ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Moulds and profiles of the building facades of St. Petersburg of the 18th century

Vestnik MGSU 12/2015
  • Voznyak Ekaterina Ryurikovna - Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Architectural and Town-Planning Heritage, Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE), 4 2-ya Krasnoarmeyskaya str., Saint Petersburg, 190005, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 13-24

In the article the author underlines the importance of details (moulds and profiles) for the architects of previous times. The architects of the 17th-19th centuries expressed their creative and filosofic position choosing some concrete example of the great theorists of the past when constructing moulds and orders. We should note that the negative attitude to Classicism theory reasoned in the lack of investigations of the architectural details of the buildings of the 18th-19th centuries, in particular the ones in Saint Petersburg. At the present moment the interest to studying the architectural theories and forms is reappearing both in Russia and in Europe. The article considers the architectural moulds of the eighteenth century buildings of St. Petersburg, examples of their construction in each stylistic period. The analysis shows the significant differences of the Russian moulds drawings from the recommendations of classical treatises of the Renaissance and educational counterparts. The author offers the basic analysis of the characteristic features and data elements for each stylistic period in the architecture of St. Petersburg of the 18th century, as well as a unique handwriting of the architects who worked in that era.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.13-24

References
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  22. Pluzhnikov V.I. Rasprostranenie zapadnogo dekora v petrovskom zodchestve [Distribution of the Western Décor in Peter the Great Architecture]. Drevnerusskoe iskusstvo. Zarubezhnye svyazi [Old Russian Art. Foreign Connections]. Moscow, 1975, pp. 362—370. (In Russian)
  23. Ukhnalev A.E. Osobennosti stilisticheskoy situatsii v arkhitekture Peterburga pervoy chetverti XVIII veka [Features of the Stylistic Situation in the Architecture of St. Petersburg of the First Quarter of the 18th Century]. Izvestiya Rossiyskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. A.I. Gertsena [Scientific Journal of Herzen University]. 2011, no. 140, pp. 136—148. (In Russian)
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Approach to defining the urban development borders of an area on the example of Kuzbass

Vestnik MGSU 1/2016
  • Samoylova Nadezhda Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) councellor, Central Office of the Government of the Russian Federation, councellor, Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Building Design and Urban Planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26, Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, Russia, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-21

ON THE EXAMPLE OF KUZBASS The contemporary urban planning problems are of multifaceted character and are directly relevant to fundamental aspects of the development of the society - social sphere, economy, land and property relations, material environment and its safety, preservation of historical and cultural heritage, ecology. In spacial planning aspect urban planning is, first of all, planning and design, including scientifically justified legal regulation, spatial organization of territorial objects (of a country and its regions, settlements, components of planning structure: planning centers, axes, zones, etc., separate land plots), i.d. forecast of their future state - use, development or reconstruction. All these should be included into town planning documentation. The author specified the range of problematic urban planning issues, which refer to urban border areas. The methods, mechanisms and measures to define urban border areas including several interdependent urban and rural settlements situated in different city regions are offered using the example of Kuzbass. The backgrounds for the creation of BIM system for planning, design, construction and further management and operation of infrastructure objects are created within the formed urban border areas of coal mining.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.1.7-21

References
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  22. Federal’nyy zakon ot 05.04.2013 № 43-FZ. Ob osobennostyakh regulirovaniya otdel’nykh pravootnosheniy v svyazi s prisoedineniem k sub”ektu Rossiyskoy Federatsii — gorodu federal’nogo znacheniya Moskve territoriy i o vnesenii izmeneniy v otdel’nye zakonodatel’nye akty Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Federal Law from 05.04.2013 no. 43-FZ. On Regulatory Aspects of Separate Legal Relations Resulting from Accession of Territories to the Constituent Territory of the Russian Federation — a City of Federal Value Moscow and on Introducing Amendments into Separate Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation]. (In Russian)
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  34. Alekseev Yu.V., Samoylova N.A. Osobennosti formirovaniya gradostroitel’noy informatsionnoy sistemy dlya territorii ugol’nogo basseyna [Formation Features of Urban Development Information System for Coal-Basin Territories]. Gradostroitel’stvo [Urban Development]. 2015, no. 4, pp. 21—27. (In Russian)

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Reconstruction project of a bell tower of Joseph of Volokolamsk monastery: architectural, town-planning and structural aspects

Vestnik MGSU 1/2016
  • Tsvetkov Konstantin Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Naumova Yuliya Igorevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Master student on the program “Reconstruction and Restoration of Buildings and Structures”, Department of Architecture of Civil and Industrial Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 22-34

ASPECTS All over the world a lot of unique architectural monuments are lost according to different reasons. The role of cultural objects can hardly be overestimated and their total loss is irretrievable. Preservation of architectural monuments and complexity of their investigation and design solutions development depend on many factors: age of the monument, structural peculiarities, geographical position, their value as objects of cultural heritage, etc. The article offers the description of a reconstruction project of a bell tower in Joseph of Volokolamsk Monastery, which had been destructed in 1941. The bell tower in Joseph of Volokolamsk Monastery situated in Volokolamsk region of the Moscow Region near village Teryaevo is an outstanding example of the architecture and construction technologies of the 16th-17th centuries. The design group conducted extensive research, made a conclusion on the state of the surviving elements and offered several variants of bell tower reconstruction. It was decided to reconstruct the bell tower over the surviving first tier with transferring the loads to the new bearing structure. The first tier is being reconstructed and preserved.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.1.22-34

References
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  2. Kopylova N.S., Korzun N.L. Restavratsiya pamyatnikov arkhitektury v Irkutske (na primere dokhodnogo doma po ulitse Fridrikha Engel’sa, byvshey Zhandarmskoy) [Restoration of Architectural Monuments in Irkutsk (on the Example of the Tenement Building on Friedrich Engels Street, the Former Zhandarmskaya Street)]. Izvestiya vuzov. Investitsii. Stroitel’stvo. Nedvizhimost’ [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Investment. Construction. Real Estate]. 2014, no. 1 (6), pp. 111—125. (In Russian)
  3. Meshcheryakov V.V. Muzeefikatsiya dvortsa Menshikova v Sankt-Peterburge [Museumification of Menshikov Palace in Saint Petersburg]. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Seriya 2: Istoriya [Vestnik of Saint-Petersburg University. Series 2. History]. 2008, no. 3, pp. 173—183. (In Russian)
  4. Osmanov E.E Mecheti Biyuk Khan-Dzhami i Takhtaly-Dzhami v Bakhchisarae [The Mosques Juma-Jami and Tahtali-Jami in Bakhchisarai]. Uchenye zapiski Tavricheskogo natsional’nogo universiteta im. V.I. Vernadskogo. Seriya «Istoricheskie nauki» [Scientific Notes of Taurida National V.I. Vernadsky University. Series: Historical Sciences]. 2014, vol. 27 (66), no. 4, pp. 65—75. (In Russian)
  5. Beloyarskaya I.K. Istoriko-restavratsionnye issledovaniya teploy tserkvi Bogoyavleniya Georgievskogo prikhoda v gorode Vologde [Historical and Restoration Investigations of the Ward Church of the Church of the Epiphany of the Saint George Parish in Vologda]. Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov. Teoriya arkhitektury [Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. Theory of Architecture]. 2015, no. 50. Available at: http://archvuz.ru/2015_2/9. Date of access: 04.08.2015. (In Russian)
  6. Darley G. A Future for Farm Buildings. London, SAVE Britain`s heritage, 1988.
  7. Volker Stoll, Carsten Leibenart. Geotechnische und Hydrogeologische Arbeiten fur den Wiederaufbau der Frauenkirche Dresden und deren Umfeld. Prirodnye usloviya stroitel’stva i sokhraneniya khramov pravoslavnoy Rusi : sbornik tezisov 5-go Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-prakticheskogo simpoziuma [Natural Conditions of Construction and Preservation of the Cathedrals of Orthodox Russia : Collection of Abstracts of the 5th International Science and Practice Symposium]. N. Novgorod, 2013, pp. 41—49. (In Russian)
  8. Stubbs J.H., Makaš E.G., Bouchenaki M. Architectural Conservation in Europe and the Americas. Hoboken, New Jersey, John Willey & Sons, Inc., 2011, 512 p.
  9. Zhidkov A.A., Nazarov I.A., Gorelov V.A. Instrumental’nye obmery Khrama Khrista Spasitelya: vossozdanie dukhovnogo velichiya [Tool Measurements of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour: Reconstruction of the Spiritual Greatness]. Geodezist” [Geodesist]. 2001, no. 5, pp. 20—21. (In Russian)
  10. Katrunova E.I. Proekt rekonstruktsii tserkvi Uspeniya Bogoroditsy na Sennoy ploshchadi arkhitektora D.A. Butyrina [Reconstruction Project of the Church of Dormition of the Mother of God on Sennaya Square by the Architect D.A. Butrin]. Aktual’nye problemy teorii i istorii iskusstva : sbornik statey 3-ey Mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii molodykh spetsialistov [Current Problems of the Theory and History of Art : Collection of Articles of the 3rd International Conference of Young Specialists]. 2012. Available at: http://www.actual-art.org/131-st2012/rus19/512-katrunova-tserkov-uspeniya-na-sennoj.html. Date of access: 04.08.2015. (In Russian)
  11. Drobotushenko E.V. Arkhitekturnyy ansambl’ Chikoyskogo Ioanno-Predtechenskogo monastyrya kak ob”ekt istoricheskogo izucheniya. Po materialam polevykh issledovaniy [Architectural Complex of the Chikoysk John- Predtechensky Monastery as an Object of Historical Investigation]. Balandinskie chteniya [Balandinsk Readings]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 222—228. (In Russian)
  12. Kozlova G.S. Revalorizatsiya arkhitekturnogo ansamblya Chudotvorskoy tserkvi v g. Irkutske [Revaluation of the Architectural Complex of Thaumaturgy Church in Irkutsk]. Balandinskie chteniya [Balandinsk Readings]. 2014, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 31—40. (In Russian)
  13. Kuznetsova-Pavskaya E.S., Letvinova O.G. Graficheskaya rekonstruktsiya tserkvi Vozneseniya v sele Khaldeevo Tomskoy gubernii [Graphical Reconstruction of the Ascension Church in Khaldeevo Village of Tomsk Province]. Izbrannye doklady 60-y nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii studentov i molodykh uchenykh. (24—25 aprelya 2014 g.) [Selected Works of the 60th Science and Technical Conference of Students and Young Scientists (April 24—25, 2014)]. Tomsk, TGASU Publ., 2015, pp. 261—267. (In Russian)
  14. Blagovidova N.G. Novo-Ierusalimskiy monastyr’ kak unikal’nyy dukhovno-prosvetitel’skiy tsentr [New Jerusalem Monastery as a Unique Spiritual and Educational Center]. Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov. Istoriya arkhitektury [Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. History of Architecture]. 2013, no. 41. Available at: http://archvuz.ru/2013_1/13. Date of access: 04.08.2015. (In Russian)
  15. Kurlaev E.A. Rekonstruktsiya oblika metallurgicheskogo zavoda XVIII v. v vide komp’yuternoy modeli [Reconstruction of the Appearance of Ironworks of the 18th Century as a Computer Model]. Ekonomicheskaya istoriya [Economical History]. 2008, no. 6, pp. 9—17. (In Russian)
  16. Dragomirov D.Yu. Komp’yuternaya trekhmernaya rekonstruktsiya pamyatnikov arkhitektury [Computer 3D Reconstruction of Architectural Monuments]. Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta [The Bulletin of Udmurt University]. 2006, no. 12, pp. 141—144. (In Russian)
  17. Anikeeva S.O. Ob opyte ispol’zovaniya tekhnologii BIM dlya muzeefikatsii derevyannykh pamyatnikov arkhitektury [On the Experience of Using BIM Technology for Museumification of Wooden Architectural Monuments]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Kul’turologiya i iskusstvovedenie [Tomsk State University Journal. Culturology and Art History]. 2014, no. 1 (13), pp. 31—36. (In Russian)
  18. Anikeeva S.O. Vossozdanie utrachennykh pamyatnikov istorii i arkhitektury s pomoshch’yu tekhnologii BIM (na primere doma s pechkoy, s. Panovo, Krasnoyarskiy kray) [Reconstruction of the Lost Historical and Architectural Monuments Using BIM Technologies (on the Example of a House with a Stove, Village Panovo, Krasnodar Region]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Istoriya [Tomsk State University Journal. History]. 2013, no. 3 (23), pp. 7—9. (In Russian)
  19. RGADA. F. 1192.Op. 3. D. 10a. [Russian State Archive of Ancient Documents].(In Russian)
  20. RGADA. F. 280. Op. 3. D. 211. [Russian State Archive of Ancient Documents].(In Russian)
  21. TsIAM. F. 206. Op. 1. D. 1528. [Russian State Archive of Ancient Documents].(In Russian)
  22. RGADA. F. 1192. Op. 4. D. 1. [Russian State Archive of Ancient Documents].(In Russian)
  23. TsIAM. F. 454. Op. 3. D. 6. [Russian State Archive of Ancient Documents]. (In Russian)
  24. Ob okhrane i ispol’zovanii pamyatnikov istorii i kul’tury (v red. Ukazov Prezidiuma VS RSFSR ot 18.01.1985 g., Federal’nogo zakona ot 25.06.2002. № 73-FZ) St. 35 [On Preservation and Use of Historical and Cultural Monuments (in Edition of the Decree of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic from 18.01.1985, Federal Law from 25.06.2002. No. 73-FZ), article 35]. (In Russian)
  25. Ob ob”ektakh kul’turnogo naslediya (pamyatnikakh istorii i kul’tury) narodov Rossiyskoy Federatsii : federal’nyy zakon Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 25 iyunya 2002 g. № 73-FZ (s izmeneniyami na 13 iyulya 2015 goda) [On Objects of Cultural Heritage (Historical and Cultural Monuments) of the Peoples of the Russian Federation from June 25, 2002 no. 73-FZ (with Amendments from July, 13, 2015]. Rosiyskaya gazeta [Russian Newspaper]. 2003, March, article 5.1. (In Russian)
  26. RGADA. F. 1192. Op. 4. D. 1. L. 65. [Russian State Archive of Ancient Documents]. (In Russian)

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Perspectives of the contemporary usage of circular locomotive depot buildings

Vestnik MGSU 2/2016
  • Aksenova Irina Vasil’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Building Design and Urban Development, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Naumova Yuliya Igorevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Master student, Department of Building Design and Urban Development, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Gridyushko Vladimir Valentinovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Associate Professor, Department of Building Design and Urban Development, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 9-19

Variants of reshaping the objects of the industrial heritage, including the buildings of transport infrastructure located in central districts of historical towns are analyzed in the article. The evolution of the development of depots for maintaining and repairing the locomotives is represented. The uniqueness of the complex of buildings of Nikolaevskaya Railway in Moscow, an integrated historical and architectural ensemble, is noted. At the present moment one of few preserved buildings is a circular depot in the center of Moscow. The loss of this unique specimen of industrial architecture of the middle of 19th century would be an irreplaceable loss for the cultural heritage of the nation. The only way of its rescue from full destruction is its restoration and inclusion in the contemporary life of the city. The method of possible variants of the contemporary usage of historical building-monuments of the industrial heritage is proposed, which secures their safety on the basis of self-repayment. The preferable variants for reshaping the building of circular depot in Moscow are considered on the basis of qualitative criteria. Keeping in mind the location of the depot near railway stations - the sources of the main contingent being in need of short-term rent - the variant of placing a hotel-touristic center in the depot was chosen. This corresponds to the basic direction of the State Program of the City of Moscow for the period of 2012-2016, which provides the development of the hotel chain at the expense of the reconstruction and the creation of the touristic infrastructure. The authors considered in the article the variant of usage of the depot as a multifunctional hotel complex gives the possibility to solve the problem of shortage of two-stars hotels in the center of Moscow and, what is very important, to preserve the monument in an undistorted appearance.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.2.9-19

References
  1. Parovoznye depo [Locomotive Depot]. Vse samoe interesnoe o zheleznoy doroge : innovatsionnyy daydzhest [Innovative Digest “The Most Interesting About Railway”]. Available at: http://www.rzd-expo.ru/history/infrastructure/parovoznye-depo/. Date of access: 15.05.2015. (In Russian)
  2. RGIA [Russian State Historical Archive]. F. 219. Op. 1. Ch. 3. D. 4062. (In Russian)
  3. Perunov A.S., Kunin Yu.S., Kotov V.I. Restavratsiya pamyatnika arkhitektury — zdaniya krugovogo parovoznogo depo [Restoration of the Round Locomotive Depot, a Moscow Landmark]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceeding of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 5, pp. 21—28. (In Russian)
  4. About the Roundhouse. Derby College. Available at: http://www.derby-college.ac.uk/our-sites/about-the-roundhouse. Date of access: 20.05.2015.
  5. Roundhouse. JOHN McASLAN+PARTNERS. Available at: http://www.mcaslan.co.uk/projects/roundhouse. Date of access: 20.05.2015.
  6. Two Brothers Roundhouse. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two_Brothers_Roundhouse. Date of access: 20.05.2015.
  7. History of the Museum. Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Museum. Available at: http://www.borail.org/History-of-the-Museum.aspx. Date of access: 20.05.2015.
  8. Umekoji Steam Locomotive Museum. Modern Transportation Museum. Available at: http://www.mtm.or.jp/eng/umekoji/. Date of access: 20.05.2015.
  9. Múzeum. Magyar Vasúttörténeti Park. Available at: http://www.vasuttortenetipark.hu/muzeum. Date of access: 22.05.2015.
  10. Rundhaus Europa. Bahnpark Augsburg. Available at: http://www.bahnpark-augsburg.de/museum-im-aufbau/rundhaus-europa.html. Date of access: 22.05.2015.
  11. Sharova E.A. Restavratsionnyy aspekt odnoy rekonstruktsii [Restoration Aspect of one Reconstruction]. Arkhitektura, restavratsiya, dizayn, investitsii, stroitel’stvo [Architecture, Restoration, Design, Investment, Construction]. 2008, no. 3 (39). Available at: http://d-c.spb.ru/archiv/39/21.html. Date of access: 25.05.2015. (In Russian)
  12. Martovitskaya A. Muzey na strelke [Museum on the spit]. Arkhi.ru : informatsionnyy portal ob arkhitekture [Archi.ru : Informational Portal on architecture]. Available at: http://archi.ru/russia/53241/muzei-na-strelke. Date of access: 25.05.2015. (In Russian)
  13. Fotogalereya Dnepropetrovskoy DZhD [Photo Gallery of Dnepropetrovsk Child’s Railway]. Detskie zheleznye dorogi SSSR — Istoriya i sovremennost’ [Child’s Railways of the USSR — History and Modern Times]. Available at: http://www.dzd-ussr.ru/towns/dnepr/foto3.html. Date of access: 25.05.2015. (In Russian)
  14. Rekonstruktsiya parovoznogo depo v Kaliningradskoy oblasti [Reconstruction of a Locomotive Depot in the Kaliningrad Region]. InsterGOD. Available at: http://instergod.ru/diplom/re-depot.html. Date of access: 25.05.2015. (In Russian)
  15. Mozhaev A. Novye rel’sy [New Rails]. Arkhnadzor [Architectural Control]. 22.04.2011. Available at: http://www.archnadzor.ru/2011/04/22/novy-e-rel-sy/. Date of access: 25.05.2015. (In Russian)
  16. Zakon goroda Moskvy ot 05.05.2010 goda № 17 : O general’nom plane goroda Moskvy (s izm. i dop. 26 oktyabrya 2011 g.) [Law No. 17 of the City of Moscow dated 5.05.2010 “On the General Plan of the City of Moscow” (as amended October 26, 2011)]. (In Russian)
  17. Postanovlenie pravitel’stva Moskvy ot 24.12.2012 g. № 793-PP (v red. postanovleniya Pravitel’stva Moskvy ot 04.04.2013 № 208-PP) : Ob otraslevoy skheme razmeshcheniya gostinits v gorode Moskve [Decree No.793-PP of the Moscow Government dated 24.12.2012 (Version of Decree No. 208-PP of the Moscow Government dated 04.04.2013): On the Sectoral Scheme of Hotel Locations in the City of Moscow]. (In Russian)
  18. Tri varianta restavratsii Krugovogo depo v Moskve ot «Arkhnadzora» [Three Restoration Variants of the Circular Depot in Moscow from “Arhnadzor”]. RiaNedvizhimost’ [Ria Real Estate]. 20.03.2013. Available at: http://riarealty.ru/multimedia_photo/20130320/399952928_7.html. Date of access: 25.05.2015. (In Russian)
  19. Yakunin V. Restavratsiya zdaniya Krugovogo depo na Leningradskom vokzale [Restoration of the Building of the Circular Depot at the Leningradsky Railway Station]. LiveJournal. Publication from 18.03.2013. Available at: http://v-yakunin.livejournal.com/69403.html. Date of access: 25.05.2015. (In Russian)
  20. Egorov Yu., Tvardovskaya E. Razrushenie krugovogo depo kak primer «tsivilizovannoy evropeyskoy praktiki» [Demolition of the Circular Depot as an Example of “Civilized European Practice”]. Arkhnadzor [Architectural Control]. 03.06.2013. Available at: http://www.archnadzor.ru/2013/06/03/razrushenie-krugovogo-depo-kak-primer-tsivilizovannoy-evropeyskoy-praktiki/. Date of access: 25.05.2015. (In Russian)

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF NONLINEAR MODELS FOR PREDICTING RESIDUAL OPERATING LIFE AND OPERABILITY OF THE STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS

Vestnik MGSU 5/2016
  • Golovina Natal’ya Valer’evna - Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU) postgraduate student, Department of Urban Development and Municipal Engineering, Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU), 84, 20-letiya Oktyabrya str., Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shmelev Gennadiy Dmitrievich - Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Urban Development and Municipal Engineering, Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Voronezh GASU), 84, 20-letiya Oktyabrya str., Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 10-17

A number of researchers are working on the creation of a general method for forecasting operability and residual life of engineering constructions of buildings and structures of different purposes using the models of nonlinear physical wear development. The authors analyzed two approaches to forecasting operability and estimating residual operating life of structural elements of residential houses using nonlinear models of the changes in physical wear of building structures basing on forecast logistic model. The description of the differences in the approaches to forecasting and advantages of one method compared to another are given. As a result of the conducted analysis the authors recommend the most accurate model for making predictions and estimation of residual operating life of building structures.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.10-17

References
  1. Shmelev G.D. Sistematizatsiya opredelyayushchikh parametrov dlya prognoza ostatochnogo sroka sluzhby stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy [Systematization of Key Parameters for Prognostication of Residual Service Life of Building Structures]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 8, pp. 89—96. (In Russian)
  2. Shmelev G.D. Metodika otsenki riska pri prognozirovanii ostatochnogo sroka sluzhby stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy [Methods of Risk Assessment when Forecasting the Residual Operating Life of Building Structures]. Akademicheskiy vestnik UralNiiproekt RAASN [Academic Proceedings of UralNiiProekt of RAACS]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 81—84. (In Russian)
  3. Shmelev G.D., Nikolaychev I.V. Parametricheskie metody prognozirovaniya ostatochnykh srokov sluzhby zhelezobetonnykh stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy [Parametric Methods of Predicting the Residual Operating Life of Reinforced Concrete Building Structures]. Nauchnyy vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Seriya: Fiziko-khimicheskie problemy i vysokie tekhnologii stroitel’nogo materialovedeniya [Scientific Herald of the Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Series: Physical and Chemical Problems and High Technologies of Construction Material Science]. 2013, no. 7, pp. 167—175. (In Russian)
  4. Shmelev G.D., Golovina N.V. Prognozirovanie nadezhnosti i ostatochnogo resursa stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy s ispol’zovaniem metoda linearizatsii v usloviyakh ogranichennoy statisticheskoy informatsii [Predicting the Reliability and Residual Life of Building Structures Using Linearization Method in the Conditions of Limited Statistic Information]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov SWorld [Collection of Scientific Works of SWorld]. 2012, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 100—107. (In Russian)
  5. Kozlov V.A., Shmelev G.D. Obosnovanie interval’nogo metoda prognozirovaniya i otsenki ostatochnogo resursa stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy zdaniy i inzhenernykh sooruzheniy [Substantiation of the Interval Method of Forecasting and Estimating the Residual Life of Building Structures of Buildings and Engineering Constructions]. Nauchnyy vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Scientific Herald of the Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Construction and Architecture]. 2013, no. 4 (32), pp. 11—18. (In Russian)
  6. Evtushenko S.I., Krakhmal’naya M.P., Krakhmal’nyy T.A. K voprosu ob ostatochnom resurse dlitel’no ekspluatiruemykh mostov cherez vodoprovodyashchie kanaly [To the Problem of Residual Life of Long Operating Bridges Over Feeding Canals]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta [Bulletin of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 35 (54), pp. 166—170. (In Russian)
  7. Andreeva E.V. Razrabotka metoda prognozirovaniya ostatochnogo resursa elementov mashin [Development of the Method for Predicting the Residual Life of Machinery Elements]. Inzhenerno-tekhnicheskoe obespechenie APK. Referativnyy zhurnal [Engineering and Technical Support of Agro-Industrial Complex. Abstract Journal]. 2009, no. 2, p. 605. (In Russian)
  8. Shmelev G.D., Golovina N.V. Prognozirovanie ostatochnogo resursa i nadezhnosti stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy s ispol’zovaniem nelineynoy modeli razvitiya fizicheskogo iznosa [Forecasting the Residual Life and Reliability of uilding Structures Using Nonlinear Model of Physical Wear Development]. Stroitel’stvo — formirovanie sredy zhiznedeyatel’nosti : sbornik tezisov Shestnadtsatoy mezhdunarodnoy mezhvuzovskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii studentov, magistrantov, aspirantov i molodykh uchenykh (g. Moskva, 24—26 aprelya 2013 g.)[Construction — Formation of Living Environment : Collection of the Theses of the 17th International Interuniversity Science and Practice Conference of Students, Master Students, Postgraduate Students and Young Scientists (Moscow, April 24—26, 2013)]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2013, pp. 163—165. (In Russian)
  9. Popova O.N., Simankina T.L. Metodika otsenki resursa rabotosposobnosti konstruktivnykh elementov zhilykh zdaniy [Method of Estimating the Operating Life of Structural Elements of Residential Buildings]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Engineering and Construction Journal]. 2013, no. 7 (42), pp. 40—50. (In Russian)
  10. Kalinin V.M. Otsenka bezotkaznosti i prognozirovanie dolgovechnosti truboprovodov podzemnoy prokladki [Estimating the Reliability and Forecasting the Durability of Underground Pipelines]. Santekhnika [Sanitary Engineering]. 2006, no. 4, pp. 78—85. (In Russian)
  11. Yakovlev A. Iznos i amortizatsiya: smyslovaya svyaz’ i soderzhatel’nye razlichiya [Wear and Amortization: Similarities in the Meaning and Substantial Differences]. Finansovaya gazeta [Finance Newspaper]. 2000, no. 34, pp. 51. (In Russian)

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RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE OF YEREVAN IN THE 20TH CENTURY. IDENTIFICATION OF THE MAIN STAGES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PLANNING STRUCTURE OF A DWELLING UNIT

Vestnik MGSU 5/2016
  • Azatyan Karen Rubenovich - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Architectural Drafting and Architectural Environment Design, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryan str., Yerevan, 0009, Armenia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 18-27

The article discusses some features of planning solutions of apartments in the architecture of Yerevan, which are typical to different periods, since the turn of 19-20th centuries to the present day. Housing is the chief determinant of human activity. In the process of societal development the house is the foundation of a family, and the family, on its turn, is the key to the stable state. Nevertheless, the time influences the residential architecture. Societal progress periodically affects the living environment. Therefore, housing formation process never reaches the stage of completion: it is always in an endless process of development. The above mentioned primarily concerns the evolution of the planning structure of the apartment. In this context, the dynamics of evolution of housing in Yerevan has accelerated in the second half of the 19th century. The centuries-generated space-planning system of apartment begins to develop in accordance with the rapid changes of social, urban planning and life processes of the time (extension of industry, formation of new socio-economic relations, rapid growth of population, acceleration of construction processes). The impetuous transformation of the dwelling structure is reflected in the complex process of evolution - starting from the traditional houses and ending with the apartments in high-rise buildings. The research of the problems of the traditional dwelling structure, its transformation in the first apartment buildings and diverse improvements of apartment planning solutions contributes to the definition of the main development stages of the dwelling units during the last century, which are observed in the article. Identification of the characteristics of each stage and the multilateral evaluation of different qualities of spatial-planning arrangement of apartments allow working out proper solutions for dwelling units in the future.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.18-27

References
  1. Sborshchikov S.B., Sborshchikova M.N. Razvitie metodov upravleniya programmami zhilishchnogo stroitel’stva na osnove prognozirovaniya [Development of the Control Methods of Housing Construction Programs Based on Prediction]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1—1, pp. 221—226. (In Russian)
  2. Subbotin O.S. Kharakternye tipy maloetazhnykh zhilykh zdaniy i istoricheskoe (etnokul’turnoe) rayonirovanie territorii severnogo Kavkaza [Specific Types of Low-Rise Residential Buildings and the Historical (Ethno-Cultural) Zoning of the North Caucasus Territory]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 3, pp. 22—24. (In Russian)
  3. Azatyan K.R. Nachal’naya stadiya formirovaniya mnogokvartirnykh zhilykh domov v Erevane. Arkhitektura zhilykh sooruzheniy nachala XX veka [The Initial Stage of the Formation of Apartment Blocks in Yerevan. The Architecture of Residential Buildings in the Beginning of the 20th Century]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov EGUAS [Proceedings of Yerevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2010, vol. II (38), pp. 29—34. (In Russian)
  4. Gasparyan M.A. Arkhitektura Erevana XIX — nachala XX veka [Architecture of Yerevan in the 19th — early 20th century]. Erevan, Ushardzan Publ., 2008, 262 p. (In Russian)
  5. Shagov N.V., Verevkina I.D., Koksharova E.A. Razvitie tipovogo zhilishchnogo stroitel’stva v sovetskoy Rossii s 1917 po 1940 g. [Development of Standard Housing in Soviet Russia from 1917 till 1940]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 4, pp. 22—31. (In Russian)
  6. Azatyan K.R. Planirovochnye i funktsional’nye resheniya kvartir v period formirovaniya arkhitektury mnogokvartirnykh domov Erevana [Planning and Functional Solutions of Apartments in Yerevan during the Formation of the Apartment-Block Architecture]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov EGUAS [Proceedings of Yerevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2013, vol. I (48), pp. 3—18. (In Russian)
  7. Dolukhanyan L.K. Arkhitektura Sovetskoy Armenii: 20-e gody [Architecture of the Soviet Armenia: 1920s]. Erevan, Sovetakan grokh Publ., 1980, 85 p. (In Russian)
  8. Gatsunaev K.N. Dom Narkomfina kak ob”ekt kul’turnogo naslediya [Narkomfin House as a Monument of Cultural Heritage]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 7, pp. 7—17.
  9. Dudka E.N. Nerealizovannye konkursy 1920—1930-kh gg. v kontekste razvitiya arkhitekturnogo protsessa [Unrealized Competitions of the 1920—1930ies in the Context of the Architecture Development Process]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 11—16. (In Russian)
  10. Zurabyan Z.A. Osobennosti arkhitektury zhilogo doma na nachal’nom etape raz-vitiya mnogokvartirnogo gorodskogo zhilishcha Erevana [Characteristics of a Dwelling House Architecture During the Development of the Apartment Urban Housing in Yerevan]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov EGUAS [Proceedings of Yerevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2010, vol. III (39), pp. 21—24. (In Russian)
  11. Zhdanova I.V. Metody povysheniya kachestva seriynoy zhiloy zastroyki 70—80-kh gg. XX v. [Methods of Improving the Quality of Serial Apartment Block of the 70—80s of the 20th Century]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of the Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 22—26. (In Russian)
  12. Hakobyan T.D. Puti modernizatsii krupnopanel’nykh zhilykh zdaniy g. Erevana [Ways of Modernization of Large-Panel Residential Buildings in Yerevan]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 12, pp. 9—19. (In Russian)
  13. Rashidyan G.G. Razvitie arkhitektury massovogo zhilishcha Armenii i zadachi so-vremennogo etapa [Development of the Architecture of Mass Housing in Armenia and the Problems of the Present Stage]. Erevan, 1999, 88 p. (In Russian)
  14. Rashidyan G.G., Azatyan K.R. Osobennosti arkhitektury novykh zhilykh rayonov massovoy zastroyki Erevana [The Features of Architecture of the Mass Housing in New Residential Areas in Yerevan]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov EGUAS [Proceedings of Yerevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2013, vol. IV (51), pp. 47—57. (In Russian)
  15. Azatyan K.R., Engoyan A.R., Khanoyan K.R. Usovershenstvovanie metoda tipovogo proektirovaniya zhilykh zdaniy v Erevane i vnedrenie blok-sektsionnoy sistemy v 1970-kh godakh [Improvement of the Standardized Design Methodology of Residential Buildings and Introduction of Bay System in Yerevan in 1970s]. Nauchnye trudy NUASA [Scientific Papers of National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia]. Erevan, 2014, vol. III (54), pp. 3—12. (In Russian)
  16. Rashidyan G.G., Azatyan K.R., Engoyan A.R. Novye podkhody v arkhitekture zhil’ya Erevana v 1970-ykh godakh [New Approaches to the Residential Architecture in Yerevan in the 1970s]. Vestnik inzhenernoy akademii Armenii [Proceedings of Engineering Academy of Armenia]. 2013, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 699—703. (In Russian)
  17. Schroeder U. Variabel nutzbare Hauser und Wohnungen. Bauverlag GmbH. Weisbaden und Berlin, 1980.
  18. Pinchak L.A. Zhilishchnyy fond Ukrainy: sostav, struktura, statistika [Housing Stock of the Ukraine: Composition, Structure, Statistics]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 9, pp. 118—124. (In Russian)

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SEISMICITY FACTOR IN THE FORMATION OF MUSLIM ARCHITECTURE STYLE

Vestnik MGSU 7/2016
  • Elmanova Elena Leonidovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Elena Leonidovnapostgraduate student, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 8-17

The proportions of buildings, design and building materials in traditional Muslim architecture depended on geoecological factors of different regions of Islamic countries. One of those factors is a high seismicity site. It had the greatest influence on the appearance of monuments in the selected region. The influence of seismicity on the architecture of the buildings is considered in the article on the example of the architectural monuments of the Republic of Uzbekistan - madrasah of Ulugbek of the 15th century in Samarkand, the Kalyan mosque in Bukhara and the Syrian Umayyad mosque (708 buildings) in Damascus. The seismicity of the region is high. In order to determine the seismic resistance of architectural monuments the requirements SP 14.13330.2014 (the Current set of rules “Construction in seismic regions” (Seismic Building Design Code), revised edition of SNiP II-7-81*) and the Eurocode EN 1998-1 were used. On the basis of calculations tables comparing performance were made. The structural characteristics of monuments were compared with the characteristics required by the standards. The point value of seismicity of the territory which ensured the stability of the buildings was determined. Comparing the proportions of the monuments with Russian and European regulations on earthquake-resistant construction, we demonstrated the compliance of their architectural forms with the seismic activity of the area. Traditional architecture evolved from random search under the influence of the centuries of experience protecting the buildings from adverse natural influences. The design and shape of these ancient Muslim buildings, limited by the requirements of seismic resistance, has been subsequently reiterated in other structures, determining the style of Muslim architecture. The analysis allows us to see how the architects used the general principles of earthquake-resistant construction on different buildings. The destructions during earthquakes occurred only after structural deterioration of the materials, and were local in nature. Most of the buildings have symmetrical structure, the corresponding proportions in plan and in height, with using materials of sufficient “strength and elasticity”. The whole appearance of the buildings and the architectural style is not accidental. The proportions of the buildings - the height, width of span load-bearing structures, walls and openings, the symmetry of the buildings, domes, arches, windows, all structural dimensions were dictated by the requirements of seismic resistance.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.7.8-17

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  2. Medvedev S.V., Shebalin N.V. S zemletryaseniem mozhno sporit’ [It is Possible to Argue with an Earthquake]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1967, 131 p. (Nauchno-populyarnaya seriya [Popular Science Series]) (In Russian)
  3. Hussam Eldein Zaineh, Hiroaki Yamanaka, Yadab Prasad Dhakal, Rawaa Dakkak, Mohamad Daoud. Simulation of Near Fault Ground Motion of the Earthquake of November 1759 with magnitude of 7.4 along Serghaya Fault, Damascus City, Syria. 15 WCEE LISBOA — 2012. Available at: http://www.iitk.ac.in/nicee/wcee/article/WCEE2012_1800.pdf.
  4. Chernyshev S.N. Treshchiny gornykh porod [Rock Cracks]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1983, 240 p. (In Russian)
  5. Chernyshev S.N. Printsipy klassifikatsii gruntovykh massivov dlya stroitel’stva [Principles of Classification of Soil Masses for Construction Purposes]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 9, pp. 41—46. (In Russian)
  6. Chernyshev S.N. Podkhod k klassifikatsii dispersnykh i skadi gruntovykh massivov dlya stroitel’stva [Approach to the Classification of Disperse Soil Masses for Construction]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 10, pp. 94—101. (In Russian)
  7. Chernyshev S.N., Man’ko A.V., Mikhaylov V.V. Obosnovanie vklyucheniya v GOST 25100-2011 klassifikatsii massivov skal’nykh gruntov [Rationale for Inclusion of the Classification of Hard Rock Soils into Russian State Standard GOST 25100-2011]. Inzhenernye izyskaniya [Engineering Surveys]. 2013, no. 14, pp. 22—25. (In Russian)
  8. Potapov A.D., Leybman M.E., Lavrusevich A.A., Chernyshev S.N., Markova I.M., Bakalov A.Yu., Krasheninnikov V.S. Monitoring ob”ektov inzhenernoy zashchity na imeretinskoy nizmennosti [Monitoring of the Objects of Engineering Protection in Imereti Lowland]. Geoekologiya, inzhenernaya geologiya, gidrogeologiya, geokriologiya [Geoecology, Engineering Geology, Hydrogeology, Geocryology]. 2012, no. 5, pp. 406—413. (In Russian)
  9. Khaled Kh.A. Obespechenie seysmostoykosti arkhitekturnykh pamyatnikov arabskogo zodchestva na territorii Sirii : dissertatsiya … kandidata tekhnicheskikh nauk [Earthquake Protection of Architectural Monuments of Arab Architecture in Syria : Dissertation of the Candidate of Technical Sciences]. Saint Petersburg, 2003, 159 p. (In Russian)
  10. Nikonov A.A. «Uzhasnoe potryasenie» Evropy. Lissabonskoe zemletryasenie 1 noyabrya 1755 g. [“The Terrible Shock” of Europe. The Lisbon Earthquake on 1 November 1755]. Priroda [Nature]. 2005, no. 11, pp. 21—29. (In Russian)
  11. Hojatollah R. Kupol kak arkhitektonicheskaya forma mecheti Irana [Dome as a Traditional Architectonic Form of the Mosque of Iran]. Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov [Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education]. 2008, no. 23, article 3. Available at: http://archvuz.ru/2008_3/3. (In Russian)
  12. Ashkan M., Ahmad Y. Persian Domes: History, Morphology and Typologies. Archnet-IJAR. International Journal of Architectural Research. November 2009, vol. 3, issue 3, pp. 98—115.
  13. Ashkan M., Ahmad Y., Arbi E. Pointed Dome Architecture in the Middle East and Central Asia: Evolution, Definitions of Morphology, and Typologies. International Journal of Architectural Heritage. 2012, vol. 6, issue 1, pp. 46—61. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15583058.2010.501400.
  14. Ashkan M., Ahmad Y. Discontinuous Double-Shell Domes Through Islamic Eras in the Middle East and Central Asia: History, Morphology, Typologies, Geometry, and Construction. Nexus Network Journal. 2010, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 287—319. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00004-010-0013-9.
  15. Rababeh S., Al Qablan H., El-Mashaleh M. Utilization of Tie-Beams for Strengthening Stone Masonry Arches in Nabataean Construction. Journal of Architectural Conservation. 2013, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 118—130. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13556207.2013.819656.
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  17. Borisenko A.Yu., Khudyakov Yu.S. Opyt sistematizatsii dannykh o zemletryaseni-yakh, proiskhodivshikh na territorii stran dal’nego, srednego i blizhnego vostoka v drevnosti i srednevekov’e, i ob ikh posledstviyakh dlya naseleniya i sredy obitaniya [Experience of Data Systematization on Earthquakes Having Occurred on the Territory of the Countries of the Far, Middle and Near East in Ancient and Medieval Times and on Their Consequences for Population and Environment]. Vestnik NGU. Seriya: Istoriya, filologiya [Proceedings of Novosibirsk State University Series: “History and Philology”]. 2012, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 239—261. Available at: http://www.nsu.ru/xmlui/handle/nsu/6434. (In Russian)
  18. Lawler Andrew. Earthquake Allows Rare Glimpse Into Bam’s Past and Future. Science. 2004, vol. 303, issue 5663, p. 1463. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.303.5663.1463.
  19. Mel’nik V.V. Osobennosti arkhitektury drevnego Damaska [Peculiarities of the Architecture of Ancient Damascus]. Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov [Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education]. 2007, no. 17, art. 9. Available at: http://archvuz.ru/2007_1/9. (In Russian)
  20. Hojatollah R. Ayvan kak traditsionnaya forma v arkhitekture Peredney Azii [Iwan as a Traditional Form of Architecture in Southwest Asia]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academia. Architecture and construction. 2008, no. 1, pp. 74—81. (In Russian)
  21. Chernyshev S.N., Elmanova E.L. Faktor otsutstviya drevesiny v formirovanii stilya musul’manskoy arkhitektury [The Fact of the Lack of Wood in the Formation of Muslim Architecture Style]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 2, pp. 7—20. (In Russian)
  22. Potapov A.D., Revelis I.L. Zemletryaseniya. Prichiny i posledstviya [Earthquakes. Causes and Consequences]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 2009, 246 p. (In Russian)

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THE COMPLEX OF ASSUMPTION CATHEDRAL OF THE ASTRAKHAN KREMLIN

Vestnik MGSU 8/2016
  • Savenkova Aleksandra Igorevna - “Central Research and Design Institute of the Ministry of Construction and Housing Utilities of the Russian Federation” Research Institute of the Theory and History of Architecture and Town planning posrgraduate student, Branch of the Federal State Budgetary Institution, “Central Research and Design Institute of the Ministry of Construction and Housing Utilities of the Russian Federation” Research Institute of the Theory and History of Architecture and Town planning, 21a 7 Parkovaya str., Moscow, 105264, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-24

This article is devoted to an architectural and historical analysis of the constructions forming a complex of Assumption Cathedral of the Astrakhan Kremlin, which earlier hasn’t been considered as a subject of special research. Basing on the archival sources, photographic materials, publications and on-site investigations of monuments, the creation history of the complete architectural complex sustained in one style of the Muscovite baroque, unique in its composite construction, is considered. Its interpretation in the all-Russian architectural context is offered. Typological features of single constructions come to light. The typology of the Prechistinsky bell tower has an untypical architectural solution - “hexagonal structure on octagonal and quadrangular structures”. The way of connecting the building of the Cathedral and the chambers by the passage was characteristic of monastic constructions and was exclusively seldom in kremlins, farmsteads and ensembles of city cathedrals. The composite scheme of the Assumption Cathedral includes the Lobnoye Mesto (“the Place of Execution”) located on an axis from the West, it is connected with the main building by a quarter-turn with landing. The only prototype of the structure is a Lobnoye Mesto on the Red Square in Moscow. In the article the version about the emergence of the Place of Execution on the basis of earlier existing construction - a tower “the Peal” which is repeatedly mentioned in written sources in connection with S. Razin’s revolt is considered. The metropolitan Sampson, trying to keep the value of the Astrakhan metropolitanate, builds the Assumption Cathedral and the Place of Execution directly appealing to a capital prototype to emphasize the continuity and close connection with Moscow.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.8.7-24

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Qanat -a unique system of water supply in iran. Specifics of structures and principles of engineering devices

Vestnik MGSU 11/2016
  • Rodionovskaya Inna Serafimovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Hagh Shenas Abbas - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Building Design and Town Planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-20

A considerable part of the world population is living in a geographical belt of hot and dry climate. The rainfalls there are rare and there is lack of fresh water basins and water sources. That’s why a powerful water supply system was developed here, which has been operating for centuries, and a technology of its construction has been improved to the level of art. The specific nature of hydro-technical water supply system of Iranian settlements is considered in this article. Such specificity is typical for the regions with mountain relief in the conditions of hot-dry climate. Also, the construction characteristics of the system, its structure and building components are given as well as short information about the features of buildings constructions and their technical operation. Functional, urban-architectural and environmental aspects are considered; the influence of the hydraulic system on the population resettlement is specified. The role of these structures is noted in respect of environment greening. Informational and cognitive nature of the given material allows using it in educational process of architects and civil engineers, expanding their professional horizons, as well as in scientific researches aimed at finding the ways of ecologization of modern architectural environment in the condition of urbanization development.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.11.7-20

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F.O. Schechtel’s house on bolshaya sadovaya street as an object of cultural heritage

Vestnik MGSU 10/2016
  • Gatsunaev Konstantin Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 14-23

F.O. Schechtel’s private house on Bolshaya Sadovaya Street in Moscow built in 1910 became a peculiar result of creative activity of the most famous architect of an era of “Silver age” of the Russian culture. The highest professionalism of the architect was expressed not only in composite decisions and the system of decor of the building, but also in organizational and technical aspects of his construction. The former F.O. Schechtel’s mansion for several decades has been one of the centers of Moscow’s cultural life. The memorial value of the house consists not only of its architectural advantages. The building keeps the memory of F.O. Schechtel - a first-class architect, stenographer, illustrator and graphic artist, a master of applied art, a public figure and a teacher. He personified the best qualities of Russian intellectuals: high ethical standards and active living position. The activity of the architect Schechtel was exclusively fruitful both in quantitative, and in qualitative sense. There are about fifty buildings in Moscow which were constructed according to his projects. Each of them comprised opening and generating of a new direction or introduction of new methods of construction. Schechtel gave other architects an opportunity to further develop these methods. The structures built upon Schechtel’s projects in many respects have defined unique lines of Moscow city landscape of the end of 19th - the beginning of the 20th centuries. Numerous relatives of Schechtel lived in the mansion and in its wings in addition to the head of the family. The contribution of each of them to the development of the Russian culture is significant.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.10.14-23

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SYSTEM OF REGULATORY AND PROCEDURAL DOCUMENTS ON PRICE FORMATION IN THE DESIGN OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS IN THE CITY OF MOSCOW. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES AND DIRECTIONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT

Vestnik MGSU 1/2017 Volume 12
  • Igoshin Evgeniy Aleksandrovich - Moscow State Autonomous Institution “Scientific Research Analytic Center” Head of Department of Design and Update of Regulatory and Procedural Documentation, Moscow State Autonomous Institution “Scientific Research Analytic Center”, 27 1st Brestskaya Street, Moscow, 125047, Russian Federation.

Pages 46-52

The system of regulatory and procedural documents on price formation in the design of construction projects in the city of Moscow is the base of Moscow regional recommendations (MRR). It includes collections of base prices for urban planning works and design works on construction projects in the territory of Moscow. The MRR collections are actively used by government customers, project organizations, and other interested organizations of Moscow for determining the initial maximum prices of contracts and the cost of work for urban planning, design works and other types of work (services) in the sphere of design carried out with employment of budgetary funds of the city. For projects the design of which is funded from extrabudgetary sources the use of MRR collections for determination of cost of design works and other types of work in the sphere of design is of advisory nature. The article considers the basic principles of use of regulatory and procedural documents on price formation in the sphere of design included in the MRR system. Necessity of the MRR base development, classification of collections included, and a range of the main design projects are described. Basic methodological approaches illustrated in the MRR collections and used for calculation of the design works cost are considered. Certain peculiarities of application of the MRR collections are presented, and the main directions of MRR base development are defined.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.1.46-52

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SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF NATURE AND SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF CULTURE: INTE-GRATION TREND, PRACTICAL VALUE

Vestnik MGSU 3/2017 Volume 12
  • Fokina Zoya Titovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Philosophy Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 123937, Russian Federation.

Pages 293-303

This article deals with a topic of interest : studying the expanding and deepening trend of integration of natural, technical, social and humanities fields of scientific knowledge. The point of absolute opposition between the sciences dealing with nature and those dealing with culture is subjected to criticism, the forms of integration of scientific knowledge are identified: mathematization, formalization, computerization of knowledge; philosophization/dialectization and environmentalization of the scientific knowledge. It is noted that such areas of scientific knowledge as synergetics, cybernetics, system theory, information technology, sociosynergetics, historical informatics, cliometrics, informatics for economics, evolutionary economics, human ecology, etc. Many scientific fields appear on the border between the science, technology and mathematics, and social and humanities studies, while the sharp borders between the natural sciences and cultural sciences tend to disappear, although specifics of studying the social reality still exists. Within the context of integration of sciences, comprehensive approach, synergetics, cybernetics, and mathematical model approach are analyzed. The philosophy of technology, and environmental problems, which are caused by the development of technological civilization, are studied. Practical value of integration processes in science is identified. The studied data is addressed to the specialists who are interested in the modern processes of integration of sciences, and modern issues of scientific and technical development of humanity, survival of humanity under the conditions of increasing technological understanding of the nature.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.3.293-303

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DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF COMPOUND FUEL CHAMBER WITHOUT A GRATE FOR HOUSEHOLD FURNACE

Vestnik MGSU 1/2018 Volume 13
  • Shevyakov Vladimir Viktorovich - Pensioner Candidate of Technical Sciences, Pensioner, .

Pages 23-32

In hearth furnaces, the firewood is burned more cleanly with less carbon monoxide at the outlet. The disadvantage of such fireboxes is a longer process of coal burnout than in grate-fired furnaces. In furnaces with a grate, the burnout time of coals is less, which makes it possible to finish the combustion process more quickly and close the outlet latch. This increases the efficiency of the furnace but to further reduce the time of burning out the coals they have to be raked and burned on the grate. This complicates the process of operating the furnace itself. The proposed design of the compound firebox allows us to improve characteristics of both the firebox itself and the entire furnace. Research objectives: creation and study of a compound firebox that increases the efficiency of the furnace and simplifies the furnace maintenance process with the values of carbon monoxide at the outlet comparable to hearth furnaces. Materials and methods: a detailed analysis of hearth fuel chambers ECO+ was carried out according to the amount of carbon monoxide at the outlet. The results of the analysis are used for comparison with compound fuel chamber. The structure of the compound firebox was chosen based on the results of preliminary tests of several fuel chambers proposed and tested by the author in the furnace PDKSh-2.0. A peculiarity of the structure of the compound firebox is the absence of a grate and the presence of a narrow slit in the lower part of the firebox through which the incoming air enters the firewood. Between the walls of the firebox and firewood, skids are installed, forming an air gap, through which the inlet air is uniformly supplied to the entire firewood supply. With gradual combustion of firewood and formation of coal, the firewood descends to the bottom of the firebox, where they intensively burn out in the maximum air flow. Compound firebox consists of several parts, it is made of steel with a thickness of 4.0 mm and installed into the furnace fire through the fuel entry door. In studying the combustion of firewood process, a gas analyzer and an anemometer are used. Results: the results of the test of the compound firebox showed that the combustion of firewood in it is more even and takes more time. The time of burnout of coals was reduced by 40...50 %. The actual value of the furnace efficiency is increased by 2...3 %, and the СО emissions are comparable with the ECO+ furnaces. Conclusions: compound firebox without a grate can be recommended for use in household furnaces for various purposes.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.1.23-32

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Features of Water Supply of Settlements in the Zone of Attraction of Megapolises

Vestnik MGSU 2/2018 Volume 13
  • Evdokimov Pavel Artem’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Postgraduate Student, Department of Hydraulics and Water Resources, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 196-202

Urbanization leads to the development of megacities. Three quarters of Russians live in large cities. Negative factors of urban habitation are environmental problems: air pollution, waste production, etc. Ecological problems of large cities stimulate relocation to the suburbs. Proximity to the megacity negatively affects the territories in its area of attraction. The greatest pollution of surface waters is observed in the central and Eastern regions. The maximum levels of pollution are recorded in the rivers Moskva, Oka and Klyazma. The settlements located downstream and within the area of influence of the metropolis are deprived of the use of surface water for drinking due to strong contamination. Megapolis consumes a large amount of resources, thereby creating a deficit of resources consumed by it in the zone of its influence. Mainly, water resources are affected. A settlement located in the thirty kilometer zone around the metropolis can not fully use the scheme of water supply due to groundwater. Intensive water withdrawal for the needs of a megapolis leads to the formation of a regional depression cone with the formation of zones of gravity filtration, which is caused by a high operating load. Subject: the subject of this research is the study of water supply problems in the zone of attraction of megalopolises. Materials and methods: the method of integrated assessment and analysis of the obtained data was used. Results: the article describes the problem of providing quality drinking water to settlements in the zone of attraction of big cities. It discusses the basic schemes of water supply. The main advantages and disadvantages of each of the considered schemes are revealed. A necessity to create a single integrated method for assessing the efficiency of the water supply scheme, aimed at the efficient use of natural resources in the present environmental and economic situation, is revealed. It is shown that the described methods of water supply have different characteristics, depending on the geographical, natural and social conditions in which the settlement is located. Assessment of the applicability of a method should be carried out primarily on the basis of natural indicators, since financial indicators are derived from the natural indicators and are often subjective. As a result of the research, the megacity influence zone was identified, assessment of the current situation in the water supply field was carried out on the example of the city of Moscow and the absence of a universal system for assessing the effectiveness of water supply methods was revealed. Conclusions: an analysis of the main methods of water supply to settlements located in the zone of attraction of large cities was carried out, water supply peculiarities of such settlements are formulated, and it is shown that none of the traditional methods of water supply is universal. To select the optimal method under specific conditions, it is advisable to develop and apply the generalized natural indicators that will determine the most effective method of water supply.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.196-202

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CITY’S STRATEGY OF PARK-AND-RIDE SYSTEM PLANNING

Vestnik MGSU 2/2018 Volume 13
  • Danilina Nina Vasil`evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Urban Planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 190-195

Subject: determination of the direction of sustainable urban transport system development is one of the most relevant issues of modern transport policy. Intermodal transportation development is the usual practice in big cities and agglomerations that shows its efficiency in the field of transport problem determination by means of coordination of transport mobility of urban population. This article is devoted to the issue of “Park-and-Ride” system formation as an integral part of intermodal transportation service for territories of cities and agglomerations. Research objectives: the aim of the study was to develop a scientific justification for the system development strategy based on the methods of system analysis. Materials and methods: “Park-and-Ride” facilities are viewed as an element of transport infrastructure, i.e., organization aimed to provide long-term parking service for the population during the working day, the demand for which depends on external and internal conditions, which determined the possibility of using the SWOT analysis tool to evaluate the performance of its service. Results: transport demand depends on internal and external urban and economic conditions and can be controlled by the methods of economic management. This allows us to use SWOT-analysis to evaluate conditions influencing the work of the whole system. SWOT-analysis allows us to assess weaknesses and strengths, threats and opportunities of a Park-and-Ride system aimed to attract the motorists to its service and, as a consequence, solve a set of transport, environmental and economic issues of urban sustainable development. As the results of the present analysis, we formulated the main strategic directions of the functioning and development of the system that determine the system’s maximum effectiveness in the field of town-planning development of urbanized territories. Conclusions: application of the obtained results lies in the field of transport planning at the stage of development of the General Plans for the transport infrastructure development, as well as the development of planning solutions for incentive parking as a part of urban passenger transport and transfer hubs. We formulate the city policy directions for the “Park-and-Ride” system organization and development that are necessary in the process of transport planning of the unified transport system of cities and agglomerations.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.190-195

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ARCHITECTURAL ARRANGEMENT OF MODERN MONASTERY MUSEUM: THE CASE OF THE HOLY TRINITY ANTONY OF SIYA MONASTERY OF ARKHANGELSK REGION S.V. Ilvitskaya, E.A. Shvetsova-Shilovskaya

Vestnik MGSU 2/2018 Volume 13
  • Ilvitskaya Svetlana Valer’evna - State University of Land Use Planning (SULUP) Doctor of Architecture, Professor, Head of the Department of Architecture, State University of Land Use Planning (SULUP), 15 Kazakova str., Moscow, 105064, Russian Federation.
  • Shvetsova-Shilovskaya Elizaveta Aleksandrovna - State University of Land Use Planning (SULUP) Postgraduate Student, Department of Architecture, State University of Land Use Planning (SULUP), 15 Kazakova str., Moscow, 105064, Russian Federation.

Pages 148-154

Subject: architectural and planning solutions of museum premises at the Orthodox Christian monastery in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. Two main approaches to arrangement of a museum in an Orthodox Christian monastery are considered. A project of the museum in the Holy Trinity Antony of Siya Monastery is proposed. This project is based on reconstruction of one of the destroyed buildings in the monastery - the closed fraternal building of the XVII-XVIII centuries. This building is supposed to be rebuilt on its historic place and in its original architectural appearance, but with a new function of a monastery museum. Research objectives: identify the principles of formation of the monastery’s metochion for pilgrimage tourism. Materials and methods: method of comparison of approaches to museum organization. Results: The discovered regularities allow us to define the principles of formation of the monastery’s metochion environment for pilgrimage tourism. Conclusions: it is possible to apply the principles of formation of the monastery’s metochion environment for pilgrimage tourism to the design of the museum as a part of the Orthodox Christian monastery on the territory of the Russian Arctic.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.148-154

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Past, Present and Future of Settlements whose Development is Associated with the Mineral Resource Extraction (a Case Study of Kuzbass)

Vestnik MGSU 2/2018 Volume 13
  • Samoylova Nadezhda Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University Of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) expert of the Government of the Russian Federation, adviser of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (RAASN), Associate Professor, Department of Urban Planning, Moscow State University Of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 155-169

Subject: urban development in Russia does not fully ensure the sustainable development of the territories of settlements, the formation of which is associated with mining activity. In this research, we present modern solutions to the current urban development situation: recultivation, renovation, revitalization. Research objectives: identify features of the analysis and accounting of territorial-construction resource during the mining period and after completion of mining, which characterize the conditions for sustainable development of territories. Materials and methods: open cartographic sources, urban planning documents and state statistical information are analyzed. General scientific methods (including historical retrospective and comparative analysis) and a special interdisciplinary geoinformation system method are used. Results: we compiled cartographic schemes of the historical retrospective of the condition of Kuzbass settlements over a period of more than 150 years since the beginning of industrial coal mining and a cartographic scheme of resource features of the subsoil of Kuzbass region (coal). We systematized the collocation of settlements, their zones of influence and territories damaged as a result of coal mining activities within the existing built-up area inside the urban boundaries of the coal mining area. We developed schemes, formulas and conditions that take into account the peculiar properties of the territorial-construction resource (TCR) in the coal mining areas during and after completion of coal mining. Conclusions: the results of the study supplement the knowledge of organization of urban planning for the development of settlement groups in the mining areas at the pre-project stage. These results ensure adoption of new functional and technological solutions, taking into account the historically developed settlement system based on TCR within urban boundaries (for example, a typological territorial object is the coal mining area), and contribute to the justification and promotion of urban policies aimed at the sustainable development of territories with mineral deposits.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.155-169

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SPECIAL FEATURES OF THE PROCESS OF RESTORATION OF ARCHITECTURAL MONUMENTS - CULTURAL SYMBOLS OF POWER

Vestnik MGSU 2/2018 Volume 13
  • Chaynikova Olesya Olegovna - St. Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE) postgraduate student, St. Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE), 4 2nd Krasnoarmeyskaya st., St. Petersburg, 190005, Russian Federation.

Pages 170-189

Subject: in this article, we consider the most important problem in modern restorative practice - a restoration of partially destroyed, ruined and even lost buildings that possess high artistic value, constitute the ceremonial residences of European rulers and are now regarded as cultural symbols of their countries. The analysis of assumptions and methods for restoration of residences, palaces and park ensembles is conducted on the example of such objects as the Royal castle in Warsaw, Berlin City Palace, City Palace in Potsdam, Constantine Palace in Strelna, the Royal castle in Lithuania. On the basis of performed analysis of the restored objects, we consider the conceptual proposals for the project of reconstruction of the Lower cottage complex in Alexandria Park in Peterhof town. Research objectives: determine the main criteria for selecting forms and methods for reconstruction of the residences of Heads of State taking into account their value characteristics and criteria of significance, the importance of the reconstructed object in the surrounding environment. Materials and methods: the study was based on the review and analysis of the literature, scientific works, articles, theses, studies of domestic and international authors, analysis of conceptual projects for the restoration of ruined objects that are planned for implementation in the short term. Results: the main methods of restoration of the lost architectural monuments as cultural symbols of power in European and domestic practice are determined, the most typical value characteristics of recreated objects and their significance in the environment and national culture of the country are identified. Conclusions: the result of the work was determination of the main criteria and prerequisites for restoration of residences when selecting the method of their restoration, and determination of significance of the characteristics and importance of already reconstructed buildings. The supposed functional purpose of the monument plays an important role in determining the method of reconstruction. The value of the obtained results lies in their nature: mass character of the global scale activity, and as a consequence, their “vitality”, the relevance to modern society. As part of the development and approval of the optimal solution for reconstruction of the architectural monument, it is advisable to use 3D modeling software, which allows us to thoughtfully and as accurately as possible determine all aspects of the planned action.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.170-189

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RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE OF YEREVAN IN THE 20TH CENTURY. MAIN STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE PROCESS OF YARD PUBLIC SPACE ORGANIZATION

Vestnik MGSU 3/2018 Volume 13
  • Azatyan Karen Rubenovich - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Architectural Drafting and Architectural Environment Design, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryan str., Yerevan, 0009, Armenia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 301-308

Subject: for many centuries the yard was the social centre of residential development. However, the problems of its spatial organization often do not receive appropriate attention in modern cities. The city of Yerevan, in this sense, is also not an exception, where the new socio-economic conditions that emerged in the early 1990s led to radical changes in the residential development organization. Under this impact, a serious transformation has also been made to the yard space, which is the subject of this study. Research objectives: identification of the main stages of the yard space evolution in the residential building development of Yerevan in the 20th century and the revelation of its characteristic features. Materials and methods: the work is carried out on the basis of observations and published sources by the method of theoretical research, analysis and generalization of the material. Results: the work is composed of the following thematic subdivisions: the yard in the structure of traditional housing (in residential buildings of the 19th and early 20th centuries); development of the yard space in the new format of perimeter-quarter development (in the system of perimeter development of streets in the 1920-1950s); problems of yard organization in open compositions of building development (in the new forms of free building development by standardized elements in 1960s); attempts of yard restoration in the systematized compositions of building development (in the process of formation of large complexes of building development in 1970-1980s); loss of the yard space in contemporary conditions (in the residential building development formed since 1990s in the new socio-economic conditions). Conclusions: based on the results of the analysis, classification of the main stages of the yard space organization evolution during the last century is presented. This classification must be included in the process of the general study of development of residential architecture of Yerevan in the 20th century.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.3.301-308

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