BEDDINGS AND FOUNDATIONS, SUBTERRANEAN STRUCTURES. SOIL MECHANICS

Principles of classification of soilmasses for construction purposes

Вестник МГСУ 9/2013
  • Chernyshev Sergey Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript .

Страницы 41-46

The author proposes original grounds for the classification of the full range of soil masses as a supplement to the classification of soils provided in GOST 25100—2011. The author proposes four classes of soil masses, each class having several types and sub-types of soils. The classification will improve the accuracy of engineering and geological surveys and computer models of the geological environment developed for the purpose of design of buildings and structures. The author offers a classification of soils to identify the geological environment comprising one or more types of soil which are genetically and structurally distinct. Any soil mass type differs by its origin, and, as a consequence, its internal geological structure, stress-strain state and inherent geological processes. Any genetically isolated type of soils a specific program of research, both in terms of methods and in terms of density testing in the point of sampling. The behavior of rock masses together with the engineering structure is pre-determined by the properties of the rock, its relative position (geological structure), a network of cracks and other weakening factors, and the natural state of stress. The fracture network is of paramount importance. Cracks are characterized by direction, length, width, surface roughness of walls, and a distance between parallel cracks.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.9.41-46

Библиографический список
  1. Pashkin E.M., Kagan A.A., Krivonogova N.F.; Pashkina E.M., editor. Terminologicheskiy spravochnik po inzhenernoy geologii [Reference Book of Terms of Engineering Geology]. Moscow, KDU Publ., 2011, 952 p.
  2. Panyukov P.N. Inzhenernaya geologiya [Engineering Geology]. Moscow, Gosgortekhizdat Publ., 1962.
  3. Bondarik G.K. Teoriya geologicheskogo polya [Geological Field Theory]. Moscow, MIMS Publ., 2002, 129 p.
  4. Belyi L.D. Obshie principial'nye polozheniya [General Principal Provisions]. In the book: Geologiya i plotiny [Geology and Dams]. Moscow — Leningrad, Gosenergoizdat Publ., 1959, pp. 9—19.
  5. Muller L. Der Felsbau. Ferdinand Enke Verlag. Stuttgart, 1963, 453 p.
  6. Bauduin C.M. Determination of Characteristic Values. In: U. Smoltczyk, editor, Geotechnical Engineering Handbook. Berlin, Ernst Publ., 2002, vol. I, pp. 17—50.
  7. Frank R., Kovarik J.B. Comparasion des niveaux de modele pour la resistance ultime des pieux sous charges axiales. Revue Francaise de Geotechnique. 2005, 110, pp. 12—25.
  8. Belyi L.D. Osnovy teorii inzhenerno-geologicheskogo kartirovaniya [Fundamentals of the Theory of Engineering Geological Mapping]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1964.

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DETERMINATION OF PARAMETERS OF THE PROCESS OF REGENERATION OF USED ENGINE OIL USING MEMBRANES ON THE BASISOF THE EXPERIMENTAL AND STATISTICAL MODEL

Вестник МГСУ 2/2013
  • Fedosov Sergey Viktorovich - Ivanovo State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (IGASU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Member, Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (RAACS), President, Ivanovo State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (IGASU), 20 8ogo Marta St., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation; Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript .
  • Maslennikov Valeriy Aleksandrovich - Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Vehicles and Vehicle Fleet, Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU), 20, 8 Marta str., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation.
  • Osadchiy Yuriy Pavlovich - Ivanovo State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (IGASU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Member, Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (RAACS), President, Ivanovo State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (IGASU), 20 8ogo Marta St., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation.
  • Markelov Aleksandr Vladimirovich - Ivanovo State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (IGASU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Member, Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (RAACS), President, Ivanovo State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (IGASU), 20 8ogo Marta St., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation; Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript .

Страницы 73-79

Application of mathematical methods of optimization of the process of filtration as part of recovery of used engine oils is considered in the article. The method of the full factorial experiment which contemplates generation of the mathematical model of the filtering process is applied with account for numerous factors and missing data. The mathematical model provides the information about the influence of various factors to identify the quantitative values of response functions in the pre-set mode of the process to serve as the basis for optimization.Permeability of polymeric membranes, liquid flow velocity and temperature have been chosen as filtration optimization criteria. As a result of the mathematical processing of the experimental data, factors have been calculated and verified in terms of their importance, and the process description has been provided in the form of a regression equation. Dependences obtained by the authors are recommended for use in the calculation of the process of permeability. For example, they may be used to substantiate the periodicity of maintenance of filtration units.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.2.73-79

Библиографический список
  1. Garanin E.M. Sposob utilizatsii otrabotannogo motornogo masla i ustanovka dlya ego realizatsii. Pat. 2333933 RF [Method of Recycling of Used Engine Oil and the Recycling Unit. RF Patent 2333933]. Published on October 10, 2006.
  2. Gritsenko V.O., Orlov N.S. Primenenie mikrofil’tratsii dlya regeneratsii otrabotannykh motornykh masel [Use of Microfiltration for Recovery of Used Motor Oils]. Membrany [Membranes]. 2002, no. 16, pp. 10—16.
  3. Kozlov M.P., Dubyaga V.P., Bon A.I. Sposob ochistki masla. Pat. 2255795 RF [Method of Oil Filtering. RF Patent 2255795]. Published on October 7, 2005.
  4. Lutfulina N.A., Lukashevich V.I., Lukashevich A.V. Sposob regeneratsii otrabotannykh masel i ustanovka dlya ego osushchestvleniya. Pat. 2034910 RF [Method of Regeneration of Used Oils and Oil Regeneration Unit. RF Patent 2034910]. Published on May 10, 1995.
  5. Semenov S.A. Planirovanie eksperimenta v khimii i khimicheskoy tekhnologii [Planning of an Experiment in Chemistry and Chemical Technology]. Ìoscow, IPTs MITKhT Publ., 2001, 93 p.
  6. Maslennikov V.A., Osadchiy Yu.P., Markelov A.V. Obosnovanie periodichnosti tekhnicheskikh obsluzhivaniy fil’tratsionnykh ustanovok pri izmenenii propusknoy sposobnosti rabochikh elementov [Substantiation of Periodicity of Maintenance of Filtration Units Caused by Alterations of the Throughput of Operating Elements]. Auezovskie chteniya — 10: «20-letniy rubezh: innovatsionnye napravleniya razvitiya nauki, obrazovaniya i kul’tury» [The Auezov Readings — 10: the 20th Boundary. Innovative Trends in Development of Research, Education and Culture]. Works of the International scientific and practical conference. South Kazakh State University, Shymkent, Kazakhstan, 2011, pp. 70—72.

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