Foundation calculation for buildings and structures with two elastic characteristics of the foundation using features of Fourier transformsfor finite functions

Вестник МГСУ 1/2014
  • Kurbatskiy Evgeniy Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT) Doctor of Technical Sci- ences, Professor, head, Department of Underground Structures, Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT), 9-9 Obraztsova st., Moscow, 127994, Russian Federation; Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript .
  • Mai Duc Minh. - Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT) postgraduate student, Department of Underground Structures, Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT), 9-9 Obraztsova st., Moscow, 127994, Russian Federation; Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript .

Страницы 41-51

The problem of a beam resting on elastic foundation often occurs in the analysis of building, geotechnical, highway, and railroad structures. Its solution demands modeling of the mechanical behavior of the beam, the mechanical behavior of the soil as elastic subgrade and the form of interaction between the beam and the soil. The oldest, most fa- mous and most frequently used mechanical model is the one devised by Winkler (1867), in which the beam-supporting soil is modeled as a series of closely spaced, mutually independent, linear elastic vertical springs, which, evidently, provide resistance in direct proportion to the deflection of the beam.The solution is presented for the problem of an Euler–Bernoulli beam supported by an infinite two-parameter Pasternak foundation. The beam is subjected to arbitrarily distributed or concentrated vertical loading along its length. Static response of a beam on an elastic foundation characterized by two parameters is investigated assuming, that the beam is subjected to external loads and two concentrated edge load. The governing equations of the problem are obtained and solved by pointing out that there is a concentrated edge foundation reaction in addition to a continuous foundation reaction along the beam axis in the case of complete contact in the foundation reactions of the two-parameter foundation model. The proposed method is based on the properties of Fourier transforms of the finite functions. Particular attention is paid to the problem, taking into account the deformation of soil areas outside the beam. The beam model with two foundation coefficients more realistically describes the behavior of strip footings under loading.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.1.41-51

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Influence of location and parameters of stiffeners on the stability of a square plate under shear

Вестник МГСУ 12/2014
  • Pritykin Aleksey Igorevich - Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (IKBFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Urban Development, Land Planning and Design, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (IKBFU), 14 Aleksandra Nevskogo str., Kaliningrad, 236041; Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript .
  • Kirillov Il’ya Evgen’evich - Kaliningrad State Technical University (KSTU) postgraduate student, Department of Industrial and Civil Engineering, Kaliningrad State Technical University (KSTU), 1 Sovetskiy Prospect, Kaliningrad, 236022, Russian Federation; Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript .

Страницы 77-87

Application of flexible-walled beams is rather effective because the reducing of wall thickness compared to ordinary welded beams leads to substantial reduction of metal expenditure for the walls and its more rational use. The operation experience of such beams shows that the loss of local stability of a wall takes place near bearing cross section with characteristic diagonal type of half waves, indicating, that the reason for the stability loss is in shear deformation. In plate girder with slender web big transverse forces appear, which leads to its buckling as a result of shear. One of the ways to increase stability of the parts of web near supports is to install stiffeners. In the given work the task of finding critical stresses of fixed square plate with installed inclined stiffener is considered. Investigations were performed with the help of finite element method and were experimentally checked. Recommendations were given on the choice of optimal size of the stiffener.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.77-87

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THE STRENGTH OF REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAM ELEMENTS UNDER CYCLIC ALTERNATING LOADING AND LOW CYCLE LOAD OF CONSTANT SIGN

Вестник МГСУ 9/2015
  • Semina Yuliya Anatol'evna - Odessa State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture (OGASA) postgraduate student, Department of Strength of Materials, Odessa State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture (OGASA), 4 Didrikhsona Str., Odessa, 65045, Ukraine; Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript .

Страницы 36-50

The behavior of reinforced concrete elements under some types of cyclic loads is described in the paper. The main aim of the investigations is research of the stress-strain state and strength of the inclined sections of reinforced concrete beam elements in conditions of systemic impact of constructive factors and the factor of external influence. To spotlight the problem of cyclic loadings three series of tests were conducted by the author. Firstly, the analysis of the tests showed that especially cyclic alternating loading reduces the bearing capacity of reinforced concrete beams and their crack resistance by 20 % due to the fatigue of concrete and reinforcement. Thus the change of load sign creates serious changes of stress-strain state of reinforced concrete beam elements. Low cycle loads of constant sign effect the behavior of the constructions not so adversely. Secondly, based on the experimental data mathematical models of elements’ strength were obtained. These models allow evaluating the impact of each factor on the output parameter not only separately, but also in interaction with each other. Furthermore, the material spotlighted by the author describes stress-strain state of the investigated elements, cracking mechanism, changes of deflection values, the influence of mode cyclic loading during the tests. Since the data on the subject are useful and important to building practice, the ultimate aim of the tests will be working out for improvement of nonlinear calculation models of span reinforced concrete constructions taking into account the impact of these loads, and also there will be the development of engineering calculation techniques of their strength, crack resistance and deformability.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.9.36-50

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