Fundamental education in a construction university (to those beginning their professional education)

Vestnik MGSU 7/2015
  • Andreev V.I. - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, member of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences, chair, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 5-6

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.7.5-6

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Dear colleagues!

Vestnik MGSU 6/2014
  • Lapidus Azariy Abramovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Professor, Doctor of Engineering, Chair, Department of Technology and Management of the Construction, Honored Builder of the Russian Federation, Recipient of the Prize of the Russian Federation Government in the field of Science and Technology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 5-6

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Уважаемые коллеги!

Vestnik MGSU 6/2014
  • Лапидус Азарий Абрамович - Национальный исследовательский Московский государственный строительный университет (НИУ МГСУ) доктор технических наук, профессор, заведующий кафедрой технологии и организации строительного производства, заслуженный строитель РФ, лауреат премии Правительства РФ в области науки и техники, Национальный исследовательский Московский государственный строительный университет (НИУ МГСУ), 129337, г. Москва, Ярославское шоссе, д. 26; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 5-6

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Education and science of MGSU - to energy construction

Vestnik MGSU 4/2015
  • Aniskin Nikolay Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Director, Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Power Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 5-6

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Образование и наука МГСУ - энергетическому строительству

Vestnik MGSU 4/2015
  • Анискин Николай Алексеевич - Национальный исследовательский Московский государственный строительный университет (НИУ МГСУ) доктор технических наук, профессор, директор Института гидротехнического и энергетического строительства, Национальный исследовательский Московский государственный строительный университет (НИУ МГСУ), 129337, г. Москва, Ярославское шоссе, д. 26.

Pages 5-6

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«Задание» на отпуск (О важности повышения качества научного контента)

Vestnik MGSU 5/2015
  • Семернин Д.А. - Московский государ- ственный строительный университет (ФГБОУ ВПО «МГСУ») канд. экон. наук, директор ИЭУИС МГСУ Д.А, Московский государ- ственный строительный университет (ФГБОУ ВПО «МГСУ»), 129337, г. Москва, Ярославское шоссе, д. 26.

Pages 5-7

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Как помочь студенту встроиться в научную жизнь университета?

Vestnik MGSU 6/2015
  • Дмитренко Е.Н. - Московский государственный строительный университет (ФГБОУ ВПО «МГСУ») Заместитель директора по учебной работе Мытищинского филиала МГСУ, Московский государственный строительный университет (ФГБОУ ВПО «МГСУ»), 129337, г. Москва, Ярославское шоссе, д. 26.

Pages 5-6

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Dear colleagues!

Vestnik MGSU 8/2014
  • Ignat'ev Oleg Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Vice-Rector of MGSU, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 5-6

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Дорогие коллеги!

Vestnik MGSU 8/2014
  • Игнатьев Олег Владимирович - Московский государственный строительный университет (ФГБОУ ВПО «МГСУ») доктор технических наук, профессор, проректор МГСУ, Московский государственный строительный университет (ФГБОУ ВПО «МГСУ»), 129337, г. Москва, Ярославское шоссе, д. 26.

Pages 5-6

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Главные направления интеллектуализации российской строительной индустрии

Vestnik MGSU 10/2014
  • Табунщиков Юрий Андреевич - Московский архитектурный институт (государственная академия) доктор технических наук, член-корреспондент РААСН, заведующий кафедрой Московского архитектурного института (государственной академии), член редсовета журнала, Московский архитектурный институт (государственная академия), .

Pages 5-6

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Modern scientific journal of the new generation and best academic traditions

Vestnik MGSU 5/2014
  • Goryacheva Ol'ga Evgen'evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Deputy Director, MISI - MGSU Publishing house, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 5-6

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Современный научный журнал нового поколения и лучшие академические традиции

Vestnik MGSU 5/2014
  • Горячева Ольга Евгеньевна - Московский государственный строительный университет (ФГБОУ ВПО «МГСУ») зам. директора Издательства МИСИ - МГСУ, Московский государственный строительный университет (ФГБОУ ВПО «МГСУ»), 129337, г. Москва, Ярославское шоссе, д. 26; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 5-6

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MANEGE OF ENGINEER BETANCOURT

Vestnik MGSU 4/2012
  • Egorova Ol'ga Vladimirovna - Bauman Moscow State Technical University (MSTU) , Bauman Moscow State Technical University (MSTU), 5, 2nd Baumanskaya St., Moscow, 105005, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Timofeev Gennadiy Alekseevich - Bauman Moscow State Technical University (MSTU) 8 (499) 263-61-97, Bauman Moscow State Technical University (MSTU), 5, 2nd Baumanskaya St., Moscow, 105005, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 6 - 16

This article covers the history of Moscow Manege, a masterpiece of engineering science and architecture. It was designated for the accommodation of the military parade in commemoration of the 5th anniversary of the great victory over Napoleon. It was solemnly opened for visitors in 1817 to become a majestic monument commemorating Russia's triumph in the Patriotic war of 1812.
Agustin de Betancourt, an ingenious Spanish engineer, was the designer of Manege. Having completed his excellent education in Madrid, Paris, and London by the end of 1790, he became one of the most well-known engineers not only in Spain, but also in Europe. In 1808, the engineer moved to Russia following a personal invitation extended by Emperor Alexander I.
Betancourt proposed an exclusively original design of Manege overlapping. It was made of wooden trussed rafters. The arena had no internal column; therefore, rafters that were 44.86 meters long, were spanned all over the space. Back then, this engineering structure was unique. Now we know that foreign engineers made special visits to Moscow to study Betancourt's wooden roof.
The Manege was also remarkable from the architectural point of view: a high rustic socle emphasized the massiveness of the building; a vigorous rhythm of columns, enchasing the walls to assure special solemnity; skillfully interspersed ornaments representing military stories were to identify the purpose of the premises.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.4.6 - 16

References
  1. Egorova O.V. Moskovskiy Manezh. Proshloe i nastoyashchee [Moscow Manege. Past and Present]. Мoscow, Avanglion Publ., 2006.
  2. Russian State Archives of Military History, File 35, Inventory 4, Unit 108. About the construction of the roofed riding-school in Moscow, 1817—1818.
  3. Betancourt A. Description de la Salle d’exercice de Moscou. St. Peterburg, 1819.
  4. Cioranesco Alejandro. Agustin de Betancourt. Su obra tecnica y cientifica: La Laguna de Tenerife, Instituto de Estadios Canasrios, Spain, 1965.
  5. Moskovskie Vedomosti [Moscow Bulletin] Newspaper, no. 101, November 19, 1817.
  6. Pozharskaya S.P., editor. Rossiya i Ispaniya [Russia and Spain], vol. 2, Moscow, 1997.
  7. Bogolyubov A.N., Pavlov V.E., Filatov N.F. Avgustin Betankur (1758—1824). Uchenyy, inzhener, arkhitektor, gradostroitel' [Agustin de Betancourt (1758—1824). Scientist, Engineer, Architect, Townplanner]. Nizhni Novgorod, 2002.
  8. Svin'in P. Zavody, byvshie I.R. Batasheva, a nyne prinadlezhashchie general-leytenantu D.D. Shepelevu i ego detyam [I.R. Batashev’s Factories That Now Belong to Lieutenant-General D.D. Shepelev and his children]. St. Petersburg, 1826.
  9. Russian State Archives of Military History, File 489, Inventory 1, Unit 7062. Track record of Majorgeneral A. Betancourt.

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INFLUENCE PRODUCED BY THE URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT ON THE LIVING ENVIRONMENT

Vestnik MGSU 4/2012
  • Giyasov Botir Iminzhonovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Architectural and Construction Design, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 287-49-14; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 17 - 21

The article drives attention to factors of influence produced on the living environment and the humans. The factors in question originate from development of the urban infrastructure. Analysis of actions aimed at improving the ecological conditions of urban environments is provided in the article.
The living environment represents a complex facility in the course of its continuous development. It has a natural and anthropogenic origin. Its origin makes it possible for researchers to ifn links between the physical urban space and its social and hygienic properties. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the living environment not as a densely build structural constituent of a city, but as the environment designated for living that is shaped up by a variety of factors.
The comprehensive impact produced by the environment on humans makes it necessary to develop new methodologies that will assure the complex hygienic assessment of the environment. The assessment will make it possible to research the link between the quality of the environment and the level of health of the population and to identify the number and the sequence of actions aimed at optimizing the environment and the mode of life of inhabitants of present-day megalopolises. The methodology of the per-property assessment of the quality of the urban environment, namely, the microclimate, the lighting, the air quality, must be complemented by its comprehensive assessment.
Local social links must be developed alongside with the urban infrastructure. However, replanning of well-established residential areas, that demonstrate well-established social links and territoriality, reveals strong stressors. Therefore, the recommendation is to retain the areas of psychological invariance in the older sections of big cities to retain well-established and easy-to-recognize planning solutions and social links.
An inhabitant of a big city is subjected both to the impact of anthropogenic factors that are the outcome of the urbanization, and to the impact of psychological factors. Intensive development of megalopolises and growth of cities contribute to formation of anthropogenic factors and produce a negative impact on the ecosystem of the environment. Therefore, the residential housing must be considered as a complex environment that set up special claims. Contemporary housing must be designed with account for the urban environment, including its polluted air, water and soil, limited and transformed city-to-nature links. Development of transportation networks and urban noises require particular attention.
There is an urgent need to improve the architectural and planning patterns of urban territories that need hygienic regulations applicable both to residential and industrial areas, highways, parks, office buildings, leisure and community service buildings, schools, hospitals, convalescence houses, kindergartens, etc.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.4.17 - 21

References
  1. Giyasov A. Rol' mnogoetazhnoy zastroyki v regulirovanii teplovogo rezhima gorodov s zharkoshtilevym profilem klimata (na primere g. Dushanbe) [Role of Multi-storied Buildings in Regulation of the Heat Mode of Cities in the Hot-Doldrum Climate (exemplified by the town of Dushanbe). Moscow, 1983.
  2. Gubernskiy Yu.D., Litskevich V.K. Zhilische dlya cheloveka [Dwelling for the Man]. Мoscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1991.
  3. Goromosov M.S. Mikroklimat zhilisch i ego gigienicheskoe normirovanie [Microclimate of Dwellings and Its Hygienic Regulation]. Moscow, Medgiz Publ., 1963.

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INTERACTION BETWEEN LONG PILES AND THE SOIL BODY EXPOSED TO NON-LINEAR DEFORMATIONS

Vestnik MGSU 4/2012
  • Telichenko Valeriy Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Rector, +7 (495) 651-81-85, ext. 2482, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Ter-Martirosyan Zaven Grigor'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) +7 (499) 261-59-88, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Soil Mechanics, Beddings and Foundations, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 22 - 27

Theoretical and numeral solutions to the problem of interaction between a long pile and the heterogeneous soil body are considered in the article. It has been discovered that the distribution of stresses between bottom and side sections of a pile depends on elastic and plastic properties of soils and the pile length-to-diameter ratio. Optimal geometric parameters of a pile can be derived by means of the optimal stress distribution between side and bottom sections of a pile.

The problem of interaction between a long pile and the soil body (the half-space) may be reduced to the problem of interaction between the soil body and the cylinder that has limited dimensions, namely, the diameter of and the height of where is the length of a pile. Solution to the problem in question (section 3) was also obtained through the employment of the method of finite elements (FEM) implemented in the Plaxis-2D software in the elastic and plastic environment. The graphic representation of the solution is provided in Figure 3. As expected, the results generated by analytical and numerical methods are similar both in terms of pile settlement, and in terms of stresses below the bottom end of a pile.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.4.22 - 27

References
  1. Timoshenko S.P., Gud'er Dzh. Teoriya uprugosti [Theory of Elasticity]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1975, 575 p.
  2. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G., Nguen Zang Nam. Vzaimodeystvie svay bol'shoy dliny s neodnorodnym massivom gruntov [Interaction between Long Piles and Heterogeneous Soil Body]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 2, pp. 3—14.
  3. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G. Mekhanika gruntov [Soil Mechanics]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009, 550 p.

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INTERACTION OF A LONG SINGLE PILE THAT HAS A DOUBLE-LAYER BASE WITH ACCOUNT FOR COMPRESSIBILITY OF THE PILE SHAFT

Vestnik MGSU 4/2012
  • Ter-Martirosyan Zaven Grigor'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) , Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Trinh Tuan Viet - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) postgraduate student, Department of Mechanics of Soils, Ground Foundation and Foundation Mechanics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26, Yaroslavskoe Shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 28 - 34

WITH ACCOUNT FOR COMPRESSIBILITY OF THE PILE SHAFT
The authors provide their solution to the problem of interaction of a long compressible pile that has a double-layer linear deformable base. The paper demonstrates that taking account of compressible properties of the pile material leads to qualitatively new distribution of shearing stresses over the surface of a cylindrical pile. It is noteworthy that increase of the pile length and stiffness of the upper section of the base raise the share of the load perceived by the surface of the pile. Besides, in particular conditions of the soil environment, the load perceived by the lower section of the base may reach approximately 20-30 % of the total load.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.4.28 - 34

References
  1. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G. Mekhanika gruntov [Soil Mechanics]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009, 550 p.
  2. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G, Nguyen Giang Nam. Vzaimodeystvie svay bol'shoy dliny s neodnorodnym massivom s uchetom nelineynykh i reologicheskikh svoystv gruntov [Interaction between Long Piles and Heterogeneous Soil Body with the Account for Nonlinear and Rheological Properties of Soils]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 2, pp. 3—14.
  3. Ukhov S.B., Semenov V.V., Znamenskiy V.V., Ter-Martirosyan Z.G., Chernyshev S.N. Mekhanika gruntov, osnovaniya i fundamenty [Soil Mechanics, Bases and Foundations]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2004, 566 p.
  4. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G., Trinh Tuan Viet. Vzaimodeystvie odinochnoy dlinoy svai s osnovaniem s uchetom szhimaemosti stvola svai [Interaction between a Single Long Pile and the Bedding with Account for Compressibility of the Pile Shaft]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 8, pp. 104—111.
  5. Nguyen Giang Nam. Identification of the Settlement of the Round Die with Allowance of Its Embedding. Collected papers of the 4th International Scientific Conference of Young Scientists, Postgraduates, and Doctoral Students. Construction as Formation of the Living Environment. Moscow, MSUCE, 2006.

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INTERACTION OF ANTI-SLIDE PILES WITH THE SLIDING SLOPE BELOW THE RETAINING WALL

Vestnik MGSU 4/2012
  • Buslov Anatoliy Semenovich - Gersevanov Research Institute of Bases and Underground Structures (NIIOSP) Doctor of Technical Science, Professor, Advisor Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences, chief research worker, Gersevanov Research Institute of Bases and Underground Structures (NIIOSP), 59 Ryazanskiy pr-t, Moscow, 109428, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Lomakin Sergey Aleksandrovich - Strabag Closed Joint Stock Company civil engineer, construction manager, Strabag Closed Joint Stock Company, 27 Petrovka St., Moscow, 107031, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 35 - 43

Pile retaining walls are widely used in the practice of anti-landslide construction. Underground sections of piles tend to bend under the pressure. Besides the landslide pressure, the pile is rebuffed by the soil below the retaining wall. When a slope section begins creeping due to the influence of gravitational forces and the pressure of bending piles, soil resistance alongside the pile length changes over the time. This phenomenon also contributes to bending.
The question of how the bearing capacity of an anti-landslide pile changes under the influence of a steady viscous flow of the slope has not undergone any comprehensive research.
In this study, the authors offer a number of analytical expressions that define the interaction between the piles with the sliding slope. Authors examine how piles work to stabilize the viscous soil environment over the time.
The basis of the rheological calculation of the landslide mass is the integral correlation, which in particular cases leads to well-known solutions concerning the characteristics of the deformation and speed of the viscous flow in terms of the pressure-driven gravitational movement.
When problems of interaction of flexible piles with the creeping slope are solved, approximation of the linear or non-linear theory of elasticity for the quasi-instantaneous state is regularly used. In this case, the time factor is identified by multiplying the degree of deformation by the time function ().
In the event of a steady viscous flow moving away from the wall, the authors analyze resistance to bending over the time with the help of a triangular outline diagram (, 0).
The authors welcome any corrections of their analytical solutions for cases of visco-plastic flows as well as the projected resistance caused by the extrusion of the landslide mass through spaces in-between piles.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.4.35 - 43

References
  1. Budin A.Ya. Tonkie podpornye stenki dlya usloviy Severa [Thin Retaining Walls for the Conditions of the North]. Leningrad, Stroyizdat Publ., 1982, 288 p.
  2. Maslov N.N. Mehanika gruntov v praktike stroitel'stva (opolzni i bor'ba s nimi) [Soil Mechanics in the Construction Practice (Landslides and Their Control). Stroyizdat Publ., Moscow, 1977, 320 p.
  3. Buslov A.S. Rabota svay na gorizontal'nuyu nagruzku za predelami uprugosti v svyaznykh gruntakh [Nonlinear Behavior of Laterally Loaded Piles in Cohesive Soils]. Tashkent, FAN Publ., 1979, 102 p.
  4. Buslov A.S. Inzhenernyy metod rascheta svay, vzaimodeystvuyushchikh s opolznevym otkosom v stadii ustanovivsheysya polzuchesti [Engineering Method of Analysis of Piles Interacting with the Steadily Creeping Slope]. Proceedings of Moscow State Open University, Moscow, 2009, pp. 18—23.

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