Masters and specialist program for scientific staff education

Vestnik MGSU 2/2015
  • Senin Nikolay Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Director of the Institute of Construction and Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 5-6

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Магистратура и специалитет как база для подготовки научных кадров

Vestnik MGSU 2/2015
  • Сенин Николай Иванович - Московский государственный строительный университет (ФГБОУ ВПО «МГСУ») кандидат технических наук, профессор, директор Института строительства и архитектуры, Московский государственный строительный университет (ФГБОУ ВПО «МГСУ»), 129337, г. Москва, Ярославское шоссе, д. 26; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 5-6

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Unified technological system of a building and current problems of educating specialists in construction

Vestnik MGSU 3/2015
  • Lushin Kirill Igorevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Director of the Institute of Engineering and Ecological Construction and Mechanization, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 5-6

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Единая технологическая система здания и актуальные задачи подготовки строительных кадров

Vestnik MGSU 3/2015
  • Лушин Кирилл Игоревич - Московский государственный строительный университет (ФГБОУ ВПО «МГСУ») кандидат технических наук, директор Института инженерно-экологического строительства и механизации, Московский государственный строительный университет (ФГБОУ ВПО «МГСУ»), 129337, г. Москва, Ярославское шоссе, д. 26; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 5-6

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MAINTENANCE OF OPTIMUM HYDRAULIC PARAMETERS OF OPERATION OF WATER SUPPLY NETWORKS USING TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGIESIN THE CONTEXT OF REDUCED WATER CONSUMPTION

Vestnik MGSU 4/2013
  • Orlov Vladimir Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Water Supply and Waste Water Treatment, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Averkeev Il’ya Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Water Supply; +7 (499) 183-36-29, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 113-120

In the nearest future, water consumption rate is to be reduced to 160 litres per person per day in Moscow. Water consumption reduction can cause reduction of the water flow velocity, deterioration of organoleptic properties of the water and cause flavours, odours, turbidity and colourity. The solution may consist in the narrowing of the network diameter, especially in those sections that need urgent renovation, including trenchless renovation. It will accelerate the flow velocity and ensure pre-set sanitary and hygienic properties of the water. However, narrower diameters can affect fire water flows that constitute the subject matter of this research.The authors provide the research findings based on the automated hydraulic, technical and economic analysis of loop water supply systems performed through the employment of alternative renovation methods, modeling of a water supply network on the basis of existing diameters and on the basis of diameters reduced by grades 1 and 2. It is proven that water consumption reduction accompanied by the pipeline diameter reduction by one grade doesn’t cause deterioration of any hydraulic properties; rather, itaccelerates the water flow velocity and doesn’t cause any failure to comply with effective water supply norms applicable to fire extinguishing.The authors present their original method of identification of the optimal option for trenchless renovation of pipelines and their analysis of annual energy savings.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.4.113-120

References
  1. Ivanov E.N. Protivopozharnoe vodosnabzhenie [Fire Prevention Water Supply]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1987, 297 p.
  2. Somov M.A., Zhurba M.G. Vodosnabzhenie. T. 1. Sistemy zabora, podachi i raspredeleniya vody [Water Supply. Vol 1. Systems of Water Intake, Delivery and Distribution]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2008, 262 p.
  3. Khramenkov S.V. Strategiya modernizatsii vodoprovodnoy seti [Strategy for Water Supply Network Modernization]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 2005, 398 p.
  4. SNiP 2.04.02—84 (2002). Vodosnabzhenie. Naruzhnye seti i sooruzheniya [Construction Norms and Rules 2.04.02—84 (2002). Water Supply. External Networks and Structures].
  5. Orlov V.A., Michelin A.V., Orlov E.V. Technologic bestransheynoy renovatsii truboprovodov [Technologies for Trenchless Renovation of Pipelines]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2011, 143 p.
  6. Borisov D.A. Bentley Systems — modelirovanie i ekspluatatsiya naruzhnykh setey vodosnabzheniya i kanalizatsii [Bentley Systems: Modeling and Operation of External Water Supply and Sewage Networks]. SAPR i grafika [CAD and Graphics]. 2009, no. 5, pp. 64—68.
  7. Orlov V.A., Shlychkov D.I., Koblova E.V. Sravnenie metodov bestransheynoy renovatsii truboprovodov v sfere energosberezheniya [Comparison of Methods of Trenchless Renovation of Pipelines in the Context of Energy Saving]. Vodosnabzhenie i kanalizatsiya [Water Supply and Sewage]. 2011, no. 1-2, pp. 84—88.
  8. Orlov V.A., Zotkin S.P., Orlov E.V., Maleeva A.V. Vybor optimal’nogo metoda bestransheynoy renovatsii beznapornykh i napornykh truboprovodov [Choice of the Optimal Method of Trenchless Renovation of Free-flow and Pressure Pipelines]. Ekologiya urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Ecology of Urbanized Lands]. 2012, no. 2, pp. 27—31.
  9. Khramenkov S.V., Primin O.G. Problemy i puti snizheniya poter’ vody [Water Loss Reduction: Problems and Solutions]. Vodosnabzhenie i sanitarnaya tekhnika [Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering]. 2012, no. 11, pp. 10—14.
  10. Leznov B.S. Energosberezhenie i reguliruemyy privod v nasosnykh i vozdukhoduvnykh ustanovkakh [Energy Saving and Adjustable Drive of Pumping Stations and Blower Installations]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 2006, 359 p.

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SEDIMENT TRANSPORT IN SPECIFIC AREASOF VOLGA-CASPIAN SHIPPING CANAL

Vestnik MGSU 6/2013
  • Krivitskiy Sergey Vladimirоvich - Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Senior Researcher, Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Arkhipov Boris Vital’evich - Dorodnitsyn Computing Center of Russian Academy of Sciences (СС RAS) Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Senior Researcher, Head of Department, Dorodnitsyn Computing Center of Russian Academy of Sciences (СС RAS), 40 Vavilova st., Moscow, 119333, Russia Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Solbakov Vyacheslav Viktorovich - Dorodnitsyn Computing Center of Russian Academy of Sciences (СС RAS) Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sci- ences, Senior Researcher, Dorodnitsyn Computing Center of Russian Academy of Sciences (СС RAS), 40 Vavilova st., Moscow, 119333, Russia Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Solov’ev Mikhail Borisovich - Dorodnitsyn Computing Center of Russian Academy of Sciences (СС RAS) Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Re- searcher, Dorodnitsyn Computing Center of Russian Academy of Sciences (СС RAS), 40 Vavilova st., Moscow, 119333, Russia Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 177-188

Volga-Caspian shipping canal is the main waterway linking the port of Astrakhan with ports of the Caspian sea. Currently, the Caspian Sea fall and sediment transport make ship owners suffer from substantial financial losses. Critically small canal depth in combination with poor weather and hydrodynamic conditions complicate piloting and make vessels stop for a few days. One of the main conditions of operation of this sea transport route is the navigation safety in the context of the further fall of the Caspian sea.The main objective of this study is to evaluate the sediment transport in some areas of the canal. Numerical modeling of the sediment transport was performed for some of its areas to assess its sedimentation.At first, the numerical model of the climatic conditions of the Caspian sea was developed to evaluate sediment transport processes based on specific morphometric and hydrodynamic factors. Model calculations demonstrate that currents bring sediments into the canal. Also, the numerical simulation proves that a seawall may effectively reduce wind and wave actions. According to the results of the numerical simulation, recommendations are generated to reduce the sedimentation.The numerical model can be employed to project the sediment transport pattern and subsequent optimization of dredging works. Bioengineering technologies that may protect the sea canal from the sediment transport are considered.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.6.177-188

References
  1. Otchet o NIR «Issledovanie gidrometeorologicheskogo rezhima i modelirovanie protsessov zanosimosti morskoy chasti VKMSK» [Research into Hydrometeorological Regime and Simulation of Sediment Transport in the Marine Section of Volga-Caspian Shipping Canal]. Arch. No. 3-05/NIR. Moscow, Ekopriroda Ltd Publ., 2012, 117 p.
  2. Blumberg A.F., Mellor G.L., Heaps N., editor. A Description of a Three-dimensional Coastal Ocean Circulation Model. Three-Dimensional Coastal Ocean Circulation Models. American Geophysical Union. Washington, D.C., 1987, vol. 4, 208 p.
  3. Booij N., Holthuijsen L.H., Ris R.C. The “SWAN” Wave Model for Shallow Water. Proc. 25th Int. Conf. Coastal Engng, Orlando, 1996.
  4. Zhou Liu. Sediment Transport. Aalborg Universitet, 2001.
  5. Delft3D-FLOW. User Manual Version: 3.15. Revision: 18392 (7 September 2011). Delft, Deltares, 2011.
  6. Delft3D developers community website. Available at http://oss.delft3d.nl. Date of access: 08.07.2012.
  7. SNiP 2.06.04—85*. Vetrovye i volnovye nagruzki [Construction Rules and Regulations 2.06.04—85*. Wind and Wave Loads]. Moscow, Gosstroy Publ., 1986, 40 p.

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FINDINGS OF RESEARCH INTO PHYSICAL-MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MIXTURESOF SEWAGE SLUDGE, SOIL AND PHOSPHOGYPSUM TO BE USED AS LAND RECLAMATION AGENTS

Vestnik MGSU 6/2013
  • Smetanin Vladimir Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Environmental Engineering (MGUP) Doctor of Technical Science, Pro- fessor, Chair, Department of Organization and Building Technology of Environmental Engi- neering Objects, Moscow State University of Environmental Engineering (MGUP), 19 Pryanishnikova st., Moscow, 127550, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zemskov Vladimir Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Environmental Engineering (MGUP) , Moscow State University of Environmental Engineering (MGUP), 19 Pryanishnikova st., Moscow, 127550, Russian Federation.

Pages 204-113

The authors argue that intensive construction and development operations generate a large number of idle quarries. Now Moscow Metropolitan area has about 2,000 abandoned quarries and in excess of 150 quarries in operation. Most of them were used to develop various minerals, namely, sand, crushed stone, gravel, peat and other materials.Recovery of abandoned quarries and assurance of their safe condition requires a set of actions to be taken. However, mere reclamation cannot resolve all environmental problems arising after the completion of mining operations. Obviously, the use of undisturbed land areas as household waste landfills is not the best idea from the viewpoint of the environment. Therefore, filling idle quarries with specific types of products is an improved method of reclamation of mines and quarries. This method may solve two problems at once: they are land reclamation and safe waste disposal. Sewage sludge generated by households, as well as industrial enterprises, may serve as the solution.In this paper, the authors study the dependence between the permeability ratio, the carrying capacity of different soil mixtures containing sewage sludge to be used as the reclamation agent in the course of restoration of disturbed territories. The authors also consider dependence of concentration of biogases and the phosphogypsum content in biogases.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.6.204-113

References
  1. Smetanin V.I. Rekul’tivatsiya i obustroystvo narushennykh zemel’ [Reclamation and Development of Disturbed Lands]. Moscow, Kolos Publ., 2003, 96 p.
  2. Fosfogips: khranenie i napravlenie ispol’zovaniya kak krupnotonnazhnogo vtorichnogo syr’ya [Phosphogypsum: Storage and Use as Large-tonnage Recycled Material]. Materialy vtoroy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prekticheskoy konferentsii [Materials of the 2nd International Scientific and Practical Conference]. Moscow, OOO «Futuris» Publ., 2010, 192 p.
  3. Mironov V.E., Martynyuk A.A., Kuraev V.N., Kozhenkov L.L. Lesobiologicheskaya rekul’tivatsiya poligonov skladirovaniya fosfogipsa [Forestry Biological Reclamation of Phosphogypsum Landfills]. Moscow, VNIILM Publ., 2006, 120 p.
  4. Metodika rascheta kolichestvennykh kharakteristik vybrosov zagryaznyayushchikh veshchestv v atmosferu ot poligonov tverdykh bytovykh i promyshlennykh otkhodov [Methodology for Analysis of Quantitative Characteristics of Pollutants Emitted into the Atmosphere by Household and Industrial Waste Landfills]. NPP Ekoprom Publ.
  5. Tekhnologicheskiy reglament polucheniya biogaza s poligonov tverdykh bytovykh otkhodov [Process Regulations for Extraction of Biogas at Household Waste Landfills]. Akademiya kommunal’nogo khozyaystva im. K.D. Pamfilova [K.D. Pamfilov Academy of Utility Services]. Moscow, 1989.
  6. Dobycha i utilizatsiya svalochnogo gaza (SG) — samostoyatel’naya otrasl’ mirovoy industrii. [Extraction and Use of Landfill Gas as the Independent Branch of the World Industry]. Ekologicheskie sistemy [Ecological Systems] Company website 2010, no. 5. Available at: http://esco.co.ua. Date of access: 07.06.2013.
  7. Peterson A.E., Speth P.E., Corey R.B., Wright T., Schlecht P.L. Effects of 12 Years of Liquid Digested Sludge Application on the Soil Phosphorus Level. Amer. Soc. Agron. Annu. Meet. 1992, Minneapolis, p. 53.
  8. Water S. A Review of the Agricultural Use of Sewage Sludge: Benefits and Potential Hazards. Korentajer. Agr., 1991, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 189—196.

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Инновационные подходы к подготовке будущих специалистов и ученых

Vestnik MGSU 9/2015
  • Мондрус Владимир Львович - Национальный исследовательский Московский государственный строительный университет (НИУ МГСУ) Доктор технических наук, профессор, зав. кафедрой строительной механики НИУ МГСУ, Национальный исследовательский Московский государственный строительный университет (НИУ МГСУ), 129337, г. Москва, Ярославское шоссе, д. 26.

Pages 5-6

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Social and cultural background of the emergence and development of fachwerk architecture

Vestnik MGSU 8/2015
  • Gavrikov Denis Sergeevich - Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (NNGASU) degree-seeking student, Department of Architectural Design, Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (NNGASU), 65 Il’inskaya str., Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Mezentsev Sergey Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor, Department of History and Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-17

The article is devoted to the preconditions of the occurrence and development of half-timbered architecture in different regions of the world. The starting point is giving account of the content of the concept of “Fachwerk”. Using the term “Fachwerk” the article refers to a type of building structure which uses three-dimensional farm inclined at different angles as the basis for carrying out wooden beams; beside, the article defines the construction materials used in construction of timber-framed buildings, and the technology of their construction. The history of the formation and development of Fachwerk is among objectives of the study of half-timbered architecture as well. The main methods of research are observation, analysis, comparison, historical methods. Some photographs of certain half-timbered buildings were used to make a reader familiar with the aesthetic impact of this kind of architecture. The oldest building of protofachwerk could be found on the territory of modern Turkey and China. Later, in the Middle Ages, half-timbered buildings appeared among the Germans, Gauls, and other Western European nations. Still preserved, half-timbered buildings date back to the 14th century. Improvement of building materials and technologies of construction, economic, religious and cultural changes and transition of Western peoples from Middle Ages to modern times played a significant role in the formation of half-timbered architecture. It is also noted that there is a direct link or correlation between the religious characteristics of a society and a form of Fachwerk corresponding to them. A special place in the article is taken by Protestantism which contributed to the progressive development of technology, including construction and thereby changed the vector of development of the Western society from traditionalism to modernity. In the 20th century Fachwerk in Europe experienced a new prosperity, thanks to its use as a stylistic foundation of Swiss-style buildings, styles, stick, hips, Jugend, Storybook, Adirondack. Regional variants of Fachwerk and its interpretations are now available in some regions of Western, Central, South and East Asia, Africa, North and South America, and Australia. In the course of the study we revealed the influence of socio-cultural factors in the half-timbered architecture in different regions of its distribution. It is concluded that Fachwerk is an indicator of predisposition of a particular culture to the progressive development.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.8.7-17

References
  1. Gavrikov D.S. Terminologicheskoe utochnenie ponyatiya «fakhverk» [Terminological Redetermination of the Term “Fachwerk”]. V mire nauchnykh otkrytiy [In the World of Scientific Discoveries]. 2010, no. 6.3 (12), pp. 115—117. (In Russian)
  2. Gerner M. Fachwerk. Entwicklung, Entstandsetzung, Neubau. Muenchen, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 2007, 224 p.
  3. Issel H. Holzbau: Fachwerk-, Block-, Ständer- und Stabbau. Leipzig, Reprint-Verlag, 2004, 197 p.
  4. Flenley J.R., King S. Late Quarternary Pollen Records from Easter Island. Nature. 1984, vol. 307, pp. 47—50. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/307047a0.
  5. Franklin B. The Way to Wealth: Preface to Poor Richard Improved. 1758, Bedford, MA, ApplewoodBooks, Inc., 1986, 30 p.
  6. Goethe J. Faust. Translated from German by B. Pasternak. Moscow, Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo khudozhestvennoy literatury Publ., 1953, 616 p. (In Russian)
  7. Weber M. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. 2013, Merchant Books; abridged edition edition, 132 p.
  8. Harrison L. Jews, Confucians, and Protestants: Cultural Capital and the End of Multiculturalism. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2012, 230 p.
  9. Söries R. Von Kaisers Gnaden: protestantische Kirchenbauten im Habsburger Reich. Köln, Weimar, Böhlau Verlag, 2008, 225 p.
  10. Micklitza K., Micklitza A. Lausitz. Berlin, Trescher Verlag, 2013, 320 p.
  11. Schmidt R. Fachwerkkirchen im Vogelsberg. R. Schmidt, 2013, 19 p.
  12. Konovaloff A. Ornament am Fachwerk: Eine Untersuchung der Gestaltung von Bürgerhäusern in Hannoversch-Münden. Lit, 1985, 86 p.
  13. Großmann G.U. Fachwerk in Deutschland: Zierformen seit dem Mittelalter. Imhof, 2006, 144 p.
  14. Föppl A. Das Fachwerk im Raume. Books on Demand, 2012, 68 p.
  15. Tishler W.H. Fachwerk Construction in the German Settlements of Wisconsin. W.H. Tishler, 1986. 292 p.
  16. Großmann G.U. Runen und Fachwerk. Germanisches Nationalmuseum. Available at: http://www.gnm.de/fileadmin/redakteure/Museum/pdf/GUGro_mann_Runen_und_Fachwerk.pdf. Date of access: 31.03.2015.
  17. Mezentsev S.D., Gavrikov D.S. Fakhverkovye reministsentsii v arkhitekture rossiyskikh nemtsev v XVIII—XX vv. [Fachwerk Reminiscences in Architecture of Russian Germans in 18—20th Centuries]. Internet-vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya: Politematicheskaya [Internet-Vestnik of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Polythematic series]. 2013, no. 4 (29). Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/attachments/MezentsevGavrikov-2013_4(29).pdf. Date of access: 15.03.2015. (In Russian)
  18. Krivykh E.G. Fakhverk kak gumanitarnaya tekhnologiya [Fachwerk as a Humanitarian Technology]. Integratsiya, partnerstvo, innovatsii v stroitel’noy nauke i obrazovanii : sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii [Integration, Pertnership, Innovations in the Construction Science and Education : Collection of the Materials of International Scientific Conference]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2015, pp. 52—54. (In Russian)
  19. Ekonomov S.L. Garmoniya starogo i novogo [Harmony of the Old and the New]. Krasivye doma [Beautiful Houses]. 2005, no. 4 (57), 96 p. (In Russian)
  20. Popper K. The Open Society and Its Enemies. New One-Volume edition. 2013, Princeton University Press, 780 p.

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Heroic tunes and patriotic motives in moscow architecture of the 1940-1950s

Vestnik MGSU 8/2015
  • Gatsunaev Konstantin Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 18-29

Historically, Moscow architecture in its development has been following the political trends of the Russian society, and it is clearly reflected in the appearance and quality of Moscow buildings. The author discusses the most observable features and structural principles attributed to Soviet architecture in the middle of the 20th century and uses Moscow monuments as examples. The article is based on the analysis and systematization of spatial planning, architectural, design, and historical sources considering post-war Moscow architecture. The author proposes a historical approach to the problem of correlation between the architecture and post-war Soviet socio-cultural realities. The development of architecture demonstrates different features in different historical epochs. The victorious end of the World War II and crushing defeat of German Nazism generated intensive growth of patriotic emotions in the Soviet society. Heroic tunes and patriotic motives became the brightest features in Soviet architecture. The development of the Soviet architecture between 1945-1955 was determined by different factors. The author discusses the problem of consistency between the existing architectural environment of Moscow city centre and new architectural planning solutions, created by D.N. Chechulin. The importance of historical continuity and consistency of spatial planning policies of the urban development documentation such as the Master plot plan of Moscow (1951) is emphasized. New relations between Soviet government and Russian Orthodox Church were established in the end of the 1940s. Thereby, Soviet architects widely used the decorative elements and compositional principles of ancient Russian architecture. The column order of the Empire style became a required sample for Soviet architects. This style is built according to classical rules, although it has substantial deviations. The Government directives and skills of architects developed an own language of architectural forms typical for so-called “Stalin’s Empire” style.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.8.18-29

References
  1. Molokova T.A., Bunina E.V., Byzova O.M. Praviteli Rossii i razvitie stroitel’stva [Russian Rulers and the Development of Construction]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2012, 296 p. (Biblioteka nauchnykh razrabotok i proektov MGSU [The Library of Scientific Developments and Projects of MGSU]). (In Russian)
  2. Ikonnikov A.V. Arkhitektura i istoriya [Architecture and History]. Moscow, Arkhitektura Publ., 1993, 248 p.
  3. Mezentsev S.D. Problemy territorial’nogo planirovaniya i gradostroitel’stva: sotsial’no-filosofskiy aspekt [Problems of Spatial Planning and Urban Development: Social Philosophical Aspect]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 6, pp. 17—26. (In Russian)
  4. Molokova T.A., Frolov V.P. Pamyatniki kul’tury Moskvy: iz proshlogo v budushchee [Monuments of Culture of Moscow: from the Past to the Future]. 2nd edition, revised. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, 168 p. (In Russian)
  5. Gregory D.A. Housing and Urban Development in the USSR. N.Y., State University of New York Press, 1985, 354 p.
  6. Taubman W. Governing Soviet Cities: Bureaucratic Politics and Urban Development in the USSR. N.Y., Praeger Publ., 1973, 166 p.
  7. Ikonnikov A.V. Arkhitektura Moskvy. XX vek [Architecture of Moscow. 20th Century]. Moscow, Moskovskiy rabochiy Publ., 1984, 222 p. (In Russian)
  8. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Ivan Zholtovskiy [Ivan Zholtovsky]. Moscow, S.E. Gordeev Publ., 2010, 352 p. (In Russian)
  9. Molokova T.A. Problema sokhraneniya kul’turnogo naslediya: istoricheskiy aspekt [The Problem of Cultural Heritage Preservation: Historical Aspect]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2007, no. 2, pp. 13—16. (In Russian)
  10. Byzova O.M. Narodnoe obrazovanie Moskvy v gody Velikoy Otechestvennoy voyny 1941—1945 gg. [National Education in Moscow during the Great Patriotic War 1941—1945]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki [Tambov University Review. Series: Humanities]. 2012, no. 4 (108), pp. 339—342. (In Russian)
  11. Efremova M.G. Iz opyta raboty tresta Mosstroy № 1 v 30—50-e gg. XX v. [Mosstroy no. 1 Trust Working Experience in the 30—50s of the 20th]. Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya: Politematicheskaya [Internet Proceedings of the Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Polythematic series]. 2012, no. 3 (23), p. 25. Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/attachments/Efremova-2012_3(23).pdf. Date of access: 15.05.2015. (In Russian)
  12. Aleshchenko N.M. Moskva v planakh razvitiya i rekonstruktsii. 1918—1985 [Moscow in the Development and Reconstruction Plans. 1918—1985]. Moscow, Glavnoe arkhivnoe upravleniye goroda Moskvy Publ., 2009, 240 p. (In Russian)
  13. 16-y s”ezd VKP(b). Stenograficheskiy otchet [XVI Conference of the All-Union Communist Party. Stenographic report]. Moscow, Leningrad, Gosizdat Publ., 1930, 472 p. (In Russian)
  14. Ikonnikov A.V. Utopicheskoe myshlenie i arkhitektura [Utopian Thinking and Architecture]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2004, 286 p. (In Russian)
  15. Molokova T.A., Frolov V.P. Vliyanie ital’yanskoy arkhitektury na gradostroitel’stvo Rossii [The influence of the Italian Architecture on the Russian Town Planning]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 128—134. (In Russian)
  16. Kuleshov M., Pozdnev A. Vysotnye zdaniya Moskvy [High-Rise Buildings of Moscow]. Moscow, Moskovskiy rabochiy Publ., 1954, 158 p. (In Russian)
  17. Oltarzhevskiy V.K. Stroitel’stvo vysotnykh zdaniy v Moskve [The Construction of High-rise Buildings in Moscow]. Moscow, Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo literatury po stroitel’stvu i arkhitekture Publ., 1953, 216 p. (In Russian)
  18. Pod”yapol’skiy S.S. Istoriko-arkhitekturnye issledovaniya. Stat’i i materialy [Historical and Architectural Researches. Articles and Materials]. Moscow, Indrik Publ., 2006, 320 p. (In Russian)
  19. Byzova O.M. Stroitel’stvo i vosstanovlenie chasovni v pamyat’ Otechestvennoy voyny 1812 goda v Pavlovskom Posade Moskovskoy oblasti [Construction and Restoration of a Pavlov Posad’s Chapel in the Memory of the Patriotic War of 1812]. Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya: Politematicheskaya [Internet Proceedings of the Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Polythematic series]. 2012, no. 3 (23), p. 23. Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/attachments/Buzova-2012_3(23).pdf. Date of access: 15.06.2015. (In Russian)
  20. Frolov V.P. Sotsial’nye, etnokul’turnye i konfessional’nye osobennosti arkhitekturnogo naslediya monastyrey [Social, Ethnical, Cultural and Confessional Features of Architectural Heritage of Monasteries]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 6, pp. 35—43. (In Russian)
  21. Kornfel’d Ya.A. Laureaty Stalinskoy premii v arkhitekture. 1941—1950 [The Laureates of the Stalin’s Prize. 1941—1950]. Moscow, Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo literatury po stroitel’stvu i arkhitekture Publ., 1953, 220 p. (In Russian)
  22. Baranovskiy P. Trudy, vospominaniya sovremennikov [Works and Memories of the Contemporaries]. Moscow, Otchiy dom Publ., 1996, 279 p. (In Russian)
  23. Molokova T.A. Vosstanovlenie Moskvy posle pozhara 1812 g.: novyy oblik goroda [Reconstruction of Moscow after the 1812 Fire of Moscow: New Look of the City]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 17—22. (In Russian)
  24. Frolov V.P. Pamyatniki otechestvennoy voyny 1812 g. [Monuments to the Patriotic War of 1812]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 23—28. (In Russian)
  25. Markuzon V.F. Semiotika i khudozhestvennye problemy predmetno-prostranstvennyy sredy [Semiotics and Artistic Problems in Subject-Spatial Environment.]. Esteticheskie problemy dizayna : materialy konferentsiy, seminarov, soveshchaniy [Aesthetic Design Problems : Materials of Conferences, Seminars, Meetings]. Moscow, VNIITE Publ., 1978, p. 52. (In Russian)
  26. Uspenskiy B.A. O semiotike iskusstva [Semiotics of Art]. Simpozium po strukturnomu izucheniyu znakovykh system [The Symposium on the Structural Study of Sign Systems]. Moscow, AN SSSR Publ., 1962, p. 127. (In Russian)

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Architectural-planning organization problems of municipal objects for industrial-communal purposes

Vestnik MGSU 8/2015
  • Finogenov Aleksandr Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Building Design and Urban Development, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 30-40

The development of major cities in our country acquires mostly extensive character. It happens via expansion of a city boundaries, construction on new territories, complication of the functional and planning organization of urban structures. City space is intensively developed by the objects of residential, business, recreation and transport purpose at simultaneous reduction of the development speed of the objects of industrial potential. Modern composition of enterprises of industrial-communal purpose is considered, which are to be situated in modern structure of metropolises. A complex of problems is considered, related to the unsatisfactory placing of communal enterprises in relation to residential and public territories. The planning organization of Moscow is used as an example. First of all it concerns wrong architectural planning organization of communal enterprises, complicated transport communications, worsening of ecological situation. A fundamentally new method is suggested to the design of municipal enterprises of communal purpose as inter-district industrial-communal complexes. The new types of communal enterprises provide low-waste technologies, compact industrial buildings, shorter freight transport connections, high ecological quality.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.8.30-40

References
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  2. Akhmedova E.A. Sovremennyy general’nyy plan goroda i vozmozhnosti ego realizatsii v usloviyakh rynka [Modern General Lay-out of a City and Possibilities of its Implementation in Market Conditions]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 8, pp. 6—10. (In Russian)
  3. Lezhava I.G. Goroda Rossii. Problemy proektirovaniya i realizatsii [Cities of Russia. Problems of Design and Implementation]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 5, pp. 3—10. (In Russian)
  4. Kogan Yu.V. Tipizatsiya zhilykh territoriy stolitsy dlya otsenki vliyaniya programm zhilishchnogo stroitel’stva na ee gradostroitel’nyy potentsial [Typification of Residential Territories of the Capital for Estimation of Residential Construction Programs on its Urban Development Potential]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 11—13. (In Russian)
  5. Savel’ev K.N. Povtornoe ispol’zovanie industrial’nykh izdeliy pri rekonstruktsii panel’nykh zdaniy pervykh massovykh seriy [Re-use of Industrial Products during Reconstruction of Panel Buildings of the First Mass Series]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 1, pp. 30—31. (In Russian)
  6. Oleynik P.P. Organizatsiya sistemy upravleniya stroitel’nymi otkhodami [Organization of Construction Waste Management]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 7, pp. 72—75. (In Russian)
  7. Vereshchagin A.I., Panov V.G., Mitin A.V., Korsak M.N. K otsenke sostoyaniya i perspektiv nakopleniya promyshlennykh otkhodov v Rossiyskoy Federatsii [On Estimating the State and Prospects of Industrial Waste Storage in the Russian Federation]. Ekologiya urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Ecology of Urbanized Territories]. 2007, no. 1, pp. 74—80. (In Russian)
  8. Kozlov K.V., Leonov V.V. Obespechenie stroitel’stva ob’’ektov gorodskogo zakaza inzhenernoy infrastrukturoy [Providing the Construction of State Order Objects by Engineering Infrastructure]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 35—37. (In Russian)
  9. Aleksanin A.V., Sborshchikov S.B. Upravlenie stroitel’nymi otkhodami na osnove sozdaniya spetsializirovannykh logisticheskikh tsentrov [Construction Waste Management Basing on the Creation of Specialized Logistic Centers]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 2, pp. 66—68. (In Russian)
  10. Mogosova N.N., Vorob’eva T.A. Osobennosti otsenki zagryazneniya atmosfernogo vozdukha dioksidom azota ot peredvizhnykh istochnikov v g. Moskve [Features of Atmospheric Pollution Estimation by Nitrogen Peroxide from Moving Sources in Moscow]. Ekologiya urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Ecology of Urbanized Territories]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 83—88. (In Russian)
  11. Trofimova T.E., Turanov E.N. Nuzhno li znat’ i kak rasschitat’ skorost’ vetra na territorii goroda [Should We Know and How to Estimate the Wind Speed on a City Territory]. Vestnik razvitiya nauki i obrazovaniya [Herald of the Development of Science and Education]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 60—64. (In Russian)
  12. Aleksashina V.V., Kartashova K.K. Problemy tverdykh bytovykh otkhodov (TBO) v megapolise (na primere Moskvy) [Problems of Solid Waste ina Metropolis (on the Example of Moscow)]. Ekologiya urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Ecology of Urbanized Territories]. 2014, no. 4, pp. 59—67. (In Russian)
  13. Solomin I.A., Bashkin V.N., Voloshina O.N. Organizatsiya lokal’noy sistemy upravleniya otkhodami na primere Odintsovskogo rayona Moskovskoy oblasti [Organization of a Local Waste Management System on the Example of Odintsovo Region of Moscow Region]. Ekologiya urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Ecology of Urbanized Territories]. 2006, no. 1, pp. 79—85. (In Russian)
  14. Kossoy Yu.M. Spetsifika gorodskogo transporta i ekologiya urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Specific Nature of City Transport and Ecology of Urbanized Territories]. Ekologiya urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Ecology of Urbanized Territories]. 2007, no. 1, pp. 67—69. (In Russian)
  15. Vladimirov V.V. Ekologicheskiy imperativ goroda [Environmental Imperative of a City]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 7, pp. 114—115. (In Russian)
  16. Abakumova A.V. Sposoby optimizatsii promyshlennykh territoriy [Optimization Methods for Industrial Territories]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 11, pp. 37—39. (In Russian)
  17. Argunov S.V. Otsenka effektivnosti realizatsii gosudarstvennoy programmy «Gradostroitel’naya politika» [Efficiency Estimation of a State Program “Urban Development Policy”]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 7—8. (In Russian)
  18. Ignat’ev A.L., Khorkina Zh.A., Kolmykov K.I. Razrabotka sistemy monitoringa realizatsii Gosudarstvennoy programmy goroda Moskvy «Gradostroitel’naya politika» [Development of a Monitoring System for Moscow State Program “Urban Development Policy” Implementation]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 18—20. (In Russian)
  19. Levkin S.I. «Gradostroitel’naya politika» v sisteme otraslevykh gosudarstvennykh programm [Urban Development Policy in the System of Branch State Programs]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 7, pp. 9—11. (In Russian)
  20. Butyrkin A.Yu., Chernyshev A.V., Grabovyy K.P. Kharakternye aspekty zhilishchno-kommunal’nogo kompleksa kak slozhnoy organizatsionno-ekonomicheskoy sistemy [Characteristic Aspects of the Housing and Utilities Complex as a Difficult Organizational and Economic System]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 196—202. (In Russian)
  21. Epifanova I.P., Gopko V.F. Organizatsiya sistemy upravleniya otkhodami v munitsipal’nom obrazovanii [Waste Management System Organization in a Municipal Entity]. Ekologiya urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Ecology of Urbanized Territories]. 2009, no. 3, pp. 60—64. (In Russian)
  22. Butovskiy M.E. Organizatsiya bezotkhodnykh proizvodstv na urbanizirovannoy territorii — odin iz kriteriev ustoychivogo razvitiya krupnykh i bol’shikh gorodov [Nonwaste Industry Organization on Urbanized Territories as One of the Criteria of Sustainable Development of Major and Big Cities]. Ekologiya urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Ecology of Urbanized Territories]. 2010, no. 2, pp. 73—77. (In Russian)
  23. Deryusheva N.L. Voprosy normirovaniya snegoplavil’nykh punktov v sistemakh vodootvedeniya [Rationing Questions of Snow Melting Stations in Water Disposal Systems]. Ekologiya urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Ecology of Urbanized Territories]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 76—79. (In Russian)
  24. Padalko O.V. Tipovaya programma podgotovki promyshlennogo predpriyatiya k ego perevodu v rezhim chistogo (resursosberegayushchego, ustoychivogo) proizvodstva/potrebleniya [Standard Program of an Industrial Plant Preparation to its Transfer to Green (Resource-saving, Sustainable) Production/Consumption Mode]. Ekologiya urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Ecology of Urbanized Territories]. 2007, no. 2, pp. 64—68. (In Russian)
  25. Finogenov A.I., Yakunin A.Yu. Printsipial’nye napravleniya arkhitekturno-prostranstvennogo formirovaniya predpriyatiy po pererabotke promyshlennykh otkhodov [Principal Directions of Architectural-Space Formation of Industrial Waste Processing Enterprises]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov TsNIIPromzdaniy Gosstroya Rossii [Collection of the Scientific Works of the Russian Design Agency of the State Committee for Construction]. 1994, pp. 29—36. (In Russian)

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Urban aspects in the creative heritage of D. Gilardi in Moscow

Vestnik MGSU 8/2015
  • Frolov Vladimir Pavlovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 41-50

The interest to Domenico Gilardi, one of the leaders of Moscow classicism and Empire, to his masterpieces and geography of architectural heritage is expressed in different investigations. Russian and foreign scientists pay great attention to the features of his works, his place in the classical style and influence of the Italian school. One of the most important aspects of the architect’s creative work is urban planning, and especially his participation in creation of the architectural ensembles of Moscow, city-forming qualities of separate buildings. The article is dedicated to the 230th anniversary of the birthday and the 170th anniversary of the death of an architect Domenico Gilardi. The article discusses architectural features and creative ways of D. Gilardi, special attention is paid to his urban planning activity in Moscow, his contribution to the historic development of the capital city is analyzed. On the example of specific buildings and structures, which eventually became historical-cultural monuments of Moscow, the author shows the activity of the architect in a complex historical period of the city’s reconstruction after the fire of 1812. The author concludes that the main buildings of the architect D. Gilardi are still among the best examples of the architecture of the Russian Empire.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.8.41-50

References
  1. Arkhitektura i gradostroitel’stvo. Entsiklopediya [Architecture and Urban Planning. Encyclopedia]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 2001, p. 412. (In Russian)
  2. Bol’shaya Rossiyskaya entsiklopediya [Great Russian Encyclopedia]. Moscow, BRE Publ., 2008, vol. 10, 767 p. (In Russian)
  3. Bol’shaya illyustrirovannaya entsiklopediya : v 32 tt. [Big Illustrated Encyclopedia : in 32 volumes]. Moscow, AST : Astrel’ Publ., 2010, vol. 10 : EVR-IZ, 504 p. (Arguments and Facts) (In Russian)
  4. Lasunsky O.G., editor. Voronezhskaya istoriko-kul’turnaya entsiklopediya. VIKE. Personalii [Voronezh Historical and Cultural Encyclopedia. VICE. Personalities]. 2nd edition, revised. Voronezh, Tsentr dukhovnogo vozrozhdeniya Chernozemnogo kraya Publ., 2009, 456 p. (In Russian)
  5. Tvortsy tekhniki i gradostroiteli Moskvy (do nachala XX veka) [Creators of Technology and Urban Planning of Moscow (The Beginning of the 20th Century)]. Moscow, Yanus-K, 2002, 376 p. (Masters of Science and Education of Moscow — 18—20 in Portraits and Characters) (In Russian)
  6. Arkhitekturnye ansambli Moskvy XV — nachala XX vekov. Printsipy khudozhestvennogo edinstva [Architectural Ensembles of Moscow of the 15th — early 20th Centuries. Principles of Artistic Unity]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1997, 472 p. (Russian Urban Planning Art) (In Russian)
  7. Grabar’ I.E. Dementiy Ivanovich Zhilyardi i ego shkola [Domenico Gilardi and his School]. Istoriya russkogo iskusstva [History of Russian Art]. Moscow, I. Knebel Publ., 1910, vol. 1. Arkhitektura. Dopetrovskaya epokha [Architecture. Pre-Peter Epoch]. Pp. 42—43. (In Russian)
  8. Yaralov Yu.S., Zemtsov S.M., editors. Zodchie Moskvy [Architects of Moscow]. Book 1. Moscow, Moskovskiy rabochiy Publ., 1981, 302 p. (In Russian)
  9. Molokova T.A., editor. Praviteli Rossii i razvitie stroitel’stva [The Rulers of Russia and the Development of Construction]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2012, 296 p. (In Russian)
  10. Nikolaev E.V. Klassicheskaya Moskva. Ocherki arkhitektury moskovskogo klassitsizma i ampira [Classic Moscow. Essays on the Architecture of Moscow Classicism and Empire]. Moscow, Editorial URSS Publ., 2010, 272 p. (In Russian)
  11. Molokova T.A. Vosstanovlenie Moskvy posle pozhara 1812 g.: novyy oblik goroda [Reconstruction of Moscow after the 1812 Fire of Moscow: New Look of the City]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 17—22. (In Russian)
  12. Molokova T.A., Frolov V.P. Vliyanie ital’yanskoy arkhitektury na gradostroitel’stvo Rossii [Influence of Italian Architecture on Urban Planning of Russia]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 128—134. (In Russian)
  13. Angelini P., Navone N., Pfister A. Architetti neoclassici ticinesi fra Neva e Moscova: i fondi grafici degli archivi Adamini e Gilardi, catalogo della mostra (Venezia, 21 aprile — 20 maggio 2001). Fondazione Giorgio Cini — Archivio del Moderno, Accademia di Architettura, Università della Svizzera italiana, Venezia — Mendrisio, 2001, pp. 19—53, 87—90.
  14. Navone N., Tedeschi L. Dal mito al progetto. La cultura architettonica dei maestri italiani e ticinesi nella Russia neoclassica. Mendrisio : Mendrisio Academy Press, 2004, pp. 629—663.
  15. Pfister A., Angelini P. Gli architetti Gilardi a Mosca. La raccolta dei disegni conservati in Ticino. Mendrisio, Mendrisio Academy Press, 2006, 244 p.
  16. Il’in M., editor. Moskva: Pamyatniki arkhitektury XVIII –— pervoy treti XIX veka [The Architectural Monuments of 18th — the first third of the 19th Century]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1973, 354 p. (In Russian)
  17. Evsina N.A. Arkhitekturnaya teoriya Rossii vtoroy poloviny XVIII — nachala XX vv. [Architectural Theory of Russia of the 2nd Half of the 18th — early 10th Centuries]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1985, 316 p. (In Russian)
  18. Rzyanin M.I. Arkhitekturnye ansambli Moskvy i Podmoskov’ya XIV—XIX vekov [Architectural Ensembles of Moscow and Moscow region of the 14th — 19th Centuries]. M. : Stroyizdat, 1950. 232 p. (In Russian)
  19. Bykovtseva P. Zhilyardi — Gagarin — Gor’kiy. Dom na Povarskoy 25-a [House on Povarskaya 25A]. Moscow, Imli RAN Publ., 2003, 114 p. (In Russian)
  20. Korobko M.Yu. Usad’ba Kuz’minki [Estate Kuzminki]. Moscow, Veche Publ., 2009, 88 p. (Usad’by, dvortsy, osobnyaki Moskvy) (In Russian)
  21. Beletskaya E.I., Pokrovskiy Z.K. Zhilyardi [Gilardi]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1990, 168 p. (In Russian)
  22. Kirichenko E.I. Khram Khrista Spasitelya v Moskve. Istoriya proektirovaniya i sozdaniya sobora. Stranitsy zhizni i gibeli. 1913—1931 [The Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow. History of Design and Creation. Pages of Life and Destruction]. Moscow, Planeta Publ., 1992, 280 p. (In Russian)
  23. Ikonnikov A.V. Tysyacha let russkoy arkhitektury : razvitie traditsiy [Thousand Years of Russian Architecture : Development of Traditions]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1990, 386 p. (In Russian)
  24. Arkin D.E. Obrazy arkhitektury i obrazy skul’ptury [Images of Architecture and Images of Sculpture]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1990, 399 p. (In Russian)
  25. Bartenev I.A., Batazhkova V.N. Ocherki istorii arkhitekturnykh stiley [Essays on the History of Architectural Styles]. Moscow, Izobrazitel’noe iskusstvo Publ., 1983, 392 p. (In Russian)
  26. Serbovelikov N.G. Vosstanovlenie kupola raboty znamenitogo D. Zhilyardi [Restoration of the Dome by famous D. Gilardi]. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Architecture and Construction]. 2006, no. 6, pp. 7—8. (In Russian)
  27. Komarova I.I. Arkhitektory. Kratkiy biograficheskiy slovar’ [Architects. Concise Biographical Dictionary]. Moscow, Ripol klassik Publ., 2000, 511 p. (Concise Biographical Dictionaries) (In Russian)
  28. Oleynichenko E.V. Knyaz’ S.M. Golitsyn — khozyain usad’by Kuz’minki [Prince S.M. Golitsyn — the owner of the Kuzminki estate]. Moscow, Veche Publ, 2008, 397 p. (In Russian)
  29. Samin D.K. Samye znamenitye zodchie Rossii [The Most Famous Architects of Russia]. Moscow, Veche Publ., 2004, 480 p. (In Russian)
  30. Filippova N.A. Formirovanie parkovoy struktury usad’by Kuz’minki — Vlakhernskoe [Formation of the landscape structure of the estate Kuzminki — Blachernae]. Russkaya usad’ba : Sbornik obshchestva izucheniya russkoy usad’by [Russian Estate. The Collection of The Society of Russian Manor Study]. Moscow, 1999, no. 5 (21), pp. 260—261. (In Russian)

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Design of composite reinforced concrete slabs according to Eurocode 4 and russian recommendations

Vestnik MGSU 8/2015
  • Almazov Vladlen Ovanesovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Reinforced Concrete and Masonry Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Arutyunyan Sevak Norikovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Reinforced Concrete and Masonry Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 51-65

In the world construction practice steel profiled sheeting is used for different aims. While producing reinforced concrete the profiled sheeting may act as a permanent form or working reinforcement. As far as a floor slab is one of the most important elements of buildings and structures, its price may be 25…30 % of the general construction price, designers and researchers should look for the ways to reduce material and labor costs providing high quality of the production. It is obvious that investigation of such efficient constructions as composite reinforced slabs with profiled sheeting are of current interest. On the basis of national recommendations and the recommendations of Eurocode 4 the calculation of steel-concrete composite slabs with profiled sheet type CKH50Z-600-1.0 and CKH90Z-1000-1,0 were carried out. Calculation methods for steel-concrete composite slabs in Russian and European recommendations have their differences and similarities. The comparison of the results received on the basis of different methodologies in tabular and graphical form allowed to raise the question about the necessity of studying shear forces and deformations at the contact areas of profiled sheeting and concrete, their impact on the strength of steel-concrete composite slabs with these types of decking without the use of special anchorage devices.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.8.51-65

References
  1. Almazov V.O., Amiraslanov Z.A. Primenenie stalebetona v konstruktsiyakh morskikh neftegazopromyslovykh sooruzheniy [Application of Steel-Concrete in the Designs of Offshore Oil And Gas Field Constructions]. Burenie i neft’ [Drilling and Oil]. 2008, no. 7—8, pp. 15—18. (In Russian)
  2. Tamrazyan A.G., Filimonova E.A. Metod poiska rezerva nesushchey sposobnosti zhelezobetonnykh plit perekrytiy [Method of search for reserve of bearing capacity of reinforced concrete slabs of floors]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 23—25. (In Russian)
  3. Tamrazyan A.G., Filimonova E.A. Ratsional’noe raspredelenie zhestkosti plit po vysote zdaniya s uchetom raboty perekrytiya na sdvig [Rational Distribution of Slab Stiffness along the Hight of Building with Account for Shear Deformation]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 11, pp. 84—90. (In Russian)
  4. Tamrazyan A.G., Dudina I.V. Obespechenie kachestva sbornykh zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy na stadii izgotovleniya [Providing the Quality of Prefabricated Ferroconcrete Structures on the Production Stage]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2001, no. 3, pp. 8—10. (In Russian)
  5. Kabantsev O.V., Tamrazyan A.G. Uchet izmeneniy raschetnoy skhemy pri analize raboty konstruktsiy [Account for the Changes in the Calculated Scheme during the Analysis of Structural Behavior]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Magazine of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 5 (49), pp. 15—26. (In Russian)
  6. Petrov I.A., Rabinovich R.I., Nargizyan E.A. Monolitnye perekrytiya s vneshney armaturoy iz stal’nogo profilirovannogo nastila [Monolithic Overlaps with External Fittings of Profiled Sheeting]. Promyshlennoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial Engineering]. 1981, no. 7, pp. 11—13. (In Russian)
  7. Dodonov M.I. Prochnost’ i peremeshcheniya monolitnykh zhelezobetonnykh plit perekrytiy so stal’nym profilirovannym nastilom [Strength and Movement of Monolithic Reinforced Concrete Slabs of Overlaps with Steel Profiled Sheeting]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 1992, no. 8, pp. 19—21. (In Russian)
  8. Voronkov R.V., Bagaturiya F.I. Issledovanie zhelezobetonnykh perekrytiy s vneshney profilirovannoy armaturoy [Study of Ferroconcrete Overlaps with External Profiled Fittings]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 1977, no. 7, pp. 11—14. (In Russian)
  9. Boyarskiy A.V. Effektivnyy profilirovannyy nastil dlya armirovaniya kompozitnykh plit [Effective Profiled Sheeting for Reinforcement of Composite Slabs]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21st Cantury]. 2007, no. 6, pp. 28—29. (In Russian)
  10. Kolbasin V.G. Plity s armaturoy iz profilirovannogo stal’nogo nastila [Slabs with Fittings of Profiled Steel Sheeting]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 1980, no. 1, pp. 11—13. (In Russian)
  11. Vasil’ev A.P., Gorshkova V.M., Lazovskiy D.N., Rabinovich R.I. Metodika rascheta monolitnoy plity perekrytiya so stal’nym profilirovannym nastilom [Calculation Methods of Monolithic Slabs with Profiled Steel Sheeting]. Beton i zhelezobeton [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete]. 1987, no. 6, pp. 10—12. (In Russian)
  12. Ayrumyan E.L., Rumyantseva I.A. Armirovanie monolitnoy zhelezobetonnoy plity perekrytiya stal’nym profilirovannym nastilom [Reinforcement of Monolithic Ferroconcrete Slabs with Profiled Steel Sheeting]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2007, no. 4, pp. 25—27. (In Russian)
  13. Ayrumyan E.L., Boyarskiy A.V. Issledovaniya raboty monolitnoy zhelezobetonnoy plity po profilirovannomu stal’nomu nastilu pri poperechnom izgibe [Research of Monolithic Ferroconcrete Slab Operation on Profiled Steel Sheeting at Transverse Bending]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2007, no. 10, pp. 30—31. (In Russian)
  14. Mohammed B. Structural Behavior and M-K Value of Composite Slab Utilizing Concrete Containing Crumb Rubber. Journal of Construction and Building Materials. 2010, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 1214—1221. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2009.12.018.
  15. Cifuentes H., Medina F. Experimental Study on Shear Bond Behavior of Composite Slabs According to Eurocode 4. Journal of Constructional Steel Research. 2013, vol. 82, pp. 99—110. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2012.12.009.
  16. Marimuthu V., Seetharaman S., Jayachandran S.A., Chellappan A., Bandyopadhyay T.K., Dutta D. Experimental Studies on Composite Deck Slabs to Determine the Shear-Bond Characteristic (M-K) Values of the Embossed Profiled Sheet. Journal of Constructional Steel Research. 2007, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 791—803. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2006.07.009.
  17. Porter M.L., Ekberg C.E., Greimann L.F., Elleby H.A. Shear Bond Analysis of Steel-Deck-Reinforced Slabs. ASCE Journal of the Structural Division. 1976, vol. 102, no. 12, pp. 2255—2268.
  18. Almazov V.O. Garmonizatsiya stroitel’nykh norm: neobkhodimost’ i vozmozhnosti [Harmonization of Building Norms: Necessity and Opportunities]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2007, no. 1, pp. 51—54. (In Russian)
  19. Almazov V.O. Problemy ispol’zovaniya evrokodov v Rossii Rossii [The Problems of Using Eurocodes in Russia]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 7, pp. 36—38. (In Russian)
  20. Gul’vanesyan Kh., Trefol E., Brayt N., Buker O., Gardner M., Park Dzh., Devidson Dzh.B., Mettem K., Uott P., Roberts D., Bond E., Kharris E., Georgopulos K., Frayd E., Almazov V.O., Plotnikov A.I., Danilov A.I., Znamenskiy V.V., Oreshkin D.V., Topilin A.N. Vyderzhki iz Stroitel’nykh Evrokodov: posobie dlya studentov stroitel’noy spetsial’nosti [Excerpts from Building Euorocodes: Tutorial for Students of Building Specialty]. Transl. from English. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2011, 724 p. (In Russian)
  21. Kodysh E.N., Nikitin I.K., Trekin N.N. Raschet zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy iz tyazhelogo betona po prochnosti, treshchinostoykosti i deformatsiyam [Strength, Crack Resistance and Strains Calculation of Ferroconcrete Structures of Heavy Concrete]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, 352 p. (In Russian)
  22. Namdeo A.H., Laxmikant M.G., Girish N.R. Design of Composite Slabs with Profiled Steel Decking: A Comparison between Experimental and Analytical Studies. International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering. 2012, vol. 4, no. 1. Available at: http://www.advancedstructeng.com/content/pdf/2008-6695-4-1.pdf/. Date of access: 12.05.2015. 10.1186/2008-6695-3-1
  23. Calixto J.M., Lavall A.C., Melo C.B., Pimenta R.J., Monteiro R.C. Behavior and Strength of Composite Slabs with Ribbed Decking. Journal of Constructional Steel Research. 1998, vol. 46, no. 1—3, pp. 211—212.

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Influence of assembly analytical models of the ribs of a double-layer metal dome on the initial forces in case of elimination of imperfections

Vestnik MGSU 8/2015
  • Lebed’ Evgeniy Vasil’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Metal Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Grigoryan Artem Akopovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Metal Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 66-79

Estimation of stress-strain state of metal structures in erecting process has always interested specialists both during design and construction. When using different erection technologies of metal structures a lot of states of building frameworks occur, which are characterized by various, constantly changing analytical models. Computer analysis of force elimination of construction errors was performed for a double-layer framed dome with meridional ribs and horizontal rings with different assembly analytical models. Several types of assembly analytical models of double meridional ribs were considered for erection process of the dome framework with temporary central support. For every model point loads were applied to selected nodes to eliminate relative deflection of adjacent ribs, and initial internal forces appearing in the bars were computed. The results of the analysis are presented in the form of diagrams, models, mosaic of forces in the bars, and figures of joints. Based on the analysis, conclusions are made about favorable assembly models for the erection process of the dome framework.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.8.66-79

References
  1. Kolesnіchenko V.G., Yugov A.M. Shcho do pitannya rozrakhunku metalevikh konstruktsiy na montazhni navantazhennya ta vplivi [On the Calculation of Metalwork for Assembly Loads and Effects]. Suchasne promislove ta tsivil’ne budivnitstvo [Modern Industrial and Civil Construction]. 2006, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 195—202. (In Ukrainian)
  2. Mukaiyama Y., Fujino T., Kuroiwa Y., Ueki T. Erection Methods for Space Structures. Evolution and Trends in Design, Analysis and Construction of Shell and Spatial Structures : Proceedings of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS) Symposium 2009, Valencia, Spain, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, 28 September — 2 October 2009. Pp. 1951—1962.
  3. Yugov A.M., Bondarev A.B. Metodika viznachennya zbiral’nikh zusil’ u velikoprogonoviy prostoroviy sterzhn’oviy sistemi [Assembly Efforts in Wide-Span Spatial Rod System Determining Technique]. Metalevi konstruktsii [Metal Structures]. 2013, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 137—142. (In Ukrainian)
  4. Ishchenko I.I. Montazh stal’nykh i zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy [Installation of Steel and Reinforced Concrete Structures]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1991, 287 p. (In Russian)
  5. Torkatyuk V.I. Montazh konstruktsiy bol’sheproletnykh zdaniy [Installation of the Structures of Large-Span Buildings]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1985, 170 p. (In Russian)
  6. Gofshteyn G.E., Kim V.G., Nishchev V.N., Sokolova A.D. Montazh metallicheskikh i zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy [Installation of Metal and Reinforced Concrete Structures]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 2004, 528 p. (In Russian)
  7. Lipnitskiy M.E. Kupola. (Raschet i proektirovanie) [Domes. (Calculation and Design)]. Leningrad, Stroyizdat Publ., 1973, 129 p. (In Russian)
  8. Tur V.I. Kupol’nye konstruktsii: formoobrazovanie, raschet, konstruirovanie, povyshenie effektivnosti [Dome Structures: Morphogenesis, Analysis, Design, Increase of Effectiveness]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2004, 96 p. (In Russian)
  9. Mel’nikov N.P., editor. Metallicheskie konstruktsii [Metal Structures]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1980, 776 p. (In Russian)
  10. Lebed’ E.V. Osobennosti vypolneniya boltovykh soedineniy konstruktsiy dvukhpoyasnykh metallicheskikh kupolov iz-za pogreshnostey ikh izgotovleniya i montazha [Design Features of Bolted Connections of Structural Elements of Two-Layer Metal Domes Resulting from Errors of Their Fabrication and Assembly]. Vestnik RUDN. Seriya: Inzhenernye issledovaniya [People’s Friendship University of Russia Bulletin. Engineering]. 2014, no. 4, pp. 90—97. (In Russian)
  11. Mosyagin D.L., Ruzhanskiy I.L., Gladshteyn L.I. Razrabotka soedinitel’nogo uzla metallicheskikh konstruktsiy setchatykh prostranstvennykh pokrytiy krupnykh inzhenernykh sooruzheniy [Development of the Connector Assembly of Metal Constructions of Spatial Mesh Covering of Large Engineering Structures]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 5, pp. 32—35. (In Russian)
  12. Lebed E.V., Grigoryan A.A. Nachal’nye usiliya v dvukhpoyasnykh metallicheskikh kupolakh iz-za pogreshnostey izgotovleniya i montazha ikh konstruktsiy [Initial Stresses in Two-Layer Metal Domes Due to Imperfections of Their Production and Assemblage]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 4, pp. 69—79. (In Russian)
  13. Lebed’ E.V. Komp’yuternoe modelirovanie tochnosti vozvedeniya dvukhpoyasnykh metallicheskikh kupolov [Computer Modeling of the Accuracy of Erection of Two-Layer Metal Domes]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 12, pp. 89—92. (In Russian)
  14. Jadhav H.S., Patil Ajit S. Parametric Study of Double Layer Steel Dome with Reference to Span to Height Ratio. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) — India Online. 2013, vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 110—118. Available at: http://www.ijsr.net/archive/v2i8/MDIwMTM5Mg==.pdf. Date of access: 20.05.2015.
  15. Chandiwala Anuj. Analysis and Design of Steel Dome Using Software. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology (IJRET). eSAT Publishing House, Bangalore, India, 2014, vol. 03, no. 03, pp. 35—39. Available at: http://esatjournals.org/Volumes/IJRET/2014V03/I03/IJRET20140303006.pdf. Date of access: 20.05.2015.
  16. Chen W., Fu G., He Y. Geometrically Nonlinear Stability Performances for Partial Double Layer Reticulated Steel Structures. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Space Structures on 19—21 august 2002. UK, Guildford, University of Surrey — London, vol. 2, pp. 957—966.
  17. Castano F., Hardy D. World’s Largest Aluminium Domes. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Space Structures on 19—21 august 2002. UK, Guildford, University of Surrey — London, vol. 1, pp. 227—233.
  18. Gorodetskiy A.S., Evzerov I.D. Komp’yuternye modeli konstruktsiy [Computer Models of Structures]. Kiev, Fakt Publ., 2005, 344 p. (In Russian)

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Method for determining initial characteristics of the most unfavorable accelerograms for linear systems with finite number of degrees of freedom

Vestnik MGSU 8/2015
  • Mkrtychev Oleg Vartanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Head of Research Laboratory “Reliability and Earthquake Engineering”, Professor, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Reshetov Andrey Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, engineer, Research Laboratory “Reliability and Earthquake Engineering”, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 80-91

The paper proposes a method of determining the baseline characteristics of accelerograms required for their synthesis. Accelerograms generated according to them transmit maximum impact energy of the seismic action to a construction. However, they are possible with a certain probability for a given construction site. To solve this problem were obtained seismic characteristics of the construction site and dynamic characteristics of the structure. Then was formed the target function characterizing the energy transmitted to the structure. Characteristics corresponding to the maximum of the target function will be most unfavorable baseline characteristics of accelerograms. As construction was considered a linear system with a finite number of degrees of freedom. In paper were obtained impulse and frequency responses of the considered linear system. As the seismic characteristics of the construction site have been obtained some characteristics of accelerograms. Such as the spectral density, distribution law dominant frequency, envelope. In paper as the target function is considered the dispersion of the displacement of the highest floor of the system. As varied parameter is considered a shift of the initial spectral density of the impact. On the shift parameter imposed probabilistic restrictions due to the law of the distribution of the dominant frequency. The use of the proposed method when generating accelerograms will allow to calculate seismic stability the most complete way.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.8.80-91

References
  1. Bolotin V.V., Radin V.P., Chirkov V.P. Modelirovanie dinamicheskikh protsessov v elementakh stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy pri zemletryaseniyakh [Modeling Dynamic Processes in the Elements of Building Structures in Case of Earthquakes]. Izvestiya vuzov.Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 1999, no. 5, pp. 17—21. (In Russian)
  2. Mkrtychev O.V., Yur’ev R.V. Raschet konstruktsiy na seysmicheskie vozdeystviya s ispol’zovaniem sintezirovannykh akselerogramm [Structural Analysis on Seismic Effects Using Synthesized Accelerograms]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 6, pp. 52—54. (In Russian)
  3. Mkrtychev O.V., Reshetov A.A. Metodika modelirovaniya naibolee neblagopriyatnykh akselerogramm zemletryaseniy [Methods of Modeling the Most Unfavorable Earthquake Accelerograms]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 9, pp. 24—26. (In Russian)
  4. Nazarov Yu.P., Poznyak E.V., Filimonov A.V. Analiz vida volnovoy modeli i poluchenie raschetnykh parametrov seysmicheskogo vozdeystviya dlya vysotnogo zdaniya [Wave Model Analysis and Obtaining Estimated Parameters of the Seismic Action for Tall Buildings]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 5, pp. 40—45. (In Russian)
  5. Nazarov Yu.P., Poznyak E.V. O prostranstvennoy izmenchivosti seysmicheskikh dvizheniy grunta pri raschetakh sooruzheniy [On Space Variability of Seismic Movements of Soil at Structural Analysis]. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov [Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering]. 2014, no. 5, pp. 17—20. (In Russian)
  6. Pshenichkina V.A., Zolina T.V., Drozdov V.V., Kharlanov V.L. Metodika otsenki seysmicheskoy nadezhnosti zdaniy povyshennoy etazhnosti [Methods of Estimating Seismic Reliability of High-Rise Buildings]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Bulletin of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Series: Construction and Architecture]. 2011, no. 25, pp. 50—56. (In Russian)
  7. Cacciola P. A Stochastic Approach for Generating Spectrum Compatible Fully Nonstationary Earthquakes. Computers & Structures. 2010, vol. 88, no. 15—16, pp. 889—901. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruc.2010.04.009.
  8. Hernández J.J., López O.A. Response to Three-Component Seismic Motion of Arbitrary Direction. Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics. 2002, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 55—57. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eqe.95.
  9. Shrikhande M., Gupta V.K. On the Characterization of the Phase Spectrum for Strong Motion Synthesis. Journal of Earthquake Engineering. 2001, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 465—482. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13632460109350402.
  10. Ayzenberg Ya.M., Akbiev R.T., Smirnov V.I., Chubakov M.Zh. Dinamicheskie ispytaniya i seysmostoykost’ navesnykh fasadnykh sistem [Dynamic Tests and Seismic Resistance of Hinged Facade Systems]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy [Antiseismic Construction. Safety of Structures]. 2008, no. 1, pp. 13—15. (In Russian)
  11. Dzhinchvelashvili G.A., Mkrtychev O.V. Effektivnost’ primeneniya seysmoizoliruyushchikh opor pri stroitel’stve zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Effectiveness of Seismic Isolation Bearings during the Construction of Buildings and Structures]. Transportnoe stroitel’stvo [Transpot Construction]. 2003, no. 9, pp. 27—31. (In Russian)
  12. Mkrtychev O.V., Dzhinchvelashvili G.A. Analiz ustoychivosti zdaniya pri avariynykh vozdeystviyakh [Analysis of Building Sustainability during Emergency Actions]. Nauka i tekhnika transporta [Science and Technology on Transport]. 2002, no. 2, pp. 34—41. (In Russian)
  13. Radin V.P., Trifonov O.V., Chirkov V.P. Model’ mnogoetazhnogo karkasnogo zdaniya dlya raschetov na intensivnye seysmicheskie vozdeystviya [A Model of Multi-Storey Frame Buildings for Calculations on Intensive Seismic Effects]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy [Antiseismic Construction. Safety of Structures]. 2001, no. 1, pp. 23—26. (In Russian)
  14. Tamrazyan A.G., Tomilin V.A. Nesushchaya sposobnost’ konstruktsiy vysotnykh zdaniy pri lokal’nykh izmeneniyakh fiziko-mekhanicheskikh kharakteristik materialov [Bearing Capacity of High-Rise Structures under Local Changes of Physical-Mechanical Characteristics of Materials]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2007, no. 11, pp. 24—25. (In Russian)
  15. Trifonov O.V. Modelirovanie dinamicheskoy reaktsii konstruktsiy pri dvukhkomponentnykh seysmicheskikh vozdeystviyakh [Simulation of Dynamic Response of Structures at Two-Component Seismic Impacts]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy [Antiseismic Construction. Safety of Structures]. 2000, no. 1, pp. 42—45. (In Russian)
  16. Thráinsson H., Kiremidjian A.S. Simulation of Digital Earthquake Accelerograms Using the Inverse Discrete Fourier Transform. Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics. 2002, vol. 31, no. 12, pp. 2023—2048.
  17. Lekshmy P.R., Raghukanth S.T.G. Maximum Possible Ground Motion for Linear Structures. Journal of Earthquake Engineering. 2015, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 938—955. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13632469.2015.1023472.
  18. Sanaz Rezaeian, Armen Der Kiureghian. Simulation of Synthetic Ground Motions for Specified Earthquake and Site Characteristics. Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics. 2010, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 1155—1180. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eqe.997.
  19. Soize C. Information Theory for Generation of Accelerograms Associated with Shock Response Spectra. Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering. 2010, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 334—347. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8667.2009.00643.x.
  20. Zentner I. Simulation of Non-Stationary Conditional Ground Motion Fields in the Time Domain. Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards. 2013, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 37—48. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17499518.2013.763572.

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Educing anisotropy of strength properties of foam concrete bricks used for constructing a wall for curtain wall systems

Vestnik MGSU 8/2015
  • Tsykanovskiy Evgeniy Yul’evich - LLC DIAT Candidate of Technical Sciences, honorable builder of Russia, recipient of prize of the Government of the Russian Federation in Science and Technology, Director General, LLC DIAT, 3 Marshala Sokolovskogo str., Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Alisultanov Ramidin Semedovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Engineering Geodesy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Oleynikov Aleksandr Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Engineering Geodesy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kagan Mikhail Lazarevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor, Department of Higher Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Pekov Islam Al’bertovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Construction Materials and Products, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 92-100

Curtain wall systems are widely used in the modern construction at building industrial and civil buildings. Works of many Russian and foreign researchers are dedicated to investigation of such structures operation. The main task solved during the use of curtain wall systems is reduction of energy consumption for heating. In this regard the fa?ade systems may be fixed both at rather stable walls having though high thermal conductivity produced of brick and concrete and at the walls of aerated concrete (foam concrete) bricks having lower thermal conductivity. The authors offer preliminary results of the mechanical strength tests of foam concrete bricks. The anisotropy of strength under compression along different edges (axes) was educed, which reached up to 200 %. The authors underline the importance of account for anisotropy of strength properties of foam concrete bricks during the design of fa?ade systems and during monitoring of their state.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.8.92-100

References
  1. Bessonov I.V. Vliyanie temperaturno-vlazhnostnykh vozdeystviy na dolgovechnost’ fasadnykh sistem na osnove mineral’nykh vyazhushchikh [Influence of Temperature and Humidity on Durability of Facade Systems Based on Mineral Binders]. ALITinform: Tsement. Beton. Sukhie smesi [ALITinform: Cement. Concrete. Dry Mixes]. 2007, no. 1, pp. 35—41. (In Russian)
  2. TR 161-05. Tekhnicheskie rekomendatsii po proektirovaniyu, montazhu i ekspluatatsii navesnykh fasadnykh sistem [TR 161-05. Technical Recommendations on Design, Construction and Operation of Curtain wall Systems]. Pravitel’stvo Moskvy [The Government of Moscow]. Moscow, 2005, 15 p. (In Russian)
  3. Vorob’ev V.N. Navesnye fasadnye sistemy : problemy bezopasnosti, proektirovanie NFS, proizvodstvo montazhnykh rabot, krepezh, pozharnaya bezopasnost’, osnovnye pravila ekspluatatsii NFS [Curtain Wall Systems : the Issues of Safety, Design, Construction Works, Fixing, Fire Safety, Main Rules of Their Operation]. Vladivostok, Dal’Nauka Publ., 2011, 72 p. (In Russian)
  4. Granovskiy A.V., Kiselev D.A. Eksperimental’nye issledovaniya raboty ankernogo krepezha pri dinamicheskikh vozdeystviyakh [Experimental Research of Anchor Fastener at Dynamic Impacts]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy [Seismic Construction. Safety of Structures]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 43—45. (In Russian)
  5. Tsykanovskiy E.Yu. Problemy nadezhnosti, bezopasnosti i dolgovechnosti NFS pri stroitel’stve vysotnykh zdaniy [Problems of Rliability, Safety and Durability of Curtain Wall Systems during Construction of High-rise Buildings]. Tekhnologii stroitel’stva [Technologies of Construction]. 2006, no. 1, pp. 20—22. (In Russian)
  6. Emel’yanova V.A., Nemova D.V., Miftakhova D.R. Optimizirovannaya konstruktsiya navesnogo ventiliruemogo fasada [Optimized Structure of Hinged Ventilated Facade]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Engineering and Construction Journal]. 2014, no. 6 (50), pp. 53—66. (In Russian)
  7. Kocks U.F., Tomé C.N., Wenk H.-R. Texture and Anisotropy: Preferred Orientations in Polycrystals and Their Effect on Materials Properties. Cambridge, 2000, 688 p.
  8. Ash J.E., Hughes B.P. Anisotropy and Failure Criteria for Concrete. Matériaux et Construction. Nov.—Dec. 1970, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 371—374. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02478760.
  9. Yong-Hak Lee A., Yeong-Seong Park, Young-Tae Joo B., Won-Jin Sung C., Byeong-Su Kang D. Anisotropic Loading Criterion for Depicting Loading Induced Anisotropy in Concrete. Fracture Mechanics of Concrete and Concrete Structures — Recent Advances in Fracture Mechanics of Concrete — B.H. Oh, et al. (eds) 2010, Korea Concrete Institute, Seoul. Available at: http://framcos.org/FraMCoS-7/04-01.pdf. Date of access: 11.11.2014.
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  14. Gulyaev V.T., Ganik S.V. Vliyanie kachestva peska na svoystva penobetona [Influence of Sand Quality on Foam Concrete Properties]. Vologdinskie chteniya : materialy nauchnoy konferentsii. Vladivostok, dekabr’ 2011. Vyp. 80 [Vologdinsky Readings : Materials of the Scientific Conference. Vladivostok, December 2011, issue 80]. Vladivostok, Izdatel’skiy dom Dal’nevostochnogo federal’nogo universiteta Publ., 2012, pp. 35—36. (In Russian)
  15. Kobidze T.E., Korovyakov V.F., Kiselev A.Yu., Listov S.V. Vzaimosvyaz’ struktury peny, tekhnologii i svoystv poluchaemogo penobetona [Interrelation of Foam Structure, Technology and Properties of the Obtained Concrete]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2005, no. 1, pp. 26—29. (In Russian)
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  17. Stepnov M.N. Statisticheskaya obrabotka rezul’tatov mekhanicheskikh ispytaniy [Statistical Processing of Mechanical Tests’ Results]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1972, 232 p. (In Russian)
  18. Doerffel K. Statistik in der analytischen Chemie. VEB Deutscher Verlag für Grundstoffindustrie, Leipzig, 1982.
  19. Volkov A.A., Rubtsov I.V. Postroenie kompleksnykh sistem prognozirovaniya i monitoringa chrezvychaynykh situatsiy v zdaniyakh, sooruzheniyakh i ikh kompleksakh [Design of Integrated Systems Designated for the Forecasting and Monitoring of Emergencies in Buildings, Structures and Their Clusters]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 208—212. (In Russian)
  20. Rubtsov I.V., Kukhta A.V. Nekotorye zadachi monitoringa i perspektivy ikh resheniya na primere fasadnykh sistem [Some Tasks of Monitoring and Prospects of Their Solution on the Example of Facade Systems]. Krovel’nye i izolyatsionnye materialy [Roofing and Insulating Materials]. 2007, no. 7, pp. 44—45. (In Russian)
  21. Rubtsov I.V. Monitoring na stadii vozvedeniya sooruzheniya [Monitoring on the Construction Stage of a Structure]. Integral [Integral]. 2007, no. 5, pp. 86—87. (In Russian)
  22. Rubtsov I.V. Zadachi monitoringa na stadii ekspluatatsii sooruzheniya [Monitoring Tasks on the Operation Stage of a Building]. Integral [Integral]. 2007, no. 6, pp. 102—103. (In Russian)

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Pile-foundation system shock loading in an axisymmetric approach

Vestnik MGSU 8/2015
  • Vasenkova Ekaterina Viktorovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Higher Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zuev Vladimir Vasil’evich - Moscow State Institute of Radio Engineering, Electronics and Automation (MIREA Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor, chair, Department of Applied Mathematics and Informatics, Moscow State Institute of Radio Engineering, Electronics and Automation (MIREA, 20 Stromynka str., Moscow, 107996, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 101-108

The basic problem of structural mechanics, namely the problem of pile shock loading sunk in a foundation, has been examined in an axisymmetric approach within defining relations for irreversible deformations offered earlier in the space of deformations. As a model of the theory of plasticity, the Mises model generalized by the authors has been accepted, the use of which solves a nonstationary system of nine two-dimensional equations with various entry and boundary conditions. Enlightened attitudes use approximate engineering approaches which allow estimating the behavior of a pile-foundation system. A solution is constructed mainly with the use of the theory of linear-elastic continuum. However they do not enable to consider various peculiarities of deformation behavior of soils and pile materials and to give an appropriate detailed picture of a system mode of deformation. Mechanical peculiarities of the behavior of foundation and pile materials discovered recently demand more enlightened attitudes to analyze a mode of deformation in a pile-foundation system considering both plasticity and fracture. The offered approach enables to give a complete picture of a mode of deformation in a pile-foundation system at any time and a picture of occurrence and development of plasticity and fracture zones.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.8.101-108

References
  1. Ter-Martirosyan A.Z. Ostatochnye deformatsii i napryazheniya v gruntovoy srede pri deystvii tsiklicheskoy nagruzki [Residual Deformations and Stresses in Soil Medium under Cyclic Load]. Stroitel’stvo — formirovanie sredy zhiznedeyatel’nosti : sbornik nauchnykh trudov XXIII Mezhdunarodnoy mezhvuzovskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii molodykh uchenykh, doktorantov i aspirantov, 14—21.04.2010 [Collection of Scientific Papers of the 23rd International Interuniversity Scientific-Practical Conference of Young Scientists, Doctoral and Post-Graduate Students “Construction — Formation of Living Environment”, 14—21.04.2010]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2010, pp. 815—819. (In Russian)
  2. Burlakov V.N., Ter-Martirosyan A.Z. Dilatansiya, vliyanie na deformiruemost’ [Dilatancy, iInfluence on Deformability]. Sbornik trudov yubileynoy konferentsii, posvyashchennoy. 80-letiyu kafedry mekhaniki gruntov, 110-letiyu N.A. Tsytovicha, 100-letiyu S.S. Vyalova, Moskva [Proceedings of the Jubilee Conference Dedicated to the 80th Anniversary of the Department of Soil Mechanics, the 110-year Anniversary of N.A. Tsytovich, the 100th Anniversary of S.S. Vyalov, Moscow]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2010, pp. 105—112. (In Russian)
  3. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G., Ala Said Mukhammed Abdul Malek, Ter-Martirosyan A.Z., Ainbetov I.K. Napryazhenno-deformirovannoe sostoyanie dvukhsloynogo osnovaniya s preobrazovannym verkhnim sloem [Stress-Strain State of a double-layer foundation with a transformed upper layer]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 2, pp. 81—95. (In Russian)
  4. Zuev V.V., Shmeleva A.G. Osesimmetrichnoe udarnoe nagruzhenie uprugoplasticheskoy sredy s razuprochneniem i peremennymi uprugimi svoystvami [Axisymmetric Shock Loading of an Elasto-Plastic Medium with Softening and Variable Elastic Properties]. Vestnik Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta : Estestvennonauchnaya seriya [Vestnik of Samara State University : Natural Sciences]. 2007, no. 2 (52), pp. 100—106. (In Russian)
  5. Zuev V.V., Shmeleva A.G. Modelirovanie povedeniya sloistykh zashchitnykh pregrad pri dinamicheskikh nagruzkakh [Modeling of the Behavior for Stratified Protective Barriers at Dynamic Loads]. Promyshlennye ASU i kontrollery [Industrial Automatic Control Systems and Controllers]. 2009, no. 12, pp. 28—30. (In Russian)
  6. Zuev V.V., Shmeleva A.G. Nekotorye aktual’nye zadachi dinamicheskogo nagruzheniya uprugoplasticheskikh sred s uslozhnennymi svoystvami [Some Current Problems of Dynamic Loading for Elasto-Plastic Media with Complicated Properties]. Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo [Vestnik of Lobachevsky University of Nizhni Novgorod]. 2011, no. 4 (5), pp. 2189—2191. (In Russian)
  7. Shmeleva A.G. Udarnoe nagruzhenie plasticheskikh sred [Shock Loading of Plastic Media]. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, 2012, 128 p. (In Russian)
  8. Mata M., Casals O., Alcal J. The Plastic Zone Size in Indentation Experiments: The Analogy with the Expansion of a Spherical Cavity. Int. J. of Solids and Structures. 2006, vol. 43, no. 20, pp. 5994—6013. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2005.07.002.
  9. Khodakov S. Physicochemical Mechanics of Grinding of Solids. Shuili Xuebao/Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. 1998, no. 9, pp. 631—643.
  10. Demêmes D., Dechesne C.J., Venteo S., Gaven F., Raymond J. Development of the Rat Efferent Vestibular System on the Ground and in Microgravity. Developmental Brain Research. 2001, vol. 128, no. 1, pp. 35—44. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-3806(01)00146-8.
  11. Feldgun V.R., Karinski Y.S., Yankelevsky D.Z., Kochetkov A.V. Internal Blast Loading in a Buried Lined Tunnel. Int. J. of Impact Engineering. 2008, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 172—183. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2007.01.001.
  12. Feldgun V.R., Karinski Y.S., Yankelevsky D.Z., Kochetkov A.V. Blast Response of a Lined Cavity in a Porous Saturated Soil. Int. J. of Impact Engineering. 2008, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 953—966. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2007.06.010.
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  16. Frishter L.Yu. Raschetno-eksperimental’nyy metod issledovaniya napryazhenno-deformiruemogo sostoyaniya sostavnykh konstruktsiy v zonakh kontsentratsii napryazheniy [Computational and Experimental Method of Stress-Strain State Investigation of Composite Structures in the Areas of Stress Concentration]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika inzhenernykh konstruktsiy sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics of Engineering Constructions and Buildings]. 2008, no. 2, pp. 20—27. (In Russian)
  17. Frishter L.Yu., Mozgaleva M.L. Sopostavlenie vozmozhnostey chislennogo i eksperimental’nogo modelirovaniya napryazhenno-deformiruemogo sostoyaniya konstruktsiy s uchetom ikh geometricheskoy nelineynosti [Comparison of Capabilities of Numerical and Experimental Simulation for Stress-Strain State of Structures Subject to their Geometric Nonlinearity]. International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering. 2010, vol. 6, no. 1—2, pp. 221—222. (In Russian)
  18. Antonov V.I. Nachal’nye napryazheniya v anizotropnom neodnorodnom tsilindre, obrazovannom namotkoy [Initial Stresses in an Anisotropic Nonuniform Cylinder Created by Winding]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 4, vol. 1, pp. 29—33. (In Russian)
  19. Antonov V.I. Metod opredeleniya nachal’nykh napryazheniy v rulone pri nelineynoy zavisimosti mezhdu napryazheniyami i deformatsiyami [Method of Initial Stress Determination in a Roll with Nonlinear Dependence of Stresses and Deformations]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 4, vol. 3, pp. 177—180. (In Russian)
  20. Antonov V.I. Napryazheniya v rulone pri dopolnitel’nom natyazhenii lenty [Stresses inside a Roll in Case of Higher Belt Tension]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 10, pp. 24—29. (In Russian)
  21. Zuev V.V. Opredelyayushchie sootnosheniya i dinamicheskie zadachi dlya uprugoplasticheskikh sred s uslozhnennymi svoystvami [Defining Relations and Dynamic Problems for Elasto-Plastic Media with Complicated Properties]. Moscow, Fizmatlit Publ., 2006, 176 p. (In Russian)

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Automated account of soil cylindrical anisotropy in the formation of design diagrams of tunnel linings

Vestnik MGSU 8/2015
  • Nesterov Ivan Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Structural Mechanics, Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT), 9 Obraztsova str., Moscow, 127994, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Gurkova Margarita Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Structural Mechanics, Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT), 9 Obraztsova str., Moscow, 127994, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Smirnova Ol’ga Vladimirovna - Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Structural Mechanics, Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT), 9 Obraztsova str., Moscow, 127994, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Naumov Vladimir Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Structural Mechanics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Naumova Tat’yana Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Associate Professor, Department of Structural Mechanics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 109-117

One of the most popular modern methods of tunnel linings’ calculation with account for their interaction with the soil is finite element method. Because of the constant increase of computation capacities at the present time the tasks of algorithm development dominate, which account for the lining operation - soil for complicated geological conditions. The given work presents the computational algorithm of account of the distribution nonuniformity of the physical characteristics of ground medium over the surface of finishing at intersection of the interface of geological layers by the tunnel axis. The algorithm uses mathematical models of the finite elements method and it is adapted for the realization in the system of stress analysis of tunnel linings developed by the authors. The authors enumerate the disadvantages of different calculations and try to overcome them. For this aim the beam model of the system “lining - soil” is suggested.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.8.109-117

References
  1. Zienkiewicz O.C., Cheung Y.K. The Finite Element Method in Continuum and Structural Mechanics. McGraw Hill, 1967, 272 pp.
  2. Mondrus V.L., Smirnov V.A. Primenenie KE-modelirovaniya dlya resheniya zadachi rasprostraneniya kolebaniy ot dvizheniya poezdov metropolitena [Application of Finite Element Modeling for Solving for Vibrations Propagation Task Caused by Underground Trains]. Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik Povolzh’ya [Scientific and Technical Volga region Bulletin]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 206—208. (In Russian)
  3. Smirnov V.A. Issledovanie napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya opticheskogo stola [Investigation of Stress-Strain State of Beam Table]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2014, no. 11-1, pp. 72—75. (In Russian)
  4. Stupishin L.Yu., Trushin S.I. Stroitel’naya mekhanika ploskikh sterzhnevykh system [Structural Mechanics of Flat Bar Systems]. Moscow, INFRA-M Publ., 2014, 278 p. (In Russian)
  5. Trushin S.I. Metod konechnykh elementov. Teoriya i zadachi [Finite Element Method. Theory and Problems]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2008, 256 p. (In Russian)
  6. Lee K.M., Rowe R.K. Finite Element Modeling of the Three-Dimensional Ground Deformations Due to Tunneling in Soft Cohesive Soils. Computers and Geotechnics. 1990, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 87—109. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0266-352X(90)90001-C.
  7. Franzius J.N., Potts D.M. Influence of Mesh Geometry on Three-Dimensional Finite-Element Analysis of Tunnel Excavation. International Journal of Geomechanics. 2005, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 256—266. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1532-3641(2005)5:3(256).
  8. Eberhardt E. Finite Element Modeling of Three-Dimension Stress Rotation Ahead of an Advancing Tunnel Face. Int. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences. 2001, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 499—518.
  9. Kubyshkin A.A. Raschet sbornykh zhelezobetonnykh kol’tsevykh obdelok s perevyazkoy shvov [Calculation of Precast Concrete Ring Lining to Re-Viscous Seams]. Stroitel’stvo i ekspluatatsiya transportnykh sooruzheniy v rayonakh razvitiya opasnykh geologicheskikh protsessov : tezisy dokladov [Construction and Operation of Transport Facilities in the Areas of Hazardous Geological Processes]. Moscow, MGUPS, 2003, pp. 16—22. (In Russian)
  10. Zakharov E.M., Vasil’ev V.M. Problemy proektirovaniya, stroitel’stva i ekspluatatsii kanalizatsionnykh tonnel’nykh kollektorov v Sank-Peterburge [Problems of Design, Construction and Operation of Sewage Tunnel Collectors in Saint Petersburg]. Tonneli i metropoliteny [Tunnels and Subways]. 2003, no. 6, pp. 10—11. (In Russian)
  11. Bulychev N.S., Fotieva N.N., Rozenvasser G.V., Shamrin Yu.E. Raschet sbornykh obdelok kollektornykh tonneley s uchetom kontaktnogo vzaimodeystviya s gruntovym massivom [Calculation of Precast Linings of Sewer Tunnels Taking into Account Contact Interaction with Soil Body]. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov [Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering]. 1988, no. 5, pp. 33—39. (In Russian)
  12. Paramonov V.N. Metod konechnykh elementov pri reshenii nelineynykh zadach geotekhniki [Finite Element Method for Solving Nonlinear Problems in Geotechnical Engineering]. Saint Petersburg, GK “Georekonstruktsiya” Publ., 2012, 176 p. (In Russian)
  13. Garber V.A., Kashko A.A., Panfilov D.V. Prostranstvennoe modelirovanie pri stroitel’stve transportnykh tonneley [Spatial modeling in the construction of transport tunnels]. Tonneli i metropoliteny [Tunnels and Subways]. 2004, no. 5, pp. 27—31. (In Russian)
  14. Shein Aung Tun, Nesterov I.V. Modelirovanie raboty ploskikh plastinchatykh sistem s ispol’zovaniem tablichnogo protsessora Excel [Simulation of Flat Plate Systems Using the Spreadsheet Excel]. Inzhenernye sooruzheniya na transporte : sbornik trudov MIITa [Engineering Structures in Transport. Proceedings of Moscow State University of Railway Engineering]. No. 4. Moscow, 2012, pp. 32—36. (In Russian)
  15. Shein Aung Tun. Raschet modeli vertikal’nykh podzemnykh vyrabotok [Calculation Model of Vertical Underground Workings]. Mir transporta [World of Transport and Transportation]. 2012, no. 2, pp. 88—91. (In Russian)
  16. Shein Aung Tun. Formirovanie diskretnykh modeley podzemnykh sooruzheniy slozhnoy konfiguratsii [Formation of Discrete Models of Underground Structures with Complex Configuration]. Transportnoe stroitel’stvo [Transport Construction]. 2012, no. 9, pp. 25—27. (In Russian)
  17. Deev P.V. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie vzaimodeystviya obdelok parallel’nykh tonneley proizvol’nogo poperechnogo secheniya s massivom grunta [Mathematical simulation of the Interaction of Parallel Tunnels’ Lining with Arbitrary Cross-Section with Soil Body]. Izvestiya tul’skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Estestvennye nauki [Bulletin of Tula State University. Natural Sciences]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 291—301. (In Russian)
  18. Deev P.V., Fotieva N.N. Opredelenie napryazhennogo sostoyaniya obdelok parallel’nykh tonneley melkogo zalozheniya, sooruzhaemykh pod zastroennoy territoriey [Determining the Stress State of Subsurface Parallel Tunnels Lining, Constructed under Built-Up Areas]. Izvestiya Tul’skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Nauki o zemle [Bulletin of Tula State University. Geosciences]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 257—262. (In Russian)
  19. Gadzhuntsev M.I. Priblizhennyy raschet podzemnogo sooruzheniya krugovogo ochertaniya pri uchete faktora polzuchesti zasypki [An Approximate Calculation of a Circular Underground Structure with Account for Filling Creep Factor]. The manuscript deposited in All-Russian Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (VINITI), no. 1782-V 98, 1998, 5 p. (In Russian)
  20. Msayuki Matsuura, Setsuo Takaku, Yasushi Nagshima, Yoichi Moriya. Compact Shield Tunneling Method. Underground Space Use: Analysis of the Past and Lessons for the Future — Erdem & Solak (eds). London, Taylor & Francis Group, 2005, pp. 779—784.
  21. Qassun S. Mohammed Shafiqu, Mohd R. Taha, Zamri H.C. Finite Element Analysis of Tunnels Using Elastoplastic-Viscoplastic Bounding Surface Model. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2008, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 178—188.
  22. Bernaud D. Tunnels profonds dans les milieux viscoplastique: approches expérimentale et numérique. Thése. École National des Ponts et Chaussées, France. 1991. Available at: https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00529719/. Date of access: 15.05.2015.
  23. Surjadinata J., Hull T.S., Carter J.P., Poulos H.G. Combined Finite- and Boundary-Element Analysis of the Effects of Tunneling on Single Piles. International Journal of Geomechanics. 2006, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 374—377. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1532-3641(2006)6:5(374).

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Relaxation properties of the materials based on the blends of polyvinylchloride and ABS-plastic

Vestnik MGSU 8/2015
  • Matseevich Andrey Vyacheslavovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Askadskiy Andrey Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Matseevich Tat’yana Anatol’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Higher Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 118-129

The polymer mixes based on polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and ABS-plastic with different ratios of components from 0 to 100 % have been obtained. The compatibility analysis of the components of the mixes was provided with the use of the compatibility criterion, taking into account the chemical structure of the polymers, their surface energy and molar volume of the repeating unit, as well as Hildebrand solubility parameter. A complete thermodynamic compatibility takes place, which allows preparation of monolithic materials. The experiments on stress relaxation under uniaxial compression of the samples at various concentrations of blend components at the temperatures ranging from 23 to 70 oC were performed. The approximation of the stress relaxation curves using modern memory functions based on the analysis of entropy production of the system during the relaxation process was performed. These physical parameters of the memory functions allow evaluating a long-term mechanical working ability of the materials derived from the blends of PVC and ABS-plastic.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.8.118-129

References
  1. Buthaina A., Ibrahim, Kadum K.M. Influence of Polymer Blending on Mechanical and Thermal Properties. Modern Applied Science. 2010, vol. 4, no. 9, pp. 157—161. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/mas.v4n9p157.
  2. Saxe P., Freeman C., Rigby D. Mechanical Properties of Glassy Polymer Blends and Thermosets. Materials Design, Inc., Angel Fire, NM and San Diego, CA. LAMMPS Users’ Workshop and Symposium, Albuquerque, NM, August 8, 2013. Available at: http://lammps.sandia.gov/workshops/Aug13/Rigby/DRigby_LammpsWorkshop_Aug2013.pdf. Date of access: 12.04.2015.
  3. Van Hemelrijck E., Puyvelde V., Velankar S., Macosko C. W., Moldenaers P. Interfacial Elasticity and Coalescence Suppression in Compatibilized Polymer Blends. J. Rheol. 2004, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 143—185. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1122/1.1634987.
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