvement of creativity. The seeming simplicity of information technologies reduces architecture to the craft available to any “user”. As a result, the urban environment is filled with computer design, or ambitious and fake buildings.The psychology of creativity relies on associative thinking, imagination and esthetic sensitivity. The purpose of any creative process is achieved through attainment of the following sequence of objectives:arrangement of preconditions for development of an artistic image; search for sources of inspiration; availability of the input material possessing esthetic potential;use of mechanisms of associative thinking, intensification of figurativeness of the primary source using metaphors, so that the metamorphoses separated the new image from its original source;professional completion of work.The author proves that any creative process is based on comparisons, and associations serving as the basis for operations that consolidate into a creative process represent a psychological tool used by creative personalities.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.5.239-248

References
  1. Gegel’ G.V.F. Estetika [Aesthetics]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1968, vol. 1.
  2. Ponomarev Ya.A. Psikhologicheskiy mekhanizm tvorchestva. Chelovek v sisteme nauk. [Psychological Mechanism of Creativity. Man in the System of Sciences.] Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1989, 504 p.
  3. Raygorodskiy A. Ni odin khaker ne razrushit ves’ Internet [Not a Single Hacker Can Destroy the Whole Internet]. Kampus [Campus]. 2012, 10(60), X1, p. 58.
  4. Sarkisov S.K. Osnovy arkhitekturnoy evristiki [Fundamentals of Architectural Heuristics]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2004, 352 p.
  5. Nel’ke M. Tekhnika kreativnosti [Technology of Creativity]. Moscow, OMEGA-L Publ., 2009, 144 p.
  6. Stepanov A.V., Ivanova G.I., Nechaev N.N. Arkhitektura i psikhologiya [Architecture and Psychology]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1965, 194 p.
  7. Orlov V.I. Traktat o vdokhnoven’e, rozhdayushchem velikie izobreteniya [Treatise about Inspiration Generating Great Inventions]. Moscow, Znanie Publ., 1964, 350 p.
  8. Mark Vitruviy Pollion. Ob arkhitekture [About Architecture]. Leningrad, OGIZ Publ., 1936, 343 p.
  9. Mastera sovetskoy arkhitektury ob arkhitekture [Masters of Soviet Architecture about Architecture]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1975, 544 p., vol. 1.
  10. Shestakov V.P. Garmoniya kak esteticheskaya kategoriya [Harmony as Category of Aesthetics]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1973.
  11. Bychkov V.V. Estetika [Aesthetics]. Moscow, Gardariki Publ., 2006, 572 p.
  12. Lyubart T., Mushiru K. Tvorcheskiy protsess [Creative Process]. Psikhologiya. Zhurnal Vysshey shkoly ekonomiki [Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics]. 2005, vol. II, no. 4, pp. 74—80.
  13. Lubart T.I. Models of the Creative Process: Past, Present and Future. Creativity Research Journal. 2000—2001, 13(3—4), pp. 295—308.

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CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDINGS OF GENERAL EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS IN MOSCOW IN THE YEARS OF THE FIRST FIVE-YEAR PLAN

Vestnik MGSU 6/2013
  • Byzova Ol'ga Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Culture Studies; +7 (499) 183-21-29., Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 236-243

The author considers the actions aimed at the liquidation of illiteracy and introduction of universal primary education in the period of industrialization and culture dissemination in the USSR. The author draws attention to the fact that the fast-growing industry was in need of competent specialists and indicates the demand for wide-scale reforms in the education.The author argues that as a result of the implementation of the first five-year plan universal education was introduced in the country, illiteracy was eliminated and wide-scale secondary professional education was made available, highly skilled professionals and researchers were trained, etc. It is noteworthy that industrialization substantially improved the state of affairs in the country and in its capital.The author has studied numerous archived documents to present the evidence of development of a network of schools, higher number of students, organization of construction of school buildings, bigger amount of government funding of schools and other institutions for children in Moscow in the years of the first five-year plan.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.6.236-243

References
  1. Byzova O.M. Poryadok raskhodovaniya gosudarstvennykh posobiy na stroitel'nye nuzhdy dlya realizatsii programmy vseobshchego obucheniya v Rossii v nachale XX v. [Government Allowances for Construction Works within the Framework of Implementation of the General Education Programme in Russia in the Early 20th Century: Expenditure Procedures]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 4, vol. 3, pp. 59—64.
  2. Kuznetsov A.I., Kuznetsov R.A. Kul'tura voprosov: istoriya obrazovaniya v Rossii [Issues of Culture: History of Education in Russia]. Moscow, 2011, pp. 133.
  3. Prokof'ev M.A., editor. Narodnoe obrazovanie v SSSR [Public Education in the USSR]. Moscow, 2008, p. 191.
  4. Massovoe prosveshchenie v SSSR (k itogam pervoy pyatiletki) [Wide-scale Education in the USSR (Results of the First Five-year Plan)]. Part 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1933, p. 6.
  5. Kol'tsov A.V. Kul'turnoe stroitel'stvo v RSFSR v gody pervoy pyatiletki (1928—1932). [Culture Dissemination in the RFSSR in the Years of the First Five-year Plan (1928—1932)]. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960, p. 74.
  6. Byzova O.M. Osobennosti stroitel'stva obshcheobrazovatel'nykh uchrezhdeniy Moskvy v 1920—1930-e gg. [Peculiarities of Construction of Institutions of Secondary Education in Moscow in the 20ies and 30ies]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 6—10.
  7. Narodnoe obrazovanie. G. Moskva (osnovnye pokazateli) [Public Education. City of Moscow (Principal Indicators)]. Moscow, 1934, pp. 11—12.

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Exposure of civil engineers to hazardous and harmful occupational factors and methods of their countering

Vestnik MGSU 7/2013
  • Bumarskova Natal’ya Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Physical Training and Sports, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 181-186

Adaptation means accommodation of a living organism to constantly changing conditions external and internal environments. This capacity was developed in the process of the evolutionary development. Absent of this capacity, no human organism can leave normally or adjust to various external factors.In the contemporary research literature, adaptation is associated with different factors, including occupation, climate, social environment, etc. The process of adaptation is complex, and it contemplates different types of adaptation, namely, individual sociopsychological, communicative, and physiological adaptation. It is accompanied by substantial intellectual, mental and physical efforts.The variety of building structures coupled with process-related and organizational methods of their construction require attention to the issues of safety. In the course of life and work (working environment), a person is exposed to various hazards or phenomena, processes, and objects capable of damaging human health under certain conditions. An occupational hazard means an adverse impact on human health in the form of its deterioration or injury under certain conditions.The studies show that the three-shift working activity is the cause of fatigue. Fatigue boosts errors in the sensomotor coordination and deteriorates human health. The daily rhythm of physiological functions is driven by the intensity of the working activity causing changes in the body temperature, heart rate and blood pressure. Harmful factors, such as chlorine and chlorine dioxide, produce negative impact on the psycho-physiological status of the organism. They are countered by the system of adaptation and rehabilitation as an integral part of the university curriculum. Its objective is to enhance the effectiveness of professional activities, to ensure the optimal functioning of a human body exposed to heavy workloads and adverse external conditions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.7.181-186

References
  1. At’kov O.Yu. Arterial’noe davlenie u rabotayushchikh s nochnymi smenami: sutochnye ritmy, urovni i ikh sezonnye razlichiya [Arterial Pressure of Employees Working Night Shifts: 24-hour Rhythms, Values and Seasonal Variations]. Fiziologiya cheloveka [Human Physiology]. 2012, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 88—91.
  2. Kal’nish V.V., Shvets A.V. Vliyanie nepreryvnoy sutochnoy raboty na nadezhnost’ deyatel’nosti operatorov [Influence of Continuous 24-hour Work onto Reliability of Operators’ Work]. Fiziologiya cheloveka [Human Physiology]. 2012, vol. 38, no. 3, 81 p.
  3. Solonin Yu.G., Boyko E.R., Loginova T.P., Ketkina O.A. Dinamika fiziologicheskikh i psikhofiziologicheskikh pokazateley u operatorov pri trekhsmennoy rabote v razlichnykh usloviyakh truda [Dynamics of Physiological and Psycho-physiological Parameters Demonstrated by Operators Working Three Shifts under Various Working Conditions]. Fiziologiya cheloveka [Human Physiology]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 135—138.
  4. Soroko S.I. Individual’nye strategii adaptatsii cheloveka v ekstremal’nykh usloviyakh [Individual Human Adaptation Strategies in Case of Exposure to Extreme Conditions]. Fiziologiya cheloveka [Human Physiology]. 2012, vol. 38, no. 6, 78 p.
  5. Romain Barres, Jie Yan, Brendan Egan. Acute Exercise Remodels Promoter Methylation in Human Skeltal Muscule. Cell Metabolism. 2012, vol. 15(3), pp. 405—411.
  6. Milligan S.F., Hister J.A. Ancient Irish Hot Air Bath. OfIreland, IX, Dublin, 1980, 240 p.
  7. Solodkov A.S. Itogi i perspektivy issledovaniy problemy adaptatsii v sporte [Findings of and Prospects for Research into the Problem of Adaptation in Sports]. Uchenye zapiski universiteta imeni P.F. Lesgafta [Scholarly Notes of Lesgaft University]. 2005, no. 18, 65 p.
  8. Grutsyak N.B., Grutsyak V.I. Fizicheskaya kul’tura kak moshchnyy faktor, sposobstvuyushchiy adaptatsii inostrannykh studentov v vuze [Physical Education as the Strong Factor Facilitating Adaptability of International Students at Universities]. Fizicheskoe vospitanie studentov [Physical Training of Students]. 2010, no. 2, pp. 37—39.
  9. Arsen’ev D.G., Zinkovskiy A.V., Ivanova M.A. Sotsial’no-psikhologicheskie i fiziologicheskie problemy adaptatsii inostrannykh studentov [Socio-psychological and Physiological Problems of Adaptation of International Students]. St.Petersburg, 2003, 160 p.
  10. Konik G.A. Uchebnye zanyatiya po vidam sporta kak sredstvo formirovaniya motivatsii k zdorovomu obrazu zhizni u studentov vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy [Sports Classes as a Means of Formation of Motivation of University Students to Healthy Lifestyle]. Fizicheskoe vospitanie studentov tvorcheskikh spetsial’nostey [Physical Education of Students of Arts]. 2006, no. 4, pp. 108—114.

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NEW APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF ENGINEERING GRAPHICS USING ADVANCEDINFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES

Vestnik MGSU 8/2013
  • Tel’noy Viktor Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Military Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 168-176

The author provides an overview and analysis of methods employed by various types of educational activities, including lectures, practical classes, laboratory assignments and independent studies of students with account for the use of advanced information technologies and given the nature of engineering graphics as a university discipline. Multimedia lecturing is an effective method of generating willingness to master a university discipline. PowerPoint presentations are to be employed in two ways: first, as a modern didactic tool employed to illustrate the lecturing process and, second, as a textbook for self-studies. Practical classes in engineering graphics promote the study of all peculiarities of this discipline. Self-study is considered as an essential link in the process of compulsory education. Department of descriptive geometry and graphics of the Moscow State University of Civil Engineering developed customized electronic packages for all disciplines to provide timely assistance to lecturers and students with a view to successful organization of the learning process. The system of various control actions based on the system of tests has been implemented to improve the efficiency of all types of learning activities. The introduction of information technologies into the learning process improves the efficiency of engineering studies and ensures generation of vital skills.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.8.168-176

References
  1. Shebashev V.E. O graficheskoy podgotovke studentov v usloviyakh modernizatsii sistemy vysshego obrazovaniya [Teaching Graphics to Students in the Context of the Modernization of the System of Higher Education]. Sovremennye naukoemkie tekhnologii [Modern Research-intensive Technologies]. 2007, no. 7, pp. 81—84. Available at: http://www.rae.ru/snt/pdf/2007/7/35.pdf. Date of access: 07.04.2013.
  2. Kirillova T.I. Osobennosti ispol'zovaniya elektronnykh obrazovatel'nykh resursov v prepodavanii nachertatel'noy geometrii na stroitel'nom fakul'tete UGTU?UPI [Features of Employment of Electronic Educational Resources in Teaching Descriptive Geometry at the Faculty of Civil Engineering of the Ural State Technical University – Ural Polytechnic Institute]. Novye obrazovatel'nye tekhnologii v vuze: sb. dokl. V Mezhdunar. nauch.-metod. konf. Ch. 1 [New Educational Technologies at Institutions of Higher Education. Collected works of the 5th International Science and Methodology Conference. Part 1]. Ekaterinburg, UGTU?UPI Publ., 2008, pp. 233—237. Available at: http://window.edu.ru/library/pdf2txt/684/71684/48924. Date of access: 15.04.2013.
  3. Kononova T.A. Elektronnye mul'timediynye sredstva pri izuchenii inzhenernoy grafiki [Electronic Multimedia Devices in the Study of Engineering Graphics]. Internet-konferentsiya MTF 2011 [Internet Conference MTF 2011]. Vladimir, VlGU Publ., 2011. Available at: cs.vlsu.ru›forum_arh/?sid=14&eid=288. Date of access: 25.04.2013.
  4. Moiseeva O.A. Ispol'zovanie informatsionnykh tekhnologiy pri izuchenii kursa «Nachertatel'naya geometriya i inzhenernaya grafika» [Using Information Technologies in the Study of Descriptive Geometry and Engineering Graphics]. Primenenie informatsionno-kommunikatsionnykh tekhnologiy v obrazovanii: VII Vseros. nauch.-prakt. konf. [Application of Information and Communication Technologies in Education. 7th All-Russian Science and Practical Conference]. Yoshkar-Ola, 2010. Available at: http://ito.edu.ru/2010/MariyEl/II/II-0-44.html. Date of access: 18.04.2013.
  5. Nikishina Yu.G. Ispol'zovanie informatsionnykh tekhnologiy pri izuchenii kursa «Inzhenernaya grafika» [Using Information Technologies in the Study of Engineering Graphics]. Vestnik TISBI [Proceedings of TISBI University of Management]. 2008, no. 1. Available at: http://old.tisbi.org/science/vestnik/2008/issue1/Cult3.html. Date of access: 27.04.2013.
  6. Stoler V.A., Kasinskiy B.A. Prepodavanie nachertatel'noy geometrii s ispol'zovaniem komp'yuterno-mul'timediynykh sistem [Teaching Descriptive Geometry with the Help of Computer and Multimedia Systems]. Problemy kachestva graficheskoy podgotovki v tekhnicheskom vuze v usloviyakh perekhoda na obrazovatel'nye standarty novogo pokoleniya: materialy II Mezhdunar. internet nauch.-tekhn. konf. [Problems of Quality of Teaching Graphics to Students of Engineering Universities in the Context of Conversion to Educational Standards of the New Generation. Materials of the 2nd International Internet Science and Technology Conference]. Perm, PGTU Publ., 2011. Available at: http://dgng.pstu.ru/conf2011/papers/7/. Date of access: 18.04.2013.
  7. Halim L., Yasin R.M., Ishar A. CAMED: Innovative Communication Tool in Teaching Engineering Drawing. WSEAS Transactions on Information Science and Applications. 2012, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 58—67.
  8. Deshpande A.V. Use of Educational Technology in Engineering Education – a Computer Assisted Instruction (Multimedia) Package for Engineering Students. WSEAS Transactions on Advances in Engineering Education. 2010, vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 245—254.
  9. Kamariah Abu Bakar, Ahmad Fauzi Mohd Ayub, Rohani Ahmad Tarmizi. Utilization of Computer Technology in Learning Transformation. International Journal of Education and Information Technologies. 2010, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 91—99.
  10. Rosen A.M. Engineering Education: Future Trends and Advances. Proceedings of the 6th WSEAS International Conference on Engineering Education. 2009, pp. 44—52.
  11. Churbanov V.I. Puti povysheniya effektivnosti provedeniya prakticheskikh zanyatiy po nachertatel'noy geometrii so studentami stroitel'nykh spetsial'nostey [Ways of Improving the Efficiency of Practical Classes in Descriptive Geometry Delivered to Students of Civil Engineering]. Sovremennye tekhnologii uchebnogo protsessa v vuze. Tezisy dokl. nauch.-metod. konf. [Modern Technologies of the University-level Educational Process. Theses of Reports of Science and Methodology Conference]. Ulyanovsk, UlGTU Publ., 2010, p. 66. Available at: http://venec.ulstu.ru/lib/disk/2010/Korolev.pdf. Date of access: 07.04.2013.
  12. Tel'noy V.I., Tsareva M.V. Ispol'zovanie informatsionnykh tekhnologiy pri prepodavanii komp'yuternoy grafiki [Use of Information Technologies in Teaching Computer Graphics]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 161—165.
  13. Gubina N.A., Monakhov B.E., Tel'noy V.I. Osobennosti i perspektivy razvitiya distantsionnogo obucheniya v MGSU [Features and Prospects for Development of Distance Learning at MGSU]. Informatizatsiya inzhenernogo obrazovaniya: tr. Mezhdunar. nauch.-metod. konf. [Computerization of Engineering Education. Works of International Science and Methodology Conference]. Moscow, MEI Publ., 2012, pp. 357 — 360. Available at: http://inforino2012.mpei.ru/App_Text/pdf/Gubina4.pdf. Date of access: 15.04.2013.

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Noosphere as a philosophic category and objective reality

Vestnik MGSU 11/2013
  • Zhigalin Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience of Russian Academy of Sciences (IGE RAN); Lomonosov Moscow State University (MGU named after M.V. Lomonosov) Candidate of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences, Chair, Laboratory of Time Lapse Technique, Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience of Russian Academy of Sciences (IGE RAN); Lomonosov Moscow State University (MGU named after M.V. Lomonosov), 1 Leninskie gory, 119991, Moscow; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 263-267

Noosphere is considered as modern state of biosphere, which appeared as a result of scientific, artistic and labour activity of people. The theory of noosphere is a biospheric-noospheric concept of V.I. Vernadsky, which postulates transfer from biosphere to noosphere, which must definitely happen. Within the limits of each civilization the problems of energy supply, creation of favorable living environment and waste disposal — inevitable end product of antroposhere — are being solved. The latter is a separate complicated problem and the lines of approach are not found yet. Many other modern problems: political, ideological, economic — are often solved not from the perspective of rationality. Sometimes mind activity is used for destructive purposes, including modern types of weapons. Construction activity supposes the creation of something new, necessary for people. In this sense construction as philosophic category corresponds to the ideas of Vernadsky, according to which he wanted to see our future harmonical and sustainable, but not self-destructive.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.11.263-267

References
  1. Vernadskiy V.I. Nauchnaya mysl' kak planetnoe yavlenie [Scientific Thought as Planetary Phenomenon]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1991, 271 p.
  2. Teilhard de Chardin P. The Phenomenon of Man. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1987, 240 p.
  3. Kaznacheev V.P. Uchenie V.I. Vernadskogo o biosfere i noosfere [Vernadsky's Doctrine about Biosphere and Noosphere]. Novosibirsk, Nauka Publ., 1989, 248 p.
  4. Sulakshin S.S. Kolichestvennaya teoriya tsivilizatsionogeneza i lokal'nykh tsivilizatsiy [Quantitative Theory of Civilization Genesis and Local Civilizations]. Moscow, Nauchnyy Ekspert Publ., 2013, 176 p.

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Lectures features as a type of training in graphic disciplines with extra-mural students

Vestnik MGSU 12/2013
  • Tel’noy Victor Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Military Sciences, Associated Professor, Associate Professor of Descriptive Geometry and Engineering Graphics; 8499183-24-83., Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26, Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 171-179

The educational process organization on extra-mural courses in a university is generally developed and corresponds to the requirements of the state educational standards and curricula. It provides a small share of in-class work with teaching staff (25–30 %), and most of the time is devoted to independent work of students in intersessional period.Due to the limited time the methodical aspects of lecturing in the course of full-time education can't be used with part-time students. The author describes the importance and opportunities of the most effective types of lectures: orientation, overview and summarizing lectures for the organization of students' independent work.Depending on the nature, complexity and importance of the issues and their role and place in the structure of graphic disciplines and training process it is proposed to use a combination of explanatory-illustrative and problem methods of narration in the lectures. This form of presentation significantly increases the effectiveness of learning.The proposed approaches to the application of information technology in the process of lecturing is designed to assist the lecturer in disclosing educational topics and facilitates understanding and mastering the lectures content by students. This technology of training and lecturing for graphic disciplines allows us to significantly increase the amount of material presented, making it more vivid and understandable. It is aimed at improving the training level of a modern civil engineer after part-time education.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.12.171-179

References
  1. Martynov V.A., Tel'noy V.I. Metodika provedeniya ustanovochnykh zanyatiy s zaochnikami po operativno-takticheskim distsiplinam [The Methodology of the Orientation Sessions with External Students for Operational and Tactical Subjects]. Nauchno-metodicheskiye materialy akademii [Scientific-methodical Materials of the Academy]. Moscow, Military Academy named after F.E. Dzerzhinsky Publ., 1992, vol. XXXIII., pp. 83—88.
  2. Ivanov S.A. Osobennosti lektsii-press-konferentsii kak formy provedeniya zanyatiy so studentami zaochnoy formy obucheniya [Features of Lectures-Press Conferences as a Form of Education with Extra-mural Students]. Available at: http://do.gendocs.ru/docs/index-62687.html. Date of access: 09.11.2012.
  3. Antipova M.V. Formy organizatsii obucheniya: metodicheskoe posobie [Forms of Training Organization. Teacher Edition]. Yoshkar-Ola, Mari State Technical University, MarGTU Publ., 2011, 16 p. Available at: mpfmargtu.ucoz.ru›metod/metodicheskoe_posobie. Date of access: 09.11.2012.
  4. Aronova G.A. Metodika obucheniya vzroslykh: osobennosti lektsionnoy formy podachi materiala po gumanitarnym distsiplinam [Methods of Teaching Adults: Features of Lecture Presentation on the Humane Disciplines]. Available at: http://festival.1september.ru/articles/513950/. Date of access: 09.11.2012.
  5. Osnovnye vidy lektsiy, ispol'zuemye pri zaochnoy forme obucheniya [Main Types of Lectures Used in Extra-mural Education]. Available at: http://www.zipsupc.ru/dzf/pr_metrek2.html. Date of access: 15.11.2012.
  6. Annenkova O.S. Lektsiya kak metod obucheniya v professional'nom obrazovanii [Lection as a Method of Training in Professional Education]. Garantii kachestva professional'nogo obrazovaniya: Mezhdunarodnaya nauchno-prakticheskaya konferentsiya [Guarantees of Quality of Professional Education: International Scientific and Practical Conference]. Barnaul, 2010, pp. 170—172. Available at: http://elib.altstu.ru/elib/disser/conferenc/2010/01/pdf/170annenkova.pdf. Date of access: 06.12.2013.
  7. Politsinskiy E.V., Rumbeshta E.A. Aktivizatsiya poznavatel'noy deyatel'nosti studentov na lektsionnykh zanyatiyakh [Activation of Cognitive Work of Students on the Lectures]. Vestnik TGPU [Proceedings of Tomsk State Pedagogical University]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 37—40. Available at: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/aktivizatsiya-poznavatelnoy-deyatelnosti-studentov-na-lektsionnyh-zanyatiyah. Date of access: 10.12.2013.
  8. Morozova L.Yu. Podgotovka i chtenie lektsiy vzrosloy auditorii [Preparing and Presenting Lectures to Adult Audience]. Sotsial'naya set' rabotnikov obrazovaniya [Social Network of Education Workers]. Available at: http://nsportal.ru/shkola/raznoe/library/chtenie-lekciy-vzrosloy-auditorii. Date of access: 06.12.2013.
  9. Polezhaev Yu.O., Tel'noy V.I. Metodika izucheniya distsipliny «Nachertatel'naya geometriya» [Learning Methods of the Discipline "Perspective Geometry"]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2007, no. 1, pp. 82—83.
  10. Tel'noy V.I. Primenenie novykh informatsionnykh tekhnologiy pri izuchenii distsipliny «Inzhenernaya grafika» [Application of New Informational Technologies in the Process of Learning the Discipline "Engineering Graphics]. Integratsiya, partnerstvo i innovatsii v stroi-tel'noy nauke i obrazovanii: nauchnoe izdanie [Integration, Partnership and Innovations in Engineering Science and Education: Scientific Edition]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2012, pp. 786—791.

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Creative aspects of architectural education on the example of low-rise house course project. Part 1. Design methods

Vestnik MGSU 7/2015
  • Balakina Alevtina Evgen’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Architecture, Professor, chair, Department of Building Design and Urban Development, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tesler Kirill Igorevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Architectural Sciences, Senior Lecturer, Department of Design of Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tesler Nadezhda Dmitrievna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) assistant, Department of Design of Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kovalev Yuriy Germanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Building Design and Urban Development, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 147-157

One of the main aspects of architectural education is development of the sequence, an algorithm of design, generation of space and planning solution with account for all the limiting factors and requirements. In different periods of society and science development the process of architectural design, its aims and methods have been changed. For example in the 20th century the most important thing was correspondence of buildings and structures to everyday and industrial requirements. At the present time in general the architectural society came to the conclusion that the form and the function are closely related and influence each other. The article highlights the following aspects of current architectural design process: the initial data and design task influence on the method selection, the problem of form and function relation, contemporary trends in searching the form. Two basic methods are exposed: “from the form to the function” and “from the function to the form”. The article uncovers the design phases and shows different elements’ impact on each phase.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.7.147-157

References
  1. Barkhin B.G. Metodika arkhitekturnogo proektirovaniya [Architectural Design Methodology]. 2nd edition, revised. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1982, 225 p. (In Russian)
  2. Molchanov V.M. Osnovy arkhitekturnogo proektirovaniya: sotsial’no-funktsional’nye aspekty [Basics of Architectural Design: Socio-Functional Aspects.]. Rostov-on-Don, Feniks Publ., 2004, 160 p. (In Russian)
  3. Cannon P.F. Louis Sullivan: Creating a New American Architecture. Pomegranate, 2011, 192 p.
  4. Kuleshova A.A. Funktsionalizm kak khudozhestvennoe yavlenie [Functionalism as an Artistic Phenomenon]. Kul’tura i obrazovanie [Culture and Education]. September 2013, no. 1. Available at: http://vestnik-rzi.ru/2013/09/876. Date of access: 29.11.2014. (In Russian)
  5. Ikonnikov A.V. Funktsiya, forma, obraz v arkhitekture [Function, Form and Image in Architecture]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1986, 288 p. (In Russian)
  6. Jones J.C. Design methods, 2nd Edition. David Fulton Publishers, London, 1992, 472 p.
  7. Kandinskiy V. Tochka i liniya na ploskosti [Point and Line to Plane]. Translated from German. Saint Petersburg, Azbuka Publ., 2005, 240 p. (Azbuka-Klassika Series)(In Russian)
  8. Mamoshin M.A. Sovremennaya teoriya formoobrazovaniya v arkhitekture. Opyt analiza i prakticheskogo voploshcheniya [The Modern Theory of Form Making in Architecture. Experience in Analysis and Practical Implementation]. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov [Bulletin of Civil Engineers]. March 2006, no. 1 (6), pp. 9—15. (In Russian)
  9. Stepanov A.V., Mal’gin V.I. Ob”emno-prostranstvennaya kompozitsiya [Volume-Spatial Composition]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2007, 256 p. (In Russian)
  10. Ikonnikov A.V., Stepanov G.P. Osnovy arkhitekturnoy kompozitsii [Fundamentals of Architectural Composition]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1971, 225 p. (In Russian)
  11. Jenks C. The Language of Post-Modern Architecture. Rizzoli; 6th edition, 204 p.
  12. Sergeychuk P.S. Metafora kak mekhanizm obraznogo vospriyatiya arkhitekturnoy formy [Metaphor as a Mechanism of Image Perception of Architectural Form] Prospekt Svobodnyy-2015 : materialy nauchnoy konferentsii, posvyashchennoy 70-letiyu Velikoy Pobedy (15—25 aprelya 2015 g.) [Materials of the International Scientific Conference Dedicated to the 70th Anniversary of the Victory “Free Prospect-2015” (April 15—25 2015). Krasnoyarsk, Sibirskiy federal’nyy universitet Publ., 2015. Available at: http://conf.sfu-kras.ru/825. Date of access: 08.05.2015. (In Russian)
  13. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Suprematizm i arkhitektura (problemy formoobrazovaniya) [Suprematism and Architecture (the Problem of Formation)]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2007, 520 p. (In Russian)
  14. Nikol’skiy A.S. Vtoroe sobesedovanie [The Second Interview]. Mastera sovetskoy arkhitektury ob arkhitekture : v 2 tomakh [Masters of Soviet Architecture about the Architecture: In 2 volumes]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1975, vol. 1, p. 497. (In Russian)
  15. Andrews J. Architectural Visions — Contemporary Sketches, Perspectives, Drawings. Braun, 2009, 368 p.
  16. Jones W. Architect’s Sketchbooks. Thames & Hudson, 2011, 351 p.
  17. Markuzon V.F., Mikhaylov B.P., editors. Vseobshchaya istoriya arkhitektury : v 12-ti tomakh [Universal History of Architecture : in 12 volumes]. 2nd edition, revised. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1973, vol. 2: Arkhitektura antichnogo mira (Gretsiya i Rim) [Architecture of the Ancient World. Greece and Rome]. 712 p. (In Russian)
  18. Melodinskiy D.L. Arkhitekturnaya masshtabnost’ kak sistema: evolyutsiya ponyatiya [Architectural Scale as the System: the Evolution of the Concept]. Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov [Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education]. Mart 2015, no. 49. Available at: http://archvuz.ru/2015_1/2. Date of access: 05.05.2015. (In Russian)
  19. Demina A.V., El’chishcheva T.F. Maloetazhnoe zhiloe zdanie. Ch. I. Nesushchie i ograzhdayushchie konstruktsii [Low-rise Residential Building. Part I. Bearing and Enclosing Constructions]. Tambov, TGTU Publ., 2009, 52 p. (In Russian)
  20. Tomina T.S. Osnovnye funktsii voobrazheniya dizaynerov [The Main Functions of Designer’s Imagination]. Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov [Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education]. September 2013, no. 42. Sopplement. Available at: http://archvuz.ru/2013_22/82. Date of access: 05.05.2015. (In Russian)

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CONTINUOUS TRAINING OF ARCHITECTS AND A PRACTICAL COURSE IN ARCHITECTURAL COMPOSITION

Vestnik MGSU 6/2012
  • Gogoleva Natal'ya Arkad'evna - Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (NNSUACE) Candidate of Architectural Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of History of Architecture and Fundamentals of Architectural Design, +7 (831) 433-03-91, Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (NNSUACE), 65 Il'inskaya St., Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 130 - 135

The problem of training of architects in architectural composition is relevant at each stages of the training process. Continuous training in architectural composition is to assure better mastering of fundamentals of composition. Specialized training courses is to be incorporated into each stage of the training process, namely, into each specialized discipline that shapes up the compositional thinking in the field of architecture and town planning patterns.
The fundamental course is entitled "Three-dimensional spatial composition"; it is based on the theory of architecture and urban development, as well as practical classes in architectural analysis and modeling.
The author proposes new methods of teaching three-dimensional composition through a cycle of exercises and term papers. The systemic approach contemplates a good knowledge of the theory to serve as the basis for workshops and practical classes, as well as a new idea of continuous training.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.130 - 135

References
  1. Stepanov A.V., Mal’gin V.I., Ivanova G.I. Ob”emno-prostranstvennaya kompozitsiya [Three-dimensional Composition]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2004, 256 p.
  2. Gogoleva N.A. Problemy razvitiya kompozitsionnogo myshleniya [Problems of Development of Compositional Thinking]. Sovremennye tekhnologii v dizayn-obrazovanii [Advanced Technologies of Design Education]. Proceedings of the 5th All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference. IPC SIMBiP Publ., Sochi, 2008, 142 p.
  3. Panksenov G.I., Levin I.L. Kurs formal’noy kompozitsii v sisteme khudozhestvenno-graficheskoy podgotovki arkhitektorov [A Course of Formal Composition in the Training of Architects]. Nizhny Novgorod, NNGASU, 2001, 132 p.
  4. Gogoleva N.A. Organizatsiya kursa kompozitsii dlya arkhitektorov. Kompozitsionnaya podgotovka v sovremennom arkhitekturno-khudozhestvennom obrazovanii [Arrangement of a Course in Composition for Architects. Composition Training within the Framework of Contemporary Artistic Education]. Starikov A.A., Iovleva V.I., edited by. Proceedings of the Scientific and Technical Conference. Yekaterinburg, Arkhitekton Publ., 2002, 302 p.
  5. Golubev G.A. Etapy kompozitsionnoy podgotovki i sistema «master-klass» [Stages of Training in Composition and the System of Master-Classes]. Proceedings of the Scientific and Technical Conference. Yekaterinburg, Arkhitekton Publ., 2002, 302 p.
  6. Jones J.K. Metody proektirovaniya [Design Methods]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1986, 326 p.
  7. Gogoleva N.A. Ispol’zovanie nauchnykh metodov kompozitsii v restavratsii [Use of Scientific Methods of Composition in Restoration]. Proceedings of the Volga-Vyatka Branch of the International Slavic Academy of Education, Arts and Culture. Nizhny Novgorod, 2000, no. 6, pp. 39-44.
  8. Gogoleva N.A. Analiz kompozitsionnykh zakonomernostey pamyatnikov arkhitektury [Analysis of Patterns of Compositions of Architectural Monuments]. Nizhny Novgorod, NNSUACE, 1998, 46 p.
  9. Belousov E.D. Ob”emno-prostranstvennaya kompozitsiya. Printsipy prakticheskogo izucheniya. [Three-dimensional Composition. Principles of Practical Study]. Rostov-Don, RGAAI, 1990, 89 p.
  10. Fedorova T.Yu. Istoriya razvitiya propedevtiki [History of Propaedeutics]. Sovremennye tekhnologii v dizayn-obrazovanii [Advanced Technologies of Design Education]. Proceedings of the 2nd All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference. RIO SIMBiP Publ., Sochi, 2005, 258 p.

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COMPUTER-ASSISTED CONTROL OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ENGINEERING GRAPHICS WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF DISTANCE LEARNING PROGRAMMES

Vestnik MGSU 6/2012
  • Tel'noy Viktor Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Military Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Engineering Graphics, +7 (499) 183-24-83, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Ivashchenko Andrey Viktorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Engineering Graphics, +7 (499) 183-24-83, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 136 - 141

Development of computer-assisted computer technologies and their integration into the academic activity with a view to the control of the academic performance within the framework of distance learning programmes represent the subject matter of the article.
The article is a brief overview of the software programme designated for the monitoring of the academic performance of students enrolled in distance learning programmes. The software is developed on Delphi 7.0 for Windows operating system. The strength of the proposed software consists in the availability of the two modes of its operation that differ in the principle of the problem selection and timing parameters.
Interim academic performance assessment is to be performed through the employment of computerized testing procedures that contemplate the use of a data base of testing assignments implemented in the eLearning Server media. Identification of students is to be performed through the installation of video cameras at workplaces of students.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.136 - 141

References
  1. Monakhov B.E., Tel’noy V.I. Izuchenie inzhenernoy grafiki s ispol’zovaniem distantsionnykh informatsionnykh tekhnologiy [The study of Engineering Graphics through the Use of Distance Learning Information Technologies]: Proceedings of the VI International Scientific and Practical Conference «Modern Information Technologies and IT education». Moscow, Moscow State University, 2011, pp. 354 — 357.
  2. Monakhov B.E., Tel’noy V.I. Obuchenie i kontrol’ znaniy po nachertatel’noy geometrii s ispol’zovaniem distantsionnykh obrazovatel’nykh tekhnologiy [Training and Assessment of Academic Performance in Descriptive Geometry through the Employment of Distance Learning Technologies]. Collection of selected works of the VI International Scientific and Practical Conference «Modern Information Technologies and IT education». Moscow, INTUIT.RU Publ., 2011, pp. 389—395.

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SCIENTIFIC RATIONALITY: ESSENCE, TYPES, TREND FOR INTEGRATION, PRACTICAL SIGNIFICANCE

Vestnik MGSU 6/2012
  • Fokina Zoya Titovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 142 - 149

The article covers the problem of particular importance for the contemporary science, that is, scientific rationality, which may be considered under-investigated. In the literature, the issue of sequence of historical types of scientific rationality is analyzed in detail. It breaks down into classical, non-classical, post-non-classical scientific rationality. However, within the framework of the philosophy of science, little attention is paid to the analysis of various types of scientific rationality, including the logical/mathematical, natural scientific, engineering/technical, and social/humanitarian rationality.
Though dozens of academic papers and books cover the issues of logic, mathematics, physics, engineering and technology, social sciences and humanities, general philosophy-related papers lack any essential description of the said four types of scientific rationality, their comparative analysis, and interrelation between them.
In the article, the essence of the logical/mathematical, natural scientific, engineering/technical, and social/humanitarian rationality is demonstrated; their methods, objectives and results are compared; their interaction is accentuated.
In the article, non-scientific and scientific types of philosophical rationality are identified (the former performs the functions of vision rather than gnoseological functions, it includes religious philosophy, existentialism, Nietzsche's philosophy, etc.). The reasons specified in the article substantiate the need to introduce the concept of philosophical-scientific type of rationality associated with the elaboration of issues of logic and methodology of scientific cognition, that are covered in the works of Aristotle, Bacon, Descartes, Hegel, Popper and other philosophers.
It is proven that in the time of substantial advancement of contemporary technology, incorporation of humanitarian values into the domain of natural and engineering sciences and formulation of the issue of ecological and ethical examination of engineering projects will prevent a global ecological catastrophe and collapse of the civilization.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.142 - 149

References
  1. Stiopin V.S. Teoreticheskoe znanie [Theoretical Knowledge]. Moscow, 2003, 743 ð.
  2. Kun T. Struktura nauchnykh revolyutsiy [Structure of Scientific Revolutions]. Moscow, 2003, p. 23—25, 34—35, 238.
  3. Shpengler O. Zakat Zapadnogo mira [Decline of the Western World]. Moscow, 2010, p. 13.

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MAIN PRINCIPLES OF RESEARCH OF THE OCCUPATIONAL STRUCTURE OF BUILDERS IN PRE-MONGOLIAN RUS

Vestnik MGSU 6/2012
  • Gatsunaev Konstantin Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of History and Culturology, +7 (499) 183-21-29, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 150 - 154

The subject matter of the article is the construction industry in the years of pre-Mongolian Rus. The complexity and diversity of the construction process reflect some peculiarities of the social life in ancient Rus. Therefore, the study of the construction industry reveals particular technological advancements as well as the professional and social organization of crafts in ancient Rus. In the article, the organization of the building process is considered as an integrated process.
A considerable amount of information can be obtained from ancient sources, such as monuments, although they do not constitute any accurate evidence of the construction process. We may identify the number of the so-called "artels" (construction gangs), as well as trace their routes from one construction centre to another. By the commencement of the Mongolian invasion, construction gangs had already established close connections with the prince in power, and their routes were always determined by dynastic relationships of princes. Their work was strongly influenced by Byzantine and West European countries. Therefore, the analysis of the whole construction industry is a vital constituent of the study of the history and culture of ancient Russians.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.150 - 154

References
  1. Rappoport P.A. Stroitel’noe proizvodstvo Drevney Rusi (X—XIII vv.) [Construction Process in Ancient Rus (X—XIII cent.)]. St.Petersburg, Nauka Publ., 1994, 159 p.
  2. Rappoport P.A. Drevnerusskaya arkhitektura [Ancient Russian Architecture]. St.Petersburg, Stroyizdat Publ., 1993, 286 p.
  3. Viktorov A. Kamenolomni Drevney Rusi [Stone Quarries of Ancient Rus]. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo Moskvy [Architecture and Construction of Moscow], 1987, no. 8, pp. 25—28.
  4. Komech A.I. Drevnerusskoe zodchestvo kontsa X — nach. XII v.: Vizantiyskoe nasledie i stanovlenie samostoyatel’noy traditsii [Ancient Russian Architecture of the Late 10th – Early 12th Centuries. Byzantine Heritage and Conception of Independent Traditions]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1987, 319 p.
  5. Kievo-Pecherskiy paterik. Pamyatniki literatury Drevney Rusi: XII vek [Kiyevo-Pechrky Paterikon. Literary Monuments of Ancient Rus; 12th Century]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1980, 424 p.
  6. Komech A.I. Arkhitektura Vladimira 1150—1180-kh gg. Khudozhestvennaya priroda i genezis «russkoy romaniki» [The Architecture of Vladimir of 1150—1180. Artistic Nature and Genesis of the Russian Romanticism]. Drevnerusskoe iskusstvo. Rus’ i strany vizantiyskogo mira. XII vek [Ancient Russian Art. Rus and Byzantine Countries. 12th Century]. St.Petersburg, 2002, pp. 231—254.

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