HYDRAULICS. ENGINEERING HYDROLOGY. HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING

METHODOLOGY OF IDENTIFICATION OF THE DRAINAGE NORM FOR AREASEXPOSED TO FLOODING

Вестник МГСУ 8/2013
  • Voronov Yuriy Viktorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Water Discharge and Water Ecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript .
  • Shirkova Tat'yana Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Water Discharge and Water Ecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript .

Страницы 131-136

The authors argue that drainage norms depending on the functional use of territories must be considered as the first step in the design of flood protection systems. Further, calculation of the drainage norm should be performed based on the extent of the flooding vulnerability of areas. Any designer should identify the parameters of hazards that may cause harmful effects, including the groundwater level, the moisture content of soil, contamination of the groundwater and soil, and the change of soil properties by soaking and draining in order to characterize the hazard of flooding processes in urban and industrial areas. The classification of factors affecting the vulnerability of urban and industrial areas is based on the four features, or indicators of vulnerability, including urban, geotechnical, environmental, and operational indicators. An assessment of harmful effects of flooding should be made following the identification of the flooding hazard degree and the vulnerability of the area to flooding. The research findings contain the threshold of the geological safety and the acceptable depth of the groundwater. Any design of engineering protection actions should take account of the drainage norm within the boundaries based on the acceptable groundwater level in terms of the geological safety threshold.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.8.131-136

Библиографический список
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Basic formation and realization problems of urban policy

Вестник МГСУ 4/2014
  • Skiba Alisa Anatol’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Information Systems, Technologies and Automation in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337; Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript .
  • Ginzburg Aleksandr Vital’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) (National Research University) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, chair, Department of Information Systems, Technologies and Automation in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) (National Research University), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript .

Страницы 172-180

The article focuses on the problems that arise in the process of urban development of areas planning, their solutions (improvement and transformation of settlement system, in which case we should base on the new geopolitical situation in the country, the development and modernization of transport and communication infrastructure, where it is necessary to consider both the internal needs of the state and external ones) in order to think about possible ways of problem solutions in major cities, as well as the main directions of urban development reforms. The main objectives of the urban development policy are the development of social and economic level of small towns, activities for the conservation of historical, cultural and natural heritage of Russia, the use of modern theories of urban planning, the development of research in this area (both abstract and applied), conducting statistical base of urban development activities). The authors describe the schemes of entry into long-term ownership of land under the current system of urban regulation and the system based on zoning, which acts in real estate market conditions. Among other things, the article offers an idea of the method of socio-controlled planning, which supposes the development plans of the city's buildings and areas, different urban systems (based on the analysis of the existing problems and the needs that must be met).

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.4.172-180

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  1. Baburin V.L. Evolyutsiya rossiyskikh prostranstv [Evolution of Russian Areas]. Moscow, URSS Publ., 2002, 272 p.
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  13. Noyfert E. Stroitel'noe proektirovanie [Construction Design]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2010, 500 p.
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Dynamics of the functional-planning development of the Chinese city of Anyang (mid 20th - beginning of the 21st century)

Вестник МГСУ 8/2018 Том 13
  • Qu Rulan - Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE) post-graduate student of the Department of History and Theory of Architecture, Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE), 4 2nd Krasnoarmeyskaya st., St. Petersburg, 190005, Russian Federation; Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript .
  • Zavarikhin Svetozar P. - Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE) Doctor of Architecture, professor of the Department of History and Theory of Architecture, Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE), 4 2nd Krasnoarmeyskaya st., St. Petersburg, 190005, Russian Federation; Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript .

Страницы 924-934

Dynamics of the functional and planning development of the city of Anyang, the former capital of China, is considered. Based on the analysis of the stages of the city’s development, several master plans and the main historical urban development situations, the logic of the historical development of the functional-planning structure of Anyang is revealed. The identification and consideration of this logic in urban planning policy is one of the important conditions for the sustainable development of any historic city, including Anyang. The unconditional relevance of the topic of the article is also due to the fact that under conditions of the activity of the construction complex that has grown in the last five years, the process of transformation of the historical planning structure has begun, which negatively affects the possibility of preserving the identity of the image of the former capital of China. A high degree of detail in the analysis of interrelated factors in the formation of the city planning structure of Anyang is new in the scientific literature about this city, whose focus is limited to local lore and generalized urban planning aspects. This research approach has made it possible to identify sustainable urban development nodes and development axes, which must be taken into account in the development of modern urban planning documentation. The text and graphical illustrations of the article approve a promising methodical approach to research of the dynamics of development of historical cities. Subject: the main regularities of the interconnected development of the planning structure of Anyang in specific landscape, historical, social and economic conditions. Research objectives: by means of a comparative analysis of the parameters of the original landscape, historical plans and data for the dynamics of economic development, we reveal the main patterns of the development of the planning structure of Anyang. Materials and methods: the nature and parameters of the original landscape were studied using cartographic material by calculating the difference in the altitude of the earth along the latitudinal and meridional directions, and by making sections along the site, including river valleys. All data is in metric system of measurement. With a qualitative assessment of individual sites and zones, we took into account the seasonality, direction and power of the wind according to the data of reference books [1, 2]. The historical and social characteristics of the identified periods of development of Anyang were compiled on the basis of demographic data on the composition and size of population [3, 4], as well as according to the official reports of the governmental structures of Anyang [5, 6]. Stages of economic development of the city were determined on the basis of official sources [7, 8]. A comparative analysis of city plans and master plans was carried out by layer-by-layer overlapping of the developed planning schemes, reduced to the same scale in the metric system of measurement. We particularly focused on separate urban development nodes and directions of highways and roads which steadily maintained their position. Results: the study revealed the main regularities of the interrelated development of the planning structure of Anyang in specific landscape, historical, social and economic conditions. Conclusions: the conducted research made it possible to identify basic regularities of the historical development of the planning structure of Anyang, induced by landscape, historical, social and economic factors, such as the stage-by-stage enrichment of the initially basic orthogonal planning structure by more free layouts and the formation of the cruciform system of the main planning axes.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.8.924-934

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