Urban planning of a global city space: hi-hume technologies

Вестник МГСУ 4/2014
  • Krivykh Elena Georgievna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, head, Department of Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript .

Страницы 14-20

The article deals with the problem of urban planning of new social space of metropolises in order to involve Hi-hume technologies in this process, which are formed under the decisive influence of information technologies. Centrifugal tendencies are strengthened in the process of urbanization. The metropolis reflecting the diversity of its functions is turning into a "space of stream" with a polycentric structure, imbued with functional links. The need for reverse social bonds makes it necessary to create an effective communication interaction by means of modern architecture and urban planning decisions. Hi-hume technologies are presented as ones that provide a certain human behavior to create a harmonic friendly and self-sufficient environment. The space activity of people (in a professional sense - the activity of an architect) in the intention boiled down to design and distribution of meanings within a universal theoretical and methodological system or to formation of the "urban artifact" in a unique historical and cultural context. There are specific examples of formation of the 21st century metropolis: the projects of complex development of the Big Paris and in Russia - the project of the Big Moscow. The increased sociability (of a human being) is the subject of philosophical reflection over the interpretation of the new form of sociality as essentially communicative. Le Corbusier gives an idea of the primacy of the internal space over the external in the world-view of a person and suggests the necessity of sustaining spatial immune systems to protect a person against the absorption in social superstructures. Architects defend the idea of the "emotional experience of emptiness" necessity by the residents of cities. Hi-Tech has outpaced the development of the social sphere. And significance of Hi-hume technologies is that they contribute to social selection of individuals, who are the conductors of their impact.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.4.14-20

Библиографический список
  1. Lukov Val.A. Tezaurusnaya kontseptsiya sotsial'nogo proektirovaniya [Thesaurus Concept of Social Design]. Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie [Knowledge, Understanding. Skill]. Available at: Date of access: 8.12.2013.
  2. Zhukova E.A. Hi-Tech i Hi-Hume: novye trebovaniya k podgotovke professionala [Hi-Tech and Hi-Hume: New Requirements to Professional Training]. Vestnik TGPU. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki (Ekonomika) [Proceedings of Tomsk State Pedagogical University. Series: Humanitarian Sciences (Economy)]. 2005, no.5 (49), pp. 7—72.
  3. Tul'chinskiy G.L. Gumanitarnaya ekspertiza kak sotsial'naya tekhnologiya [Humanitarian Expertise as a Social Technology]. Available at: Date of access: 8.12.2013.
  4. Vysokovskiy A. Samoe interesnoe eshche vperedi! [The Most Interesting is Ahead!]. Proekt Rossiya. Bol'shaya Moskva [Project Russia. Big Moscow]. 2012, no. 66. (4), pp. 224.
  5. Mitchell W.J. Ya++. Chelovek, gorod, seti [Me++. The Cyborg Self and the Networked City]. Available at: Date of access: 8.12.2013.
  6. Nouvel Agence Jean, AREP, Cantal-Dupart Michel. Parizh-Metropoliya: Rozhdenie i vozrozhdenie 1001 parizhskogo schast'ya [Paris- Metropole: Birth and Rebirth of the 1001st Paris Happiness]. Proekt International. Zhurnal po mirovoy arkhitekture [Project International. Journal on the World Architecture]. 2011, no. 29, pp. 108—135.
  7. Glazychev V.L. Ot traditsionnoy formy goroda — k megapolisu [From the Traditional City Form to Metropolis]. Goroda mira — mir goroda [Cities of the World – World of a City]. Moscow, Severnyy Palomnik Publ., 2009, 303 p.
  8. Sloterdijk P. Sfery. Makrosferologiya: v 3 tomakh [Spheres. Macrosphere Science]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2010, vol. 1, Puzyri [Bubbles], 652 p.
  9. Auzan V. Gorod doveriya [City of Trust]. Proekt Rossiya. Bol'shaya Moskva [Project Russia. Big Moscow]. 2012, no. 66 (4), pp. 227—229.

Cкачать на языке оригинала

Heroic tunes and patriotic motives in moscow architecture of the 1940-1950s

Вестник МГСУ 8/2015
  • Gatsunaev Konstantin Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript .

Страницы 18-29

Historically, Moscow architecture in its development has been following the political trends of the Russian society, and it is clearly reflected in the appearance and quality of Moscow buildings. The author discusses the most observable features and structural principles attributed to Soviet architecture in the middle of the 20th century and uses Moscow monuments as examples. The article is based on the analysis and systematization of spatial planning, architectural, design, and historical sources considering post-war Moscow architecture. The author proposes a historical approach to the problem of correlation between the architecture and post-war Soviet socio-cultural realities. The development of architecture demonstrates different features in different historical epochs. The victorious end of the World War II and crushing defeat of German Nazism generated intensive growth of patriotic emotions in the Soviet society. Heroic tunes and patriotic motives became the brightest features in Soviet architecture. The development of the Soviet architecture between 1945-1955 was determined by different factors. The author discusses the problem of consistency between the existing architectural environment of Moscow city centre and new architectural planning solutions, created by D.N. Chechulin. The importance of historical continuity and consistency of spatial planning policies of the urban development documentation such as the Master plot plan of Moscow (1951) is emphasized. New relations between Soviet government and Russian Orthodox Church were established in the end of the 1940s. Thereby, Soviet architects widely used the decorative elements and compositional principles of ancient Russian architecture. The column order of the Empire style became a required sample for Soviet architects. This style is built according to classical rules, although it has substantial deviations. The Government directives and skills of architects developed an own language of architectural forms typical for so-called “Stalin’s Empire” style.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.8.18-29

Библиографический список
  1. Molokova T.A., Bunina E.V., Byzova O.M. Praviteli Rossii i razvitie stroitel’stva [Russian Rulers and the Development of Construction]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2012, 296 p. (Biblioteka nauchnykh razrabotok i proektov MGSU [The Library of Scientific Developments and Projects of MGSU]). (In Russian)
  2. Ikonnikov A.V. Arkhitektura i istoriya [Architecture and History]. Moscow, Arkhitektura Publ., 1993, 248 p.
  3. Mezentsev S.D. Problemy territorial’nogo planirovaniya i gradostroitel’stva: sotsial’no-filosofskiy aspekt [Problems of Spatial Planning and Urban Development: Social Philosophical Aspect]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 6, pp. 17—26. (In Russian)
  4. Molokova T.A., Frolov V.P. Pamyatniki kul’tury Moskvy: iz proshlogo v budushchee [Monuments of Culture of Moscow: from the Past to the Future]. 2nd edition, revised. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, 168 p. (In Russian)
  5. Gregory D.A. Housing and Urban Development in the USSR. N.Y., State University of New York Press, 1985, 354 p.
  6. Taubman W. Governing Soviet Cities: Bureaucratic Politics and Urban Development in the USSR. N.Y., Praeger Publ., 1973, 166 p.
  7. Ikonnikov A.V. Arkhitektura Moskvy. XX vek [Architecture of Moscow. 20th Century]. Moscow, Moskovskiy rabochiy Publ., 1984, 222 p. (In Russian)
  8. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Ivan Zholtovskiy [Ivan Zholtovsky]. Moscow, S.E. Gordeev Publ., 2010, 352 p. (In Russian)
  9. Molokova T.A. Problema sokhraneniya kul’turnogo naslediya: istoricheskiy aspekt [The Problem of Cultural Heritage Preservation: Historical Aspect]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2007, no. 2, pp. 13—16. (In Russian)
  10. Byzova O.M. Narodnoe obrazovanie Moskvy v gody Velikoy Otechestvennoy voyny 1941—1945 gg. [National Education in Moscow during the Great Patriotic War 1941—1945]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki [Tambov University Review. Series: Humanities]. 2012, no. 4 (108), pp. 339—342. (In Russian)
  11. Efremova M.G. Iz opyta raboty tresta Mosstroy № 1 v 30—50-e gg. XX v. [Mosstroy no. 1 Trust Working Experience in the 30—50s of the 20th]. Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya: Politematicheskaya [Internet Proceedings of the Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Polythematic series]. 2012, no. 3 (23), p. 25. Available at: Date of access: 15.05.2015. (In Russian)
  12. Aleshchenko N.M. Moskva v planakh razvitiya i rekonstruktsii. 1918—1985 [Moscow in the Development and Reconstruction Plans. 1918—1985]. Moscow, Glavnoe arkhivnoe upravleniye goroda Moskvy Publ., 2009, 240 p. (In Russian)
  13. 16-y s”ezd VKP(b). Stenograficheskiy otchet [XVI Conference of the All-Union Communist Party. Stenographic report]. Moscow, Leningrad, Gosizdat Publ., 1930, 472 p. (In Russian)
  14. Ikonnikov A.V. Utopicheskoe myshlenie i arkhitektura [Utopian Thinking and Architecture]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2004, 286 p. (In Russian)
  15. Molokova T.A., Frolov V.P. Vliyanie ital’yanskoy arkhitektury na gradostroitel’stvo Rossii [The influence of the Italian Architecture on the Russian Town Planning]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 128—134. (In Russian)
  16. Kuleshov M., Pozdnev A. Vysotnye zdaniya Moskvy [High-Rise Buildings of Moscow]. Moscow, Moskovskiy rabochiy Publ., 1954, 158 p. (In Russian)
  17. Oltarzhevskiy V.K. Stroitel’stvo vysotnykh zdaniy v Moskve [The Construction of High-rise Buildings in Moscow]. Moscow, Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo literatury po stroitel’stvu i arkhitekture Publ., 1953, 216 p. (In Russian)
  18. Pod”yapol’skiy S.S. Istoriko-arkhitekturnye issledovaniya. Stat’i i materialy [Historical and Architectural Researches. Articles and Materials]. Moscow, Indrik Publ., 2006, 320 p. (In Russian)
  19. Byzova O.M. Stroitel’stvo i vosstanovlenie chasovni v pamyat’ Otechestvennoy voyny 1812 goda v Pavlovskom Posade Moskovskoy oblasti [Construction and Restoration of a Pavlov Posad’s Chapel in the Memory of the Patriotic War of 1812]. Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya: Politematicheskaya [Internet Proceedings of the Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Polythematic series]. 2012, no. 3 (23), p. 23. Available at: Date of access: 15.06.2015. (In Russian)
  20. Frolov V.P. Sotsial’nye, etnokul’turnye i konfessional’nye osobennosti arkhitekturnogo naslediya monastyrey [Social, Ethnical, Cultural and Confessional Features of Architectural Heritage of Monasteries]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 6, pp. 35—43. (In Russian)
  21. Kornfel’d Ya.A. Laureaty Stalinskoy premii v arkhitekture. 1941—1950 [The Laureates of the Stalin’s Prize. 1941—1950]. Moscow, Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo literatury po stroitel’stvu i arkhitekture Publ., 1953, 220 p. (In Russian)
  22. Baranovskiy P. Trudy, vospominaniya sovremennikov [Works and Memories of the Contemporaries]. Moscow, Otchiy dom Publ., 1996, 279 p. (In Russian)
  23. Molokova T.A. Vosstanovlenie Moskvy posle pozhara 1812 g.: novyy oblik goroda [Reconstruction of Moscow after the 1812 Fire of Moscow: New Look of the City]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 17—22. (In Russian)
  24. Frolov V.P. Pamyatniki otechestvennoy voyny 1812 g. [Monuments to the Patriotic War of 1812]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 23—28. (In Russian)
  25. Markuzon V.F. Semiotika i khudozhestvennye problemy predmetno-prostranstvennyy sredy [Semiotics and Artistic Problems in Subject-Spatial Environment.]. Esteticheskie problemy dizayna : materialy konferentsiy, seminarov, soveshchaniy [Aesthetic Design Problems : Materials of Conferences, Seminars, Meetings]. Moscow, VNIITE Publ., 1978, p. 52. (In Russian)
  26. Uspenskiy B.A. O semiotike iskusstva [Semiotics of Art]. Simpozium po strukturnomu izucheniyu znakovykh system [The Symposium on the Structural Study of Sign Systems]. Moscow, AN SSSR Publ., 1962, p. 127. (In Russian)

Скачать статью


Вестник МГСУ 4/2016
  • Tsareva Marina Vladimirovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Associate Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript .

Страницы 140-147

Operational management of the construction is usually based on information analysis systems, which are aimed at the monitoring of working schedule and volumes as consistent with predicated schedules. The result of such systems’ operation is traditional information graphics (diagrams, charts, etc.), which provides idea on the current state of the construction site and deviations from the planned settings. The author considers the visualization technology of construction of objects using an image of the situation on the AutoCAD drawings, converted into an interactive format. The article focuses on imperfections of the existing technologies of information support of the managers. The creation of unified IT platform is offered on the basis of CAD for creating an integrated information storage and visualization of the environment using electronic drawings and diagrams. Using interactive methods it is possible to illustrate the condition of almost any part of the construction project using these drawings and diagrams. E-drawings contain the basic information resources - estimates, plans, sections, specifications, technology, construction, etc. necessary for the calculation of indicators. The author proved that implementation of visualization is most efficient in case of electronic drawings in 3D format.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.4.140-147

Библиографический список
  1. Tsareva M.V. Situatsionnaya sistema dlya investitsionnogo proekta [Situational system for investment project]. Ob”edinennyy nauchnyy zhurnal. Ekonomika i finansy [Economics and Finance — Scientific Journal]. 2004, no. 27. (In Russian)
  2. Codd E.F., Codd S.B., Salley C.T. Providing OLAP (On-Line Analytical Processing) to User-Analysts : An IT mandate. Technical report. 1993. Available at:
  3. Bazhin I.I. Informatsionnye sistemy menedzhmenta [Information Management Systems]. Moscow, GU VShE Publ., 2000, 687 p. (In Russian)
  4. Bowman W.J. Graphic Communication. 1968, John Wiley & Sons Inc, 222 p.
  5. Voronin V.A. Formirovanie integrirovannykh sub''ektov khozyaystvovaniya v stroitel’stve s primeneniem metoda kognitivnogo modelirovaniya [Formation of Integrated Business Entities in the Construction Using the Method of Cognitive Modeling]. Vestnik Universiteta (GUU) [University Bulletin (State University of Management)]. 2010, no. 7, pp. 102—110. (In Russian)
  6. Grachev V., Samodelov V. Primenenie sovremennykh tekhnologiy upravleniya v sovershenstvovanii deyatel’nosti predpriyatiy [The Use of Modern Technologies to Improve Management of Enterprises]. Finansovaya gazeta [Financial Newspaper]. 2007, no. 31. (In Russian)
  7. Zotov V.A. Problema razrabotki kognitivnykh sredstv vizualizatsii ekonomicheskoy informatsii v dinamike [Development Problem of Cognitive Visualization Tools of Economic Information in the Dynamics]. Informatsionnye tekhnologii v XXI veke : materialy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii k 100-letiyu REA [Information Technologies on the 21st Century : Materials of Science and Practice Conference to 100 Anniversary of PRUE]. Moscow, Izdatel’stvo Rossiyskoy ekonomicheskoy akademii Publ., 2007. (In Russian)
  8. Kaplan R.S., Norton D.P. Strategy Maps: Converting Intangible Assets into Tangible Outcomes. Harvard Business Review Press, 1 edition, 2004, 454 p.
  9. Campbell A., Sommers K.L. Strategic Synergy (Management Readers). Butterworth-Heinemann, 1992, 240 p.
  10. Mescon M.H., Albert M., Khedouri F. Management: Individual and Organizational Effectiveness. Harpercollins College Div; 2 Sub edition, 1985, 756 p.
  11. Ponomareva N.I. Osobennosti formirovaniya uchetno-analiticheskoy sistemy v stroitel’nykh organizatsiyakh [Peculiarities of Formation of Accounting and Analytical Systems in Construction Companies]. Uspekhi sovremennogo estestvoznaniya [Success of Modern Natural Science]. 2008, no. 7, pp. 72—75. (In Russian)
  12. Trakhtengerts E.A. Komp’yuternaya podderzhka peregovorov pri soglasovanii upravlencheskikh resheniy [Computer Support of Negotiations When Discussing Administrative Decisions]. Moscow, Sinteg Publ., 2003, 272 p. (Seriya «Sistemy i problemy upravleniya» [Series: Systems and Problems of Management]) (In Russian)
  13. Walsh C. Key Management Ratios. T Press, 4 edition, 2009, 408 p.
  14. Edel’steyn G. Intellektual’nye sredstva analiza, interpretatsii i predstavleniya dannykh v informatsionnykh khranilishchakh [Intelligent Analysis, Interpretation and Presentation of Data in the Information Storage]. ComputerWeek-Moscow. 1996, no. 16, pp. 32—33. (In Russian)
  15. Tel’noy V.I., Tsareva M.V. Ispol’zovanie informatsionnykh tekhnologiy pri prepodavanii komp’yuternoy grafiki [Use of Information Technologies in Teaching Computer Graphics]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 161—165. (In Russian)
  16. Bachurina S.S., Resin V.I., Traynev V.A. Strategiya korporativnogo menedzhmenta v gradostroitel’stve [The Strategy of Corporate Management in Urban Planning]. Moscow, Dashkov i Ko Publ., 2010, 512 p. (In Russian)
  17. Drucker P.F. Management Challenges for the 21st Century. HarperBusiness, 1st edition, 224 p.
  18. Tel’noy V.I., Tsareva M.V., Rychkova A.V. Razrabotka trekhmernykh modeley pri provedenii zanyatiy po komp’yuternoy grafike [Development of Three-Dimensional Models in Conducting Classes in Computer Graphics]. Integratsiya, partnerstvo i innovatsii v stroitel’noy nauke i obrazovanii : sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii (12—13 noyabrya 2014 g., Moskva) [Integration, Partnership and Innovations in Construction Science and Education : Collection of the Materials of the International Scientific Conference (November 12—13, 2014, Moscow)]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2015, pp. 332—335. (In Russian)

Скачать статью

Результаты 1 - 3 из 3