Green construction

ISSUES OF ECOLOGICAL BUILDING CERTIFICATION IN RUSSIA

Vestnik MGSU 4/2017 Volume 12
  • Klochkova Olga Nikolaevna - Yuri Gagarin State Technical University of Saratov Candidate of Architecture, Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Yuri Gagarin State Technical University of Saratov, 77 Polytechnique str., Saratov, Russian Federation, 410054.
  • Sukhinina Elena Aleksandrovna - Yuri Gagarin State Technical University of Saratov Candidate of Architecture, Senior Lecturer, Department of Architecture, consultant DGNB, Yuri Gagarin State Technical University of Saratov, 77 Polytechnique str., Saratov, Russian Federation, 410054.

Pages 396-404

To date, ecological standards in construction (Green Standard, CAP-SPZS, "GREEN ZOOM", "Eco Pro", "Eco Village", VTS "Rousseau. Football stadium", "ACTIVE HOUSE" ADDsert) have been adopted in Russia, but certification according to National Green Standards is slow performed. Domestic developers and customers are in no haste to invest additional investment in green facilities. Today, incentive and state support are needed for the development of environmental construction in Russia. National ecological Standard in construction should become a clear guide for specialists, especially architects, in creating an environmentally sustainable architectural and urban environment that is favorable for population. The international ecological certification systems of green buildings (BREEAM, LEED, DGNB) are focused on the standards of the countries that develop these standards and do not take into account the natural, climatic and cultural realities of our state. The article analyzes and compares the three main current International Environmental Standards and Russian legislation in the field of environmental construction. The program of eco-activities in various spheres of the Russian economy is proposed.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.4.396-404

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ON THE ISSUE OF ESTIMATING THE ECONOMIC EFFECTIVENESS OF?BUSINESS PROJECTS OF ECOLOGICAL HOUSE CONSTRUCTION

Vestnik MGSU 4/2017 Volume 12
  • Tskhovrebov Eduard Stanislavovich - Research Institute “Center for Environmental Industrial Policy” (Research Institute “CEIP”) Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, Deputy Director, Research Institute “Center for Environmental Industrial Policy” (Research Institute “CEIP”), 42 Olimpiyskiy pr., Mytishchi, Moscow Region, Russian Federation, 141006.
  • Shevchenko Andrey Stanislavovich - CJSC National Engineering Company , CJSC National Engineering Company, Office А504, А506, 2 Gorbunova str., bldg. 204, Moscow, Russian Federation, 121596.
  • Velichko Evgeny Grigorievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, Russian Federation, 129337.

Pages 405-414

Issues of economic evaluation of investment projects to green construction are considered in view of the complex accounting economic, social, environmental factors within Green Standard requirements to construction of ecological facilities. The urgency of constructing autonomous, energy-efficient, resource-saving complexes and facilities that do not have a negative impact on the environment is growing every year. Despite the fact that the current cost of electricity received from a centralized network is lower than the cost of its generation from autonomous sources, the world trend is of a steady increase of the energy price and at the same time reducing the annual cost of autonomous mini-electric power stations on renewable fuel. This makes it necessary to look at a new way of solving the issues of energy and resource saving and energy efficiency in industrial and civil construction. The facility from Moscow Region is chosen as a particular example of estimating the performance indicators of an autonomous individual house construction facility with design solutions, technologies and activities applied for obtaining energy from renewable sources (solar and wind), saving water, recycling and reusing waste, minimizing the negative impact on the environment. Taking into account the current strategic course of Russian socio-economic development to sustainable development, authors of the article emphasize that a comprehensive ecological and economic estimation of investment projects to green construction is designed to encourage and reorient the subjective goals of construction production from achieving private profit by business entities and specific investors investing funds in the shortest economic result to the search of optimal available technologies, solutions, measures ensuring the growth of indicators of social, public, ecological efficiency, development of regional industrial infrastructure of environmentally safe, resource-intensive, energy-efficient industrial, civil and individual house construction.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.4.405-414

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EUROPEAN AND RUSSIAN CONCEPTS OF THE RISK ESTIMATION OF EMERGENCY SITUATION DUE TO THE EQUIPMENT FAILURE AT ISOTHERMAL GAS STORAGE FACILITIES

Vestnik MGSU 4/2017 Volume 12
  • Kovalchuk Oleg Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Building and Theoretical Mechanics, Director of the Institute of Fundamental Education, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, Russian Federation, 129337.
  • Zavadskaya Elena Petrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Postgraduate Student, Department of Construction and Theoretical Mechanics, Assistant, Department of Applied Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, Russian Federation, 129337.

Pages 390-395

Article is devoted to the consideration of European methods of estimating the risk of an emergency situation due to the equipment failure at isothermal gas storage facilities and comparing these methods with Russian ones. In European methods, two levels of risk analysis are distinguished. At the first level, all parameters are assumed constant. In general, specialists analyze this level in their work, because it is more concise and corresponds to the facility reliability. The second level of analysis is more complex and resorted to unusual emergency situations. According to Russian standards, risk analysis is carried out for each hazardous facility individually.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.4.390-395

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GREEN TECHNOLOGIES OF LIVING ENVIRONMENT: CONCEPTS, TERMS, STANDARDS

Vestnik MGSU 4/2017 Volume 12
  • Telichenko Valeriy Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Honored Worker of Science of the Russian Federation, President, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, Russian Federation, 129337.

Pages 364-372

The article deals with the main principles, concepts, terms that characterize the scientific approach to the formation of a safe and comfortable living environment on the basis of the development and wide application of the sustainable development principles in urban development practice. Definitions of the basic concepts related to the tasks of developing green technologies of the living environment are proposed. The purpose of the study is to select methodological tools for creating a national system of green standardization and certification of urban development objects. This requires technical regulation and standardization; analysis and management of object life cycles; integrated safety, building materials science; energy efficiency and energy saving; development and application of green standards; BIM-technology; rating systems of green certification; construction systems. It is established that the main characteristics that define the “green technologies” concept are energy efficiency, safety, non-wasting, comfort. The factors preventing the achievement of the stated purposes are shown. Positive shifts in this direction and examples of practical implementation of voluntary certification systems for urban development projects have been noted.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.4.364-372

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ON THE ISSUE OF MONITORING AND NORMALIZATION OF FINE DUST EMISSIONS INTO THE ATMOSPHERIC AIR DURING THE ROAD TRANSPORT MOVEMENT

Vestnik MGSU 4/2017 Volume 12
  • Grafkina Marina Vladimirovna - Moscow Polytechnic University (Polytech) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of Department of Ecological Safety of Technical Systems, Moscow Polytechnic University (Polytech), 38 Bolshaya Semenovskaya str., Moscow, Russian Federation, 107023.
  • Azarov Artem Viktorovich - PTB PSO Volgogradgrazhdanstroy Head of the Environmental Design Group, PTB PSO Volgogradgrazhdanstroy, 1 Barrikadnaya str.,Volgograd, Russian Federation, 400074.
  • Dobrinsky Daniil Razhievich - Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE) Graduate Student of the Department of Life Safety in the Technosphere, Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE), .
  • Nikolenko Denis Alexandrovich - Academy of Construction and Architecture, Don State Technical University (DSTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Automobile Roads, Director of the Research Institute for Problems of the Road and Transport Complex, Academy of Construction and Architecture, Don State Technical University (DSTU), 162 Sotsialisticheskaya str., Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation, 344022.

Pages 373-380

Currently, an estimation of the negative impact on the environment does not include a dust emission effect caused by the road transport movement on various road pavements. The greatest danger to the population health is the fine dust particles of PM2.5 and PM10. The problem of calculating, controlling and normalization of fine dust emissions at the road transport movement is important for improving the quality of life and health of citizens, the air quality in work facility areas and the introduction of promising technologies to reduce the negative impact of dust sources on the air environment of cities. In this work, during the preliminary estimation of the car dusting impact on the environment, instrumental measurements were made, and the maximum and average daily concentrations PM2.5 and PM10 of suspended solids in atmospheric air were obtained.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.4.373-380

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STATISTICAL METHOD OF APARTMENT NOISE LEVEL CALCULATION AND ITS EXPERIMENTAL VALIDATION

Vestnik MGSU 4/2017 Volume 12
  • Zhogoleva Olga Alexandrovna - Tambov State Technical University (TSTU) Assistant Lecturer, Department of Urban and Road Construction, Tambov State Technical University (TSTU), 112E Michurinskaya str., Tambov, Russian Federation, 392032.
  • Giyasov Botir Iminzhonovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Architectural and Construction Design, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Matveeva Irina Vladimirovna - Tambov State Technical University (TSTU) , Tambov State Technical University (TSTU), 112E Michurinskaya str., Tambov, Russian Federation, 392032.
  • Fedorova Olga Olegovna - Tambov State Technical University (TGTU) , Tambov State Technical University (TGTU), 112 E Michurinskaya str., Tambov, 392032, Russian Federation.

Pages 381-389

The noise regime in apartments is largely determined by intra-apartment sound sources. Appropriate noise level calculation methods are needed for its estimation. These methods include the statistical calculation method based on the diffuse sound field concept. However, at present, there are no studies of its applicability for the calculation of noise level in apartment as in systems of acoustically related rooms. The aim of the study was to establish the possibility of using the statistical calculation method to estimate the noise regime in an apartment as in a single acoustic space and to study the influence of acoustic connections between apartment rooms on noise formation. Studies of statistical calculation method capabilities were made by comparing the results of calculations with the experimental data obtained for various planning apartment solutions including various acoustic connections between rooms. Calculations were carried out using the developed computer program. It is established that the calculation accuracy of the statistical method corresponds to the requirements for methods of calculating air noise level in civil buildings. The method adequately reacts to variations in the acoustic connection between the apartment rooms as elements of a single system of acoustically related volumes. The statistical method of calculating air noise levels, as it is proposed in the article, can be effectively used in calculating the noise levels that occur in apartments from in-apartment sources. The method adequately estimates noise regime variations at changes both the noise source position in the volume of the apartment and acoustic connections between its rooms. It can be effectively used in developing measures for the acoustic apartment improvement.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.4.381-389

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“GREEN” STANDARDIZATION OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR FORMING THE NATURE-FRIENDLY LIVING ENVIRONMENT

Vestnik MGSU 5/2018 Volume 13
  • Telichenko Valery Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Honored Worker of Science of the Russian Federation, President, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Slesarev Mikhail Yuryevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Laureate of the Government of the Russian Federation Education Prize, Professor of the Department of Construction of Heat and Nuclear Power Facilities, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 558-567

Subject: the concept of “green” standardization of living environment technologies and “green” innovative products. Research objectives: identify ways and means of forming the most likely transition to a new environmentally friendly technological structure that in the future will replace the existing energy-consuming mode of engineering and technology, which leads to a global environmental collapse. Materials and methods: the “green” standardization of the future for assessing the conformity and environmental expertise of the safety and nature-friendliness of the newest technologies being developed among the promising breakthrough technologies and for assessing the conformity of “innovative” products with the requirements of biopositivity, comfort and safety. Results: the Technical Committee for Standardization has been created (“Green” Technologies of Living Environment and “Green” Innovative Products - TK 366), which is a form of cooperation of interested organizations, authorities and individuals in carrying out work on national, interstate and international standardization in the spheres of activity associated with development, production and implementation of promising economically advantageous technologies, materials and products based on the principles of energy and natural resources conservation, minimization of the negative impact on the environment and maintenance of human health throughout the life cycle of the created material or products. Conclusions: the main terms of the “green” standardization and criteria for classifying the technologies of the living environment and innovative products as “green” ones are recommended for use.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.5.558-567

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